21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms

2,956 views

Published on

A presentation for the Ohio Council for Social Studies

Published in: Education

21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms

  1. 1. Making Collections Come to Life<br />Promoting 21st Century Skills in Social Studies Classrooms<br />
  2. 2. 21st Century Skills for Social Studies<br />Critical Thinking and Problem Solving<br />Contextual Learning Skills<br />Communication<br />Information and Media Literacy<br />Creativity and Innovation Skills<br />Collaboration Skills<br />
  3. 3. history<br />An interpretative narrative concerning aspects of what happened in the past and the relationships between events and humanity; the end product of historiography as either the process of writing history or the study of that process…A distinguishing feature of history…is its methodology, which relies heavily on the critical use of documentary sources created by or about the society under scrutiny. Primary sources are those produced near the event under investigation; secondary sources are works of other, later writers.<br />The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Timothy Darvill. <br />Oxford University Press, 2008. <br />
  4. 4. history<br />An interpretative narrative concerning aspects of what happened in the past and the relationships between events and humanity; the end product of historiography as either theprocess of writing historyor the study of that process…A distinguishing feature of history…is its methodology, which relies heavily on the critical use of documentary sources created by or about the society under scrutiny. Primary sources are those produced near the event under investigation; secondary sources are works of other, later writers.<br />The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Timothy Darvill. <br />Oxford University Press, 2008. <br />
  5. 5. A Primary Source is…<br /><ul><li>An artifact of its time
  6. 6. A first-hand account of an historic event</li></ul>A Secondary Source is…<br />A commentary or analysis of a historical event based on primary sources<br />Clara Barton, ca. 1860 – 1865<br />Brady National Photographic Art Gallery<br />Still Picture Records Section, Special Media Archives Services Division, National Archives<br />
  7. 7. Examples<br />Primary Sources<br />Journal or diary<br />Letters<br />Newspaper articles<br />Pamphlets<br />Photographs<br />Clothing<br />Original buildings<br />Broadsides <br />Artifacts<br />Cartoons<br />Maps<br />Recipes<br />Secondary Sources<br />Text book<br />Book or article about an event<br />Wikipedia<br />Documentaries<br />Ulysses S. Grant Document Box, 1864<br />Ohio Historical Society<br />
  8. 8. Wait a minute...<br />What’s Wrong with Secondary Sources?<br />Historians use both primary and secondary sources<br />Secondary sources tell us:<br /><ul><li> Who is that?
  9. 9. What’s going on here?
  10. 10. Context
  11. 11. Clues to find out more</li></ul>Portrait of an Unidentified Woman <br />Ohio Historical Society<br />
  12. 12. Confederate National Flag<br />Division of the History of Technology Armed Forces History<br />National Museum of American History<br />Smithsonian Institution, Behring Center<br />Lent by John McLean Hazen <br />Lincoln’s Hat<br />Division of Social History, Political History<br />National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution Behring Center<br />Transfer from the U.S. War Department<br />Patriotic Cover (Envelope) Bessie L. Cullen Collection National Postal Museum.<br />Smithsonian Institution<br />Long Abraham Lincoln a Little Longer, Frank Bellew Harper's Weekly, November 26, 1864 HarpWeek.com<br />Some Examples of Primary Sources<br />
  13. 13. Why Use Primary Sources?<br />Expose students to multiple perspectives<br />Help students develop analytical abilities<br />Help students relate to events on a human level<br />Social Studies Skills and Methods standards<br />And primary sources are fun!<br />Gettysburg Address, wordle.com<br />
  14. 14. Take Another Look<br />Primary Source<br />Secondary Source<br />Major General<br />William T. Sherman <br />Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division<br />Researcher finds photograph in the archives<br />Researcher writes a book on the Civil War<br />
  15. 15. Selecting Primary Sources<br />Things to Consider<br />Interest<br />Reading Level<br />Length<br />Points of View<br />Variety<br />Dorothea Dix Letter to Dr. Flowers Regarding Appointment of Nurse, 1862<br />Ohio Historical Society<br />Unidentified African American Soldier in Union Uniform with Wife and Two Daughters, ca. 1863-1862<br />Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division<br />
  16. 16. Where to Locate Primary Sources<br />Ohio Historical Society <br />www.ohiohistory.org<br />OhioPix<br />www.ohiohistory.org/ohiopix<br />Ohio Memory <br />www.ohiomemory.org<br />American Memory <br />http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/<br />National Archives <br />www.archives.gov<br />Local Historical Societies and Public Libraries<br />National Colors of the Black Brigade of Cincinnati 1862<br />Ohio Battleflag Collection <br />Ohio Historical Society<br />
  17. 17. Primary Source Activity<br />Develop the Skills of Historians<br />Analyze<br />Synthesize<br />Support an argument<br />Project-based learning<br />
  18. 18. Primary Source Activity<br />Develop the Skills of Historians<br />Analyze<br />Synthesize<br />Support an argument<br />Project-based learning<br />21st Century Learning Skills- Critical Thinking<br />Exercise sound reasoning<br /> Make complex choices<br /> Understand interconnections<br /> Frame, analyze and solve problems<br />
  19. 19. Who’s That Lady?Description:Doing the Work of Historians<br />Break into groups<br />Consider the phrase “The First Lady”<br />Quick, toss out 5 descriptive words and write each word on your activity sheet<br />Make a sentence using those words<br />
  20. 20. Activity – Who’s that Lady?<br />Now we’ll look at some sources<br />Come up with 5 new descriptive words based on your evidence and write each word on a card<br />Make a sentence using those words<br />Share your sentences with the class<br />
  21. 21. CONGRATUATIONS!<br />You’ve just made history!<br />What differences did you see between your two sentences?<br />Why?<br />
  22. 22. Curating in the Classroom<br />Because of your demonstrated knowledge of Ohio history and your considerable skill in the analysis and interpretation of primary source materials, you and your colleagues have been selected to be guest curators of the Ohio Historical Society and to develop a museum exhibit panel which will tell the story of immigration in Ohio<br />
  23. 23. Curating in the Classroom<br />Each group has a packet of primary sources<br />Pick 5<br />Name your exhibit (What is the unifying theme of your five sources?)<br />Create your exhibit<br />Share with the class<br />
  24. 24. Why do it?<br />It enables participants to create their own narrative<br />Participants develop a thesis and support it using primary sources<br />Participants need to analyze the sources to determine which best support their narrative<br />It’s creative and collaborative!<br />
  25. 25. Works for almost any subject<br />Participants form a historical narrative based on primary sources in a packet that is topic-specific<br />African Americans and the law<br />Migration to Ohio<br />Women’s Rights<br />The possibilities are endless!<br />
  26. 26. 21st Century Skills<br />Technology and Social Studies<br />http://coolmaterial.com/roundup/if-historical-events-had-facebook-statuses/<br />
  27. 27. Social Studies 2.0<br /> PostComment<br />TagUploadembedShareFriend<br />FANLikeretweetCREATEMashup<br />
  28. 28. Instead of an exhibit, how about a video?<br />Created using Microsoft Photo Story 3 for Windows - Free Download<br />
  29. 29. PowerPoint<br />FREE Alternatives<br />OpenOffice IMPRESS<br />Open Source Software<br />Google docs Presentations<br /> Advantage: Easy to share!<br />slideshare<br />
  30. 30. History as Conversation<br />In January 2008, the Library of Congress launched a pilot program on Flickr<br />Not only did people look; but they tag, favorite, share, comment,<br />and enhance the Prints and Photographs catalog records with new information!<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress<br />
  31. 31. Social Media<br />facebook<br />twitter<br />blogs<br />flickr<br />youtube<br />
  32. 32. Social Media <br />facebook<br />twitter<br />blogs<br />flickr<br />youtube<br />
  33. 33. Questions?<br />Thank you<br />

×