Micro Irrigation in Gujarat


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Micro Irrigation in Gujarat - Gujarat Green Revolution Company

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Micro Irrigation in Gujarat

  1. 1. Micro Irrigation in the State of Gujarat Gujarat Green Revolution Company Ltd. P.O. Fertilizernagar, Dist. Vadodara ( Gujarat )
  2. 2. Water - A Scarce Resource <ul><li>Out of total water resources in the earth, only 1% is fresh water and is accessible to human being. </li></ul><ul><li>Globally out of total available fresh water 70% is utilised in Agricultural sector. </li></ul><ul><li>In India 80% of total available fresh water is utilised in Agricultural sector mostly for irrigation Purpose. Irrigation efficiency is only 20-25%. </li></ul><ul><li>Water becomes a scarce Resource due to increased demand coupled with over utilisation for agricultural, industrial & domestic purposes and water pollution. </li></ul>World India
  3. 3. Water Scenario in the State of Gujarat <ul><li>In Gujarat, Agricultural sector accounts for nearly 85 % available water. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of irrigated land area is through ground water and 20% though Surface water. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Need for More Efficient Water Management System in Gujarat <ul><li>Predominant Arid and Semi-arid conditions and Water scarcity situations in major parts of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>Ground water is the major source of irrigation in Gujarat, 80% of irrigated land area are supplied by ground water sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Over drafting of ground water resulted into decrease in water table and increase in Salinity Ingression in many districts of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture sector is major energy consuming sector accounts for about 40% share of the total electricity consumption in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Many parts in the canal command areas of the State have become water logged coupled with secondary Stalinisation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MIS Potential in Gujarat Source : Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture Govt. of India ( Year 2003-04 data) (Figures in ‘000 ha) Source Net Irrigated Area Canal 600 Tank 26 Tube Wells 977 Other Wells 1760 Other Source 25 Total 3388 Estimated MIS Potential in the State is 2.7 Million hectares Source wise Net Irrigated Area
  6. 6. Micro Irrigation Systems (MIS) DRIP Rain Gun Sprinkler Mini Sprinkler Source: Concurrent Monitoring and evaluation of MI Scheme by Agri. Finance Corporation Crop Water Savings (%) Energy Savings (%) Yield Increase(t/ha) Additional Return(‘000Rs/ha) Banana 40 22 15 51 Cotton 31 16 0.8 19 Mango 33 NR 2.5 27 Sugarcane 42 22 30 31 Groundnut* 33 NR 0.4 8 Wheat* 24 NR 0.8 6 Potato 30 20 8 35
  7. 7. Govt. of Gujarat Initiative for Expansion of Micro Irrigation Technology in the State <ul><li>During 2005-06, the State Government felt a need for an integrated approach in such a way that provisions under various schemes are uniform and their inequalities and anomalies should be removed and available funds under different scheme and sub scheme heads should be utilized efficiently and benefits will be effectively extended to more & more farmers of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>This led to formation of a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), Gujarat Green Revolution Company Limited (GGRC). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Formation of GGRC Government of Gujarat Gujarat Green Revolution Company Limited GNFC GSFC GAIC
  9. 9. Gujarat Model Farmer Decides to adopt MIS and Chooses MIS Supplier MIS Supplier Does field Survey and Prepare Design and Cost estimate of MIS Farmer Gives his Consent for MIS. Signs on all relevant documents for onward submission to GGRC promotion&Extension Activity
  10. 10. Application Processing at GGRC Business Process automation Receipt of MIS Application ( Online/ manually) Document verification and data Entry MIS Cost & design verification and data entry Subsidy estimation Release of Work order Submission of Signed in TPA by MIS Supplier Verification of TPA Receipt of Farmer’s Contribution & Data Entry Advance payment to MIS supplier Installation of System and verification by Third Party Submission of Final bill with Third party report and subsidy release form of farmer by MIS Supplier Verification of all documents and data entry Release of Final Payment (Online transfer/ by Cheque) Insurance Coverage to MIS Agronomical Services
  11. 11. Subsidy Disbursement Backended Subsidy Disbursement to Farmer Reporting To Govt. as per Diff. Scheme Norms Reporting To Govt. as per Diff. Scheme Norms Govt. of Gujarat Govt. of India All Micro Irrigation Scheme Merged to A Single Scheme
  12. 12. Success factors of Gujarat model <ul><li>Single Nodal Agency: </li></ul><ul><li>Highest Level of priority to the Scheme: </li></ul><ul><li>Impetus and priority given to the scheme at highest level by State Govt. at every forum. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Resource Crunch: </li></ul><ul><li>Erratic rainfall pattern all over the state, depleting water table, salinity ingression problem </li></ul><ul><li>4. Acceptability for MIS adoption: </li></ul><ul><li>There is high-level of acceptability for MIS adoption among farmers </li></ul><ul><li>5. Induction effect and Motivation due to Increase in crop yield </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contd... <ul><li>6. Robust Scheme Implementation System at GGRC: </li></ul><ul><li>Taking Systemic Approach while delivering MIS to the Farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers are not being selected by any agencies. Farmer himself comes forward for MIS after being convinced. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer himself selects the MI System and MIS Supplier for MIS installation. Flexibility in system designing as per the farmers’ requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidy norm is 50% of MIS Cost or Rs. 60,000 per hectare. Farmer can install system in as much area as he wants. </li></ul><ul><li>Quick and centralized application processing service at GGRC. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Contd... <ul><li>Strong IT enabled service: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto blocking of duplicate cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online MIS Application registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online status inquiry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toll free Helpline. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparency at every stages of application processing. </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory 100% site verification by Third Party Inspection Agency (does physical verification of MIS components and takes trial run of the system.) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Contd... <ul><li>Multi stage monitoring and control system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Inspection though Third Party Inspection Agency(TPIA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audit of Inspected site of TPIA through Agriculture University. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inbuilt soft ware to track duplicate cases. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factory site inspection for ensuring manufacturing capability and quality of MIS Components. (Assigned to CIPET & GERI) </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency in Financial Transactions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receipt of farmer’s share only by Demand Draft. “No cash & Cheque Transactions” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online payment to MIS Suppliers. No cash transactions. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Contd... <ul><li>MIS components cost is same for all MIS Suppliers and it is decided by GGRC. </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive promotion and extension activity at village, taluka (Block) and District level. </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate style of functioning with quick decision taking authority. </li></ul><ul><li>5 years assured support services to farmer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology transfer through training by MIS Supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agronomical service to the farmers for one year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance service for 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance coverage for 5 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fast complain redressal mechanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular evaluation of Impact of MIS Scheme. </li></ul>
  17. 17. MIS Schemes Tribal MI Scheme GUVNL Scheme Linking MIS MI Scheme as per Gujarat GR. SSNNL PINS Any farmer is entitled to a subsidy of Rs.60,000 per hectare or 50% of the MIS cost whichever is lower <ul><ul><li>GUVNL Agriculture Electricity Connection on priority to those farmers who adopts Drip Irrigation System </li></ul></ul>Tribal farmers of Tribal Talukas are entitled to a subsidy of 75% of the MIS cost. <ul><ul><li>Pressurized Irrigation Network Systems (PINS) in canal Command area of SSP where cost of PINS shall be borne by SSNNL and MIS Cost as per GGRC norm </li></ul></ul>MIS Partner model GWRDC Scheme <ul><ul><li>For all GWRDC tube-wells of North Gujarat Districts, Irrigation Network is constructed up to farmers field by GWRDC and MIS is installed as per GGRC norm with a additional subsidy of 25% for small & Marginal farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MIS implem-entation in partnership with NGOs, Cooperative Societies & Corporate bodies . </li></ul></ul>MIS Scheme Initiatives of Govt. and GGRC
  18. 18. Year wise MIS Achievement (Achievement till 30 th Nov 09 : 37515 ha.)
  19. 19. MIS Achievement up to Nov ‘09 Total MIS Achievement till 30 th November 2009 is 1.88 Lakhs hectares area (Covered 1.15 Lakhs number of beneficiary farmers)
  20. 20. Crop wise MIS Coverage (Figures in Hectares) Crop MIS Coverage up to 2008-09 Cultivated Area % Coverage of MIS Agri. Crop GROUNDNUT 48,887 7,15,400 7% COTTON 41,549 14,84,800 3% WHEAT 7,870 11,87,200 1% SUGARCANE 7,690 2,11,000 4% CASTOR 1,546 3,58,100 0.4% Other Agri. Crop 2,022 - Total 1,09,565 Horti. Crop POTATO 8,964 65,213 14% Banana 7,926 57,667 14% Mango 6,749 1,09,607 6% PAPAYA 2,935 11,192 26% CITRUS 1,981 34,557 6% ANOLA 1,121 14,254 8% Vegetable 7,284 3,46,566 2% Other Horti. Crop 5361 - Total 42320     Grand Total 151885
  21. 21. Benefits on Implementation of the Project Source: Concurrent Monitoring and Evaluation of MI Scheme by Agri. Finance Corporation Crop Water Saving (‘000 m3/ha) Energy Saving (KWHr/Ha) Increase in Production (T/Ha) Pay back period (Cropping Cycle) <ul><ul><li>Cotton </li></ul></ul>2.3 (31%) 368 (16%) 0.8 3 - 4 <ul><ul><li>Banana </li></ul></ul>10 (40%) 2166 (22%) 15 1.8 <ul><ul><li>Sugarcane </li></ul></ul>7.5 (42%) 1562 (22%) 30 2.7 <ul><ul><li>Potato </li></ul></ul>30% 543 (22%) 8 3.7 <ul><ul><li>Mango </li></ul></ul>2.0 (33%) NR 2.5 1.6
  22. 22. Initiatives taken by GGRC in creating awareness of MIS in the state
  23. 23. <ul><li>To increase awareness among farmers following promotional activities are carried out on a regular/need basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers meetings (2008-09) </li></ul><ul><li>Press Advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>Tableau Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in Fair and Exhibitions </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in Krishi Mahotsav </li></ul><ul><li>Wall ,Tractor trolley & Pick-up Stand painting, hoarding display </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Audiio Visual media- advertisement on TV, radio Jingle, participation in talk show on agriculture programe of Dur Darshan. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of literature, leaflets, calanders </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of Jal Jivan Magazine. </li></ul>MIS Promotion activities: Category of meeting Nos. of meeting conducted Nos. of farmers participated (approx.) Small 578 14056 Medium/large scale 227 36766 Total 729 50822
  24. 24. <ul><li>Over & above, following training activities aimed at awareness & capacity building in association with interested organizations was carried out during the reporting year. </li></ul><ul><li>In association with Tribal Department, GOG & state Agriculture University 7 ‘ Tribal Youth Training Programme’ entrepreneurship development in MIS were conducted and 145 youths were given training on MIS. </li></ul><ul><li>With a view to train human resource of institution serving/ associated with agriculture activities, 5 ‘ Trainers Training Program (TOT)’ were organized in association with Precision Farming Development Centre, Navsari Agriculture University, Navsari. Total 149 field personnel from Banks/ NGO’s/ MIS Suppliers/ Fertilizers Companies/ Sugarcane Cooperative Factories/ Progressive Farmers have participated in the programme. </li></ul><ul><li>MOU with 5 NOG’s is signed for awareness and capacity building among farmers for MIS. </li></ul>Contd...
  25. 25. Press Advertisement
  26. 26. Tableau Campaign
  27. 27. Fair and Exhibitions
  28. 28. Hoardings
  29. 29. Wall ,Tractor trolley & Pick-up Stand painting
  30. 30. Audio-Visual Media
  31. 31. Farmers’ Success Story
  32. 36. THANK YOU