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Innovation & Journalism

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There has never been a better time for "innovation journalism" and innovations in journalism.

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Innovation & Journalism

  1. 1. Innovations and Journalism:  Finally Together? 12 April 2011 Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford Dr. Turo Uskali University of Jyväskylä Finland
  2. 2. First, as a journalist 1987‐1998 Uskali 12.4.2011 2
  3. 3. Then as a researcher and lecturer Uskali 12.4.2011 3
  4. 4. Questions to start with• What is the role of innovations in news  media/journalism? • Why traditional news media have been so poor in innovating in the digital age?• What are the best innovations in news  media/journalism?• What is ”innovation journalism”? • Can ”innovation journalism” be devoleped as a new news beat?• How to educate ”innovation journalists”? Uskali 12.4.2011 4
  5. 5. Trying to find some answers by working as  a visiting scholar at  Stanford and Oxford Universities Uskali 12.4.2011 5
  6. 6. Definitions• Innovation = the introduction of something new;  a new idea, method, or device• Since 15th century• Journalism = the collection and editing of news  for presentation through the media; the public press; an academic study concerned with the  collection and editing of news or the  management of a news medium  • Since 1828 Uskali 12.4.2011 6
  7. 7. News media and the need for  innovation• Kaye, Jeff – Quinn, Stephen. 2010.  Funding journalism in the digital age• Media companies are some of the  least innovative organizations in the  world because they have often been unwilling to risk failure, a precursor to innovation.• Any solutions to the problems facing the news media will have to include a  program for ongoing innovation.  Uskali 12.4.2011 7
  8. 8. This is not enough. Uskali 12.4.2011 8
  9. 9. And, maybe, not even this… Uskali 12.4.2011 9
  10. 10. Journalism has been for a long   interested in innovations• The use of  ’innovation’ in  The New York  Times since 1851200015001000 500 0 1851 1859 1867 1875 1883 1891 1899 1907 1915 1923 1931 1939 1947 1955 1963 1971 1979 1987 1995 2003 ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times Uskali 12.4.2011 10
  11. 11. 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 1969 1970 1971 1972 archive 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987Uskali 12.4.2011 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 • ”Innovation” in the Factiva digital news  2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Already inflation of the very term11
  12. 12. Furthermore…Google search on ”Innovation” 1. Copenhagen,  Denmark 2. Singapore, Singapore 3. Berlin, Germany 4. Cologne, Germany 5. Mumbai, India 6. Delhi, India 7. Sydney, Australia 8. Melbourne, Australia 9. Washington, DC, USA 10. Munich, Germany• 4.4.2011: 206 000 000 hits Uskali 12.4.2011 12
  13. 13. Uskali 12.4.2011 13
  14. 14. Backbones of the innovation research• Schumpeter, Joseph. 1934. The Theory of Economic Development.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.• Rogers, E. M. 1962. Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.• Christensen, Clayton M. 1997. The Innovators Dilemma: When New  Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Harvard Business School Press,  Boston.• Chesbrough, Henry. 2006. Open Innovation. The New Imperative for  Creating and Profiting from Technology. Harvard Business School Press,  Boston.• von Hippel, Eric. 1988. The Sources of Innovation Oxford University Press:  New York.• von Hippel, Eric. 2005. Democratizing Innovation, Cambridge, MA: MIT  Press.• Tuomi, Ilkka. 2002. Networks of Innovation. Change and Meaning in the Age  of the Internet. Oxford University Press, Oxford.• Kao, John. 2007. Innovation Nation: How America Is Losing Its Innovation  Edge, Why It Matters, and What We Can Do to Get It Back. Free Press. Uskali 12.4.2011 14
  15. 15. Global innovation race Kao, John. 2007. Innovation Nation: How  America Is Losing Its Innovation Edge, Why It  Matters, and What We Can Do to Get It Back.  Free Press. Uskali 12.4.2011 15
  16. 16. EU towards ”Innovation Union”• http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation‐ union/index_en.cfm Uskali 12.4.2011 16
  17. 17. Innovating innovation• ”As a student of innovation for  more than twenty years, I still find it amazing just how difficult innovation continues to be.”• ”We need to be innovative in the  area of innovation itself – innovating innovation.” John Seely Brown• ”To me, innovation means (Director Emeritus, Xerox Palo  invention implemented and taken Alto Research Center, PARC)  to market.”(2006) Image: johnseelybrown.com Uskali 12.4.2011 17
  18. 18. Two tracks1) Innovations in journalism2) Journalism about innovations = ”Innovation journalism” Uskali 12.4.2011 18
  19. 19. ”Innovation journalism”‐ Coined by Dr. David Nordfors in 2003 ‐ Combining technology, science, business,  politics, and culture.   David Nordfors  Uskali 12.4.2011 19
  20. 20. Nordfors (2004) The Traditional News Room Organisation: Science Innovation Technology Business & Finance Politics CultureToday: Innovation – a topic within the beatsVision: Innovation – a multidisciplinary beat Uskali 12.4.2011 20
  21. 21. ”Innovation journalism” @ Stanford• Innovation • The Eighth Journalism Conference on  Innovation Fellowships: about Journalism at  80 journalists from Stanford 2011. five countries • http://injo.stanford.• Sweden, Finland,  edu/node/203 Slovenia, Mexico,  • Publication series Pakistan. and a blog Uskali 12.4.2011 21
  22. 22. The first ”innovation journalists”… were focused on  Silicon Valley; Mike  Malone and John  Markoff in the  1970’s.  Malone• (Don Hoeffler (Electric  News) published first the  term ”Silicon Valley” in  1971.) Uskali 12.4.2011 22 Markoff
  23. 23. Educating ”innovation journalists”• Mid‐career  • Courses for  fellowships at  undergraduate Stanford  students in Finland• (since 2004) • (since 2005)  Uskali 12.4.2011 23
  24. 24. Research on ”innovation journalism”  (2004‐2012)• The Finnish Innovation • Funded by the Finnish Journalism (2004‐ Funding Agency for  2007)  Technology and • The Global Challenges Innovation of Innovation and  • Helsingin Sanomat   Journalism (2008‐ Foundation 2010) • About 2,5 million• The Ubiquitous euro Computing in News  Media (2011‐2012) Uskali 12.4.2011 24
  25. 25. About the Injo education programs• The Injo Program has been a success among  its participants. All the nine Finnish fellows  who were interviewed for the study feel that  the program was very rewarding and none of  them regret the experience. • They do not necessarily think that “innovation  journalism” should be a beat of its own. (Lassila‐Merisalo, Maria & uskali, Turo. 2011.  How to Educate Innovation Journalists?  Journalism & Mass Communicaton Educator.  Spring 2011, p. 25‐38.) Uskali 12.4.2011 25
  26. 26. • Fellowship period tend to strengthen and/or  create some kind of a professional crisis in  which people question their journalistic  identity and their work practices. • Some interviewees told that their employers  were not at all interested in their experience. • Many changed their jobs, two have stayed in  the US.  (Lassila‐Merisalo, Maria & uskali, Turo. 2011.  How to Educate Innovation Journalists?  Journalism & Mass Communicaton Educator.  Spring 2011, p. 25‐38.) Uskali 12.4.2011 26
  27. 27. • One fellow created and coordinates first  innovations in  journalism awards in Finland.• 10 x 10 000 e + 250000 e.• http://uutisraivaaja.fi/home.html Tanja Aitamurto Uskali 12.4.2011 27
  28. 28. • For the undergraduate students, voluntary  innovation & journalism courses have been  challenging, drop‐out rate almost 50 %. Uskali 12.4.2011 28
  29. 29. The challenges of global “innovation  journalism”: some results (N=69)• Big cultural differences already in using the  very term of ’innovation’ by the journalists. • In the US, used very often and without almost any criticism.• In Japan, used almost solely in terms of technological innovations, not at all with social innovations. • Almost prohibited to use in Western Europe, especially in  Finland and also in the UK.• How to write about innovations, if you are not allowed even use the very term?  Uskali 12.4.2011 29
  30. 30. Alumni activities: Finnish Society for  Innovation Journalists since 2007• Trips, visits, lectures and meetings• Innovation journalism awards: What is good innovation journalism (Cristal and 3000 euro)• About 80 members April 2009 @ Helsinki Media Fair Uskali 12.4.2011 30
  31. 31. What is good ”innovation journalism”?• News• Multiple sources• Critical• Future‐orientation – what next, several scenarios• Good contextualization: history, statistics• Well written• Well illustrated• Enables conversation, feedback Uskali 12.4.2011 31
  32. 32. • Good ”innovation journalism” is good journalism. ;‐)• Often long articles or series… Uskali 12.4.2011 32
  33. 33. 2007: Sami Suojanen, Aamulehti Uskali 12.4.2011 Sami Suojanen 33
  34. 34. 2008: Leena Halla, Maaseudun  Tulevaisuus Leena Halla Uskali 12.4.2011 34
  35. 35. 2009: Jukka Perttu, Helsingin Sanomat Jukka Perttu http://www.finjo.fi/pmwiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.Prize2009 Uskali 12.4.2011 35
  36. 36. 2010:Tiina Tikkanen, Opettaja‐lehti  (15‐articles)  Tiina Tikkanen http://www.finjo.fi/pmwiki/pmwiki.php?n=Main.Prize2010 Uskali 12.4.2011 36
  37. 37. And, The Economist• The World’s leading ”innovation journalism”  outlet.• Special issues, rankings,  blogs, seminars, conferences,  awards on innovations.• http://www.economistconferences.co.uk/ innovation/home• http://www.scribd.com/doc/29980704/T he‐Economist‐Special‐Report‐Innovation‐ in‐Emerging‐Markets‐April‐17th‐2010• http://ideas.economist.com/ Uskali 12.4.2011 37
  38. 38. II Innovations in journalism• What links these innovators together? Uskali 12.4.2011 38
  39. 39. For example,students (many drop‐outs) in their early twenties.  Mark Zuckenberger Chad Hurley Steve Chen Jawed KarimSergei Brin Larry Page Uskali 12.4.2011 39
  40. 40. I will argue that the Internet Generation have created their own communication tools and  news services Uskali 12.4.2011 Marketing.blogs.ie.edu 40
  41. 41. iGeneration web‐magazines made  by teenagers with the help of  goSupermodel Uskali 12.4.2011 41
  42. 42. The biggest success story..so farhttp://infolab.stanford.edu/~sergey/ Uskali 12.4.2011 42
  43. 43. Much of the search advertising, and  money, goes to ‐ Google marketshare.hitslink.com Uskali 12.4.2011 43
  44. 44. Freedom to innovate Uskali 12.4.2011 44
  45. 45. Towards information monopoly? http://toyology.co.uk/googlopoly‐the‐googlers‐game Uskali 12.4.2011 45
  46. 46. 2006Uskali 12.4.2011 46
  47. 47. 2010Uskali 12.4.2011 47
  48. 48. Facebook’s valuation $ 56 milliard (12/2010) Uskali 12.4.2011 tctechcrunch.files.wordpress.com 48
  49. 49. The valuation bubble of the social  media? Image: territoriocreativo.es Uskali 12.4.2011 49
  50. 50. Twitter ‐ the breaking news leaderFounded, accidentally, in 2006 in San FranciscoOctober 2007: The fires in CaliforniaMay 2008: Nasa inform the public about the Mars Phoenix Lander missionNovember 2008: Mumbai attacks2008: The use of Twitter during  Image: 4.bp.blogspot.comBarack Obama’s election campaign)January 2009: US Airways Flight ditched in the Hudson River in New Yor City (first photo) http://twitterfall.com/journalism Uskali 12.4.2011 50
  51. 51. UK journalists on Twitter: how they all follow each other (The Guardian 11.4.2011) Uskali 12.4.2011 51
  52. 52. New innovative news ventures• Investigative reporting• Political reporting• International reporting• Science reporting Uskali 12.4.2011 52
  53. 53. • Hyper local reporting• Growdfunding in  journalism Analysing data is the future for journalists, • Data Journalism says Sir Tim Berners‐Lee (22.11.2010, The  Guardian) Uskali 12.4.2011 53
  54. 54. The most innovative traditional news  organizations, any others? Uskali 12.4.2011 54
  55. 55. New trend: Journalism is going mobile  (actually, already since 2004)• Tablets will prevail, when about $10 or less. (Ross Dawson, 27.2.2011) Image: The Sydney Morning Herald Uskali 12.4.2011 55
  56. 56. Next: Mobile video journalism boom? The Economist 2.9.2010 Uskali 12.4.2011 56
  57. 57. Or: Real‐time (social) mobile video  journalism boom? 14% 12%% Share of Global Minutes 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 6/06 9/06 12/06 3/07 6/07 9/07 12/07 3/08 6/08 9/08 12/08 3/09 6/09 Yahoo.com Msn.com Google.com YouTube.com Facebook.com Uskali 12.4.2011 57 Source: comScore global, 8/09.
  58. 58. Facebook heading to its 1st milliard Uskali 12.4.2011 58
  59. 59. The future of journalism?• https://www.facebook.com/home.php#!/journalist Uskali 12.4.2011 59
  60. 60. In conclusion• In order to survive the news media need to  adjust their operations to the Internet and  mobile era. Uskali 12.4.2011 60
  61. 61. • The importance of common, shared language (journalism). Need for new metaphors,  concepts in order to focus on emerging issues.  ”Innovation journalism”? Uskali 12.4.2011 61
  62. 62. • No one knows the magic behind succesful innovations in journalism, many experiments are needed. iGeneration leads the way also in  the future. Uskali 12.4.2011 62
  63. 63. To focus more on innovations, and emerging new technologies: Towards ubiquitous society with real‐ time data streams – the role of journalism? 300 Ubicomp vs. other alike terms 250 200 150 100 50 0 unlockableachievements.wordpress.com 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Ubiquitous computing (since 1987) Pervasive computing (1993) Ambient intelligence (2002) Machine to machine (1981) Uskali 12.4.2011 63
  64. 64. • There have never been better times for both ”innovation journalism” and innovations in  journalism. Uskali 12.4.2011 64
  65. 65. Many thanks!e‐mail. turo.i.uskali@jyu.fiWeb:  http://fi.linkedin.com/in/turouskalihttp://jyu.academia.edu/TuroUskalihttp://turouskali.blogspot.com/http://www.facebook.com/turo.uskalihttp://twitter.com/TuroUskalihttps://www.facebook.com/home.php#!/home.php?sk=group_166602193373511&id=202313379802392&notif_t=like Uskali 12.4.2011 65

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