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Drone Journalism in
Crisis Reporting:  New
Opportunities and Limits

JRE/ UNESCO Special Session on Safety of Journalists
...
Traditional crisis reporting

v Covering crisis presents some of the biggest
challenges in the news reporting.  Taking goo...
Traditional crisis reporting

 

l

IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO
UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA
Traditional crisis reporting

0 According to Committee to Protect Journalists
(2015) in 2012-2014 altogether over 70
journ...
Enter remotely controlled camera
Towards Drone Journalism

c As Goldberg et al.  (2012, 28) write:  “Remotely

piloted aircraft will be common in the skies...
Towards Drone Journalism

r Already in 2011 the first international

organization dedicated to drone journalism
was create...
Towards Drone Journalism

I‘ Since then drones have been used especially

in investigative,  disaster,  weather,  sports a...
Ethical Guidelines

r Professional Society of Drone Journalists has
laid down four basic ethical principles for
drone jour...
Ethical Guidelines

I‘ Katherine Culver (2012; 2014)
I‘ 1) safety

I‘ 2) accuracy and context

I‘ 3) privacy

r 4) conflic...
Drone journalism in recent crises

r The earthquake in Nepal in April 2015

I‘ A drone video by local drone operator showi...
Drone journalism in recent crises

r The War in Eastern Ukraine 2015

:  Almost all of drone videos are made by military o...
Freedom of the Press issue:  legal
or not

I‘ “Many countries are struggling to figure out
how to regulate these devices, ...
The future of drone journalism

I. ‘ The Press

Freedom Index
by Reporters
Without Borders
(2015) can offer
a good hint fo...
The Future of Drone Journalism

I‘ It is easy to see that these countries are not in

conflict zones,  and therefore not t...
Finnish case

r The country,  on top of the list,  Finland,  has a

few news organizations (YLE,  MTV3, STT, 
Helsingin Sa...
F.  .
Innish Ndews Agency lost one its
rones recently

       
  

*1. Follow

 

a Mike Pettersson
Apual Lehlikuvan k
tie...
v Dronejournalism
education started
2014 in Jyva skyla , 
the first in Nordic
countries. 

 

.5‘  §lllllllllIl/ /‘im. .

...
Finally

I‘ The information we have gathered here is still
very much fragmented. 

I. ‘ We suggest that more research,  es...
Thank you! 

O Turo. i.uska| i@jyu. fi
O @TuroUska| i

   

Q
I

IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO
UNIVERSITY op IYVASKYLA
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Drone journalism IAMCR 2015

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Drone journalism IAMCR 2015

  1. 1. Drone Journalism in Crisis Reporting: New Opportunities and Limits JRE/ UNESCO Special Session on Safety of Journalists IAMCR Montreal 12.7.2015 Turo Uskali & Epp Lauk & Heikki Kuutti IYVASKYLAN YLIOPI UNIVERSITY or IYVAS LA [_
  2. 2. Traditional crisis reporting v Covering crisis presents some of the biggest challenges in the news reporting. Taking good images or videos during wars is especially hazardous business. l IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA
  3. 3. Traditional crisis reporting l IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA
  4. 4. Traditional crisis reporting 0 According to Committee to Protect Journalists (2015) in 2012-2014 altogether over 70 journalists and photographers were killed in crossfire or combat. O 1121 Journalists Killed since 1992 4: / /( . . , . _ ' (.011m1Ittcc to l rotccrjmirnalisrs N LI; 1,». in 1 , . I l‘; '. r 1"/ ylll» JYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY OF JYVASKYLA
  5. 5. Enter remotely controlled camera
  6. 6. Towards Drone Journalism c As Goldberg et al. (2012, 28) write: “Remotely piloted aircraft will be common in the skies of many nations in the near future because they offer distinct opportunities and advantages to journalism. ” I‘ Also Gynnild (2014) has argued for more research on the use of camera drones. She has proposed new terms like “robot eye witness” and “robot eyewitnessing”. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  7. 7. Towards Drone Journalism r Already in 2011 the first international organization dedicated to drone journalism was created: the Professional Society of Drone Journalists (PSDJ). I‘ It was established for discussing the ethical, educational and technological framework of drone journalism. 4 / . / :5‘-et; ta. ,fiT g)’ al5:”": ‘ [ ' IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA
  8. 8. Towards Drone Journalism I‘ Since then drones have been used especially in investigative, disaster, weather, sports and environmental journalism. Drone journalism basically faces the same issues as capturing still or video images from the ground. But there are additional ethical issues involved. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  9. 9. Ethical Guidelines r Professional Society of Drone Journalists has laid down four basic ethical principles for drone journalists: 1) newsworthiness, r 2) safety, I‘ 3) protection of privacy and c 4) sanctity of law and public spaces. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  10. 10. Ethical Guidelines I‘ Katherine Culver (2012; 2014) I‘ 1) safety I‘ 2) accuracy and context I‘ 3) privacy r 4) conflict of Interest I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  11. 11. Drone journalism in recent crises r The earthquake in Nepal in April 2015 I‘ A drone video by local drone operator showing the destructions of old buildings in the capital Kathmandu and elsewhere went viral. J Many international news organisations tried to use the drones, but within a week, the government of Nepal banned drones. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  12. 12. Drone journalism in recent crises r The War in Eastern Ukraine 2015 : Almost all of drone videos are made by military on both sides of the conflict, and therefore do not represent actual drone journalism. A drone video showing the destruction of Donetsk’s airport went viral in January 2015 6 Graham W. Phillips, a British documentarist has his own Youtube video news channel (Gwplondon 2015). He has posted several video clips from Eastern Ukraine. They are mixture of ground reporting and 4,’ drone videos. A’. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  13. 13. Freedom of the Press issue: legal or not I‘ “Many countries are struggling to figure out how to regulate these devices, and many see journalists launching a flying camera as a threat to the government. ”(Drone journalism professor Matt Waite) I. ‘ In May 2014 more than a dozen US media organizations challenged the government's ban on the use of drones by journalists arguing that the FAA violates First @ Amendment protections for newsgatheringff IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  14. 14. The future of drone journalism I. ‘ The Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders (2015) can offer a good hint for the future of drone journalism in various countries. Norway Denmark Netherlands Sweden New Zealand Austria Canada Jamaica Estonia Ireland Germany Czech Republic Slovakia Belgium Costa Rica Namibia Poland Luxembourg Switzerland I: 7,75 8,24 9,22 9,47 10,06 10,85 10,99 11,18 11,19 11,2 11,47 11,62 11,66 11,98 12,26 12,5 12,71 13,61 13,85 I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA
  15. 15. The Future of Drone Journalism I‘ It is easy to see that these countries are not in conflict zones, and therefore not the best areas for testing the crisis reporting or war reporting on drones. : However, many weather and climate related topics like storms, floods, and drought could be tested also in these countries. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  16. 16. Finnish case r The country, on top of the list, Finland, has a few news organizations (YLE, MTV3, STT, Helsingin Sanomat) that already use drones, but their potential is clearly recognized and a remarkable increase is expected in near future. r The Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) set very few limitations to the use of camera drones for journalistic purposes. a I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  17. 17. F. . Innish Ndews Agency lost one its rones recently *1. Follow a Mike Pettersson Apual Lehlikuvan k tiehensa kesken kei se laskeutul? #journ uvauskopteri lensi kan Kampissa. Minne alismi lijaniksenvuosi Hlfllflflllfi 12‘ 7 Q I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTQ U . . NIVERSITY OF IYVASKYLA
  18. 18. v Dronejournalism education started 2014 in Jyva skyla , the first in Nordic countries. .5‘ §lllllllllIl/ /‘im. . Its I LAN YLIOPISTO Y op IYVASKYLA
  19. 19. Finally I‘ The information we have gathered here is still very much fragmented. I. ‘ We suggest that more research, especially comparative, on drone journalism should be developed. v UNESCO could be one important initiator and hub of international collaboration of drone journalism research. I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IWASKYLA [_. j
  20. 20. Thank you! O Turo. i.uska| i@jyu. fi O @TuroUska| i Q I IYVASKYLAN YLIOPISTO UNIVERSITY op IYVASKYLA

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