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GRADE 5: Grammar
• Present Perfect:
– For and since (how long).
– Never and ever.
– Just.
• Because.
• Future: will.
• Qua...
Present Perfect
• We use the Present Perfecf when there is no
time reference.
– SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE.
• Th...
I’ve been to Italy twice.
He has eaten spaguetti recently.
We’ve played hide and seek.
Presente Perfect with for and since.
• We use FOR to talk about a period of time.
• We use SINCE to focus on the date when...
How long has she lived in Dublin?
She has lived in Dublin for two years.
We’ve celebrated Halloween for a long
time.
How long has he studied French?
He has studied French since
September.
I’ve known my best friend since 2002.
• We use EVER to ask questions about
experiences in the past.
• We use NEVER when something has not
happened in the past.
...
Have you ever been to London?
Yes, I have. I’ve been to London many
times.
Has she ever received a postcard?
Yes, she has. She’s received a postcard
once.
They’ve never failed an English exam.
I’ve (I have) never visited Germany.
Present Perfect: just
• Just is often used only with the Present
Perfect and it means a short time ago.
– SUBJECT + HAVE/H...
I’ve just seen Juana drinking a
strawberry juice.
Ambrosio has just called.
Future with WILL
• We use WILL to make predictions or to inform
about the future.
– Affirmative: I + WILL + VERB – I will ...
I think I will be a doctor in the future.
I think I’ll (I will) take the bus
tomorrow.
She won’t be a teacher.
What will you do next week?
I think I’ll (I will) go to the theatre.
QUANTIFIERS
How much milk do you drink every day?
I drink some milk every day.
How many books do you have here?
I don’t have any books here.
Do you have any crayons?
Yes, I do. I have a few crayons in this
box.
I have enough water in the bottle.
PREFERENCES
Remember!
PREFER + object + TO + object.
• He prefers his folder to his student’s diary.
PREFER + verb-ing + T...
She prefers a book to a videogame.
I prefer going to the cinema to playing
cards.
PREFERENCES
Remember!
WOULD RATHER + Infinitive without to
+ THAN + Infinitive without to.
• They would rather (They’d rat...
She would rather eat pizza than eat a
hamburguer.
I’d rather read a magazine than read a
comic.
BECAUSE
 Why do you have to study this?
- Because we want to pass the Grade 5 exam
and improve our English!
Why do you prefer Maths to Science?
• I prefer Maths to Science because I love
numbers.
KEEP CALM AND STUDY ENGLISH!
Grammar Grade 5
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Grammar Grade 5

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Trinity GESE Grade 5 Grammar

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Grammar Grade 5

  1. 1. GRADE 5: Grammar • Present Perfect: – For and since (how long). – Never and ever. – Just. • Because. • Future: will. • Quantifiers: many, much, a lot, a few… • Preferences: I prefer & I would rather.
  2. 2. Present Perfect • We use the Present Perfecf when there is no time reference. – SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE. • They have played tennis = They’ve played tennis. • You have drunk milk recently= You’ve drunk milk recently.
  3. 3. I’ve been to Italy twice.
  4. 4. He has eaten spaguetti recently.
  5. 5. We’ve played hide and seek.
  6. 6. Presente Perfect with for and since. • We use FOR to talk about a period of time. • We use SINCE to focus on the date when a period began.
  7. 7. How long has she lived in Dublin? She has lived in Dublin for two years.
  8. 8. We’ve celebrated Halloween for a long time.
  9. 9. How long has he studied French? He has studied French since September.
  10. 10. I’ve known my best friend since 2002.
  11. 11. • We use EVER to ask questions about experiences in the past. • We use NEVER when something has not happened in the past. Presente Perfect with ever and never.
  12. 12. Have you ever been to London? Yes, I have. I’ve been to London many times.
  13. 13. Has she ever received a postcard? Yes, she has. She’s received a postcard once.
  14. 14. They’ve never failed an English exam.
  15. 15. I’ve (I have) never visited Germany.
  16. 16. Present Perfect: just • Just is often used only with the Present Perfect and it means a short time ago. – SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + JUST + PAST PARTICIPLE • Where is Pancracio? – He has just woken up.
  17. 17. I’ve just seen Juana drinking a strawberry juice.
  18. 18. Ambrosio has just called.
  19. 19. Future with WILL • We use WILL to make predictions or to inform about the future. – Affirmative: I + WILL + VERB – I will eat. – Negative: I + WON’T + VERB – I won’t swim.
  20. 20. I think I will be a doctor in the future.
  21. 21. I think I’ll (I will) take the bus tomorrow.
  22. 22. She won’t be a teacher.
  23. 23. What will you do next week? I think I’ll (I will) go to the theatre.
  24. 24. QUANTIFIERS
  25. 25. How much milk do you drink every day? I drink some milk every day.
  26. 26. How many books do you have here? I don’t have any books here.
  27. 27. Do you have any crayons? Yes, I do. I have a few crayons in this box.
  28. 28. I have enough water in the bottle.
  29. 29. PREFERENCES Remember! PREFER + object + TO + object. • He prefers his folder to his student’s diary. PREFER + verb-ing + TO + verb-ing. • I prefer going to the zoo to playing with my cousin.
  30. 30. She prefers a book to a videogame.
  31. 31. I prefer going to the cinema to playing cards.
  32. 32. PREFERENCES Remember! WOULD RATHER + Infinitive without to + THAN + Infinitive without to. • They would rather (They’d rather) go for a walk than have a bath. • I’d rather (I would rather) watch a comedy than see an action film.
  33. 33. She would rather eat pizza than eat a hamburguer.
  34. 34. I’d rather read a magazine than read a comic.
  35. 35. BECAUSE  Why do you have to study this? - Because we want to pass the Grade 5 exam and improve our English!
  36. 36. Why do you prefer Maths to Science? • I prefer Maths to Science because I love numbers.
  37. 37. KEEP CALM AND STUDY ENGLISH!

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