SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis

1 of 8
Download to read offline
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 1
Energy From Waste
Pyrolysis System
3.6 MW
Disposal, valorization and recycling of waste
Total Energy Recovery
ZeroEmission
Area 11O.OOO People
waste disposal with high energy recovery, zero pollution sources solid and gaseous
(zero emission and zero toxic waste)
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 2
Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at
elevated temperatures without the participation of oxygen. It involves the
simultaneous change of chemical composition and physical phase, and is
irreversible. The word is coined from the Greek-
derived elements pyro "fire" and lysis "separating".
Pyrolysis is a case of thermolysis, and is most commonly used
for organic materials, being, therefore, one of the processes involved in charring. The pyrolysis of wood, which
starts at 200–300 °C (390–570 °F),[1] occurs for example in fires where solid fuels are burning or when
vegetation comes into contact with lava in volcanic eruptions. In general, pyrolysis of organic substances
produces gas and liquid products and leaves a solid residue richer in carbon content, char. Extreme pyrolysis,
which leaves mostly carbon as the residue, is called carbonization.
The process is used heavily in the chemical industry, for example, to produce charcoal, activated
carbon, methanol, and other chemicals from wood, to convert ethylene dichloride into vinyl chloride to
make PVC, to produce coke from coal, to convert biomass into syngas and biochar, to turn waste into safely
disposable substances, and for transforming medium-weight hydrocarbons from oil into lighter ones
like gasoline. These specialized uses of pyrolysis may be called various names, such as dry
distillation, destructive distillation, or cracking.
Pyrolysis differs from other high-temperature processes like combustion and hydrolysis in that it usually does
not involve reactions with oxygen, water, or any other reagents. In practice, it is not possible to achieve a
completely oxygen-free atmosphere. Because some oxygen is present in any pyrolysis system, a small amount of
oxidation occurs.
The term has also been applied to the decomposition of organic material in the presence of superheated water or
steam (hydrous pyrolysis), for example, in the steam cracking of oil.
GREEN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Waste is one of the major challenges which modern world is facing today. Every year billions
tones of waste are generated and these amounts are rising steadily.
Some major wastes which affect our environment are:
 Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
 Different types of plastics
 Old tyres and rubber
 Auto Shredder Residue (ASR): plastics, rubber, fabrics, wires, etc.
 Organic waste: wood chips, saw waste, oil sludge, paper pulp sludge, poultry litter
 Medical waste from hospitals
 Electronic waste: computer boards, cables and wires
Wastes such as MSW, electronic waste, scrap tyres are currently either difficult to recycle or not 100% recycla-
ble, while other waste such as medical waste is not recyclable and shall be disposed. Another typical example is
goods packaging (e.g. food) when plastic attached to other materials (aluminum / polymer laminate). This lami-
nate is inseparable from paper at the recycling facility. All these cases result in either incineration or landfilling.
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 3
On this website you will find the economically and ecologically viable industrial solutions of the different waste
problems.
Brief summary of our core business:
 Waste-to-energy: pyrolysis as a source of bio fuel /green electricity
 Pyrolysis of toxic/medicine waste
 Pyrolysis of biomass and electricity production
 Pyrolysis of sewage/animal/paper sludge
 Pyrolysis: treatment of the decontaminated soil (oil, PCB, dioxin, mercury)
We perform turn-key projects (from a design phase to commissioning of the units) of the advanced proprietary
waste-to-energy systems.
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
OUR GOALS: Practical implementation of the commercially proven environmental
friendly and economically viable technologies:
 Stop polluting the environment
 Recover value from waste
 Decrease gas emissions
 Do not use food resources for energy production
PYROLYSIS AS RECOVERING VALUE FROM WASTE
With an increase in population, urbanization and technology advancement, the amount and
type of waste generated by various sectors is rapidly increased, causing negative impacts on health and the envi-
ronment.
Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of waste into gas and solid phases in the absence of the external oxygen
supply. The process takes place under the temperatures typically around 500 C. The gaseous product of pyrolysis
can undergo the following transformations in downstream processes:
 cooling down followed by oil condensing; liquefaction is applicable for a limited number of feedstock,
such as plastics or rubber
 cracking and cleaning in order to be used as fuel in a gas engine; pyrolysis gas conditioning is a compli-
cated problem and additional drawback is that further treatment of the pyrolysis char will be performed
at the high temperatures around 1500 C
 secondary combustion and generation steam in boiler, which consequently will be sent to steam turbine
to generate electricity
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 4
Some of the advantages of pyrolysis are that the pyrolysis process is relatively insensitive to its input waste,
combustion products associated with the burned solid waste are not generated, and dioxins formation can be ef-
ficiently prevented.
Application Feedstock to pyrolysis system Products of pyrolysis
Waste-to-Energy
 Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
 Waste plastics
 Medical waste
 Rubber and tyres
 E-waste
 Biomass /wood
 Organic sludge (sewage /oil / paper sludge)
 Electrical energy
 Steam
 Black carbon
 Oil
 Non-oxidized metals
Carbonization
 Wooden chips
 Organic sludge
 Solid fuel
 Fertilizer
Soil remediation Contaminated soil (dioxins, oil, mercury, organics) Cleaned soil
CONTINUOUS PYROLYSIS
In Modular Pyrolysis Steam Cycle (MPSC) system waste is thermally degraded in a rotary kiln using an indirect,
external source of heat, at temperatures of 400°–600°C in the absence of free oxygen supply.
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 5
The volatile portion of the feedstock is thermally decomposed, producing syngas which is sent into a boiler, pro-
ducing steam for power generation, with the flue gas treated in an emission control sub-system. Char from py-
rolysis kiln is further treated to generate extra syngas to be used in the process.
The pyrolysis plant consists of several functional modules such as pyrolysis, energy recovery, electrical energy
generation, gas cleaning, etc. implementing pyrolysis process with coupled conventional steam-cycle.
The plant performance is related to the composition of feedstock input (calorific value and moisture content).
Average mixed waste content in the input varies. Due to the built-in design features, the MPSC system successful-
ly accommodates sudden fluctuations in the waste quality from its average value, which occur within the facility.
Pyrolysis plants implementing oil recovery can also operate in continious mode
PYROLYSIS VS INCINERATION
Pyrolysis has a number of important advantages over incineration.
 The pyrolysis system for treatment of MSW and other wastes demonstrates excellent practical perfor-
mance in controlling the emission of harmful substances such as dioxins with levels dramatically lower
than regulation values.
 The pyrolysis facility is self-sustainable, i.e. fuel is required only for start-up operations. Steam and/or
electricity generated during operation is further supplied outside of the facility to the customers.
 The pyrolysis plant does not produce waste water effluent from the gas cleaning system. Along with this
obvious environmental advantage it also makes the system less expensive.
 Another environmental aspect is the reduction of the residuals to be sent for landfill disposal. Some re-
maining non-toxic ashes can also be used in the building industry.
 Recovered Metals are non-oxidized and can be further used.
 Can treat both low calorific and high calorofic waste.
PYROLYSIS OF MSW AND SEWAGE SLUDGE
Municipal solid and industrial waste, as well as sewage sludge are generated in large amounts.
MSW pyrolysis plant can treat
 fresh (unsorted) MSW
 sorted (high calorific) MSW
 MSW from landfill dumps (with soil)
 mixture of MSW with other waste, e.g. an industrial waste.
System performance depends on waste parameters: typical pyrolysis plant with the ca-
pacity 3.6 MWh (daily treatment of 120 tons) of unsorted MSW generates 75 MW of elec-
tricity for day (gross). The system can also be designed to generate heat for a district
heating/hot water supply.
Sewage sludge generated by waste water treatment, occupies large areas when it is sent
to landfilling. Usage of sludge as fertilizer is limited due to the potential contaminations
with heavy metals, pathogens, parasites, seeds of weeds. There are also handling prob-
lems due to odour and high water content. Sludge volume decreasing by drying or incin-
eration besides other issues require high fuel consumption. Pyrolysis of mechanically dewatered sludge elimi-
nates problems of contamination with bio-substances and decreases volumes of sludge. Additionally energy is
generated without external fuel supply to the process.
Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste
Page 6
Example of treatment of 350 tpd of sewage sludge with moisture content 65- 70% after mechanical filtration: the
remaining ash constitute ~ 15% of the dewatered sludge. This self-sustained facility will generate ~ 23 GW of
electricity on annual basis.
OIL SLUDGE TREATMENT
Treatment of oil sludge represents a significant expense. Tens of thousands of tons of oil sludge are generated
annually from oil production, storage, refining, and transportation. The oil sludge related problem is also caused
by leakage at oil tankers and oil rigs, resulting in oil contaminated sand and water polluted with oil sludge.
Proper treatment of oil sludge is essential since these waste materials are hazardous to human and envronment.
The design specifications determine configuration of the pyrolysis system, i.e. whether to proceed with the oil
sludge disposal and direct electricity generation or with oil condensing. Pyrolysis scheme with oil condensing
may require further oil refinery.
Biomass
Wood waste, agricultural waste like straw, and other types of biomass represent re-
newable source of green energy.
Biomass is pyrolised, and then pyrolysis gas is used for direct electricity production.
Biochar recovered from non-contaminated biomass can be either further gasified in accordance with general
MPSC scheme or to be used as soil improvement agent.
Amount of generated electricity depends on biomass type and its moisture:
- 1.25 t/h wooden chips (14 MJ/kg) with moisture content ~25% generate about 1,3 МWe.
- 4 t/h of poultry litter (~10 МJ/кg) generate ~2,3 MWe.
Moisture content in dried poultry liiter is in the range 10-30%, while calorofic value 10-16 MJ/kg. Ash content is
10-25% and depends on age of waste.
Plastic/ASR
Direct recycling of waste plastics not always possible, e.g. waste plastics can be con-
taminated; moreover, they often mixed with different sorts of materials such as paper,
glass, metal, biowaste, etc. Food and beverage packaging is a typical example when plastic attached to other ma-
terials (aluminium/polymer laminate). It is impossible to separate this laminate from paper at the recycling facil-
ity.
Plastics pyrolysis can result in
a) energy generating
b) oil condensing
Pyrolysis oil can be used as heating oil or oil for diesel generators. Amount of generated electricity or codensed
oil depends on composition of plastics mixture.

Recommended

More Related Content

What's hot

Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM
Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM
Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM Sshantan Kumar
 
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysis
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysisFuel from waste plastic by pyrolysis
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysisAli Jumaah
 
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion Process
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion ProcessMSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion Process
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion ProcessMd Tanvir Alam
 
Pyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsPyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsVigneshJ56
 
Gasification Process
Gasification  ProcessGasification  Process
Gasification Processppartos
 
Plastic waste ppt
Plastic waste pptPlastic waste ppt
Plastic waste pptshubhanggg
 
BIOMASS GASIFICATION
BIOMASS GASIFICATION BIOMASS GASIFICATION
BIOMASS GASIFICATION P RP
 
Biomass Gasification presentation
Biomass Gasification presentationBiomass Gasification presentation
Biomass Gasification presentationPritish Shardul
 
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE- SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE-        SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONSENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE-        SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE- SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONSGowri Prabhu
 
Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management Vishnu Raj
 
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic waste
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic wasteIncineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic waste
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic wasteJaynish Amipara
 
Biomass energy and conversion processes
Biomass energy and conversion processesBiomass energy and conversion processes
Biomass energy and conversion processesMujeeb UR Rahman
 
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLP
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLPPlastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLP
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLPPyrolysis Plant
 
20131008 Biomass Conversion Technologies
20131008  Biomass Conversion Technologies20131008  Biomass Conversion Technologies
20131008 Biomass Conversion TechnologiesMahbod Shafiei
 
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis process
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis processPlastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis process
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis processAglaia Connect
 

What's hot (20)

Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM
Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM
Plastic wastes into fuels ppt for CAD/CAM
 
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysis
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysisFuel from waste plastic by pyrolysis
Fuel from waste plastic by pyrolysis
 
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion Process
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion ProcessMSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion Process
MSW to Energy Using Thermal Conversion Process
 
Pyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plasticsPyrolysis of plastics
Pyrolysis of plastics
 
Gasification Process
Gasification  ProcessGasification  Process
Gasification Process
 
Conversion of waste plastic into fuel
Conversion of waste plastic into fuelConversion of waste plastic into fuel
Conversion of waste plastic into fuel
 
Pyrolysis
PyrolysisPyrolysis
Pyrolysis
 
Gasification and gasifier
Gasification and gasifierGasification and gasifier
Gasification and gasifier
 
Plastic waste ppt
Plastic waste pptPlastic waste ppt
Plastic waste ppt
 
BIOMASS GASIFICATION
BIOMASS GASIFICATION BIOMASS GASIFICATION
BIOMASS GASIFICATION
 
Biomass Gasification presentation
Biomass Gasification presentationBiomass Gasification presentation
Biomass Gasification presentation
 
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE- SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE-        SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONSENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE-        SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
ENERGY FROM SOLID WASTE- SOURCE,TYPES AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS
 
Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management
 
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic waste
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic wasteIncineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic waste
Incineration of plastic Watste, Energy recovery from plastic waste
 
Biomass energy and conversion processes
Biomass energy and conversion processesBiomass energy and conversion processes
Biomass energy and conversion processes
 
Torrefaction
TorrefactionTorrefaction
Torrefaction
 
Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management Plastic waste management
Plastic waste management
 
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLP
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLPPlastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLP
Plastic and Tire Pyrolysis Plant Manufacturers - Pyrocrat Systems LLP
 
20131008 Biomass Conversion Technologies
20131008  Biomass Conversion Technologies20131008  Biomass Conversion Technologies
20131008 Biomass Conversion Technologies
 
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis process
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis processPlastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis process
Plastic waste into fuel using pyrolysis process
 

Similar to Pyrolysis

Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptx
Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptxEnergy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptx
Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptxShakeelAhmad816993
 
Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in narendra kumar
 
Solid Waste Management Technices
Solid Waste Management TechnicesSolid Waste Management Technices
Solid Waste Management TechnicesCharan Vadlapati
 
Treatment and Disposal of Solid Waste
Treatment and Disposal of Solid WasteTreatment and Disposal of Solid Waste
Treatment and Disposal of Solid WasteDr. Arun Sharma
 
Incineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisIncineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisAkash Tikhe
 
Technological aspects of waste management
Technological aspects of waste managementTechnological aspects of waste management
Technological aspects of waste managementZahidaRimi
 
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawani
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawanitalk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawani
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawaniSailesh Khawani
 
integrated green Technologies for MSW
integrated green Technologies for MSWintegrated green Technologies for MSW
integrated green Technologies for MSWMamdouh Abdel-Sabour
 
Disposal of Polymers
Disposal of PolymersDisposal of Polymers
Disposal of PolymersKarl Coelho
 
Suhas Dixit - Waste To Energy
Suhas Dixit - Waste To EnergySuhas Dixit - Waste To Energy
Suhas Dixit - Waste To EnergySuhas Dixit
 
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling Technologies
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling TechnologiesPlastic Waste Management and Recycling Technologies
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling TechnologiesBHU
 
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)mamdouh sabour
 
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets making
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets makingAnalysis on municipal solid waste pellets making
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets makingJossie Xiong
 
waste mgt by abhay jain
waste mgt by abhay jainwaste mgt by abhay jain
waste mgt by abhay jainguestf0457f
 

Similar to Pyrolysis (20)

Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptx
Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptxEnergy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptx
Energy from Waste, Lecture 09, Fuel Technology2, (Week 11).pptx
 
Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in Waste to energy tech talk in
Waste to energy tech talk in
 
Solid Waste Management Technices
Solid Waste Management TechnicesSolid Waste Management Technices
Solid Waste Management Technices
 
Treatment and Disposal of Solid Waste
Treatment and Disposal of Solid WasteTreatment and Disposal of Solid Waste
Treatment and Disposal of Solid Waste
 
Incineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And PyrolysisIncineration And Pyrolysis
Incineration And Pyrolysis
 
Technological aspects of waste management
Technological aspects of waste managementTechnological aspects of waste management
Technological aspects of waste management
 
Waste Management
Waste ManagementWaste Management
Waste Management
 
Waste management
Waste managementWaste management
Waste management
 
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawani
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawanitalk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawani
talk on waste management & recovery by sailesh khawani
 
Solid waste management
Solid waste managementSolid waste management
Solid waste management
 
integrated green Technologies for MSW
integrated green Technologies for MSWintegrated green Technologies for MSW
integrated green Technologies for MSW
 
Disposal of Polymers
Disposal of PolymersDisposal of Polymers
Disposal of Polymers
 
Energy sources of garbage
Energy sources of garbageEnergy sources of garbage
Energy sources of garbage
 
Suhas Dixit - Waste To Energy
Suhas Dixit - Waste To EnergySuhas Dixit - Waste To Energy
Suhas Dixit - Waste To Energy
 
W.senatorlibya
W.senatorlibyaW.senatorlibya
W.senatorlibya
 
W.senatorlibya
W.senatorlibyaW.senatorlibya
W.senatorlibya
 
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling Technologies
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling TechnologiesPlastic Waste Management and Recycling Technologies
Plastic Waste Management and Recycling Technologies
 
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
Integrated green technologies for msw (mam ver.)
 
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets making
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets makingAnalysis on municipal solid waste pellets making
Analysis on municipal solid waste pellets making
 
waste mgt by abhay jain
waste mgt by abhay jainwaste mgt by abhay jain
waste mgt by abhay jain
 

More from Tung Huynh

Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19
Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19
Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19Tung Huynh
 
Hm finalreport
Hm finalreportHm finalreport
Hm finalreportTung Huynh
 
Horse bedding compost_brochure
Horse bedding compost_brochureHorse bedding compost_brochure
Horse bedding compost_brochureTung Huynh
 
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp0214incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02Tung Huynh
 
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incineration
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incinerationEnvilead 2005 a study on waste incineration
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incinerationTung Huynh
 
8c exhauster connections
8c exhauster connections8c exhauster connections
8c exhauster connectionsTung Huynh
 
Non incineration technologies
Non incineration technologiesNon incineration technologies
Non incineration technologiesTung Huynh
 
Hydrothermal conversion
Hydrothermal conversionHydrothermal conversion
Hydrothermal conversionTung Huynh
 
Biomass combustion boilers
Biomass  combustion boilersBiomass  combustion boilers
Biomass combustion boilersTung Huynh
 
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...Tung Huynh
 
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless inter
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless interDirectional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless inter
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless interTung Huynh
 
Combustion technology for generating energy from waste
Combustion technology for generating energy from wasteCombustion technology for generating energy from waste
Combustion technology for generating energy from wasteTung Huynh
 
Autoclave system
Autoclave systemAutoclave system
Autoclave systemTung Huynh
 
10 thermal technology
10 thermal technology10 thermal technology
10 thermal technologyTung Huynh
 
Giao trinh kien truc may tinh
Giao trinh kien truc may tinhGiao trinh kien truc may tinh
Giao trinh kien truc may tinhTung Huynh
 
How to write a good scholarship essay
How to write a good scholarship essayHow to write a good scholarship essay
How to write a good scholarship essayTung Huynh
 
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correction
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correctionBettecher 1 kw_smps correction
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correctionTung Huynh
 
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...Tung Huynh
 
Solar power mppt controller
Solar power mppt controllerSolar power mppt controller
Solar power mppt controllerTung Huynh
 
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilers
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilersPyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilers
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilersTung Huynh
 

More from Tung Huynh (20)

Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19
Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19
Phòng chống sars co v-2 hướng dẫn điều trị covid-19
 
Hm finalreport
Hm finalreportHm finalreport
Hm finalreport
 
Horse bedding compost_brochure
Horse bedding compost_brochureHorse bedding compost_brochure
Horse bedding compost_brochure
 
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp0214incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02
14incinerationofhazardouswastes 140920135046-phpapp02
 
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incineration
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incinerationEnvilead 2005 a study on waste incineration
Envilead 2005 a study on waste incineration
 
8c exhauster connections
8c exhauster connections8c exhauster connections
8c exhauster connections
 
Non incineration technologies
Non incineration technologiesNon incineration technologies
Non incineration technologies
 
Hydrothermal conversion
Hydrothermal conversionHydrothermal conversion
Hydrothermal conversion
 
Biomass combustion boilers
Biomass  combustion boilersBiomass  combustion boilers
Biomass combustion boilers
 
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...
Effects of nanosilver_and_nitroxin_biofertilizer_on_yield_and_yield_component...
 
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless inter
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless interDirectional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless inter
Directional patch antenna array design for desktop wireless inter
 
Combustion technology for generating energy from waste
Combustion technology for generating energy from wasteCombustion technology for generating energy from waste
Combustion technology for generating energy from waste
 
Autoclave system
Autoclave systemAutoclave system
Autoclave system
 
10 thermal technology
10 thermal technology10 thermal technology
10 thermal technology
 
Giao trinh kien truc may tinh
Giao trinh kien truc may tinhGiao trinh kien truc may tinh
Giao trinh kien truc may tinh
 
How to write a good scholarship essay
How to write a good scholarship essayHow to write a good scholarship essay
How to write a good scholarship essay
 
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correction
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correctionBettecher 1 kw_smps correction
Bettecher 1 kw_smps correction
 
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...
Kunio yoshikawa innovative japanese waste to-green product technologies econo...
 
Solar power mppt controller
Solar power mppt controllerSolar power mppt controller
Solar power mppt controller
 
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilers
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilersPyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilers
Pyrolysis systems-and-review-of-solid-waste-in-boilers
 

Recently uploaded

Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesGreenBiz Group
 
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfThat tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfdrsk203
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfadmin944664
 
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNational Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNeeraj Kumar Rai
 
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Limited
 
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...GreenBiz Group
 
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area Index
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area IndexThe Complete Guide to Leaf Area Index
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area IndexMETER Group, Inc. USA
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG Goals
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG GoalsIncorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG Goals
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG GoalsGreenBiz Group
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxadmin944664
 
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptx
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptxMAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptx
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptxantoniolfdez2006
 
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...GreenBiz Group
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenScope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenGreenBiz Group
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesMark Dickey-Collas
 
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...GreenBiz Group
 
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxWEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxRIZZAMAEVPELOMINO
 
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)CIFOR-ICRAF
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...CIFOR-ICRAF
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and CommunitiesPartnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
Partnering for Resilient Forests - Climate, Fires, and Communities
 
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdfThat tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
That tree related to god(wild's gravity).pdf
 
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
The role of mangrove blue carbon research to support national climate mitigat...
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdfInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pdf
 
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptxNational Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
National Safety Week 2024 ppt by Neeraj Rai.pptx
 
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installationsSolar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
Solar KW Oxfordshire solar installations
 
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
Meeting Your Energy Sustainability Goals - A Case Study with Top Industry Exp...
 
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area Index
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area IndexThe Complete Guide to Leaf Area Index
The Complete Guide to Leaf Area Index
 
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
Blue Carbon Dialogue: Bridging Science and Policy for Effective Implementatio...
 
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG Goals
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG GoalsIncorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG Goals
Incorporating Water and Energy Data into Your Sustainability and ESG Goals
 
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptxInvasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
Invasives Management-Big Picture-MCD.pptx
 
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptx
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptxMAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptx
MAPAS CONCEPTUALES DEL TEMA 3, 4 Y 5.pptx
 
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island CommunitiesConservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
Conservation Delivery in Pacific Island Communities
 
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
Accelerating the Journey to Scope 3 Decarbonization Factors Driving Success -...
 
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah GoldenScope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
Scope 3 Bootcamp Tutorial - Sarah Golden
 
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheriesGFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
GFCM fish forum climate resilient fisheries
 
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...
The Power of Public-Private Partnerships: Cross Sector Collaboration for Futu...
 
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptxWEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
WEEK 5 community action and modalities.pptx
 
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
Academic Framework of Blue Carbon Ecosystems (BCE)
 
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon  as Natural...
Research priorities in seagrass ecosystems to enhance blue carbon as Natural...
 

Pyrolysis

  • 1. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 1 Energy From Waste Pyrolysis System 3.6 MW Disposal, valorization and recycling of waste Total Energy Recovery ZeroEmission Area 11O.OOO People waste disposal with high energy recovery, zero pollution sources solid and gaseous (zero emission and zero toxic waste)
  • 2. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 2 Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at elevated temperatures without the participation of oxygen. It involves the simultaneous change of chemical composition and physical phase, and is irreversible. The word is coined from the Greek- derived elements pyro "fire" and lysis "separating". Pyrolysis is a case of thermolysis, and is most commonly used for organic materials, being, therefore, one of the processes involved in charring. The pyrolysis of wood, which starts at 200–300 °C (390–570 °F),[1] occurs for example in fires where solid fuels are burning or when vegetation comes into contact with lava in volcanic eruptions. In general, pyrolysis of organic substances produces gas and liquid products and leaves a solid residue richer in carbon content, char. Extreme pyrolysis, which leaves mostly carbon as the residue, is called carbonization. The process is used heavily in the chemical industry, for example, to produce charcoal, activated carbon, methanol, and other chemicals from wood, to convert ethylene dichloride into vinyl chloride to make PVC, to produce coke from coal, to convert biomass into syngas and biochar, to turn waste into safely disposable substances, and for transforming medium-weight hydrocarbons from oil into lighter ones like gasoline. These specialized uses of pyrolysis may be called various names, such as dry distillation, destructive distillation, or cracking. Pyrolysis differs from other high-temperature processes like combustion and hydrolysis in that it usually does not involve reactions with oxygen, water, or any other reagents. In practice, it is not possible to achieve a completely oxygen-free atmosphere. Because some oxygen is present in any pyrolysis system, a small amount of oxidation occurs. The term has also been applied to the decomposition of organic material in the presence of superheated water or steam (hydrous pyrolysis), for example, in the steam cracking of oil. GREEN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT Waste is one of the major challenges which modern world is facing today. Every year billions tones of waste are generated and these amounts are rising steadily. Some major wastes which affect our environment are:  Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)  Different types of plastics  Old tyres and rubber  Auto Shredder Residue (ASR): plastics, rubber, fabrics, wires, etc.  Organic waste: wood chips, saw waste, oil sludge, paper pulp sludge, poultry litter  Medical waste from hospitals  Electronic waste: computer boards, cables and wires Wastes such as MSW, electronic waste, scrap tyres are currently either difficult to recycle or not 100% recycla- ble, while other waste such as medical waste is not recyclable and shall be disposed. Another typical example is goods packaging (e.g. food) when plastic attached to other materials (aluminum / polymer laminate). This lami- nate is inseparable from paper at the recycling facility. All these cases result in either incineration or landfilling.
  • 3. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 3 On this website you will find the economically and ecologically viable industrial solutions of the different waste problems. Brief summary of our core business:  Waste-to-energy: pyrolysis as a source of bio fuel /green electricity  Pyrolysis of toxic/medicine waste  Pyrolysis of biomass and electricity production  Pyrolysis of sewage/animal/paper sludge  Pyrolysis: treatment of the decontaminated soil (oil, PCB, dioxin, mercury) We perform turn-key projects (from a design phase to commissioning of the units) of the advanced proprietary waste-to-energy systems. SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT OUR GOALS: Practical implementation of the commercially proven environmental friendly and economically viable technologies:  Stop polluting the environment  Recover value from waste  Decrease gas emissions  Do not use food resources for energy production PYROLYSIS AS RECOVERING VALUE FROM WASTE With an increase in population, urbanization and technology advancement, the amount and type of waste generated by various sectors is rapidly increased, causing negative impacts on health and the envi- ronment. Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of waste into gas and solid phases in the absence of the external oxygen supply. The process takes place under the temperatures typically around 500 C. The gaseous product of pyrolysis can undergo the following transformations in downstream processes:  cooling down followed by oil condensing; liquefaction is applicable for a limited number of feedstock, such as plastics or rubber  cracking and cleaning in order to be used as fuel in a gas engine; pyrolysis gas conditioning is a compli- cated problem and additional drawback is that further treatment of the pyrolysis char will be performed at the high temperatures around 1500 C  secondary combustion and generation steam in boiler, which consequently will be sent to steam turbine to generate electricity
  • 4. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 4 Some of the advantages of pyrolysis are that the pyrolysis process is relatively insensitive to its input waste, combustion products associated with the burned solid waste are not generated, and dioxins formation can be ef- ficiently prevented. Application Feedstock to pyrolysis system Products of pyrolysis Waste-to-Energy  Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)  Waste plastics  Medical waste  Rubber and tyres  E-waste  Biomass /wood  Organic sludge (sewage /oil / paper sludge)  Electrical energy  Steam  Black carbon  Oil  Non-oxidized metals Carbonization  Wooden chips  Organic sludge  Solid fuel  Fertilizer Soil remediation Contaminated soil (dioxins, oil, mercury, organics) Cleaned soil CONTINUOUS PYROLYSIS In Modular Pyrolysis Steam Cycle (MPSC) system waste is thermally degraded in a rotary kiln using an indirect, external source of heat, at temperatures of 400°–600°C in the absence of free oxygen supply.
  • 5. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 5 The volatile portion of the feedstock is thermally decomposed, producing syngas which is sent into a boiler, pro- ducing steam for power generation, with the flue gas treated in an emission control sub-system. Char from py- rolysis kiln is further treated to generate extra syngas to be used in the process. The pyrolysis plant consists of several functional modules such as pyrolysis, energy recovery, electrical energy generation, gas cleaning, etc. implementing pyrolysis process with coupled conventional steam-cycle. The plant performance is related to the composition of feedstock input (calorific value and moisture content). Average mixed waste content in the input varies. Due to the built-in design features, the MPSC system successful- ly accommodates sudden fluctuations in the waste quality from its average value, which occur within the facility. Pyrolysis plants implementing oil recovery can also operate in continious mode PYROLYSIS VS INCINERATION Pyrolysis has a number of important advantages over incineration.  The pyrolysis system for treatment of MSW and other wastes demonstrates excellent practical perfor- mance in controlling the emission of harmful substances such as dioxins with levels dramatically lower than regulation values.  The pyrolysis facility is self-sustainable, i.e. fuel is required only for start-up operations. Steam and/or electricity generated during operation is further supplied outside of the facility to the customers.  The pyrolysis plant does not produce waste water effluent from the gas cleaning system. Along with this obvious environmental advantage it also makes the system less expensive.  Another environmental aspect is the reduction of the residuals to be sent for landfill disposal. Some re- maining non-toxic ashes can also be used in the building industry.  Recovered Metals are non-oxidized and can be further used.  Can treat both low calorific and high calorofic waste. PYROLYSIS OF MSW AND SEWAGE SLUDGE Municipal solid and industrial waste, as well as sewage sludge are generated in large amounts. MSW pyrolysis plant can treat  fresh (unsorted) MSW  sorted (high calorific) MSW  MSW from landfill dumps (with soil)  mixture of MSW with other waste, e.g. an industrial waste. System performance depends on waste parameters: typical pyrolysis plant with the ca- pacity 3.6 MWh (daily treatment of 120 tons) of unsorted MSW generates 75 MW of elec- tricity for day (gross). The system can also be designed to generate heat for a district heating/hot water supply. Sewage sludge generated by waste water treatment, occupies large areas when it is sent to landfilling. Usage of sludge as fertilizer is limited due to the potential contaminations with heavy metals, pathogens, parasites, seeds of weeds. There are also handling prob- lems due to odour and high water content. Sludge volume decreasing by drying or incin- eration besides other issues require high fuel consumption. Pyrolysis of mechanically dewatered sludge elimi- nates problems of contamination with bio-substances and decreases volumes of sludge. Additionally energy is generated without external fuel supply to the process.
  • 6. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 6 Example of treatment of 350 tpd of sewage sludge with moisture content 65- 70% after mechanical filtration: the remaining ash constitute ~ 15% of the dewatered sludge. This self-sustained facility will generate ~ 23 GW of electricity on annual basis. OIL SLUDGE TREATMENT Treatment of oil sludge represents a significant expense. Tens of thousands of tons of oil sludge are generated annually from oil production, storage, refining, and transportation. The oil sludge related problem is also caused by leakage at oil tankers and oil rigs, resulting in oil contaminated sand and water polluted with oil sludge. Proper treatment of oil sludge is essential since these waste materials are hazardous to human and envronment. The design specifications determine configuration of the pyrolysis system, i.e. whether to proceed with the oil sludge disposal and direct electricity generation or with oil condensing. Pyrolysis scheme with oil condensing may require further oil refinery. Biomass Wood waste, agricultural waste like straw, and other types of biomass represent re- newable source of green energy. Biomass is pyrolised, and then pyrolysis gas is used for direct electricity production. Biochar recovered from non-contaminated biomass can be either further gasified in accordance with general MPSC scheme or to be used as soil improvement agent. Amount of generated electricity depends on biomass type and its moisture: - 1.25 t/h wooden chips (14 MJ/kg) with moisture content ~25% generate about 1,3 МWe. - 4 t/h of poultry litter (~10 МJ/кg) generate ~2,3 MWe. Moisture content in dried poultry liiter is in the range 10-30%, while calorofic value 10-16 MJ/kg. Ash content is 10-25% and depends on age of waste. Plastic/ASR Direct recycling of waste plastics not always possible, e.g. waste plastics can be con- taminated; moreover, they often mixed with different sorts of materials such as paper, glass, metal, biowaste, etc. Food and beverage packaging is a typical example when plastic attached to other ma- terials (aluminium/polymer laminate). It is impossible to separate this laminate from paper at the recycling facil- ity. Plastics pyrolysis can result in a) energy generating b) oil condensing Pyrolysis oil can be used as heating oil or oil for diesel generators. Amount of generated electricity or codensed oil depends on composition of plastics mixture.
  • 7. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 7 Automotive Shredded Residue (ASR) results from the reclamation process of recyclable ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The primary source of recyclable materials comes from automobiles, trucks, buses and common house- hold appliances such as washers, dryers and refrigerators. According to estimates from the automotive industry only in the United States about 2 billion pounds of ASR are generated annually. ASR generally consists of a mix- ture of plastics, rubber, glass, wood products, cloth, paper, foam, dirt, and electrical wiring. The industrial ASR pyrolysis systems implement general MPSC scheme, producing pyrolysis followed by generation of electricity. Comparing with general case of MSW pyrolysis the ASR pyrolysis system is characterised by higher efficiency power generation, e.g. 9 t/h ASR with LHV = 21 MJ/kg and 20% moisture generates moer than 10 MWe Medical Waste Medical waste is a multi component hazardous waste. Main constituents of medical waste are plastics, textile and polyvinylchloride (PVC).Medical waste also includes needles, patho- logical wastes from surgery and autopsy, and pharmaceutical waste. Traditionally, hospitals burn medical waste in incinerators and then deposit it into waste landfill sites. When burned, PVC produces inter alia carbon monox- ide, dioxins, and chlorinated furans. The California Environmental Protection Agency has banned the permitting of any new medical waste incinerators since 2001. Pyrolysis is the efficient method of hazardous waste disposal and recovery of valuable materials. Output from medical waste pyrolysis depends on initial waste content: amount of waste and its composition determines whether to proceed with oil recovery scheme design or with a steam turbine configuration. Tyres Burning 1 ton of waste tyres produces about 450 kg toxic gases. The damage to the en- vironment is obvious. Performing pyrolysis of scrap tyres saves the environment and gives yield to valuable materials. Pyrolysis gas can be condensed recovering pyrolysis oil. The recovered oil usually has specific gravity about 0.91-0,94 kg/cm3, quite high sulphur content (0.6-1%) as well as the residual carbon content. This oil should be further refined prior to be used mainly as heating oil. Another issue related to the scrap tyres pyrolysis is a pyrolysis carbon black (CBp). According to International Carbon Black Association this product should be rather called a black carbon. Carbon black is chemically and physically distinct black carbon. As expected CBp after further treatment could be used as filler e.g for asphalt or in low/medium grade technical rubber products. In order to avoid additional investments to the pyrolysis oil refining and issues with further CBp treatment, its marketing and sales we recommend the pyrolysis of scrap tyres according to the waste-to-energy pyrolysis technology (MPSC) with generatin electricity. In this case certification of oil and CBp products will also not be required. At our waste-to-energy pyrolysis facility solid residuals can be further processed generating additional electricity. Recommended minimum capacity of the pyrolysis facility is about 20 tpd, e.g. 800 kg/h will produce about 310- 320 kg/h of oil, while 3 t/h will generate about 6,5 MW electricity.
  • 8. Waste Re-Power – clean energy from waste Page 8 ABOUT US The Isotech srl Since 2004 is certified UNI EN ISO 9000, UNI EN ISO 14001, EMAS, SA 8000, is a company that operates primarily in the industrial sector, in particular in the field of design, construction, installation and commissioning of electrochemical plants machinery and advanced technology, which can be used in the recycling of process water and wastewater treatment with subsequent reuse in the production process operating in compliance with the environmental laws. Isotech’s professionals have worked in business, government and public international agencies, in different countries, and in diverse cultures. They possess a combination of diverse skills, knowledge, and experiences. Main areas of expertise of are process technology and optimization of industrial processes, business de- velopment, project management. Our core business - implementation of environmental friendly treatment of waste (pyrolysis and gasification) as source of green energy. PYROLYSIS PLANT Municipal, industrial and bulky waste is delivered by waste collecting vehicles and discharged into the coarse waste storage bin. The waste is then picked up by a crane, discharged onto two alternative operated rotor cutters and then deliv- ered into the fine storage bin. Some sewage sludge is also delivered there. Crane mixes waste and sewagesludge in order to obtain a homogeneous mixture.The crane transfers the mixed waste into the feeding hoppers of the charging devices of the two rotary kilns.The conveyors transport the waste from the hoppers to the feeding chute, consisting of a gas-tight slide gate valve (prevents air access to the kilns) and a chute. A feeding screw arranged downstream the feeding chute conveys the waste into the pyrolysis kiln. The pyrolysis of the waste materials takes place into two indirect heated rotary kilns. The kilns have heated lengths of about 20 meters and an inner diameter of about 2.2 meters. Each kiln has a capacity of 3 tons per hour. Waste is thermally degraded using an indirect external source of heat at ~500 C in the absence of free oxygen supply. Solid residuals of the pyrolysis process are removed via a wet discharger. The pyrolysis gas is sealed from the atmosphere by the water level in the discharger. Metals are extracted by an overhead magnetic separa- tor discharged into a container for recycling. The exhaust gas from the boiler is thoroughly cleaned in the emission control subsystem in order to achieve the full compliance with the emissions limits. The volatile portion of the feedstock produces syngas.