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Paraphrase summarize

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Paraphrase summarize

  1. 1. PARAPHRASE – SUMMARIZE TUBA AKTAS ACM EPP
  2. 2. PARAPHRASE & SUMMARIZE • They are forms of RE-WRITING the original text in YOUR OWN WORDS. • BUT • THEY HAVE DIFFERENT FORMS AND DIFFERENT PURPOSES
  3. 3. PARAPHRASE • WHAT? • It is a restatement of a text written by another author in your own words. • You should keep the original author’s meaning and tone. • WHY? • To help reader understand difficult material • To avoid plagiarism • HOW LONG? • The same length as the original text
  4. 4. •HOW? •1- Read the original several times until you are sure you understand. •2- Understand the writer’s meaning •3- Do not find a synonym for each and every word, but •4- Include every essential idea contained in the original.
  5. 5. REMEMBER THESE POINTS • You must provide a reference • It must be entirely in your own words • TO MAKE THINGS EASY • Note taking • Make a note of the author’s basic points (no need for full sentences) • What matters is that you get the original idea NOW use your notes convert the ideas into full sentences • Provide a reference go back to the original to check
  6. 6. Guidelines for Writing Paraphrases • 1- Say what the original says – no more! • 2- Keep the order of ideas and emphasis • 3- Use your own words to restate the message • 4- Read your sentences again to make sure they make sense • 5- Do not change the meaning of the original • 6- Expect your material to be as long as the original • 7- Do not plagiarize • 8- Write down your references • (Troyka, 1995)
  7. 7. SUMMARIZE • WHAT? • It is a short form of original writing. • It includes the main points of a passage and reports what the author is really saying. • WHY? • To give reader an overview of the original text • To provide the reader with the main points of the text • To avoid plagiarism • HOW LONG? • Much shorter than the original text
  8. 8. •HOW? •1- Read the original several times until you are sure you understand. •2- Understand the writer’s main ideas and organizational structure •3- Write a statement in your own words that covers the material •4- Read your summary to make sure you did not miss important points or ideas.
  9. 9. Guidelines for Writing Summaries • 1- Identify the main points • 2- Make it shorter without losing the main idea • 3- Use your own words to restate the message. • 4- You can “quote” if synonyms are not good enough • 5- Keep it short • 6- Do not plagiarize • 7- Write down your references • (Troyka, 1995)
  10. 10. EXAMPLE • Original: • Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay and they can consume 75 pounds of food a day. • Paraphrase: • A giraffe can eat up to 75 pounds of Acacia leaves and hay everyday.
  11. 11. PARAPHRASE EXAMPLE There are many different strategies that businesses can use to price their products. Which one they choose will depend on their circumstances. In this section, we will examine three different pricing strategies. We will look at how each works and explore the reasons that business might choose them. Businesses can price their products in many different ways. The business owners will choose according to the conditions. This chapter includes three strategies of pricing. Each of them will be studied separately and the reasons why they can be chosen will be explored. • (Williams & Hill, 2010)
  12. 12. There are many factors that influence people’s purchasing decisions. In some circumstances, people buy mainly based on the price of the product. In other situations, the quality of the product may be a stronger factor, and people may pay a higher price for it. For some products, and for some consumers, the brand name is more important than any of these factors. Good marketers need to have a clear understanding of all these factors, and several more. People’s shopping choices are effected by numerous factors. Sometimes the price of the product is important for the buyers. Sometimes quality can overcome the price and a higher will be paid by the consumers to a specific product. Brand name will be the only determining factor for some goods and some customers. In order to be a successful marketer, one must know all these factors very well. (Williams & Hill, 2010)
  13. 13. Canikon today announced the release of the DX3-AC compact still and video camera. The DX3-AC features several major new developments that make this camera different from all others. Canikon released DX3- AC video camera with major feature developments.
  14. 14. SUMMARY Value-based pricing is one of several pricing strategies that a business can employ. There are several steps involved in value-based pricing. We will briefly look at each step and explain its importance in the whole process of successfully pricing a product. (Armstrong & Kotler, 2007) Value-based pricing is a strategy that involves several steps.
  15. 15. REFERENCE Value-based pricing is one of several pricing strategies that a business can employ. There are several steps involved in value-based pricing. We will briefly look at each step and explain its importance in the whole process of successfully pricing a product. (Armstrong & Kotler, 2007) Armstrong and Kotler (2007) stated / pointed out that value-based pricing is a strategy that involves several steps.
  16. 16. REFERENCE… Stress causes the body to experience physical changes such as a faster heartbeat and breathing rate. (Cannon, 1932) Cannon (1932) pointed out that stress causes the body to experience physical changes such as faster heartbeat and breathing rate.
  17. 17. PARAPHRASE and REFERENCE Stress causes the body to experience physical changes such as a faster heartbeat and breathing rate. (Cannon, 1932) Cannon (1932) pointed out that stress causes physical changes in the body such as faster heartbeat and breathing rate.
  18. 18. SUMMARIZE and REFERENCE Too much stress – or stress that continues for a long time – can cause serious physical and emotional problems. These problems include trouble sleeping, sickness, and pain. Heart disease and probably cancer probably result from stress. (Blonna, 2005) Blonna (2005) claimed that people who are exposed to high levels of stress for an extended period have increasing risk of getting diseases.

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