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23APR2015
Bee Technologies
http://www.bee-tech.info/
How to Design of Power Management of
Hybrid Circuit(Battery and Capacitor)
using PSpice Simple Model
PSpice Version
1Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
1.Circuit Method
2.Battery System only
3.Battery and Capacitor System
4.Conclusion
PSpice Version
SPICE Model using Simple Model by Bee Technologies
Lithium Ion Battery Model
http://www.bee-tech.info/simple-model-for-spice/lithium-ion-battery-model/
Lithium Ion Capacitor Model
http://www.bee-tech.info/simple-model-for-spice/lithium-ion-capacitor-model/
2Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
1.Circuit Method
Battery System only Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System
Lithium
Ion
Battery
Current
Load
Lithium
Ion
Battery
Current
Load
Lithium
Ion
Capacitor
Control
Current Load Profile
ILOAD
T1 = 0
T2 = 25s
I1 = 0
I2 = {Max_Load}
I3 = {Min_Load}
I4 = {Min_Load}
I5 = {Max_Load}
I6 = {Min_Load}
T3 = 50s
T4 = 120s
T5 = 150s
T6 = 180s
0 0
Load
PARAMETERS:
Max_Load = 11
Min_Load = 2
Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System
If Current load >4[A], Lithium Ion Capacitor work
If Current load =<4[A], Lithium Ion Battery work
3Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
1.Circuit Method
Current Load Profile
Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System
If Current load >4[A], Lithium Ion Capacitor work
If Current load =<4[A], Lithium Ion Battery work
Lithium Ion Capacitor work
Lithium Ion Battery work
4Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
2.Battery System only
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
IN+ G1
LIMIT(V(%IN+, %IN-)/10u, 0 , I(Load))
ILOAD
T1 = 0
T2 = 25s
I1 = 0
I2 = {Max_Load}
I3 = {Min_Load}
I4 = {Min_Load}
I5 = {Max_Load}
I6 = {Min_Load}
T3 = 50s
T4 = 120s
T5 = 150s
T6 = 180s
0 0
Load
PARAMETERS:
Max_Load = 11
Min_Load = 2
0
VBAT
0
DIS_BAT
+ -
U1
LI-ION_BATTERY
SOC = 1
NS = 1
TSCALE = 1
C = 2
5Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
2.Battery System only
Current Load
Battery Voltage
Battery SOC(%): 100->83.472
6Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
3.Battery and Capacitor System
PARAMETERS:
Dis_SW = 4A
0
ILOAD
T1 = 0
T2 = 25s
I1 = 0
I2 = {Max_Load}
I3 = {Min_Load}
I4 = {Min_Load}
I5 = {Max_Load}
I6 = {Min_Load}
T3 = 50s
T4 = 120s
T5 = 150s
T6 = 180s
0
DIS_BAT
IN+
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
E1
IF(I(Load)>Dis_SW, 0, 1)
0 0
00
Ctrl_BAT
PARAMETERS:
Max_Load = 11
Min_Load = 2
Load
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
IN+
G1
LIMIT(V(Ctrl_BAT, 0)/10u, 0, I(Load))
+
-
+
-
S1
VON = 0.5
VOFF = 0.3
ROFF = 100e6
RON = 100u
0
0
+ -
U1
LI-ION_BATTERY
SOC = 1
NS = 1
TSCALE = 1
C = 2
0
VCAP
0
DIS_CAP
IN+
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
E2
IF(I(Load)>Dis_SW, 1, 0)
0
Ctrl_CAP
0
IN-
OUT+
OUT-
IN+
G2
LIMIT(V(Ctrl_CAP, 0)/10u, 0, I(Load))
+
-
+
-
S2
VON = 0.5
VOFF = 0.3
ROFF = 100e6
RON = 100u
0
0
VBAT
U2
LI-ION_CAPACITOR
CAP = 500
ESR = 0.8m
RDC = 1.2m
NS = 1
TSCAL = 1
SOC = 100
7Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
Control
Battery Voltage
Battery SOC(%): 100->92.012
3.Battery and Capacitor System
Current Load
Capacitor Voltage
Capacitor SOC(%): 100->21.714
8Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
4. Conclusion
Battery System only Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System
Lithium
Ion
Battery
Current
Load
Lithium
Ion
Battery
Current
Load
Lithium
Ion
Capacitor
Control
SOC[%]
Start Stop
Lithium Ion
Battery
100 83.472
SOC[%]
Start Stop
Lithium Ion Battery 100 92.012
Lithium Ion Capacitor 100 21.714
If high Current wave form quickly, Hybrid Circuit is better.
9Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015

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How to Design of Power Management of Hybrid Circuit(Battery and Capacitor) using PSpice Simple Model

  • 1. 23APR2015 Bee Technologies http://www.bee-tech.info/ How to Design of Power Management of Hybrid Circuit(Battery and Capacitor) using PSpice Simple Model PSpice Version 1Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 2. 1.Circuit Method 2.Battery System only 3.Battery and Capacitor System 4.Conclusion PSpice Version SPICE Model using Simple Model by Bee Technologies Lithium Ion Battery Model http://www.bee-tech.info/simple-model-for-spice/lithium-ion-battery-model/ Lithium Ion Capacitor Model http://www.bee-tech.info/simple-model-for-spice/lithium-ion-capacitor-model/ 2Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 3. 1.Circuit Method Battery System only Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System Lithium Ion Battery Current Load Lithium Ion Battery Current Load Lithium Ion Capacitor Control Current Load Profile ILOAD T1 = 0 T2 = 25s I1 = 0 I2 = {Max_Load} I3 = {Min_Load} I4 = {Min_Load} I5 = {Max_Load} I6 = {Min_Load} T3 = 50s T4 = 120s T5 = 150s T6 = 180s 0 0 Load PARAMETERS: Max_Load = 11 Min_Load = 2 Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System If Current load >4[A], Lithium Ion Capacitor work If Current load =<4[A], Lithium Ion Battery work 3Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 4. 1.Circuit Method Current Load Profile Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System If Current load >4[A], Lithium Ion Capacitor work If Current load =<4[A], Lithium Ion Battery work Lithium Ion Capacitor work Lithium Ion Battery work 4Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 5. 2.Battery System only IN- OUT+ OUT- IN+ G1 LIMIT(V(%IN+, %IN-)/10u, 0 , I(Load)) ILOAD T1 = 0 T2 = 25s I1 = 0 I2 = {Max_Load} I3 = {Min_Load} I4 = {Min_Load} I5 = {Max_Load} I6 = {Min_Load} T3 = 50s T4 = 120s T5 = 150s T6 = 180s 0 0 Load PARAMETERS: Max_Load = 11 Min_Load = 2 0 VBAT 0 DIS_BAT + - U1 LI-ION_BATTERY SOC = 1 NS = 1 TSCALE = 1 C = 2 5Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 6. 2.Battery System only Current Load Battery Voltage Battery SOC(%): 100->83.472 6Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 7. 3.Battery and Capacitor System PARAMETERS: Dis_SW = 4A 0 ILOAD T1 = 0 T2 = 25s I1 = 0 I2 = {Max_Load} I3 = {Min_Load} I4 = {Min_Load} I5 = {Max_Load} I6 = {Min_Load} T3 = 50s T4 = 120s T5 = 150s T6 = 180s 0 DIS_BAT IN+ IN- OUT+ OUT- E1 IF(I(Load)>Dis_SW, 0, 1) 0 0 00 Ctrl_BAT PARAMETERS: Max_Load = 11 Min_Load = 2 Load IN- OUT+ OUT- IN+ G1 LIMIT(V(Ctrl_BAT, 0)/10u, 0, I(Load)) + - + - S1 VON = 0.5 VOFF = 0.3 ROFF = 100e6 RON = 100u 0 0 + - U1 LI-ION_BATTERY SOC = 1 NS = 1 TSCALE = 1 C = 2 0 VCAP 0 DIS_CAP IN+ IN- OUT+ OUT- E2 IF(I(Load)>Dis_SW, 1, 0) 0 Ctrl_CAP 0 IN- OUT+ OUT- IN+ G2 LIMIT(V(Ctrl_CAP, 0)/10u, 0, I(Load)) + - + - S2 VON = 0.5 VOFF = 0.3 ROFF = 100e6 RON = 100u 0 0 VBAT U2 LI-ION_CAPACITOR CAP = 500 ESR = 0.8m RDC = 1.2m NS = 1 TSCAL = 1 SOC = 100 7Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 8. Control Battery Voltage Battery SOC(%): 100->92.012 3.Battery and Capacitor System Current Load Capacitor Voltage Capacitor SOC(%): 100->21.714 8Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015
  • 9. 4. Conclusion Battery System only Hybrid(Battery and Capacitor) System Lithium Ion Battery Current Load Lithium Ion Battery Current Load Lithium Ion Capacitor Control SOC[%] Start Stop Lithium Ion Battery 100 83.472 SOC[%] Start Stop Lithium Ion Battery 100 92.012 Lithium Ion Capacitor 100 21.714 If high Current wave form quickly, Hybrid Circuit is better. 9Copyright (C) Siam Bee Technologies 2015