American revolution part 1


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American revolution part 1

  1. 1. By, Tyson Gannon<br />American Revolution Part 1<br />
  2. 2. Ch. 14 The Atlantic*News <br />The increased volume and predictability of shipping improved the flow of transatlantic information, eroding the colonial sense of isolation. <br />Increased information from home-and greater colonial dependence upon it-stimulated the development of colonial newspapers.<br />The London news afforded a barometer of political stability and foreign relations-both of great importance as the colonists became more involved in transatlantic commerce and more vulnerable to imperial warfare.<br />
  3. 3. Ch. 14 The Atlantic*Trade<br />During the eighteenth century, trade within the empire became increasingly complex.<br />Rather than a simple, bilateral trade between the colonies and Britain, the empire developed a multilateral trading system that used bills of exchange drawn on London merchant firms to balance regional credits and debits.<br />The improved flow of information and more complex patterns of commerce boosted economic growth in the colonies.<br />
  4. 4. Ch.15 Awakenings*Establishments <br />Most colonies’ founders believed that public morality, political harmony, and social order required religious uniformity.<br />On pain of fines, jail, and whipping, they required the colonists to attend, and pay taxes for, one “established” church. <br />At the end of the seventeenth century, most colonies offered less religious toleration than did the mother country. <br />
  5. 5. Ch.15 Awakenings*Growth and Limits<br />Despite the difficult conditions, every colonial region developed an extensive and conspicuous array of churches. <br />Despite the impressive extensive growth in religion, many ministers complained that only a declining minority of adults qualified for full church membership and communion.<br />In addition to the many denominational divisions, colonial churches were developing an internal rift between evangelicals and rationalists.<br />
  6. 6. Ch.17 The Great Plains*Villagers and Nomads <br />Until about A.D. 800 the Great Plains belonged to many small and dispersed bands of hunter-gatherers, who traveled on foot.<br />Life in permanent, substantial, and prosperous villages encouraged the development of an elaborate annual cycle of religious ceremonies meant to ensure the continued success of crops and hunting.<br />Nomads were mostly known as being buffalo hunters.<br />Unlike the villagers, the nomads lived year-round in many small mobile camps with few possessions, little time for ceremonies, and scant surplus food. <br />
  7. 7. Ch.17 The Great Plains*Horses and Guns<br />The association of Great Plains Indians with the horse is relatively recent and depended upon the colonial intrusion.<br />During the 18th century, as they obtained horses, the great plains peoples also acquired firearms.<br />They sought guns to defend their villages and raid their enemies, but they continued to rely on the bow for hunting buffalo.<br />
  8. 8. Ch. 18 Imperial Wars and Crisis *Renewed War<br />During the 1720s and 1730s the dominant British politician, Sir Robert Walpole, preferred stability and peace over the costly uncertainties of a renewed war with France. <br />In the press and Parliament, the war party fanned public outrage over the severe treatment of British sailors and smugglers by Spanish colonial authorities. <br />
  9. 9. Ch. 18 Imperial Wars and Crisis *Balance of Power<br />Savvy imperialists recognized that Indians determined the military balance of power within North America. <br />Skilled at guerrilla warfare, Indians dominated the forest passages between the rival empires. <br />A prolonged war depleted the supplies in New France and Louisiana, obliging more Indians to make peace with British officials so that they could obtain trade goods.<br />