3. Toru Datt
Toru Dutt was an Indian
Bengali translator and poet
from British India, who
wrote in English and
One of the founding figures
of Indo-Anglian literature,
alongside Henry Louis Vivian
Derozio, Manmohan Ghose,
and Sarojini Naidu.
Renowned for her
significant contributions to
Indian literature in English
and her efforts to bridge
the cultural gap between
the East and the West.
Born in Calcutta (now
Kolkata), India, into a
distinguished Bengali family
known for their literary and
intellectual pursuits. Died at the age of 21
tuberculosis on 30
August 1877, Kolkata
4. Writing Style
As a master of verse Toru always rises to
Besides, her management of the
versification is adroit enough—the 4-
lines ballad stanza, the 8- line octosyllbic
stanza, blank verse, Toru is reasonably
at home in them all.
She has shown remarkable mastery of
the sonnet form.
6. A Sheaf Gleaned in French Fields:
Collection of poetry in English and
French is considered one of her most
significant contributions. It
showcases her mastery of both
languages and her ability to weave
themes of nature, love, and
spirituality. The poems in this
collection reveal her unique
perspective as an Indian poet writing
in European languages.
7. Ancient Ballads and Legends of
Hindustan: In this collection, Toru
Dutt translated traditional Indian
stories and legends from Sanskrit and
other sources into English. The work
aimed to introduce Western readers
to the rich cultural heritage of India
and its mythological narratives.
8. Bianca or The Young Spanish
Maiden: This is one of Toru Dutt's
longer narrative poems, written in
English. It tells the tragic tale of a
young Spanish maiden named
Bianca, exploring themes of love,
sacrifice, and fate.
9. Our Casuarina Tree: This poem is one
of Dutt's most famous and frequently
anthologized works. It captures the
deep emotional connection between
the poet and a casuarina tree from
her childhood, symbolizing
memories, nature's beauty, and the
passage of time.
10. Lotus: In this poem, Dutt employs the
symbolism of the lotus flower to
explore themes of beauty, purity, and
cultural identity. The lotus, often
associated with Indian spirituality,
becomes a metaphor for the
coexistence of different cultural
11. The Young Captive
Love Came To Flora Asking For A Flower
The Broken Bell
The Death of the Wolf
Night of the Scorpion
12. A retelling of a pivotal moment from the Hindu epic Ramayana, found in Toru Dutt's work
"Ancient Ballads and Legends of Hindustan."
It expands upon the narrative where Rama, in pursuit of a golden deer, leaves his wife Sita
under the protection of his brother Lakshman.
After Rama chases a demon-disguised deer, he leaves Sita under Lakshman's
care. The poem extends their conversation: Sita suspects danger, accusing
Lakshman. He draws a protective circle, departs to help Rama, and the poem
ends with a sense of foreboding as Sita crosses the boundary, hinting at her later
abduction by Ravana.
14. Sri Aurobindo
Sri Aurobindo ,
Ghose, Aurobindo also
spelled Aravinda, Sri
also spelled Shri
He was also a journalist,
such as Vande Mataram
An Indian philosopher,
yogi, maharishi, poet,
and Indian nationalist.
Born on August 15, 1872
in Calcutta, India
December 5, 1950
16. Aurobindo's extensive writings encompass philosophy, yoga
treatises, poetry, and plays.
Beyond "The Life Divine," his major works includes,
Essays on the Gita (1922),
Collected Poems and Plays (1942),
The Synthesis of Yoga (1948),
The Human Cycle (1949),
The Ideal of Human Unity(1949),
Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol (1950), and
On the Veda(1956)
17. To a Hero-Worshipper
The speaker's ongoing dialogue with an individual within the setting forms the foundation
of the poem. This persistent voice may be interpreted as a critique of romanticism,
challenging its ideals and implications.
Sinai Thunder Voicing God
In the poem, we encounter instances where a departure occurs from the realm of mere sensory
descriptions of nature and humanity. Here, a strikingly poignant personal account unfolds—a
narrative that may or may not have been directly inspired by a specific individual. Throughout the
poem, Aravind skillfully juxtaposes elements of the natural world to construct a stark contrast
between idyllic and pleasurable aspects and his own struggle to reconcile with existence.
The poem exudes an underlying sense of melancholy, drawn from the very fabric of the physical
environment. The poet adeptly accentuates his own anguish and despondency by contrasting his
inability to swiftly resonate with the splendor of nature's beauty.
19. Rabindranath Tagore
(Gurudev)was a prominent
Indian poet, philosopher,
musician, and writer.(May 7,
1861 -August 7, 1941).
Belonged to a distinguished
Bengali Brahmin family and
was the youngest of thirteen
From an early age, he showed a
keen interest in literature, music,
and the arts. In 1883, he married
Mrinalini Devi, and together they
had five children. His family
provided crucial support and
inspired many themes in his
literary works, making them an
integral part of his creative
Tagore was the first non-
European to be awarded the
Nobel Prize in Literature in
1913 for his book of poems,
He was a multifaceted
personality and made significant
contributions to various fields.
Besides his literary works,
Tagore was a leading figure of
the Bengal Renaissance, which
was a cultural, social, and
intellectual movement in Bengal
during the late 19th and early
•The Home and the World
His writing style is renowned for its lyrical beauty, emotional depth, and philosophical insights.
His works often explore themes such as love, nature, spirituality, human relationships, and the
complexities of life.
•Tagore's poetic language and use of metaphors are some of the distinguishing features of his
•He was not only a prolific poet but also a versatile writer who excelled in various literary forms,
including short stories, novels, plays, and essays. Tagore's writing often reflects his deep
connection to nature and his profound understanding of human emotions, making his works
universally relatable and timeless.
Tagore’s Works and Writing
21. “There is no God in that temple”
"Deena Dan: The Imprisonment Gift" by Rabindranath Tagore is a captivating
narrative that delves into the profound complexities of human nature, societal
hierarchies, and the interplay of power and compassion.
Set within a kingdom that embodies both opulence and destitution, this tale
transports readers to a realm where a vainglorious monarch's ostentatious
endeavors stand juxtaposed with the sufferings of his impoverished subjects.
Through a series of thought-provoking events, Tagore's narrative weaves a
tapestry of morality and humility, showcasing the transformative impact of an
unexpected encounter between an arrogant king and a revered sage.
The story unfolds, it casts an enduring light on the timeless themes of greed,
generosity, and the intrinsic connection between material wealth and the wealth
of the human spirit.
Deena Dan: The Imprisonment Gift