Ponencia MatGas_triz21_2012

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Ponencia MatGas_triz21_2012

  1. 1. A Combination of syntactic TRIZ & TechMining.. TechMining. The role of Technology Analysis oriented tools for  discovering insights and new knowledge in d h d k l d Chemical domain Vicente-Gomila, J.M. y Palop, F. Barcelona March 6th 2012 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  2. 2. Objectives1. To show the combination of TRIZ, TechMining and semantic TRIZ . Its complementarities and results of their combination2. The increasing importance of computer aided knowledge to understand the cluttered science and technology map . ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  3. 3. Index1.1 How TRIZ helps to understand next research results2. Tech-Mining application to lithium batteries elements3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and TechMining to extract key research topics4. Some partial conclusions ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  4. 4. Теория Pешения Изобретательских Задач TRIZ Theory of Inventive Problem Solving a thinking tool for the present dynamic times triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  5. 5. The b i h h brightest Inventions i• Rich in information : DEDUCTION• Middle information : ANALOGIES• Poor information: TRIAL and ERROR information: Gavetti, G ; Rivkin, J; Harvard Business Review triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  6. 6. The brightest Inventions During centuries, the technological progress has occured due to the contribution and ingenuity of thousands of scientists and engineers. During all that time, the way to achieve such brilliantresults and solutions, developed mostly between a chance, a lucky association or in the simplest p y y p cases by deduction Vicente Gomila en Prospectiva en Colombia (2) The invention of the incandescent light bulbb is popularly attributed to Thomas Alva Edison, who made large contributions ot its development and marketing turning it into an innovation. However it is also known that Heinrich Göbel has already developed incandecent bulbs three deacedes before although its functionality was put in doubt in severla trials of the legal battle that Goebel patents argued against those of Edison. Many otehrs contributed to the development of the known light bulb: In 1802, Humphru Davy created the first incandescent light by passing the current through a thin strip of platinum, chosen because the metal had an extremely high melting point . In 1809, Davy also created the first arc lamp with two carbon charcoal rods connected to a 2000-cell battery. Curious indeed modern Xenon lamps use the arc lamps system. system En 1820 el científico británico Warren De la Rue encerró una bobina de platino en un tubo al vacío haciendo pasar electricidad a su través. El uso de platino se justificaba por su alto punto de fusión. El diseño funcionaba pero era comercialmente inviable. En 1835 James Bowman Lindsay mostró públicamente en Dundee una luz eléctrica incandescente constante, argumentando que podía leer un libro a medio metro de distancia. En 1841 a Frederick de Moleyns de Reino Unido se le concedió la primera patente de una lámpara incandescente, con un diseño que empleaba carbón en polvo calentado entre dos alambres de platino. En 1854, el inventor alemán Heinrich Goebel desarrollaría el primer bombillo de luz incandescente: un filamento de bambú carbonizado en una botella al vacío para evitar la oxidación. En los años siguientes desarrolló lo que muchos denominan el primer bombillo práctico. Su lámpara duraba en torno a 400 horas. Su patente tuvo como fecha de prioridad 1893. El británico Joseph Wilson Swan comenzó a trabajar con filamentos de papel carbonizado en tubos al vacío ya en 1850. Tras superar problemas para conseguir buenas bombas de vacío y mejorar sus experimentos, consiguió su primera patente en 1878 y reportó su éxito a la Newcastle Chemical Society donde mostró una lámpara en funcionamiento con filamento de fibra de carbono. Su éxito se basaba en la escasez de oxígeno en el tubo de vidrio con lo que el filamento alcanzaba un brillo casi blanco sin que ardiera. Comenzó ese mismo año a instalar luces incandescentes en casas y haciendas de Inglaterra. En 1880 inició su propia empresa. En el otro lado del Atlántico también acontecían desarrollos en paralelo. En 1874 se registró una patente canadiense para Woodward y Evans por una lámpara con un vástago de carbón entre dos electrodos en un bulbo de vidrio lleno de nitrógeno. Por falta de financiación vendieron una parte a un estadounidense llamado Thomas Edison. triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados Con esos derechos Edison y su equipo de técnicos e investigadores buscaron alternativas de materiales para el filamento. Fruto de muchas pruebas Edison consiguió en 1880 una lámpara que duraba 1200 horas. José M. Vicente Gomila
  7. 7. ¿What do these inventions h Wh t d th i ti have iin common? ?• Méthod for preparing red pepers for canning• Process for removing sunflower seeds husks•Procedure for selecting diamonds• System for cleaning filters triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  8. 8. ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  9. 9. The base of TRIZ: Research about Patents• The Altshuller axiom –"The evolution of all technical Thesystems is governed by objectivelaws"l " triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  10. 10. The system shows a contradictions to increase the difussión of oxygen, the pore size of the cathode should be larger but then the conductivity decreases , and also a problem: the product of the battery reaction is insoluble and deposits inside the cathode pores, covering the catalyst and clogging pores. (1) (2)  p , g y gg g p ( )( )Aprotic Polyplus protected anode battery ; Sources, own elaboration from : 1. S. Visco et al. ; Scalable Energy Storage: Beyond Li‐Ion, Almaden Institute, August  26, 27, 20092. M.‐K. Song et 204 al. / Materials Science and Engineering R 72 (2011) 203–2523. Wu Xu et al.; Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 156 –(10) A773‐A779 (2009)
  11. 11. The system shows several contradictions: to preserve  the LISICON plate from alkaline solution, a second CEM Actual current system Sources: own elaboration from :  is added but this increases cost and reduces efficiency1. Y.G; Wang, H,S, Zhou ; J. Power sources 195 (2010) 358‐361 by holding  Li+ (dotted arrows). A second one is that2. P. He et al. / Electrochemistry Communications 12 (2010) 1686–1689 LISICON separates aqueous solution from Li anode but3. P. He, et al. ;J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 5611‐5616 it also increases cost and hinderns Li+ transport4. M.‐K. Song et 204 al. / Materials Science and Engineering R 72 (2011) 203–252 reducing overall efficiency (1) (2) (3)
  12. 12. 1. TRIZ, conceptsSome Laws of the classic TRIZ for the development of Systems (2) Statics Cinematics Dynamics Law of consolidation Law of increasing g Dynamization y ideality Law of conductivity Law of rithms of the system Law of uneven coordination energy development of p Law of i L f increasing i system parts controlability Law of transition to the supersystem Law of transition from macro to micro ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  13. 13. What is TRIZ? Main CONTRIBUTIONS: • Ideality and trends/laws about the birth and evolution of a technology Segmentation of substances and fields triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  14. 14. What isTRIZ? isTRIZ? Main CONTRIBUTIONS: • Ideality and trends/laws about the birth and evolution of a technologyWriting machine ii hi Matricial Jet Ionization i i Imagen con permiso de Invention Láser MachineSubstance and fields segmentation g triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  15. 15. Substances and fields segmentations: segmentations Energy Use of Steam engine molécules Use of átoms Combustion engine Use de electrons Fuel Cell Use of subatomic Fision, Fusion, … particles triz XXI, todos los derechos reservados José M. Vicente Gomila
  16. 16. 1. TRIZ, conceptsSome Laws of the classic TRIZ for the development of Systems (2) Statics Cinematics Dynamics Law of consolidation Law of increasing g Dynamization y ideality Law of conductivity Law of rithms of the system Law of uneven coordination energy development of p Law of i L f increasing i system parts controlability Law of transition to the supersystem Law of transition from macro to micro ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  17. 17. Integration into supersystem A CAT image, in the middle a PET image and at the right, a merged image ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  18. 18. Integration into the supersystem “By combining the two scanners in a hybrid system allows to obtain the advantages of both scanners and superimpose them. Invented by M. doctors Nutt et Townsend, the PET/CT scanner was recognized as the 2000 invention of the year by TIME magazine. In 2001 y y g the PET/CT was awarded as producto of the year by Frost and Sullivan”.“The CT system (Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield, 1973) and also the PETsystem (Michael E. Phelps, UCLA 1974) which almost exhausted all itsconceptual possibilities of evolution do evolve by generating a new evolution,technological innovation by merging into each other conforming a newsupersystem of type bi-system “ ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  19. 19. 1. TRIZ, concepts Hybridization as a TRIZ concept and the hybrid battery-supercapacitor ."This system that we have gives you capacitor-like power with battery-like energy," said U capacitor- battery- energy Illinois Paul Braun, a professor of materials science and engineering. "Most capacitors store very little energy. They can release it very fast, but they cant hold much. Most batteries store a reasonably large amount of energy, but they cant provide or receive energy rapidly. This does both." Source: Three-dimensional bicontinuous ultrafast-charge and -discharge bulk battery electrodes; Nature Nanotechnology Year published: (2011) DOI: doi:10.1038/nnano.2011.38 Received 21 October 2010 Accepted 24 February 2011 Published online 20 March 2011 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  20. 20. 2. Princípios Inventivos extraídos das patentes. • Contradições To look and to solve contradictions is about working with a parametric model of a problem: ti d l f bl A parameter  and another parameter  ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  21. 21. 2. Princípios Inventivos extraídos das patentes. The preservation of Milk: a contradiction kill Bacteria Sterilization degrades Vitamins, etc. Doesn’t kill Bacteria Pasteurization Vitamins, etc Vit i t Doesn’t degrade ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  22. 22. 2. Princípios Inventivos extraídos das patentes. The preservation of Milk: a contradiction ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  23. 23. 2. Princípios Inventivos extraídos das patentes. Oxygen diffusion in Li-Air batteries reprinted from Elsevier ScienceDirect database R. Padbury, X. Zhang / Journal of Power Sources 196 (2011) 4436–4444 Solving a physical contradiction: Separation in space ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  24. 24. 1. TRIZ, concepts Fast charge & recharge of EV batteries reprinted from Gizmag: www.gizmag.com Solving a physical contradiction: Separation in space, separating discharging from storage; MIT materials science professors W. Craig Carter and Yet-Ming Chiang ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  25. 25. 2. Some Tech-Mining results and trends Research evolution (articles) on Li-ion cathodes. Main research lines. 250 LiFePO4 emerging 200 trend 150 LiMn2O4 LiCoO2 100 LiFePO4 50 0 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  26. 26. 2. Some Tech-Mining results and trends Li-sulfur vs Li-Air 350 300 250 200 Li‐Air 150 Li‐S 100 50 0 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Pub Year 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Powered by VantagePointTM – Search Technology Inc. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  27. 27. 2. Some Tech-Mining results and trends Selected nanostructures by year in Li-Air:. 18 16 14 12 10 Nanostructure 8 Nanotubes 6 Nanocomposites Nanorods 4 2 0 1996 1997 1998 2000 Nanostructure 2001 2002 Nanotubes 2003 2004 2005 2006 Nanocomposites 2007 2008 Nanorods 2009 2010 2011 2012 Powered by VantagePointTM – Search Technology Inc. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  28. 28. Doping: are we already at improving or still at designing Li‐ion 233/6324 Li‐Air 24 /1021 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  29. 29. 2. Some Tech-Mining results and trendsLeading LeadingCooperation Cooperationnetworks map: networks map:Leading LeadingResearch ResearchInstitutions inI I tit titi Institutionsi in tit iLi-S Li-Airtechnology technologyPowered by VantagePointTM –Search Technology Inc. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  30. 30. 2. Some Tech-Mining results and trendsResearch Institutions byCountry in Li-air. yPowered by VantagePointTM –Search Technology Inc. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  31. 31. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining. Leading companies in patent portfolio and trends in Li-Air Powered b G ldfi TM – I P d by Goldfire Invention M hi C ti Machine Corp. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  32. 32. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining.Example of key activities through the efforts of a leading company in lithiumair, to protect their R & D. Powered by GoldfireTM – Invention Machine Corp. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  33. 33. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining. Problem identification as very early warning signalsPowered by GoldfireTM –Invention Machine Corp. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  34. 34. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining. Solutions of different industries to the specific problem of oxygen diffusion in lithium 1.addition of metal oxide Moreover, addition of the metal oxide in the described manner apparently increases the macroporosity and total pore volume of the activated carbon. EP-2289609 A1Method for making activated carbon for odor control 2.special treatment Special treatments have been developed for increasing the pore volume and the specific surface area of activated carbons (T. Ottawa, R. Tanibata, M. Itoh, G Separation Purification 1993, 7, 241). O Gas S f ) US-20110005392 A1PROCESS FOR SEPARATION OF CO2 BY PRESSURE-MODULATED ADSORPTION ON A POROUS CARBON SOLID 3.application of acid treatment with aqueous solution of hydrofluoric acid It was confirmed that the pore volumes of the porous carbon materials according to the present invention ...the mercury invention... the penetration method were significantly increased by the application of an acid treatment with an aqueous solution of hydrofluoric acid (expressed as “hydrofluoric acid... US-20100069507 A1Porous Carbon Materials and Production Process Thereof, and Adsorbents, Masks, Adsorbing Sheets and Carriers 4.thermal activation process The thermal activation process greatly increases the pore volume and surface area of the carbon particles by elimination of volatile pyrolysis products and from carbonaceous burn-off. US-5769933Activated carbon foundry sand additives and method of casting metal for reduced VOC emissions EP-0813921 A1Foundry sand additive and method of casting metal 5.Mg deposition, decreasing specific surface area of parent carbon Mg deposition either increases or decreases the specific surface area, pore volume, and average micropore width of the parent carbon depending on the preoxidation temperatures. MEDLINE/PubMed Abstracts: Changes in microporosity and CH4 adsorptivity of preoxidized pitch-based activated carbon fibers by Mg deposition. Powered by GoldfireTM – Invention Machine Corp. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  35. 35. Graphene in Li‐Air1816141210 8 6 Graphene 4 2 0 1995 1997 1999 2000 2003 2009 Graphene 2010 2011 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  36. 36. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining. Applications of graphene in Li-Air energy storage systems superior physical attribute Lithium (Li) based rechargeable batteries are a further class of energy storage devices where Lithi b d h bl b tt i f th l f t d i h graphene has been employed due to its reported superior physical attributes. An overview of graphene in energy production and storage applications2011 .pdf as metal-free electrode with greatly enhanced electro-catalytic activity As depicted in Fig. 6, Dai et al. have reported that nitrogen-doped graphene acts as a metal -free electrode with a greatly enhanced electro -catalytic activity , long-term operation stability, and tol- erance to crossover effect than Pt for oxygen reduction via a four-electron... yg as super-capacitor material The use of graphene as a super -capacitor material has been widely reported, with many studies reporting graphene as a far superior super capacitor material than existing carbon... super-capacitor as ideal cathode materials Graphene nanosheets (GNSs) have been reported as ideal cathode materials for Nitrogen-doped Nitrogen doped Graphene Nanosheets as Cathode Materials with Excellent Electrocatalytic Activity for High Capacity Lithium-oxygen Batteries Nitrogen-doped Graphene Nanosheets as Cathode Materials with Excellent Electrocatalytic Activity for High Capacity Lithium-oxygen Batteries 2012.pdf Powered by GoldfireTM – Invention Machine Corp. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  37. 37. Solution to such problem identification as early research directions. ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  38. 38. 3. Solution to such problem identification as early research directions. ©2011, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  39. 39. 3. Combination of semantic TRIZ and Tech Mining. An example of lithium anode limitations overcome by commercial solutions : Polyplus. Pat nº US 7824806 B2 ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  40. 40. 4. CONCLUSIONS.The mining of thousands of documents and patents can bringsome more rigorous clues of what are the key trends. The mainresearch line around improving cathode performance with LiFePO4 material was p g pidentified. Among emergent technologies was feasible to identify Li-Ar as the most promising. Leap in articles and patents production indicators in last years may suggest that Li-Ar is coming from the design to the improvement phase. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  41. 41. 4. CONCLUSIONS.the TRIZ inventive principles and laws come in hand to understandmany of the current limitations and its possible outcome in nextresearch results. The usage of Tech Mining d T h Mi i and syntactic-semantic t l better if t ti ti tools, complemented with a knowledge of TRIZ, can short cut the time needed to analyze what is progressing as well as to ascertain in a more objective and accurate way the trends identified, based on a vast array of research, patented inventions and innovation, directions. ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es
  42. 42. Questions?triz XXI Valencia, M d id Fl id blt i XXI: V l i Madrid, Floridablanca-Santander, Santiago d Chil Sâo Paulo, Monterrey S t d S ti de Chile, Sâ P l M t THANKS!Ap. Co. 12122, 46080 ValenciaTfno.: 96 3890513* Fax 963692190Correo-e: informa@triz esCorreo e: informa@triz.es ; web: www triz es www.triz.es ©2012, triz XXI todos los derechos reservados <informa@triz.es>, www.triz.es

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