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@FORTRESS_EUhttp://fortress-project.eu
Cascading effects & community recovery
SECED 9-10 July
Session: Community dimension...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
• Cascading effects: Situations where a disruption of one element,
such as infrast...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Fieldwork Solomon Islands
• Aftermath of 2007 SI earthquake and tsunami
• Social l...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
FORTRESS
• Foresight tools for responding to cascading effects in a crisis
• 3 yea...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
FORTRESS
• Disruption of
• Information relation
• Organisation relation
• Supply r...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
FORTRESS
• Disruption of
• Information relation
• Organisation relation
• Supply r...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Triggers of cascading effects
• Lack of inter-agency collaboration, cooperation an...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Triggers of cascading effects
• New division of work
- new round of assessments
- ...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Triggers of cascading effects
• Unrealistic expectations of aid: people received l...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Long-term cascading effects
• Inter- and intra community tensions associated with ...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
Discussion
• Malfunctioning of organisational
relations,
• Malfunctioning of commu...
@FORTRESS_EU
http://fortress-project.eu
THANK YOU
If you have any further questions or more information, e-mail
Kim Hagen:...
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Seced 2015

  1. 1. @FORTRESS_EUhttp://fortress-project.eu Cascading effects & community recovery SECED 9-10 July Session: Community dimensions of vulnerability and impact Kim Hagen Trilateral Research & Consulting
  2. 2. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu • Cascading effects: Situations where a disruption of one element, such as infrastructure, causes a sequence of disruptive events, which can cause deleterious impacts far beyond the initial impacts of the crisis (Little, 2010) • Social impacts and community recovery • Fieldwork carried out on the Solomon Islands • Categorisation of triggers of cascading effects developed in the FORTRESS project.
  3. 3. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Fieldwork Solomon Islands • Aftermath of 2007 SI earthquake and tsunami • Social long-term impacts and cascading effects: how did communities recover and what influenced their paths of recovery? • Research 4, 5, and 6 years after the earthquake and tsunami hit
  4. 4. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu FORTRESS • Foresight tools for responding to cascading effects in a crisis • 3 year EU-funded project • To identify and gain insight into cascading effects in crises and disasters • Develop an incident evolution tool and decision-support tool to assist decision-makers in preparing for crises with cascading effects • Analysis of 9 disastrous events − 1999 Galtür avalanche disaster, Austria − 2000 Enschede fireworks factory explosion, the Netherlands − 2000 Central European Floods − 2003 European Heatwave, France − 2005 London attacks, UK − 2003 European Heatwave, France − 2005 London attacks, UK − Eyafjallajökull volcanic eruption, Iceland/UK − 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, Japan − 2012 Hurricane Sandy, USA − 2014 MH17 plane crash, Ukraine
  5. 5. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu FORTRESS • Disruption of • Information relation • Organisation relation • Supply relation • Malfunctioning of legal and regulatory relation • Disturbance relation • Pre-disaster conditions
  6. 6. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu FORTRESS • Disruption of • Information relation • Organisation relation • Supply relation • Malfunctioning of legal and regulatory relation • Disturbance relation • Pre-disaster conditions Are these triggers also applicable to cascading effects of a disaster in a developing context?
  7. 7. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu
  8. 8. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu
  9. 9. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Triggers of cascading effects • Lack of inter-agency collaboration, cooperation and management • Absence of guidelines/protocols on how to respond - Duplication of work, multiple needs assessments • Chaos needs to be addressed Malfunctioning of organisational relations
  10. 10. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Triggers of cascading effects • New division of work - new round of assessments - previous assessments disregarded • Implications of new divisions of work were not fully understood by affected population • Unrealistic expectations of aid Malfunctioning of communication and information relations
  11. 11. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Triggers of cascading effects • Unrealistic expectations of aid: people received less than expected & perceived aid to be missing -Wantokism − suspicion that other wantok groups confiscated aid -Position of leaders and elders − suspicion that powerful people within the community confiscated aid Pre-disaster conditions
  12. 12. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Long-term cascading effects • Inter- and intra community tensions associated with aid triggered conflict - Communities split up and new villages were created - Community cohesion decreased drastically
  13. 13. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu Discussion • Malfunctioning of organisational relations, • Malfunctioning of communication and information relations & • Pre-disaster conditions Combination of triggers that caused deleterious effects on community level • Variation in triggers of cascading effects • Unintended effects of disaster management and aid • Study of hazards in holistic manner.
  14. 14. @FORTRESS_EU http://fortress-project.eu THANK YOU If you have any further questions or more information, e-mail Kim Hagen: kim.hagen@trilateralresearch.com FORTRESS has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 607579.

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