Understanding of the Vietnamese Economy and Business Environment 2012
DHVP Research & CCI Indochina www.vietnamica.netThe Vietnamese Economy and Business Environment Dr. Vuong Quan Hoang firstname.lastname@example.org Dept of Finance, Centre Emile Bernheim Solvay Brussels School of Economics & Management The University of Brussels – ULB Hanoi, March 2012
VSM: Properties / Features• Two markets: HCMC HSX (est. 2000) and Hanoi HNX (est. 2005)• Watchdog: State Securities Commission, under Vietnam Ministry of Finance• In their infancy• 100 broker firms• 1.5 million trading accounts• 600 listed firms• Strong herd mentality• Strong influence by foreign buyers of shares• Malfunctioning of the info disclosure system• Special interest groups
Credit Institutions System (By December 31, 2011) M&A M&AOpportunities Opportunities State- Joint-stock owned Joint- Comm. Comm. venture Banks (35) Banks (5) Banks (4)PolicyBanks (2) Foreign Leasing Banks’ State Bank Companies Branches of Vietnam (12) (50) People Credit Funds (915) Foreign Wholly Finance Banks’ Foreign- Companies Rep. Off. owned (18) (51) Banks (5)
Vietnam Commercial Banks (December 31, 2010)• Total Assets: US$175 billion; 167% GDP• Outstanding Loans: US$125 billion; 125% GDP• Non-performing loans (Jun. 31, 2011): – US$4 billion; 3.1% outstanding loans – Question of which standards of accounting systems applicable• Lending on real estates and securities (Jun. 31, 2011): – US$12 billion; 12% outstanding loans• Problem of Liquidity• Restructuring banking sector: – Merger & Acquisition? – New business methods?
Banking Sector Issues• Recurring problems of bad debts• Liquidity crunch• Does size matter?• Interrelation to other asset markets that gives rise to further complications: real estates, risky assets (equity and bond), speculative assets (foreign currencies, gold)• Structural problems• Special interest groups• Does high bank profitability help the economy?• Has it been under-regulated or over-regulated?
The Charm Is No More Hidden• First investment funds in Vietnam: early 1990s – First half 1990s: Eight funds; US$700 Mln. – After 1997: only two (Vietnam Enterprise Investment Fund run by Dragon Capital Vietnam, and Vietnam Frontier Fund by Finansa)• 2002-2005: – Quite period – Mekong Capital, VinaCapital, IDG, VietFund, PXP Asset Management• 2006-2007: – Booming period – More: 22 funds and 17 fund management companies• 2009-2010: – Closing, exiting, leaving (Indochina Capital exited in May 2009) – Poor performance (May 16, 2011) • VMFVF1: 9.8; PRUBF1: 5.3; MAFPF1: 4.1 • Par value: 10
Entrepreneur: Genuine vs. ‘Disguised’ • Chinese-originated Confucianism – Hierarchy – Face-saving – Relation-based business • Social Ranking “Sĩ – Nông – Công – Thương” – Gentry Scholar/Intellectual Official – Farmer – Craftsman – Trade/Businessman • The Hidden Entrepreneur’s Aspiration to Become a Non-Entrepreneur • ‘Disguised’ entrepreneur: – A bunch of ideas and proposals Creativity? – NO risk-taking, NO implementing, etc. – Trying to be on the “safe-side”
Strategic Planning• Many set up and start running a new company with: – A list of wishes What is STRATEGY? – No business plan• New fashion of the Vietnamese large corporations: – Doing “big things,” – Thinking globally, – Developing strategy• Strategic planning services: a multi-million dollars market• High prices for: – Well-known consulting brands (experts, professors) – The business owner’s ex-ante strategy – Higher prices of equity
Organized Chaos- Relation-based businessenvironment- Rent seeking- The problem of corruption