What was The Industrial Revolution• The Industrial Revolution was in the 18th to the 19th century. It was the change of manufacturing, transportation, mining, agriculture, and technology.• It began in Britain• It spread through Western Europe, North America, Japan, and Eventually the world.
Urbanization• Urbanization is the condition of being urbanized.• The cottage industry is an industry primarily manufacturing.• There was a migration of people from rural to urban during the Industrial Revolution.• They moved to farms because te needed to grow crops and the people figured out that they can sell it to the cities.
Agricultural Revolution• It increased migration to the cities. It freed many people from agricultural labor.• Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons.
Textiles• Textiles were the ﬁrst commodity to boom the industrial revolution.• Textiles are things like cloth and certain fabrics• The loom, steam engines, and cotton gin.• Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin
Steam Engine• Thomas Newcomen invented the steam engine like a boss.• He invented it in 1775• It made transportation and the making of cloth and fabric easier.• James Watt is credited with improving it.
Bessemer Process• The ﬁrst industrial process for the production of steal.• Henry Bessemer invented it.• It revolutionized the production of steel by decreasing the cost and increasing the productivity.
Pasteurization• Louis Pasteur invented pasteurization.• It was important because it killed bacteria on the
Thomas Edison• He invented the incandescent light bulb and the Phonograph• He received 1093 patents• “I have not failed. I’ve just found 1000 ways that won’t work”
Romanticism• Was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement.• It stressed the importance of nature.• Mary Shelley and John Keats