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Understanding the Remote Field
Data Communications Challenge
Trevor Textor
Project Manager, Rural IT & Telecom Consultant
...
Agenda
• Requirements-based frequency selection.
• Impact of communications on the Oil & Gas
industry.
• Delivering servic...
Spectrum Determines Physical Characteristics
No Frequency “Silver Bullet”
Frequency vs. Spectral Efficiency
Spectral Efficiency Measures
efficiency of a communication
system measured in
bits/hertz...
Benefits of Improved Rural
Communications
Communications
Safety
Business
Functionality
Savings
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
Telecom Utility TCO
= Capital Costs + Operating Costs + Downtime Costs
The cost effect of a ...
Team Silos
Multiple teams delivering telecommunications
has negative impacts such as:
• Taking the team away from its inte...
The Need for a
Central Coordinating Function
Oil & Gas Business Cycle:
• Oil & Gas investment is largest in the early stag...
IT Rural Communications Skill Deficiency
• Urban communications = Rent services
• Rural communications = Rent or Build?
• ...
The “Off the Shelf” Fallacy
Passive vs. Active Components
Total Cost of Communications
= Passive 80-95% + Active 20-5%
Pas...
Services
Internet/Email/Voice/Video/911 Emergency Services
Remote sensing, Monitoring & automation, Real time drilling,
In...
Tower Placement & Size Matters
Tower Design
Type:
“Off shelf” Requirements
based
Initial Cost: $30K $80K
Well Cost: $2M $1...
Piecemeal vs Utility System Design
Piecemeal
• One at a time design
• Expensive
• Complaints an indicator
Utility System
•...
The Digital Oilfield
• Formative study conducted in 2003
• Many improvements can be further enabled
by a connected field (...
Digital Oilfield Technology
Improvements
CERA estimated range of efficiencies:
Improve hydrocarbon recovery: 1-7%
Accelera...
A Connected Digital Oilfield Is Possible
Petroleum Development Oman
(45,000 sqr km)
• Increased a mature oilfield’s
produc...
Conclusion
Six Misconceptions Dispelled…
1. There is no silver bullet - Radio frequency
choice is determined by requiremen...
Conclusion
Six Misconceptions Dispelled…
4. Teams cannot effectively manage their
communications needs; a coordinating fun...
Questions / Thank You
Trevor Textor
Project Manager, Rural IT & Telecom Consultant
Principal, Textor Corp.
-- Fostering “i...
Comparing Radios
Factors for comparison:
• Best Bits/hz
• Best receive sensitivity
• Best Packets per second (pps)
• Elect...
Telecom Passive Asset Ownership Industry
Understanding the Remote Field Data Communications Challenge
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Understanding the Remote Field Data Communications Challenge

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Remote field data communications often involves multiple teams and vendors and automation systems require different wireless systems than traditional broadband internet systems. This presentation by Trevor Textor will help unravel the complexities and highlight the differences between automation traffic and traditional broadband traffic and how that might change the radios installed based on the circumstances. Also covered will be understanding optimal wireless frequencies, video communications (telecom as a utility), IT merging with automation (model differences between IT and engineering), financial impacts of a digital oilfield and how a “connected field” can deliver the dream of “just turn it on anywhere”. Telecom passive infrastructure and rural data communications outages will also be covered.

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Understanding the Remote Field Data Communications Challenge

  1. 1. Understanding the Remote Field Data Communications Challenge Trevor Textor Project Manager, Rural IT & Telecom Consultant Principal, Textor Corp. -- Fostering “it just works” rural data communications systems that enable clients to focus on their core business -- www.textor.ca ca.linkedin.com/in/trevortextor
  2. 2. Agenda • Requirements-based frequency selection. • Impact of communications on the Oil & Gas industry. • Delivering services - silo vs. central planning. • Rural Deployments - IT & Telecom Engineering. • Design approach. • Telecom as a Digital Oilfield enabler.
  3. 3. Spectrum Determines Physical Characteristics No Frequency “Silver Bullet”
  4. 4. Frequency vs. Spectral Efficiency Spectral Efficiency Measures efficiency of a communication system measured in bits/hertz. Cooper’s Law The ability to transmit different radio communications at one time and in the same place has doubled every 30 months since 1895 (120 years).
  5. 5. Benefits of Improved Rural Communications Communications Safety Business Functionality Savings
  6. 6. Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Telecom Utility TCO = Capital Costs + Operating Costs + Downtime Costs The cost effect of a telecom outage can vary from: • As little as ~$3K/day/site. • As much as millions per day.
  7. 7. Team Silos Multiple teams delivering telecommunications has negative impacts such as: • Taking the team away from its intended function. • Inefficient workarounds. • May not have telecom skills. • Lack of coordination results in: – Supply chain management problems. – Technology interaction issues.
  8. 8. The Need for a Central Coordinating Function Oil & Gas Business Cycle: • Oil & Gas investment is largest in the early stages. • Utilities leverage best results when introduced early.
  9. 9. IT Rural Communications Skill Deficiency • Urban communications = Rent services • Rural communications = Rent or Build? • Oil & Gas business clients expect IT to deliver. • Building is an engineering project, IT commissions services. This disconnect is a big problem.
  10. 10. The “Off the Shelf” Fallacy Passive vs. Active Components Total Cost of Communications = Passive 80-95% + Active 20-5% Passive = civil engineering works required to support telecommunications. – Towers, trenches, Conduits, cables, buildings – Fallacy is that towers can be “off the shelf” (no civil and telecom engineering required) Active = the actual electronic components that makes telecommunications happen.
  11. 11. Services Internet/Email/Voice/Video/911 Emergency Services Remote sensing, Monitoring & automation, Real time drilling, Intelligent completions, Visualization & modelling Active Components 5-20% (radios, routers, switches) Passive Components 80-95% (civil engineering works; towers, trenches, laying duct/cable)
  12. 12. Tower Placement & Size Matters Tower Design Type: “Off shelf” Requirements based Initial Cost: $30K $80K Well Cost: $2M $100K LMR Range: Limited Improved Future Proof? No: $80K new tower Yes Total: $2.1 M $0.2M Telemetry example of two tower design approaches
  13. 13. Piecemeal vs Utility System Design Piecemeal • One at a time design • Expensive • Complaints an indicator Utility System • Inter-site design • Better service overall • 3x cheaper • Capital payback: 1 – 3 yrs • Downtime reduced ~2.5 days/site/year
  14. 14. The Digital Oilfield • Formative study conducted in 2003 • Many improvements can be further enabled by a connected field (utility) – Covers Area of Interest – Committed resource – Full control (QoS)
  15. 15. Digital Oilfield Technology Improvements CERA estimated range of efficiencies: Improve hydrocarbon recovery: 1-7% Accelerate production: 1-6% Improve operating efficiency: 3-25% Reduce drilling cost: 5-15% Reduce downtime: 1-4% 5 main technology areas: Remote sensing Intelligent completions Monitoring & automation Real time drilling Visualization & modelling
  16. 16. A Connected Digital Oilfield Is Possible Petroleum Development Oman (45,000 sqr km) • Increased a mature oilfield’s production by 100K barrels/day. At $90/barrel this is $3.2 Billion/year in additional revenue within one year. • Reduced drilling & completion days to online from 39 days to 14 days. • 10 month payback.
  17. 17. Conclusion Six Misconceptions Dispelled… 1. There is no silver bullet - Radio frequency choice is determined by requirements. 2. Radios cannot be evaluated based on frequency; instead use Spectral Efficiency. 3. Radio equipment is not the final cost; include business impacts & lost opportunities (TCO).
  18. 18. Conclusion Six Misconceptions Dispelled… 4. Teams cannot effectively manage their communications needs; a coordinating function has cross-silo visibility and the ability to design holistically. 5. Civil engineering projects should not be “Off the Shelf”. Everybody wins when active and passive infrastructure is designed holistically as a utility. 6. A connected field is possible and recommended!
  19. 19. Questions / Thank You Trevor Textor Project Manager, Rural IT & Telecom Consultant Principal, Textor Corp. -- Fostering “it just works” rural data communications systems that enable clients to focus on their core business -- www.textor.ca ca.linkedin.com/in/trevortextor
  20. 20. Comparing Radios Factors for comparison: • Best Bits/hz • Best receive sensitivity • Best Packets per second (pps) • Electrical supply • Rated Environmental conditions • Software features (“IT”)
  21. 21. Telecom Passive Asset Ownership Industry

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