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Broadband Internet
The “Railroad” of Our Era
Trevor Textor
Rural IT & Telecom Consultant
Principal, Textor Corp.
-- Foster...
Agenda
• The new themes of the internet: Sharing & Contribution
• What is Broadband?
• Broadband’s Impacts (Economic, Soci...
Broadband is the “glue” for:
• Convergence
– Internet Protocol; consolidation of
multiple cables to a single cable
• Incre...
~Pre-2010 “Couch Potato” Internet worked fine
– Example Asymmetric Service:
20 Mbps 1 Mbps
New Reality “I have a voice”
– ...
• Basic level of service target in bandwidth
(Mbps)
• Definitions of “Basic service” from:
– Akamai: 4 Mbps @ <35ms uncong...
Broadband Impact (Benefits)
Economic Innovation
Productivity
Social Access to services
Healthcare
Environmental Efficient ...
Broadband’s Economic Impact
• Doubling broadband speeds for an economy
can add 0.3 % to GDP growth
Canada = +$5.5 Billion/...
Broadband’s Social Impact
(Democracy)
• Social Media catalyzes pro-democracy
movements - Twitter Revolutions
• Requires Mo...
Broadband is Critical Infrastructure
• “… broadband service … must carry the same
obligations as so many of the other vita...
Broadband – This era’s “railroad”
Video Killed the Internet (Star?)
• Broadband internet usage is doubling every
1.5 years.
• “Cable TV Replacement”
– 52% o...
Telepresence (The Future)
• Immersive Video – like you’re there
– Telemedicine (“house calls”)
– Business Meetings
• Per S...
Telepresence (The Future)
• Per Session Stream Requirements:
– HD (1080p) 20 Mbps
– UltraHD (4K) 120 Mbps
• Why the world ...
• Bandwidth demand outstripped supply
Not naming any names… (cough) Netflix
• Valid technical
reasons for priority
• Bob K...
Wireless
• Majority (60%) of Internet Access is mobile
(wireless)
• Cooper’s Law is the world’s longest running
growth S-c...
What is Wireless?
• Wave of energy
• Transmission of a minimum level of energy
dictates packet error rate and ultimately
b...
Services
Voice Video
Web Browsing Email
Active Components 15-30%
Economic Life: 5 - 7 years
(radios, routers, switches)
Pa...
Critical Passive Components for:
• Wireless = Towers / Spectrum
– Bandwidth bounded by
Tower Weight Support
Capacity
• Wir...
Spectrum Licensing
Beginning to Not Make Sense
Open Access Network Model (OAN)
Leveling the playing field
• Model for sharing costs
• Company that owns passive component not
allowed to own active component
• Maximizes sharing/ut...
Savings Estimates By Level of Sharing
Sharing Level Savings Estimates (total as
sharing as increased)
Site Sharing (tower/...
Canada’s Sharing Status
Canada India
Cell Plan (~4GB data) $75 CAD $20 CAD
Less than 5% wireless infrastructure sharing.
L...
• Telecom Act only applies to Big
Telecom
• Complicated Regulatory regime:
CRTC and Industry Canada
• Focus on wired passi...
Ideas For Change
Promoting Broadband Growth:
• Focus on infrastructure sharing
• Raise visibility via statistics
• Create ...
Questions / Thank You
Trevor Textor
Rural IT & Telecom Consultant
Principal, Textor Corp.
Broadband Internet - The “Railroad” of Our Era
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Broadband Internet - The “Railroad” of Our Era

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Topics (note: "Canada" in most cases can be interchanged with any other country in the world; that is, topics are worldwide)
1) Why are cell phone plans so expensive in Canada?
The cost of service has little to do with the radio services themselves, it’s all about infrastructure. In Canada the big 3 telecommunications companies maintain a monopoly on this infrastructure and this monopoly is regulated via the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). But even with regulation, it is not encouraging the right behaviour with respect to infrastructure so that savings can trickle down to consumers. Trevor will explain how an “Open Access Network” (OAN) business model benefits Canadians and how an infrastructure marketplace could scale it.
2) Broadband is the "railroad" of our era and is critical to democracy.
The United Nations says it best: “… [A]ffordable broadband connectivity to the Internet is a foundation stone of modern society…Broadband does not just comprise infrastructure; today, widespread broadband connectivity offers the prospects of new services and an information revolution to change – and challenge – our very approach to development.” Trevor will walk through the socioeconomics of broadband and the future technologies that will drive broadband growth.

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Broadband Internet - The “Railroad” of Our Era

  1. 1. Broadband Internet The “Railroad” of Our Era Trevor Textor Rural IT & Telecom Consultant Principal, Textor Corp. -- Fostering “it just works” rural data communications systems that enable clients to focus on their core business -- www.textor.ca ca.linkedin.com/in/trevortextor
  2. 2. Agenda • The new themes of the internet: Sharing & Contribution • What is Broadband? • Broadband’s Impacts (Economic, Social) • Broadband Growth & Drivers • Role of Wireless (mobile) in Broadband • Understanding wireless • The components of Broadband Costs • Sharing & an Open Access Network business model • Canada’s status for sharing (cell plan comparison) • Roles of the regulators (CRTC, IC) • Ideas for promoting Broadband growth
  3. 3. Broadband is the “glue” for: • Convergence – Internet Protocol; consolidation of multiple cables to a single cable • Increasing Resource Utilization – Move of compute to data centres (Cloud services) – Virtual Machines – Big Data Analytics – Sharing Economy (AirBnb, Car2Go, etc.) The Sharing Revolution
  4. 4. ~Pre-2010 “Couch Potato” Internet worked fine – Example Asymmetric Service: 20 Mbps 1 Mbps New Reality “I have a voice” – Less Asymmetric OK 20Mbps 5 Mbps – Ideally Symmetric 20Mpbs 20 Mbps Contribution
  5. 5. • Basic level of service target in bandwidth (Mbps) • Definitions of “Basic service” from: – Akamai: 4 Mbps @ <35ms uncongested last mile – FCC (US): 25 Mbps 3 Mbps – Industry Canada: 5 Mbps 1 Mbps Broadband Internet
  6. 6. Broadband Impact (Benefits) Economic Innovation Productivity Social Access to services Healthcare Environmental Efficient energy consumption
  7. 7. Broadband’s Economic Impact • Doubling broadband speeds for an economy can add 0.3 % to GDP growth Canada = +$5.5 Billion/year Federal Funding for Broadband Development = $350M
  8. 8. Broadband’s Social Impact (Democracy) • Social Media catalyzes pro-democracy movements - Twitter Revolutions • Requires Mobile Broadband Internet • United Nations Broadband Commission cites broadband “stimulate[s] democracy”
  9. 9. Broadband is Critical Infrastructure • “… broadband service … must carry the same obligations as so many of the other vital services do.” President Obama • “… a foundation stone of modern society….” (United Nations) • “a basic human right” (popular opinion) • All developed countries now have a broadband plan and committed government dollars.
  10. 10. Broadband – This era’s “railroad”
  11. 11. Video Killed the Internet (Star?) • Broadband internet usage is doubling every 1.5 years. • “Cable TV Replacement” – 52% of internet traffic (37% Netflix) • Per Session Stream Requirements: – HD (1080p) 2 Mbps – UltraHD (4K) 12 Mbps
  12. 12. Telepresence (The Future) • Immersive Video – like you’re there – Telemedicine (“house calls”) – Business Meetings • Per Session Stream Requirements: – HD (1080p) 20 Mbps – UltraHD (4K) 120 Mbps • Why the world needs to endlessly build more broadband (fiber, towers)
  13. 13. Telepresence (The Future) • Per Session Stream Requirements: – HD (1080p) 20 Mbps – UltraHD (4K) 120 Mbps • Why the world needs to endlessly build more broadband (fiber, towers)
  14. 14. • Bandwidth demand outstripped supply Not naming any names… (cough) Netflix • Valid technical reasons for priority • Bob Kahn, co-inventor of IP calls Net Neutrality a “slogan” • Best solution is to have abundant bandwidth Net Neutrality
  15. 15. Wireless • Majority (60%) of Internet Access is mobile (wireless) • Cooper’s Law is the world’s longest running growth S-curve (120 years): The ability to transmit different radio communications at one time and in the same place has doubled every 30 months since 1895
  16. 16. What is Wireless? • Wave of energy • Transmission of a minimum level of energy dictates packet error rate and ultimately bandwidth • Choice of frequency dictates: – Range – Bandwidth Need more wireless infrastructure!
  17. 17. Services Voice Video Web Browsing Email Active Components 15-30% Economic Life: 5 - 7 years (radios, routers, switches) Passive Components 70-85% Economic Life: 15 – 25 years (Spectrum, Civil engineering works; towers, trenches, laying duct/cable) Cost of Broadband
  18. 18. Critical Passive Components for: • Wireless = Towers / Spectrum – Bandwidth bounded by Tower Weight Support Capacity • Wired = Fiber / Conduit (trenching) Cost of Broadband
  19. 19. Spectrum Licensing Beginning to Not Make Sense
  20. 20. Open Access Network Model (OAN) Leveling the playing field
  21. 21. • Model for sharing costs • Company that owns passive component not allowed to own active component • Maximizes sharing/utilization of components • Encourages competition at the service level! Open Access Network Model (OAN)
  22. 22. Savings Estimates By Level of Sharing Sharing Level Savings Estimates (total as sharing as increased) Site Sharing (tower/room) 10% Infrastructure Sharing (electricity, A/C, etc) 16-20% Telco Equipment Sharing 25% National Roaming 30% Full Sharing (Includes sharing a core transmission network) 40% IncreasedSharing
  23. 23. Canada’s Sharing Status Canada India Cell Plan (~4GB data) $75 CAD $20 CAD Less than 5% wireless infrastructure sharing. Less than 10% wired infrastructure sharing. Comparison to India (66% wireless sharing) :
  24. 24. • Telecom Act only applies to Big Telecom • Complicated Regulatory regime: CRTC and Industry Canada • Focus on wired passive infrastructure sharing, not mobile passive infrastructure sharing (towers / roaming) Canada’s Towers By Ownership Telcom Other Industries
  25. 25. Ideas For Change Promoting Broadband Growth: • Focus on infrastructure sharing • Raise visibility via statistics • Create a marketplace (rentfaster.ca / eBay) • Improve regulator effectiveness Promoting Contribution • Educate consumers • Demand higher upload rates
  26. 26. Questions / Thank You Trevor Textor Rural IT & Telecom Consultant Principal, Textor Corp.

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