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Passage Of Time


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Passage Of Time

  1. 1. Structuring time In narrative cinema
  2. 2. This is not just about narrative structure…. <ul><li>ie. linear v’s non-linear plots. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The three elements of time structure…. <ul><li>Temporal order </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal duration </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal frequency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Temporal Order <ul><li>The structuring of events which may include chronological order, flashbacks and/ flash forwards. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Temporal duration <ul><li>The manipulation of time from real time to reel time, that is the foreshortening or expansion of time and the length of time events are portrayed on screen. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>There are a number of codes and conventions to the Temporal duration of time in films. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Days, months and years can pass in a quick succession of shots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A character can get into a car one scene, and be in their office the next. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fade to black or white, or another transition effect like an iris or a wipe can signify missing time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And costume, makeup or other special effects can advance quickly, telling us time has changed. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Usually a combination of real time, foreshortened time and expanded time are used together in a narrative. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Temporal frequency <ul><li>Involves the repetition of action from the same or different camera angles. It is another way that emphasis can be given to a particular event. This doesn’t just have to be a “Die Hard” explosion repeated three times… </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>It can also be used to build tension… </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Or reveal a new perspective of an event from a different characters point of view </li></ul>
  11. 13. The effect of all this… <ul><li>Is to create the “beat” or “rhythm” in a film, and you should be able to describe and analyse the way each film’s time is constructed. </li></ul><ul><li>one of the questions on the past 4 media exams has always focused on time in narrative cinema. </li></ul>