CIVITAS IN EUROPE EVALUATION OUTCOMES 2005-2009 Mike McDonald University of Southampton
Content <ul><li>The CIVITAS Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>CIVITAS II Demonstration Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation Appr...
The CIVITAS Initiative - objectives <ul><li>To promote and implement sustainable, clean and (energy)efficient urban transp...
The CIVITAS Initiative – key elements <ul><li>CIVITAS is coordinated by cities: it is a programme “of cities for cities” <...
CIVITAS II Demonstration Phase <ul><li>Focus on small and medium sized cities (150.000 – 500.000 inhabitants) </li></ul><u...
Roles for CIVITAS-GUARD <ul><li>Support CIVITAS II in performing their: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation Activities    vi...
CIVITAS II Demonstration Cities (2005 – 2009)
Why did they participate? <ul><li>Because of the possibility to learn from other cities </li></ul><ul><li>Because of polit...
<ul><li>Clean vehicles and alternative fuels (23) </li></ul><ul><li>Access management (25) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated pr...
Share of number of measures versus share of costs per clusters
Evaluation Framework in CIVITAS
Outline of Impact Evaluation Framework
Approach to Process Evaluation <ul><li>Implementation Process of Measures  </li></ul>
Impacts and Common Indicators Benefits ECONOMY Costs ENERGY Energy Consumption Pollution / Nuisance ENVIRONMENT Resource C...
What worked well?  <ul><li>Use of clean fuels produced significant reductions in emissions at local level </li></ul><ul><l...
What was expected to work better?  <ul><li>Reduced installation and maintenance costs of innovative products </li></ul><ul...
Some CIVITAS II Facts &  Figures <ul><ul><li>Over 200 measures implemented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3150 new carpoolers ...
Evaluation Issues <ul><li>Differences in Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Timing and Scale of Measures  </li></ul><ul><li>Pa...
Key Evaluation Findings <ul><li>Success of legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel success </li></ul><ul><li>Car pooling/c...
Main Conclusions CIVITAS II <ul><li>Attitudes towards sustainable modes improved significantly in all CIVITAS II Cities </...
Thank you for your attention <ul><li>Mike McDonald  </li></ul><ul><li>m.mcdonald@soton.ac.uk  </li></ul><ul><li>CIVITAS II...
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Session 52 Mike Mcdonald

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Session 52 Mike Mcdonald

  1. 1. CIVITAS IN EUROPE EVALUATION OUTCOMES 2005-2009 Mike McDonald University of Southampton
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>The CIVITAS Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>CIVITAS II Demonstration Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation Approach </li></ul><ul><li>What worked well? </li></ul><ul><li>What was expected to work better? </li></ul><ul><li>Key Facts and Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Main Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. The CIVITAS Initiative - objectives <ul><li>To promote and implement sustainable, clean and (energy)efficient urban transport measures </li></ul><ul><li>To implement and evaluate integrated packages of technology and policy measures </li></ul><ul><li>To build up critical mass and markets for succesful innovative concepts </li></ul>
  4. 4. The CIVITAS Initiative – key elements <ul><li>CIVITAS is coordinated by cities: it is a programme “of cities for cities” </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are at the heart of local public private partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Political commitment is a basic requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Cities are living ‘laboratories’ for learning and evaluating </li></ul>
  5. 5. CIVITAS II Demonstration Phase <ul><li>Focus on small and medium sized cities (150.000 – 500.000 inhabitants) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They may lack specific expertise & political support to test innovative measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They lack innovation resources that large and capital cities usually attract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are more medium-sized than large (> 1 million) cities across Europe, and therefore they are important to reach the critical mass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of the political dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the common evaluation approach </li></ul><ul><li>Strong development of the ‘brand’ CIVITAS and corporate identity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Roles for CIVITAS-GUARD <ul><li>Support CIVITAS II in performing their: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation Activities  via Evaluation Liaison Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination Activities  via Dissemination Liaison Group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitor the progress of CIVITAS II measures and provide independent advice for the EC </li></ul><ul><li>(In CIVITAS Plus divided into POINTER and VANGUARD) </li></ul>
  7. 7. CIVITAS II Demonstration Cities (2005 – 2009)
  8. 8. Why did they participate? <ul><li>Because of the possibility to learn from other cities </li></ul><ul><li>Because of political will to make a step forward in reaching sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Because of a strong local key-actor (or individual person) </li></ul><ul><li>Because it was possible to integrate measures that are implemented in their cities and to understand synergy effects </li></ul><ul><li>Because CIVITAS’ aims fitted perfectly in local objectives for sustainable mobility </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Clean vehicles and alternative fuels (23) </li></ul><ul><li>Access management (25) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated pricing strategies (8) </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation of public transport modes (37) </li></ul><ul><li>New forms of vehicle use and ownership (18) </li></ul><ul><li>New concepts for goods distribution (18) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative soft measures (47) </li></ul><ul><li>Telematics (32) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Share of number of measures versus share of costs per clusters
  11. 11. Evaluation Framework in CIVITAS
  12. 12. Outline of Impact Evaluation Framework
  13. 13. Approach to Process Evaluation <ul><li>Implementation Process of Measures </li></ul>
  14. 14. Impacts and Common Indicators Benefits ECONOMY Costs ENERGY Energy Consumption Pollution / Nuisance ENVIRONMENT Resource Consumption Acceptance Accessibility Employment Equity Health SOCIETY Security Quality of Service Safety Transport System TRANSPORT Transport System
  15. 15. What worked well? <ul><li>Use of clean fuels produced significant reductions in emissions at local level </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated (packaged) measures of ‘carrots and sticks’ in combination with clear explanation </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens involvement from an early stage rose awareness levels </li></ul><ul><li>Installation of small-scale public transport measures </li></ul><ul><li>Installation of low emission zones </li></ul><ul><li>Active traffic management schemes reduced fuel usage and emissions </li></ul>
  16. 16. What was expected to work better? <ul><li>Reduced installation and maintenance costs of innovative products </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in technical capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and user-friendliness of technical innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Natural acceptance of cycling and car sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Exploitation of LEZ (eg goods distribution </li></ul>
  17. 17. Some CIVITAS II Facts & Figures <ul><ul><li>Over 200 measures implemented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3150 new carpoolers attracted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2900 rental bikes installed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extension/installation of 13 LEZ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of car trips 12% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>89% less congestion in LEZ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>travel times savings up to 25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fuel savings up to 8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forum Members: 72 (2005) , 181 (2010), representing 60 million EU inhabitants </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Evaluation Issues <ul><li>Differences in Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Timing and Scale of Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Measures and Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Clarification of Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Resources for Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Overlapping Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline Variability </li></ul>
  19. 19. Key Evaluation Findings <ul><li>Success of legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel success </li></ul><ul><li>Car pooling/car sharing potential </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle use increases </li></ul><ul><li>Urban logistics complex partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility management </li></ul><ul><li>Public transport measures effective </li></ul><ul><li>Access control reduces car use/improves environment </li></ul>
  20. 20. Main Conclusions CIVITAS II <ul><li>Attitudes towards sustainable modes improved significantly in all CIVITAS II Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen involvement at an early stage leads to wider public acceptance Clean vehicles are on the rise – EuroV (VI) probably best in terms of environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>SMART-measures for mobility management can be implemented relatively easy and are very effective </li></ul><ul><li>Access restrictions and parking control contribute to better local travel conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational planning is of major importance </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder partnerships have led to fruitful cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Solid evaluation is necessary to assess long-term impacts </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>Mike McDonald </li></ul><ul><li>m.mcdonald@soton.ac.uk </li></ul><ul><li>CIVITAS II/CIVITAS PLUS Evaluation Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Project Manager: Don Guikink, D.Guikink@dtvconsultants.nl </li></ul><ul><li>On behalf of </li></ul>

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