Session 1 Björn Södahl.pdf

922 views

Published on

Published in: Business, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
922
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Session 1 Björn Södahl.pdf

  1. 1. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRENew requirementsfor SOx and NOx –challenges andopportunities for theshipping industryBjörn SödahlResearch CoordinatorDepartment of Shipping and Marine TechnologyChalmers University of Technology
  2. 2. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTREWHAT LIGHTHOUSE IS: Who are we?- it is a Swedish national strategic initiative for European shipping competitiveness- it is a co-operation of competence in the maritime sector Department of Department of Shipping and Marine Shipping and Technology Marine Technology
  3. 3. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTREVision, mission and core values• Vision: LIGHTHOUSE should be a natural beacon for research projects, educational efforts and innovation activities within the maritime sector.• Mission: To contribute to a clean and safe globalization through the communication of new knowledge retrieved from interdisciplinary ways of working.• Core values: – Environmental durability as well as work environment sustainability – Competitive shipping industry – Networking
  4. 4. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRELighthouse is funded by:• The Swedish Shipowners’ Association• The Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems• The Swedish Maritime Administration• Region Västra Götaland
  5. 5. Geographic location Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE • Country: – Sweden • City: – Gothenburg • Area: – Chalmers University of Technology, Campus Lindholmen • Building: – the Saga building
  6. 6. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE
  7. 7. ChalmersShipping and Marine Technology Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Head of Department Olle Rutgersson Vice Head of Department Administration Maritime Waypoint Lars Larsson Birgitta Oscár Lars-Eric Carlsson Deputy Head of Department Eva Jacobsson • Market of Shipping Research Coordinator • External Courses Björn Södahl • Full-mission Bridge Simulator Division of Ship Design Division of Ship Work Division of Shipping Division of Sustainable Head of division: Environment and Safety Logistics and Chartering Ship Propulsion Jonas Ringsberg Head of division: Head of division: Head of division: Margareta Lützhöft Anneli Rask Lars Larsson • Marine Structures • Marine Transport Systems • Human Factors • Hydromechanics • Seakeeping • Maritime Safety • Marine Environmental • Navigation and Communication Technology • Marine Machinery Systems
  8. 8. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Challenges of shipping – thematic project areas• Business Ship Economy, maritime logistics and maritime law• Cargo Ship Ship design, cargo handling, systems and marine structures• Eco Ship Maritime environment, efficiency and energy consumption• Ergo Ship Human factors and working environment• Safe Ship Maritime safety and security
  9. 9. ECOSHIP - Performance drivenresearch & development Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Present situation Desired outcome Technology development Zero Challenges…? Emissions Lack of Incentive Prescriptive regulations Challenges & Barriers to Target areas realization for R&D
  10. 10. Thematic areas for cross-disciplinaryresearch projects Founder Knowledge/expertise LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Lighthouse Desired impact/ Thematic research Chalmers Performance examples area/program Shipping & Marine Technology Computational Hydrodynamics Sustainable Ship Maritime Environment Propulsion Sustainability Ecoship Applied Hydrodynamics LCA, g/tonkm Machinery Systems Marine Structures Transport Efficiency Time, resource, economy Cargoship Ship Design Seakeeping Marine Transport Systems Human centered work Effectiveness, Efficiency, Ergoship Navigation and Satisfaction Communication Ship Work Environment and Safety Maritime Safety Safety Safeship Human Factors Risk control Gothenburg University School of Business, Economics & Law World trade and International Shipping Economy Businesship Logistics and Cargo handling, profitability Financial Reports and Analyses Maritime Law
  11. 11. Thematic areas for cross-disciplinaryresearch projects Founder Knowledge/expertise LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Lighthouse Desired impact/ Thematic research Chalmers Performance examples area/program Shipping & Marine Technology Computational Hydrodynamics Sustainable Ship Maritime Environment Propulsion Sustainability Ecoship Applied Hydrodynamics LCA, g/tonkm Machinery Systems Marine Structures Transport Efficiency Time, resource, economy Cargoship Ship Design Seakeeping Marine Transport Systems Human centered work Effectiveness, Efficiency, Ergoship Navigation and Satisfaction Communication Ship Work Environment and Safety Maritime Safety Safety Safeship Human Factors Risk control Gothenburg University School of Business, Economics & Law World trade and International Shipping Economy Businesship Logistics and Cargo handling, profitability Financial Reports and Analyses Maritime Law
  12. 12. Thematic Research Process Industry Challenge, e g Founder Air Pollution LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRESpecialized Disciplines, e g Applications Nanotechnology Define needs Academic Industry Select projects reps hub Knowledge, Combustion Expertise Chalmers Arrange finance SSA GU …. …. Logistics Conduct research Funding Communicate results Systems engineering Relevance Desired impact, e g Reduced emissions Potential Synergy
  13. 13. Aiming for zero emissions –the ultimate goal Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Global energy supply and demand Demand constant efficiency Energy efficiency Demand improved efficiency Supply CO2-neutral Renewable energy Supply CO2-emitting1900 2000 2100
  14. 14. Eco Ship - exploring optionsfor energy conservation Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Technology Operation Procedure Speed adaptions Logistics Weather routing Cargo capacity Sun, Wind, Waves Scheduling utilization Hull resistance Propulsion performance Fuel efficiency Deadweight/ displacement
  15. 15. Eco Ship – analyses theoverall impact of fuel sourcing Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE “Ship-to-air” “Well-to-ship” g/kWh of LCA of fuel alternatives CO2, and their impacts: SOx, “Ship-to-shore” Emissions/energy unit NOx, E.g. sludge, (e.g. gCO2/kWh) PM solid waste Biodiversity? Toxicity? Resulting impacts: Social impact? Environment Health Social “Ship-to-sea” E.g. OWS water, scrubber water Decision support – e g: What is the preferable option, environmentally and economically – using destillate fuel or HFO with scrubbing? Are there other viable options, e g: Natural gas? Biofuels?
  16. 16. Lighthouse Eco Ship – Project PortfolioThematic Challenge Research Topics Existing Project ExamplesCategory Projects ideas Ongoing/ Initiated/ Concluded Granted Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTREEnergy Conservation TECHNICAL Hull resistance 7 Propulsion efficiency 5 Energy utilization/optimization 1 Lightweight/displ Ambient energy sources --Wind 1 --Waves 1 --Solar 1 oEnvironmental database of the Swedish merchant fleet OPERATIONAL oEmission measurement study of manoeuvering ships in Weatherrouting 1 port areas Speed optimization oEvaluation of sea water scrubbing – reduction of SOX LOGISTIC 2 emissions from ship exhausts Scheduling Capacity Utilization oEvaluation of NOx reduction technology oMeasurements and evaluation of Particulate MatterFuel Sourcing and Alternative fuels 5 EmissionsEmission treatment Emission treatment 4 5 Waste treatment 1 oEnergy for ship propulsion from an environmental and Additives & catalysts - resource perspectiveIncentive mechanisms Emission trading systems 1 1 oCompetitive Environmental Shipping Customer demands oCost - effective emission control, prospects and benefits Regulation regimes 4 1 Contractual conditions of emission trading -- Charter -- NewbuildingOther Environmental Ballast Waterimpacts Antifouling 1 VOC Recycling 1 Wreck pollution 1 1 Chemical products in ship operation 22 23
  17. 17. Annex VI – 2015 ECAAlternatives and issues Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE MGO Cost, availability? 0.1% MDO + SWS Cost? Scrubber pH dilution? Sulphur HFO + SWS Scrubber efficiency? pH dilution? LNG Conversion, storage, supply, leakage? -80% Cost, Urea LCA? Combination? NOx SCR HAM, EGR… Cost, Efficiency?
  18. 18. Challenges and opportunities Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE • Several alternative technologies available • Great complexity, numerous unresolved issues • Decision support needed to find cost-effective solutions • Scope for cooperation projects – industry-academy-authorities • Ultimate goal – reduced environmental impact and improved competitiveness for shipping
  19. 19. Founder LIGHTHOUSE MARITIME COMPETENCE CENTRE Climate Smart River Shuttle Thank you for your attention!

×