Measuring the Value of Connectivity


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Measuring the Value of Connectivity

  1. 1. Case Studies: Measuring the Value of Connectivity<br />NCAPA<br />September 2010<br />
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  12. 12. Re-defining Connectivity: Circa 2010<br /><ul><li>Change in emphasis at the Federal level
  13. 13. New initiatives in North Carolina
  14. 14. How do we get to true integration of transportation & land use?
  15. 15. Pedestrian & bicycle planning in the context of Active Living
  16. 16. Implications for safety & access</li></li></ul><li>Driving & the Built Environment – the 5 D’s<br />Density Population & employment by geographic unit (e.g., per square mile, per developed acre).<br />Diversity Mix of land uses, typically residential and commercial development, and the degree to which they are balanced in an area (e.g., jobs–housing balance).<br />Design Neighborhood layout and street characteristics, particularly connectivity, presence of sidewalks, and other design features (e.g., shade, scenery, presence of attractive homes and stores) that enhance the pedestrian- and bicycle-friendliness of an area.<br />Destination accessibility<br /> Ease or convenience of trip destinations from point of origin, often measured at the zonal level in terms of distance from the central business district or other major centers.<br />Distance to transit<br /> Ease of access to transit from home/work (e.g., bus/rail stop within ¼ to ½ mile).<br />Ewing & Cervero, JAPA, Summer 2010 | TRB Report #298<br />
  17. 17. DOT – HUD – EPA <br />Partnership for Sustainable Communities<br /><ul><li>Livability Principles
  18. 18. Improve access to affordable housing
  19. 19. More transportation options
  20. 20. Lower transportation costs while protecting environment
  21. 21. Partnership Agreement
  22. 22. Develop livability measures and tools
  23. 23. Undertake joint research & data collection</li></li></ul><li>Connectivity & Active Living<br /><ul><li>International Journal of Health Geographics– Berrigan, Pickle, Dill
  24. 24. Los Angeles and San Diego Counties
  25. 25. Applied 9 measures of street connectivity
  26. 26. Identified positive correlation between connected street system and the propensity and duration of leisure walking and cycling</li></li></ul><li> “ <br /> “ <br />Draft FTA Policy – Connectivity Nexus<br />FTA encourages the use of its funds for the type of well-designed pedestrian and bicycle amenities that attract new public transportation riders by expanding the catchment area and utility of public transportation stations.<br />(Proposed FTA Policy Statement on the Eligibility of Pedestrian and Bicycle Improvements Under Federal Transit Law. November 6, 2009) <br />
  27. 27. Draft FTA Policy – Connectivity Nexus<br />Key requirement for determining the eligibility of a pedestrian or bicycle improvement is whether it has a functional relationship to a public transportation facility.<br /><ul><li>Pedestrian Improvements – within one-half mile
  28. 28. Bicycle Improvements – within three miles</li></li></ul><li>Connectivity & Safe Streets<br />less safe<br />safer<br />Better connected cities are safer<br />Intersection Density (better measure)& Link-Node Ratio<br />Both measures – difficult for people to understand intuitively<br />Source: Wesley Marshall and Norman Garrick | New Urban News and CNU <br />
  29. 29. NC Sustainable Communities Task Force<br />Regional sustainability partnerships<br />Technical assistance to state agencies, local government, regional collaborations, and nonprofits<br />Indentify & pursue sustainable development funding<br />Recommendations for sustainable development policies and program appropriations to Governor, cabinet, & General Assembly<br />NC House Bill 1701<br />
  30. 30. NC Sustainable Communities Task Force<br />Distribute task force grants to regional sustainable development partnerships<br />Develop a common local government sustainable practices scoring system<br />Pursue opportunities for coordination among state agencies <br />Reduced overlap in the responsibilities of regional entities<br />NC House Bill 1701<br />
  31. 31. Case Studies: Measuring the Value of Connectivity<br />NCAPA<br />September 2010<br />