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Ray 
Gallon 
& 
Neus 
Lorenzo 
@TransformSoc 
Human Bionics 
More 
Freedom 
or 
Electronic 
Slavery? 
h@p://www.smartboneblog.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/02/url-­‐copia.jpeg
@TransformSoc 
Poll: What’s your opinion 
of Human Bionics? 
• Pick 
one 
answer: 
A: 
Something 
to 
be 
afraid 
of 
B: 
A 
promise 
of 
a 
better 
life
@TransformSoc 
The Connotation of 
Human Bionics 
Human 
bionics 
is 
mainly 
about 
roboWc 
mechanisms 
in 
a 
futurisWc 
scenario 
Human 
bionics 
relates 
to 
implants 
to 
enhance 
human 
capabiliWes 
Which of these two statements is closer to reality? 
h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w= 
9% 
91%
Iran : Eye, 2900-­‐2800 BCE 
Money & Power 
@TransformSoc 
3000-Year-Old Prostheses 
Prosthesis, 
(from 
Ancient 
Greek 
prósthesis, 
"addiWon, 
applicaWon, 
a@achment" 
Iraq: Lens, 1200-­‐1000 BCE 
Secret Knowledge 
h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111653328904/ 
Egypt: Toe, 1200-­‐1000 BCE 
h@p://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosthesis 
FuncJonaliy 
h@p://media-­‐cache-­‐ec0.pinimg.com/736x/e1/cd/0f/ 
e1cd0f0fefabef6b81630d6a0d5e56f.jpg
Leonardo da Vinci: The Concept 
h@p://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/design/images/davinci.jpg 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://elder-­‐geek.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2010/11/830px-­‐Leonardos_Flying_machine_Design.jpg 
Bionics: 
the 
use 
of 
biological 
prototypes 
for 
the 
design 
of 
man-­‐made 
syntheWc 
systems 
–Dr. Jack E. Steele, US Air Force, 1960 
• Study 
basic 
principles 
in 
nature 
• Use 
them 
to 
produce 
applicaWons 
to 
meet 
the 
needs 
of 
humankind
Technology for Health Enhancement 
Roman 
surgical 
instruments 
found 
at 
Pompeii 
h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111654234215/ 
@TransformSoc 
Victorian 
ProstheWc 
Arm 
(1885) 
h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111654990751/
Health and Technology 
External)&)Implanted 
@TransformSoc, 
@TransformSoc 
Cochleal Implant 
h.p://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/sci_environment/12/bionic_body/img/cochlear_implant320x180.jpg, 
@TransformSoc, 
Timed Release Medication from 
a Smart Skin Patch 
External)&)Opera-ng)on 
h.p://themedicalfuturist.com/wp:content/uploads/2014/03/31:1000x1000.jpg,
@TransformSoc 
Health and Beauty 
h@p://vigodenWstas.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2014/02/bigstock-­‐Capped-­‐Dental-­‐Implant-­‐ 
Model-­‐6941096.jpg 
Replacing or Improving? 
h@p://www.amawebs.com/storage/photos/m42dl49edne.jpg
Using 
digital 
prostheWc 
devices 
can… 
100.00% 
90.00% 
80.00% 
70.00% 
60.00% 
50.00% 
40.00% 
30.00% 
20.00% 
10.00% 
0.00% 
Offer 
you 
new 
sensorial 
@TransformSoc 
potenWaliWes 
Help 
your 
individual 
growth 
Facilitate 
your 
professional 
development 
Make 
you 
dependent 
on 
a 
machine 
Leave 
you 
vulnerable 
to 
hackers 
Expose 
you 
to 
external 
control 
and 
surveillance 
All 
age 
groups 
Under 
40 
age 
group
A Paradigm Shift for Technology 
From Controlling the External Environment… 
h.p://zeropluscampus.umn.edu/tools/images/websolar.png, 
h.p://www.speedupmypcfree.com/wp8content/uploads/2012/10/500x_4388295418_4f0db62357_b_01.jpg, 
@TransformSoc, 
@TransformSoc 
h.p://d3ux6s8yj4izvp.cloudfront.net/wp8content/uploads/2009/04/sustainable8wind8farms.jpg, 
@TransformSoc, 
…To Controlling Our Internal Selves 
h.p://jjlayfield.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/transhumanism.jpg, 
h.ps://research.unsw.edu.au/sites/all/files/styles/carousel_image/public/ 
images/custom_project/1346204775_greggs_eye_image.jpg?itok=KoXlzYX3, 
h.p://pages.vassar.edu/l./ 
files/2011/03/P5200049.jpg,
@TransformSoc 
Taxonomy: Bionic Degrees 
Source: 
TransformaWon 
Society, 
2014
@TransformSoc 
Draped Wearables 
Devices 
that 
we 
drape 
onto 
our 
bodies 
– 
glasses, 
clothing, 
watches… 
h@p://usabilitygeek.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/12/ways-­‐wearable-­‐ 
technology-­‐can-­‐improve-­‐our-­‐lives-­‐google-­‐glass.jpg 
h@p://www.highsnobiety.com/files/2014/05/highsnobiety-­‐op-­‐ 
ed-­‐the-­‐future-­‐of-­‐wearable-­‐technology-­‐04.jpg
@TransformSoc 
Wearable: Finger Reader 
Wearable Text-Reading Device 
h@p://www.vilaweb.cat/media/conWnguts/000/090/400/thumbnails/thumb_474__4.jpg 
Full 
text:h@p://www.vilaweb.cat/noWcia/4215438/20141017/dit-­‐lector.html 
h@p://vimeo.com/86912300
@TransformSoc 
Embedded Wearables 
Worn, 
but 
in 
inWmate 
contact 
– 
prostheses, 
contact 
lenses, 
ta@oos… 
h@p://blog.monty.de/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/09/digital-­‐contact-­‐lense.jpg 
h@p://media.idownloadblog.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/ 
2014/01/Sensor-­‐Tatoo-­‐image-­‐001.jpg
Patrick (13) was the youngest person in the world 
h@p://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_9040000/newsid_9048400/9048484.stm 
@TransformSoc 
with a robotic arm (2010) 
“My 
friends 
think 
it 
looks 
like 
something 
out 
of 
a 
film. 
On 
the 
first 
day 
I 
had 
it, 
the 
ba@ery 
ran 
out 
really 
quickly 
because 
everyone 
wanted 
to 
check 
it 
out 
and 
shake 
my 
hand!”
Natural Walking Function 
h.p://www.dvice.com/archives/2009/04/stanford_studen.php, 
@TransformSoc, 
@TransformSoc 
Not Necessarily Electronic 
Not Necessarily Expensive 
@TransformSoc, 
A $350 3D-Printed Myoelectric 
Arm for a 6-Year-Old 
h"p://www.3ders.org/ar0cles/201407289year9old9boy9gets93d9printed9myoelectric9arm.html 
July,28,,2014,
Integrated 
into 
the 
interior 
of 
our 
bodies 
in 
a 
permanent, 
or 
semi-­‐ 
permanent 
way 
– 
chips, 
electrodes, 
insulin 
pumps, 
permanent 
ta@oos… 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://img.deusm.com/designnews/2011/07/231068/6571.jpg 
Implants 
h@p://i.yWmg.com/vi/Tt8_28fqEXk/hqdefault.jpg 
h@p://i.imgur.com/jCM6laG.jpg 
h@p://headlesschicken.ca/cyborgblog/uploaded_images/ 
ta@oo1-­‐725221.jpg
bioelectric 
of 
@TransformSoc 
Grafts and “Wet Systems” 
Living 
Wssue 
that 
augments 
or 
replaces 
capacity, 
not 
just 
implanted, 
but 
graued 
into 
the 
body 
-­‐ 
May 
be 
mixed 
with 
silicon. 
Transcriptor 
– 
a 
biological 
transistor 
developed 
at 
Stanford 
University 
(drawing) 
h@p://images.sciencedaily.com/ 
2013/03/130328142400-­‐large.jpg 
ArWficial 
using 
interface 
jellyfish 
(University 
at 
Illinois 
Chicago) 
h@p://www.bioe.uic.edu/pub/BIOE/ 
BioeProspecWveStudents/bmljellyfish.JPG 
This 
sensor 
chip 
uses 
slime 
mold 
to 
do 
its 
work 
h@p://www.newscienWst.com/data/images/ns/cms/dn11875/dn11875-­‐1_510.jpg
@TransformSoc 
Slime Mold Computing 
h@p://images.techWmes.com/data/images/full/5166/slime-­‐mold-­‐logic-­‐gates.jpg?w=600 
h@p://www.microsou.com/global/eu/publishingimages/MolecularCompuWng_01_Page.jpg
Hybrid: Implant + Graft 
Ref: 
h@p://www.awesomeoff.com/images/entries/mainview/subdermal_ear.jpg 
@TransformSoc
People 
with 
limited 
hand 
movement 
can 
now 
have 
elecWve 
amputaWon 
and 
bionic 
replacement 
in 
Vienna 
@TransformSoc
Do these ideas make you uncomfortable? 
@TransformSoc 
33.33 
44.44 
22.22 
33.33 
33.33 
66.67 
55.56 
77.78 
66.67 
66.67 
100 
100 
90 
90 
80 
80 
70 
70 
60 
60 
50 
50 
40 
40 
30 
30 
20 
20 
10 
10 
0 
A 
helmet 
controlling 
machinery 
directly 
through 
brain 
waves 
Personal 
electronic 
devices 
etched 
onto 
your 
skin 
as 
a 
ta@oo 
Implants 
controlling 
body 
malfuncWons 
automaWcally 
Implanted 
personal 
devices, 
permanently 
connected 
to 
the 
Internet 
of 
Things 
Graued 
personal 
devices 
combining 
electronics 
with 
living 
Wssue 
with 
living 
Wssue 
YES 
NO 
Under 40 age group 
26.67 
51.11 
13.33 
71.11 
35.56 
73.33 
48.89 
86.67 
28.89 
64.44 
0 
A 
helmet 
controlling 
machinery 
directly 
through 
brain 
waves 
Personal 
electronic 
devices 
etched 
onto 
your 
skin 
as 
a 
ta@oo 
Implants 
controlling 
body 
malfuncWons 
automaWcally 
Implanted 
personal 
devices, 
permanently 
connected 
to 
the 
Internet 
of 
Things 
Graued 
personal 
devices 
combining 
electronics 
with 
living 
Wssue 
with 
living 
Wssue 
All age groups 
h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
• “With 
result 
can 
be 
a 
tremendous 
improvement 
in 
human 
physical 
and 
mental 
capabiliWes, 
individual, 
and 
societal 
outcomes, 
and 
quality 
of 
life.” 
@TransformSoc 
Convergence 
• “A 
coherent 
science 
and 
engineering 
approach 
based 
on 
the 
unity 
of 
nature 
and 
its 
holisWc 
invesWgaWon 
will 
lead 
to 
technological 
convergence 
and 
a 
more 
efficient 
societal 
structure… 
bring[ing] 
together 
nanotechnology, 
biotechnology, 
informaWon 
technology, 
and 
new 
technologies 
based 
in 
cogniWve 
science.” 
proper 
a@enWon 
to 
ethical 
issues 
and 
societal 
needs, 
the 
M.C. 
Roco 
and 
W.S. 
Bainbridge 
(NSF), 
Converging technologies for improving human performance: IntegraGng from the nanoscale, 
Springer, 
2002 
h@p://cms.springerprofessional.de/journals/JOU=11051/VOL=2002.4/ISU=4/ART=5099721/BodyRef/PDF/11051_2004_ArWcle_5099721.pdf
Incorporating Ethical Issues 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://www.3ders.org/images/beauty-­‐bald-­‐eagle-­‐beak-­‐1.jpg 
h@p://www.3ders.org/arWcles/20120814-­‐injured-­‐bald-­‐eagle-­‐beauty-­‐gets-­‐bionic-­‐beak.html 
A 3D Printed Beak
@TransformSoc 
Dynamic Convergence 
Source: 
Roco 
& 
Bainbridge 
Ethics
of 
@TransformSoc 
Enhanced Perception… 
Digital 
Reality 
? 
Bionics 
Ref: 
h@p://www.awesomeoff.com/images/entries/mainview/subdermal_ear.jpg 
Internet 
Things 
h@p://farm9.staWc.flickr.com/8296/7793423222_b275916ea7_m.jpg
@TransformSoc 
…Enhanced Performance 
Mind Control: faster and beer 
h@p://cdni.wired.co.uk/1240x826/o_r/rnanpsvwcv7b6aun5iq3.jpg
h.p://www.psu.com/forums/showthread.php/306516=A=sensa?onal=breakthrough=the=first=bionic=hand=that=can=feel, 
@TransformSoc 
Connecting Bionically 
@TransformSoc, 
2009: A 
Bionic Hand 
that Can Feel 
@TransformSoc, 
2014: Sense Objects, Size, 
Shape, and Texture 
h.p://www.dvice.com/sites/dvice/files/styles/blog_post_media/public/bionic@hand@touch.jpg?itok=gz1wGNlk.,
@TransformSoc 
Cheaper and Faster 
h@p://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2014/03/dutch_hospital_gives_paWent_n.php 
3D Printed Skull 
h@p://a57.foxnews.com/global.fncstaWc.com/staWc/managed/876/493/6603DSpine2.jpg?ve=1&tl=1 
3D Printed Vertebras 
• Private 
or 
Public 
Funding 
for 
research? 
• Randomized 
or 
Selected 
PaWents? 
• Public 
and 
Transparent 
Results?
3D Printing & Human Tissue Cultures 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://ediWon.cnn.com/2014/04/03/tech/innovaWon/3-­‐d-­‐prinWng-­‐human-­‐organs/
@TransformSoc 
Who Decides Who Gets One? 
US FDA approves the Deka arm, the first commercial mind-­‐ 
controlled prostheJc arm (May 2014) 
h@p://www.extremetech.com/extreme/182202-­‐fda-­‐approves-­‐the-­‐deka-­‐arm-­‐the-­‐first-­‐commercial-­‐mind-­‐controlled-­‐prostheWc-­‐arm
@TransformSoc 
Stragegies for Getting One 
What 
about 
your 
kid? 
• Wrote 
to 
Mercedes' 
F1 
team 
• Asked 
for 
$57,000 
bionic 
hand. 
• Offered 
the 
company 
to 
sponsor 
the 
hand 
with 
Mercedes 
logo 
-­‐ 
like 
ads 
on 
F1 
cars. 
14-­‐year-­‐old 
Ma@hew 
James
@TransformSoc 
Who Certifies It? 
Neil Harbisson 
can hear colours and 
connect to Internet 
Ref: 
h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M 
h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/480900066434104938/ 
h@p://www.businessinsider.com/bionic-­‐technology-­‐human-­‐cyborgs-­‐2014-­‐7
Is 
it 
one 
thing 
to 
use 
a 
chip 
to 
help 
somebody 
with 
a 
neurological 
challenge 
and 
another 
to 
insert 
one 
to 
improve 
normal 
brain 
function? 
@TransformSoc
Brave New World? 
Looking,forward,to,the,Bionic,Olympics,in,2016, 
@TransformSoc, 
@TransformSoc 
Cybathlon 
h.p://www.techandinnova9ondaily.com/wp<content/uploads/2013/02/Bionics.jpg, 
@TransformSoc, 
Wo u l d Yo u Ask for an Implant 
for Better Performance?... 
, 
Possible(reasons:, 
, 
• Health, 
• Sport, 
• Jobs, 
• Science, 
• Paren8ng, 
• Sex, 
• …,,,…,,,?, 
, h=p://www.juanblogs.com/wpCcontent/uploads/2014/03/LookingCforwardCforCBionicCOlympicsCinC2016.jpg,
@TransformSoc 
When do I Stop Being Me?
Bertolt Meyer: 
What 
happens 
if 
a 
bionic 
hand 
becomes 
available 
that 
lets 
you 
type 
more 
rapidly? 
Or 
a 
leg 
that 
lets 
you 
run 
faster? 
Would 
you 
choose 
to 
replace 
a 
healthy 
limb 
with 
a 
bionic 
one? 
Should 
that 
be 
allowed? 
@TransformSoc
@TransformSoc 
Claudia 
Mitchell 
has 
a 
bionic 
arm, 
controlled 
by 
her 
brain 
(2005 
image)
Which of these uses of human bionics would 
80 
70 
60 
50 
40 
30 
20 
10 
@TransformSoc 
you accept for yourself? 
Which of these uses of human bionics would you accept for yourself? 
66.67 
55.56 
66.67 
33.33 
72.73 
40.91 
54.55 
22.73 
0 
Medical 
implants 
that 
include 
your 
personal 
treatment 
records, 
available 
to 
health 
professionals 
Implanted 
devices 
to 
facilitate 
personal 
life, 
such 
as 
telephones, 
idenWficaWon, 
cashless 
transacWons 
Enhanced 
night 
vision 
through 
ocular 
implants 
for 
professionals 
like 
police, 
security, 
soldiers, 
etc. 
An 
extra 
wearable 
limb 
for 
gaming 
Under 
40 
age 
group 
All 
age 
group 
h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
@TransformSoc 
Who Has the Power? 
Robotic Knights to Save Human Lives…? 
Talos, 
roboWc 
exoskeleton 
h@p://media3.s-­‐nbcnews.com/i/streams/2013/August/130816/6C8651922-­‐exoskeleton.jpg 
h@p://arWficialhumanoid.blogspot.com.es/2013/09/leonardo-­‐da-­‐vinci-­‐humanoid-­‐robot_9.html 
Romanesc RoboJc Knights
Ray 
Gallon 
& 
Neus 
Lorenzo 
“My 
i-­‐limb 
connects 
to 
my 
iPhone, 
but 
my 
iPhone 
is 
connected 
to 
the 
internet. 
Technically, 
a 
part 
of 
my 
body 
has 
become 
hackable.” 
@TransformSoc 
–Bertolt 
Meyer
@TransformSoc 
Which 
of 
these 
do 
you 
think 
is 
most 
ethically 
relevant? 
2.86 
20 
14.29 
2.86 
5.71 
34.29 
5.71 
14.29 
8.57 
14.29 
22.86 
8.57 
8.57 
8.57 
0 
28.57 
11.43 
8.57 
8.57 
14.29 
5.71 
25.71 
Cost 
of 
bionic 
devices 
Who 
decides 
about 
providing 
implants 
Who 
has 
priority 
access 
to 
bionic 
devices 
ArWficially 
altered 
percepWon 
Hacking 
neuronal 
transmi@ers 
ViolaWon 
of 
the 
body 
Challenge 
to 
religious 
beliefs 
Threat 
of 
control 
or 
surveillance 
1 
2 
3 
h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
Jerry 
lost 
his 
finger 
in 
an 
accident: 
Now 
he 
has 
a 
Flashdrive 
implant 
@TransformSoc 
What are the limits? 
Ref: 
h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M 
With 
electrodes 
fixed 
to 
his 
brain, 
Chirpy 
the 
pigeon 
no 
longer 
has 
full 
control 
of 
his 
criWcal 
faculWes. 
h@p://www.wired.com/images_blogs/photos/uncategorized/cyborg_pigeon2_2.jpg
Helping Animals – or Using Them? 
h.p://blogs.plos.org/wonderland/files/2012/05/2010_03_14_motalaBwithBadjustedBprosthesis.jpg, 
@TransformSoc 
Man, Lord of Animals? 
@TransformSoc, 
, 
Decision(making:, 
, 
• Empathy, 
• PrioriIes, 
• Efficiency, 
• Investment, 
• Ethics, 
• …,,,…,,,?, 
, 
@TransformSoc, 
Cyborg insects – or Mini-Drones? 
h.p://media5cache5ec0.pinimg.com/236x/50/a8/0f/50a80fa568c94337a92083aa09133fc3.jpg, 
, 
Security)and)Privacy:, 
, 
• FuncFons, 
• Transparency, 
• GuaranFes, 
• AuthoriFes, 
• War, 
• …,,,…,,,?, 
,
– 
Could 
bionic 
research, 
e.g. 
for 
depression, 
also 
be 
used 
as 
a 
psychotropic 
weapon? 
– 
Who 
is 
responsible 
when 
a 
thought-­‐controlled 
device 
causes 
unintended 
harm? 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://www.bluebadgestyle.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/10/th.jpg
@TransformSoc 
Connecting to Others or 
Controlling Others? 
CyberneWcs 
expert 
Kevin 
Warwick 
connected 
his 
nervous 
system 
to 
his 
wife's: 
When 
she 
moves 
her 
arm, 
he 
feels 
it 
in 
his 
brain 
Ref: 
h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M
60 
50 
40 
30 
20 
10 
@TransformSoc 
Human Bionics 
More Freedom or Electronic Slavery 
Rate on the following scale, 
where 1 is freedom, and 4 is slavery? 
h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w= 
0 
1 
2 
3 
4 
Under 
40 
age 
group 
All 
age 
groups 
1.96
Real Worries, Real Paranoia, Real Lies 
@TransformSoc
Human Bionics: Where is the power? 
@TransformSoc 
h@p://dingo.care2.com/pictures/causes/3116/3115981.large.jpg
Twier: @Transformsoc 
@TransformSoc 
THANK YOU 
Neus 
Email: 
neus@transformaWonsociety.net 
LinkedIn: 
Neus 
Lorenzo 
Slideshare: h@p://www.slideshare.net/ 
TransformaWonSociety 
2014 Web – TransformaJon Society: 
h@p://www.transformaWonsociety.net 
Ray 
Email: 
ray@transformaWonsociety.net 
LinkedIn: 
Ray 
Gallon 
Google Plus: 
+Ray 
Gallon 
Next Topic: “Digital 
Learning 
– 
Individual 
AdapWve 
ConstrucWon 
or 
Connected 
Social 
InteracWon?” 
Blog/survey 
published: 
13 
November 
2014 
Webinar: 
4 
December 
2014

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Transforming Society Through Human Bionics

  • 1. Ray Gallon & Neus Lorenzo @TransformSoc Human Bionics More Freedom or Electronic Slavery? h@p://www.smartboneblog.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/02/url-­‐copia.jpeg
  • 2. @TransformSoc Poll: What’s your opinion of Human Bionics? • Pick one answer: A: Something to be afraid of B: A promise of a better life
  • 3. @TransformSoc The Connotation of Human Bionics Human bionics is mainly about roboWc mechanisms in a futurisWc scenario Human bionics relates to implants to enhance human capabiliWes Which of these two statements is closer to reality? h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w= 9% 91%
  • 4. Iran : Eye, 2900-­‐2800 BCE Money & Power @TransformSoc 3000-Year-Old Prostheses Prosthesis, (from Ancient Greek prósthesis, "addiWon, applicaWon, a@achment" Iraq: Lens, 1200-­‐1000 BCE Secret Knowledge h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111653328904/ Egypt: Toe, 1200-­‐1000 BCE h@p://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosthesis FuncJonaliy h@p://media-­‐cache-­‐ec0.pinimg.com/736x/e1/cd/0f/ e1cd0f0fefabef6b81630d6a0d5e56f.jpg
  • 5. Leonardo da Vinci: The Concept h@p://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/design/images/davinci.jpg @TransformSoc h@p://elder-­‐geek.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2010/11/830px-­‐Leonardos_Flying_machine_Design.jpg Bionics: the use of biological prototypes for the design of man-­‐made syntheWc systems –Dr. Jack E. Steele, US Air Force, 1960 • Study basic principles in nature • Use them to produce applicaWons to meet the needs of humankind
  • 6. Technology for Health Enhancement Roman surgical instruments found at Pompeii h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111654234215/ @TransformSoc Victorian ProstheWc Arm (1885) h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/387591111654990751/
  • 7. Health and Technology External)&)Implanted @TransformSoc, @TransformSoc Cochleal Implant h.p://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/sci_environment/12/bionic_body/img/cochlear_implant320x180.jpg, @TransformSoc, Timed Release Medication from a Smart Skin Patch External)&)Opera-ng)on h.p://themedicalfuturist.com/wp:content/uploads/2014/03/31:1000x1000.jpg,
  • 8. @TransformSoc Health and Beauty h@p://vigodenWstas.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2014/02/bigstock-­‐Capped-­‐Dental-­‐Implant-­‐ Model-­‐6941096.jpg Replacing or Improving? h@p://www.amawebs.com/storage/photos/m42dl49edne.jpg
  • 9. Using digital prostheWc devices can… 100.00% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00% Offer you new sensorial @TransformSoc potenWaliWes Help your individual growth Facilitate your professional development Make you dependent on a machine Leave you vulnerable to hackers Expose you to external control and surveillance All age groups Under 40 age group
  • 10. A Paradigm Shift for Technology From Controlling the External Environment… h.p://zeropluscampus.umn.edu/tools/images/websolar.png, h.p://www.speedupmypcfree.com/wp8content/uploads/2012/10/500x_4388295418_4f0db62357_b_01.jpg, @TransformSoc, @TransformSoc h.p://d3ux6s8yj4izvp.cloudfront.net/wp8content/uploads/2009/04/sustainable8wind8farms.jpg, @TransformSoc, …To Controlling Our Internal Selves h.p://jjlayfield.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/transhumanism.jpg, h.ps://research.unsw.edu.au/sites/all/files/styles/carousel_image/public/ images/custom_project/1346204775_greggs_eye_image.jpg?itok=KoXlzYX3, h.p://pages.vassar.edu/l./ files/2011/03/P5200049.jpg,
  • 11. @TransformSoc Taxonomy: Bionic Degrees Source: TransformaWon Society, 2014
  • 12. @TransformSoc Draped Wearables Devices that we drape onto our bodies – glasses, clothing, watches… h@p://usabilitygeek.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/12/ways-­‐wearable-­‐ technology-­‐can-­‐improve-­‐our-­‐lives-­‐google-­‐glass.jpg h@p://www.highsnobiety.com/files/2014/05/highsnobiety-­‐op-­‐ ed-­‐the-­‐future-­‐of-­‐wearable-­‐technology-­‐04.jpg
  • 13. @TransformSoc Wearable: Finger Reader Wearable Text-Reading Device h@p://www.vilaweb.cat/media/conWnguts/000/090/400/thumbnails/thumb_474__4.jpg Full text:h@p://www.vilaweb.cat/noWcia/4215438/20141017/dit-­‐lector.html h@p://vimeo.com/86912300
  • 14. @TransformSoc Embedded Wearables Worn, but in inWmate contact – prostheses, contact lenses, ta@oos… h@p://blog.monty.de/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/09/digital-­‐contact-­‐lense.jpg h@p://media.idownloadblog.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/ 2014/01/Sensor-­‐Tatoo-­‐image-­‐001.jpg
  • 15. Patrick (13) was the youngest person in the world h@p://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_9040000/newsid_9048400/9048484.stm @TransformSoc with a robotic arm (2010) “My friends think it looks like something out of a film. On the first day I had it, the ba@ery ran out really quickly because everyone wanted to check it out and shake my hand!”
  • 16. Natural Walking Function h.p://www.dvice.com/archives/2009/04/stanford_studen.php, @TransformSoc, @TransformSoc Not Necessarily Electronic Not Necessarily Expensive @TransformSoc, A $350 3D-Printed Myoelectric Arm for a 6-Year-Old h"p://www.3ders.org/ar0cles/201407289year9old9boy9gets93d9printed9myoelectric9arm.html July,28,,2014,
  • 17. Integrated into the interior of our bodies in a permanent, or semi-­‐ permanent way – chips, electrodes, insulin pumps, permanent ta@oos… @TransformSoc h@p://img.deusm.com/designnews/2011/07/231068/6571.jpg Implants h@p://i.yWmg.com/vi/Tt8_28fqEXk/hqdefault.jpg h@p://i.imgur.com/jCM6laG.jpg h@p://headlesschicken.ca/cyborgblog/uploaded_images/ ta@oo1-­‐725221.jpg
  • 18. bioelectric of @TransformSoc Grafts and “Wet Systems” Living Wssue that augments or replaces capacity, not just implanted, but graued into the body -­‐ May be mixed with silicon. Transcriptor – a biological transistor developed at Stanford University (drawing) h@p://images.sciencedaily.com/ 2013/03/130328142400-­‐large.jpg ArWficial using interface jellyfish (University at Illinois Chicago) h@p://www.bioe.uic.edu/pub/BIOE/ BioeProspecWveStudents/bmljellyfish.JPG This sensor chip uses slime mold to do its work h@p://www.newscienWst.com/data/images/ns/cms/dn11875/dn11875-­‐1_510.jpg
  • 19. @TransformSoc Slime Mold Computing h@p://images.techWmes.com/data/images/full/5166/slime-­‐mold-­‐logic-­‐gates.jpg?w=600 h@p://www.microsou.com/global/eu/publishingimages/MolecularCompuWng_01_Page.jpg
  • 20. Hybrid: Implant + Graft Ref: h@p://www.awesomeoff.com/images/entries/mainview/subdermal_ear.jpg @TransformSoc
  • 21. People with limited hand movement can now have elecWve amputaWon and bionic replacement in Vienna @TransformSoc
  • 22. Do these ideas make you uncomfortable? @TransformSoc 33.33 44.44 22.22 33.33 33.33 66.67 55.56 77.78 66.67 66.67 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 A helmet controlling machinery directly through brain waves Personal electronic devices etched onto your skin as a ta@oo Implants controlling body malfuncWons automaWcally Implanted personal devices, permanently connected to the Internet of Things Graued personal devices combining electronics with living Wssue with living Wssue YES NO Under 40 age group 26.67 51.11 13.33 71.11 35.56 73.33 48.89 86.67 28.89 64.44 0 A helmet controlling machinery directly through brain waves Personal electronic devices etched onto your skin as a ta@oo Implants controlling body malfuncWons automaWcally Implanted personal devices, permanently connected to the Internet of Things Graued personal devices combining electronics with living Wssue with living Wssue All age groups h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
  • 23. • “With result can be a tremendous improvement in human physical and mental capabiliWes, individual, and societal outcomes, and quality of life.” @TransformSoc Convergence • “A coherent science and engineering approach based on the unity of nature and its holisWc invesWgaWon will lead to technological convergence and a more efficient societal structure… bring[ing] together nanotechnology, biotechnology, informaWon technology, and new technologies based in cogniWve science.” proper a@enWon to ethical issues and societal needs, the M.C. Roco and W.S. Bainbridge (NSF), Converging technologies for improving human performance: IntegraGng from the nanoscale, Springer, 2002 h@p://cms.springerprofessional.de/journals/JOU=11051/VOL=2002.4/ISU=4/ART=5099721/BodyRef/PDF/11051_2004_ArWcle_5099721.pdf
  • 24. Incorporating Ethical Issues @TransformSoc h@p://www.3ders.org/images/beauty-­‐bald-­‐eagle-­‐beak-­‐1.jpg h@p://www.3ders.org/arWcles/20120814-­‐injured-­‐bald-­‐eagle-­‐beauty-­‐gets-­‐bionic-­‐beak.html A 3D Printed Beak
  • 25. @TransformSoc Dynamic Convergence Source: Roco & Bainbridge Ethics
  • 26. of @TransformSoc Enhanced Perception… Digital Reality ? Bionics Ref: h@p://www.awesomeoff.com/images/entries/mainview/subdermal_ear.jpg Internet Things h@p://farm9.staWc.flickr.com/8296/7793423222_b275916ea7_m.jpg
  • 27. @TransformSoc …Enhanced Performance Mind Control: faster and beer h@p://cdni.wired.co.uk/1240x826/o_r/rnanpsvwcv7b6aun5iq3.jpg
  • 28. h.p://www.psu.com/forums/showthread.php/306516=A=sensa?onal=breakthrough=the=first=bionic=hand=that=can=feel, @TransformSoc Connecting Bionically @TransformSoc, 2009: A Bionic Hand that Can Feel @TransformSoc, 2014: Sense Objects, Size, Shape, and Texture h.p://www.dvice.com/sites/dvice/files/styles/blog_post_media/public/bionic@hand@touch.jpg?itok=gz1wGNlk.,
  • 29. @TransformSoc Cheaper and Faster h@p://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2014/03/dutch_hospital_gives_paWent_n.php 3D Printed Skull h@p://a57.foxnews.com/global.fncstaWc.com/staWc/managed/876/493/6603DSpine2.jpg?ve=1&tl=1 3D Printed Vertebras • Private or Public Funding for research? • Randomized or Selected PaWents? • Public and Transparent Results?
  • 30. 3D Printing & Human Tissue Cultures @TransformSoc h@p://ediWon.cnn.com/2014/04/03/tech/innovaWon/3-­‐d-­‐prinWng-­‐human-­‐organs/
  • 31. @TransformSoc Who Decides Who Gets One? US FDA approves the Deka arm, the first commercial mind-­‐ controlled prostheJc arm (May 2014) h@p://www.extremetech.com/extreme/182202-­‐fda-­‐approves-­‐the-­‐deka-­‐arm-­‐the-­‐first-­‐commercial-­‐mind-­‐controlled-­‐prostheWc-­‐arm
  • 32. @TransformSoc Stragegies for Getting One What about your kid? • Wrote to Mercedes' F1 team • Asked for $57,000 bionic hand. • Offered the company to sponsor the hand with Mercedes logo -­‐ like ads on F1 cars. 14-­‐year-­‐old Ma@hew James
  • 33. @TransformSoc Who Certifies It? Neil Harbisson can hear colours and connect to Internet Ref: h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M h@p://www.pinterest.com/pin/480900066434104938/ h@p://www.businessinsider.com/bionic-­‐technology-­‐human-­‐cyborgs-­‐2014-­‐7
  • 34. Is it one thing to use a chip to help somebody with a neurological challenge and another to insert one to improve normal brain function? @TransformSoc
  • 35. Brave New World? Looking,forward,to,the,Bionic,Olympics,in,2016, @TransformSoc, @TransformSoc Cybathlon h.p://www.techandinnova9ondaily.com/wp<content/uploads/2013/02/Bionics.jpg, @TransformSoc, Wo u l d Yo u Ask for an Implant for Better Performance?... , Possible(reasons:, , • Health, • Sport, • Jobs, • Science, • Paren8ng, • Sex, • …,,,…,,,?, , h=p://www.juanblogs.com/wpCcontent/uploads/2014/03/LookingCforwardCforCBionicCOlympicsCinC2016.jpg,
  • 36. @TransformSoc When do I Stop Being Me?
  • 37. Bertolt Meyer: What happens if a bionic hand becomes available that lets you type more rapidly? Or a leg that lets you run faster? Would you choose to replace a healthy limb with a bionic one? Should that be allowed? @TransformSoc
  • 38. @TransformSoc Claudia Mitchell has a bionic arm, controlled by her brain (2005 image)
  • 39. Which of these uses of human bionics would 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 @TransformSoc you accept for yourself? Which of these uses of human bionics would you accept for yourself? 66.67 55.56 66.67 33.33 72.73 40.91 54.55 22.73 0 Medical implants that include your personal treatment records, available to health professionals Implanted devices to facilitate personal life, such as telephones, idenWficaWon, cashless transacWons Enhanced night vision through ocular implants for professionals like police, security, soldiers, etc. An extra wearable limb for gaming Under 40 age group All age group h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
  • 40. @TransformSoc Who Has the Power? Robotic Knights to Save Human Lives…? Talos, roboWc exoskeleton h@p://media3.s-­‐nbcnews.com/i/streams/2013/August/130816/6C8651922-­‐exoskeleton.jpg h@p://arWficialhumanoid.blogspot.com.es/2013/09/leonardo-­‐da-­‐vinci-­‐humanoid-­‐robot_9.html Romanesc RoboJc Knights
  • 41. Ray Gallon & Neus Lorenzo “My i-­‐limb connects to my iPhone, but my iPhone is connected to the internet. Technically, a part of my body has become hackable.” @TransformSoc –Bertolt Meyer
  • 42. @TransformSoc Which of these do you think is most ethically relevant? 2.86 20 14.29 2.86 5.71 34.29 5.71 14.29 8.57 14.29 22.86 8.57 8.57 8.57 0 28.57 11.43 8.57 8.57 14.29 5.71 25.71 Cost of bionic devices Who decides about providing implants Who has priority access to bionic devices ArWficially altered percepWon Hacking neuronal transmi@ers ViolaWon of the body Challenge to religious beliefs Threat of control or surveillance 1 2 3 h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w=
  • 43. Jerry lost his finger in an accident: Now he has a Flashdrive implant @TransformSoc What are the limits? Ref: h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M With electrodes fixed to his brain, Chirpy the pigeon no longer has full control of his criWcal faculWes. h@p://www.wired.com/images_blogs/photos/uncategorized/cyborg_pigeon2_2.jpg
  • 44. Helping Animals – or Using Them? h.p://blogs.plos.org/wonderland/files/2012/05/2010_03_14_motalaBwithBadjustedBprosthesis.jpg, @TransformSoc Man, Lord of Animals? @TransformSoc, , Decision(making:, , • Empathy, • PrioriIes, • Efficiency, • Investment, • Ethics, • …,,,…,,,?, , @TransformSoc, Cyborg insects – or Mini-Drones? h.p://media5cache5ec0.pinimg.com/236x/50/a8/0f/50a80fa568c94337a92083aa09133fc3.jpg, , Security)and)Privacy:, , • FuncFons, • Transparency, • GuaranFes, • AuthoriFes, • War, • …,,,…,,,?, ,
  • 45. – Could bionic research, e.g. for depression, also be used as a psychotropic weapon? – Who is responsible when a thought-­‐controlled device causes unintended harm? @TransformSoc h@p://www.bluebadgestyle.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2013/10/th.jpg
  • 46. @TransformSoc Connecting to Others or Controlling Others? CyberneWcs expert Kevin Warwick connected his nervous system to his wife's: When she moves her arm, he feels it in his brain Ref: h@ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaHh50PHN5M
  • 47. 60 50 40 30 20 10 @TransformSoc Human Bionics More Freedom or Electronic Slavery Rate on the following scale, where 1 is freedom, and 4 is slavery? h@p://www.e-­‐encuesta.com/answer?testId=Z+VP3Ua/O1w= 0 1 2 3 4 Under 40 age group All age groups 1.96
  • 48. Real Worries, Real Paranoia, Real Lies @TransformSoc
  • 49. Human Bionics: Where is the power? @TransformSoc h@p://dingo.care2.com/pictures/causes/3116/3115981.large.jpg
  • 50. Twier: @Transformsoc @TransformSoc THANK YOU Neus Email: neus@transformaWonsociety.net LinkedIn: Neus Lorenzo Slideshare: h@p://www.slideshare.net/ TransformaWonSociety 2014 Web – TransformaJon Society: h@p://www.transformaWonsociety.net Ray Email: ray@transformaWonsociety.net LinkedIn: Ray Gallon Google Plus: +Ray Gallon Next Topic: “Digital Learning – Individual AdapWve ConstrucWon or Connected Social InteracWon?” Blog/survey published: 13 November 2014 Webinar: 4 December 2014