Reverse Etymology


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We use daily thousands of words in our own language or in an other one

but do we always know the meaning they contain?

This series will help us discovering what they have to tell us

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Reverse Etymology

  1. 1. Words Reverse etymology understand words and their meaning from the origin to the modern languages
  2. 2. Words We use daily thousands of words in our own language or in an other one but do we always know the meaning they contain? This series will help us discovering what they have to tell us
  3. 3. Word
  4. 4. Words Let's consider an orchard with several trees of different species. Take one fruit ; where does it come from ? From the tree and its root This tree has given many fruits. One fruit has in it the life for a new tree (the seed ) This seed spreads the life around.
  5. 5. Words Now one fruit is one Word . Using etymology we can return to the root of that fruit (word), Defining the root of the word, See what word have been generated from that root in different languages (Several trees of the same species develop ) Trees of different species (different language families) develop and mix up.
  6. 6. Word
  7. 7. Words <ul><li>We are starting today a series of short presentation called : </li></ul><ul><li>reverse etymology </li></ul><ul><li>We will take a word that is commonly used and identify its roots, back in Latin and Greek (most cases in Indo-European languages)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>From these roots, we will discover together how modern words have evolved in different languages </li></ul><ul><li>You will be surprised to see how similar, languages that sound so different, sometimes are... </li></ul>
  8. 8. Words <ul><li>Every day we will define a new word and you will find its reverse etymology on the Transeeo forum </li></ul><ul><li>The series will start in English, French, Russian, Spanish, Dutch, German, Italian will also be available soon, and many others... </li></ul><ul><li>You will be able to rate the series </li></ul><ul><li>You will be able to suggest new words that you would like to understand better and we will add them on the series </li></ul>
  9. 9. Words <ul><li>In the reverse etymology series we will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlight possible misunderstanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the origin of homonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain false friends (sound similar, but do not have the same meaning)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the difference between synonyms (attitude, behaviour)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the origin of common expressions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the meaning of celebrations </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Words <ul><li>In the reverse etymology series we will (follow): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover how to say hello, thank you in different languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to address to a person (unformal, formal)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover peculiarities of different languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How new words are defined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The origin of Family names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And much more... </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Words <ul><li>The first word we are going to study is etymology . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Etymology <ul><li>Etymology comes from the Greek words: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>etumon that means true meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>logos which means speech, word, topic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Originally a speech that defines the true meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Logos is derived </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from the Greek word legein, λέγω (to speak)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leg- ( to collect, to speak) ‏ </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Etymology <ul><li>In the 14 th Century it became the English word etymology that is still in use today. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the meaning of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study of the origin of the words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study of ascendant of the words to, step by step, go back to the root </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Etymology <ul><li>Are languages so different we believe, when listening to them? : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>étymologie (French)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etymologie (Dutch)‏ - Etymologie (German)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etimologija (Lithuanian)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etimologia (Italian) - etymologia (Polish)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etimologi (Norwegian and Swedish)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Этимoлoгия (Russian)‏ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Though we speak different languages, we all want to know where the words come from and what they actually mean! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Etymology <ul><li>Etymology is not just a science for specialists, it helps everyone to speak properly and to pass the right message by using the right word in each situation </li></ul><ul><li>At Transeeo we do not only translate words, we translate the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Transeeo helps you communicating with the world </li></ul>
  16. 16. Words <ul><li>The next word we will study together is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See you soon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>