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Us history, 3rd class


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Us history, 3rd class

  1. 1. US history, 3rd class<br />17th century colonies & settlers <br />in North America<br />(Caribbean next week)<br />
  2. 2. announcements <br />I apologize – I was wrong. This class starts at 10:10. <br />Please acquire a map of the US or North America – essential!<br />Please turn in paper # 1, if you have not done so.<br />
  3. 3. Palace of the Governors (1610)Santa Fe, New Mexico<br />
  4. 4. Santa Fe, New Mexico<br />
  5. 5. St. Lawrence River, New France<br />
  6. 6. Quebec & Sault St. Marie, New France, 17th c<br />
  7. 7. Montreal, New France, 17th c.<br />
  8. 8. New Amsterdam (aka New York)<br />
  9. 9. Chesapeake Bay colonies<br />Virginia Company received a royal charter & founded Jamestown. 1607, 1st permanent English settlement. <br />1632, proprietary colony founded by the Calverts, the Lords Baltimore, Catholics, now Maryland. <br />
  10. 10. Jamestown (Virginia)<br />
  11. 11. St. Mary’s, Maryland<br />
  12. 12. Chesapeake colonies<br />In addition to subsistence crops, colonists primarily grew a cash-producing crop for export: tobacco.<br />different forms of government & settlement in VA & MD, but <br /> common geography<br /> & climate <br /> created similar <br /> economies. <br />
  13. 13. who settled Chesapeake (Maryland & Virginia colonies)?<br />¾ of all English migrants to the Chesapeake came as indentured servants. <br />In 17th c, slavery <br /> was more <br /> expensive & thus <br /> less common. <br />
  14. 14. Massachusetts – religious dissenters from the Church of England<br />Pilgrims – separate, form own societies. <br />Puritans – purify the church.<br />Both came in families to settle permanently. <br />
  15. 15. Plymouth Plantation, 1620<br />Mayflower (ship)<br />Pilgrims<br />Backed by Virginia Company<br />
  16. 16. Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1629<br />Puritans<br />Boston<br />Royal charter<br />
  17. 17. all colonies – relations w Indians<br />Indians attempted to use colonists to further their own goals, often in conflicts with other indigenous peoples.<br />Indians typically ensured survival of 1st colonists. <br />Diseases from Europe ravaged Indian populations.<br />Warfare between Indians & colonists in 17thcentury in Spanish & English, but not French, colonies. French primarily traded w Indians. <br />
  18. 18. Unique characteristics of British colonies<br />Families & permanent settlement.<br />Wanted land from Indians for more settlers.<br />Less motivated by Christianizing the Native people than Catholic Spain & France.<br />British Civil War, Puritan Commonwealth, execution of king, restoration of monarchy.<br />Communities excluded Indians, as compared to French & Spanish, which included Indians. <br />
  19. 19. Assignment for next week<br />Peruse a web site on the history of one of the following:<br />(last name A – F) Jamestown, Virginia<br />(last name G – P) Plimouth Plantation, Mass.<br />(last name R – Z) St, Mary’s City, Maryland<br />Use a state or national park or a Smithsonian web site. Do not rely on Wikipedia!<br />What did you learn that interested you?<br />