The State of Biking
in St. Louis
Rhonda Smythe, MPH, MS, RD
Policy & Advocacy Manager
Where We Started
History
Ballot Measure
2000
Prop C

Clean Water, Safe Parks and Community
Trails

1/10th cent tax = $10 million/year
(only Missour...
Prop C - The River Ring
Trailnet Initiatives
Planning:

Bicycle and pedestrian plans

Policy/Advocacy:

Safe Routes to

Schools

Federal, state

a...
Gateway Bike Plan
2005

First 20 miles of Bike St. Louis (Phase 1)

2008

Additional 50 miles added (Phase 2)

2009

Fundi...
Gateway Bike Plan
2011

Coordinated planning effort completed with
GRG, MoDOT, EWG, Metro, Trailnet, and
municipalities

2...
Biking Trends
Where We Are
Biking Trends
Biking Trends
Education & Encouragement
Political Support
Bike Counts
2012

50 locations counted
Bikes: 2,811
Pedestrians: 6,129
Total: 8,940

2013

50 locations counted
Bikes: 2,5...
Where We’re Going
Streets for Everyone
Four types of bicyclists

Geller R. Four types of cyclists. PDOT. 2006.
18
Four kinds of bicyclists

Dill, J. Categorizing Cyclists: What do we know?
19
Four kinds of bicyclists

Dill, J. Categorizing Cyclists: What do we know?
20
Evidence Base

Dill, J. "Bicycling for transportation and health: the role of infrastructure.” Journal of Public Health
Po...
Evidence Base
Higher levels of bicycle infrastructure are positively and
significantly correlated with higher rates of bic...
Evidence Base
FHWA Support
FHWA supports a “flexible approach” to bike/ped
facility design. It urges transportation engineers to
use, as...
Tremendous potential
Of all trips . . .

39% 17%

47%

are less than 3 miles

are driven

are less than
1 mile

of these t...
People want transportation
choices

66%

of Americans want more transportation
options so they have the freedom to choose
...
Implementation
Does not require additional funds, new
Right of Way, or new projects
This is about changing

the way

we do...
Thank you
Rhonda Smythe, MPH, MS, RD
Policy & Advocacy Manager
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The State of Biking in St. Louis Rhonda Smythe

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Moving to the Next Level, November 20, 2013
Gateway Bike Plan Implementation Workshop

Session: State of Biking in the Region: Progress Made

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  • My history
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • History, HAVC, Mission – to lead in fostering healthy, active and vibrant communities where walking, bicycling and the use of public transit are a way of life.
  • Initially private funding project, when failed tax initiative became necessary to supplement with public funds. Detractors concerned about lack of public oversight and citizen involvement
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsSTL and GRG put in $140,000 each for the 20% match
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • 900 mile systemArterials and collectorsPhase 1 and 2 = 84 milesPhase 3 = upgrade 60 miles and add 40 new miles
  • And we know people will walk and bike if the conditions are right.Source: CDC 2012, infographic from newpublichealth.org
  • So we know that there is tremendous potential for Complete Streets. We can convert short tripsfrom driving to walking and bicycling to take of advantage of a host of benefits.
  • Complete Streets not only make sense for moving people through space and time, but Complete Streets also reflect what we want.
  • My history
  • The State of Biking in St. Louis Rhonda Smythe

    1. 1. The State of Biking in St. Louis Rhonda Smythe, MPH, MS, RD Policy & Advocacy Manager
    2. 2. Where We Started
    3. 3. History
    4. 4. Ballot Measure 2000 Prop C Clean Water, Safe Parks and Community Trails 1/10th cent tax = $10 million/year (only Missouri) Votes - St. Louis City: 76.6% Y, 23.4% N - St. Louis County: 69.6% Y, 30.4% N - St. Charles County: 56.7% Y, 43.3% N
    5. 5. Prop C - The River Ring
    6. 6. Trailnet Initiatives Planning: Bicycle and pedestrian plans Policy/Advocacy: Safe Routes to Schools Federal, state and local Events: Programming: Creating social networks around physical activity TravelGreen: Education and encouragement Regional Trail System:Collaborating on regional efforts
    7. 7. Gateway Bike Plan 2005 First 20 miles of Bike St. Louis (Phase 1) 2008 Additional 50 miles added (Phase 2) 2009 Funding allocated by Great Rivers Greenway for comprehensive plan to create a system of bicycle routes between communities, transit, greenways and trails
    8. 8. Gateway Bike Plan 2011 Coordinated planning effort completed with GRG, MoDOT, EWG, Metro, Trailnet, and municipalities 2013 St. Louis City receives $1.4 million STP grant to update 60 miles of bicycle facilities and add 40 new miles (Phase 3) 2014 Phase 3 implementation
    9. 9. Biking Trends
    10. 10. Where We Are
    11. 11. Biking Trends
    12. 12. Biking Trends
    13. 13. Education & Encouragement
    14. 14. Political Support
    15. 15. Bike Counts 2012 50 locations counted Bikes: 2,811 Pedestrians: 6,129 Total: 8,940 2013 50 locations counted Bikes: 2,536 Pedestrians: 5,795 Total: 8,331
    16. 16. Where We’re Going
    17. 17. Streets for Everyone
    18. 18. Four types of bicyclists Geller R. Four types of cyclists. PDOT. 2006. 18
    19. 19. Four kinds of bicyclists Dill, J. Categorizing Cyclists: What do we know? 19
    20. 20. Four kinds of bicyclists Dill, J. Categorizing Cyclists: What do we know? 20
    21. 21. Evidence Base Dill, J. "Bicycling for transportation and health: the role of infrastructure.” Journal of Public Health Policy (2009): S95-S110.
    22. 22. Evidence Base Higher levels of bicycle infrastructure are positively and significantly correlated with higher rates of bicycle commuting. Dill, J, Carr T. "Bicycle commuting and facilities in major US cities: if you build them, commuters will use them." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1828.1 (2003): 116-123.
    23. 23. Evidence Base
    24. 24. FHWA Support FHWA supports a “flexible approach” to bike/ped facility design. It urges transportation engineers to use, as their primary resources, two guides as they plan, design, operate, and maintain bicycle and pedestrian facilities. They are the Urban Bikeway Design Guide issued by the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NAACTO) and Designing Urban Walkable Thoroughfares from the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE).
    25. 25. Tremendous potential Of all trips . . . 39% 17% 47% are less than 3 miles are driven are less than 1 mile of these trips… National Household Travel Survey (2009) 25
    26. 26. People want transportation choices 66% of Americans want more transportation options so they have the freedom to choose how to get where they need to go. 73% currently feel they have no choice but to drive as much as they do. 57% would like to spend less time in the car. Future of Transportation National Survey (2010)
    27. 27. Implementation Does not require additional funds, new Right of Way, or new projects This is about changing the way we do businessso that existing resources are used to create transportation options for Saint Louis residents.
    28. 28. Thank you Rhonda Smythe, MPH, MS, RD Policy & Advocacy Manager

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