The Minneapolis Bicycle Story David Peterson


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Moving to the Next Level, November 20, 2013
Gateway Bike Plan Implementation Workshop

Sessions: Best Practices for Build-out and Maintenance
Modus Operandi: Policies and Procedures for
Model Facilities

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The Minneapolis Bicycle Story David Peterson

  1. 1. The Minneapolis Bicycle Story David Peterson Bicycle & Pedestrian Section Traffic & Parking Services Division Minneapolis Public Works Department November 20, 2013
  2. 2. A bit about Minneapolis Largest city in Minnesota: 393,000 Regional population: 3.4 million Area: 58.4 mi2 20 lakes, ponds and wetlands Annual precipitation: 30.6 in. Annual snowfall: 50.8 in. July average high: 83.4 °F January average low: 7.5 °F Bicycle Commuting Mode Share: 4.5% Pedestrian Commuting Mode Share: 6.9%
  3. 3. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning &Engineering: Parkways Parkways are the Backbone of the Non-Motorized System Horace Cleveland Theodore Wirth David Smith, Minneapolis Parks Board of Commissioners founded in 1883. Horace Cleveland responsible for the revision of the City’s park system. Theodore Wirth was hired served as Superintendent from 1906 to 1935, expanding the parks acreage from 1,800 to more than
  4. 4. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning &Engineering: Parkways Lake Calhoun Trail Parkway & Trail, 1909 Minnesota Historical Society Lake Calhoun Parkway, 2009 A fatal bicycle-pedestrian crash in 1972 on the Lake Harriet combined bicycle and pedestrian trail resulted in widespread separation of bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Total off-street facilities today (MPRB and Minneapolis Public Works) = 85+ miles
  5. 5. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering: Bike Lanes September 1974 – First bike lanes are installed in Minneapolis on 4th Street SE and University Ave SE, adjacent to the University of Minnesota campus 4th Street SE at Oak Street, Minneapolis
  6. 6. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering: Bike Lanes 1994 – System of Bike Lanes Developed in Downtown Minneapolis 9th Street S Hennepin Avenue Marquette Ave S
  7. 7. History of Minneapolis Bicycle Planning & Engineering Stone Arch Bridge Preservation - 1994 Stone Arch Bridge looking south, 1905 Minnesota Historical Society Stone Arch Bridge Bicycle & Pedestrian Path Dudley Edmondson
  8. 8. Other Minneapolis Bicycle & Pedestrian Only Bridges Bridge #9 (Dinkytown Greenway Bridge) Washington Avenue Bridge
  9. 9. Taking Advantage of Opportunities 35W Bridge Collapse - 2007 Tunnel constructed underneath new bridge
  10. 10. Opportunities from Subsequent Bridge Retrofits Plymouth Ave N Lanes reduced from 4 to 2; protected lanes added, September 2013
  11. 11. Opportunities from Subsequent Bridge Reconstructions Lowry Ave N Full reconstruction. Bicycle accommodation both on and off street. Minneapolis Bicycle Coalition
  12. 12. World Class Trail System Totals more than 85 miles Cedar Lake Trail – 1995, 2011 Hiawatha Light Rail Trail - 2004 Midtown Greenway, three phases 2000-2006 18th Ave NE Trail - 2011 Martin Olav Sabo Bridge, 2007, Dan Anderson Dinkytown Greenway – 2013, SW Journal
  13. 13. Low-Stress Network – Protected Lanes Parking protected, minimal buffer, 2009 Buffer widened, 2011 1st Ave N Green Conflict Zones added, 2013 Flexible delineators added, 2012
  14. 14. Low-Stress Network – Buffered Lanes Lyndale Ave S Buffered Bike Lane - 2013 1st Avenue S - 2011
  15. 15. Low-Stress Network – Bike Boulevards Street markings Traffic Reduction 19 Miles by the end of 2013 Bicycle Wayfinding Traffic Calming
  16. 16. Low-Stress Network – Neighborhood Greenways Full Linear Park Greenway Half & Half Greenway
  17. 17. Milwaukee Avenue Originally planned workers community housing constructed in the 1880s, the street was named to the National Register for Historic Places in 1974 in a move to thwart demolition. The street was subsequently closed to motor vehicle traffic.
  18. 18. Other Bicycle Infrastructure Shared Lanes Turning Stop Signs Raised Trail Crossings Advisory Bike Lanes Traffic Signals
  19. 19. Bicycle Parking Program City pays 50% of the cost of purchase/installation for racks in the public right-ofway. $50,000 annually (general fund), administered by Public Works Parking. Installed 667 racks in 2012. Fund has been in operation since mid-1990s. Standard Hitch Style Rack Custom Racks for some neighborhoods Meter Hitch Rack, Uptown Bike Corral, Seward Minneapolis Central Library Custom Styles
  20. 20. Other Bicycle Efforts Bicycle Crash Analysis, 2013 Minneapolis Bike Map, 2013 (2nd ed.) Minneapolis Bicycling Account, 2011
  21. 21. Annual Bicycle & Pedestrian Counts Every September, trained volunteers count 30 benchmark locations over two days, along with 300 locations counted once every three years.
  22. 22. 2013 Summer Safety Campaign Displayed May-June at 27 bush shelters along high-crash corridors
  23. 23. Safety Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure • Increased predictability for all users (bicyclists tend to use the designated bicycle areas) • Build it and they will come: • Increased numbers of cyclists makes the system safer (safety in numbers)
  24. 24. Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure More than 2,000 housing units have been built along the Midtown Greenway corridor since 2000. 1,000 more are in the development pipeline. New bridge and ramp constructed by adjacent developer, Mosaic and Flux Buildings. Minneapolis Bike Love Development is likely a combination of the greenway, market forces, transit investment, proximity to the lakes and downtown, and the mix of shops and restaurants in these neighborhoods. Flux Building, 2013. Global Site Plans
  25. 25. Developing a Project Workplan Maintenance-Related Bike Program Review maintenance program (autumn prior to resurfacing year) Match maintenance plan to bike plan routes Internal staff discussion and recommendation of project list Share with bicycle advisory committee and revise list Share with council members Neighborhood and business outreach, as recommended by CMs To the Record letters signed by CMs Projects finalized and scheduled Project construction May-October
  26. 26. Developing a Project Workplan Minneapolis Bicycle Master Plan (2011) Bikeways Master Plan Map
  27. 27. Developing a Project Workplan Coordination with Street Maintenance: Resurfacing Sharrows installed following new mat, 2013.
  28. 28. Developing a Project Workplan Coordination with Street Maintenance: Seal Coating 4:3 conversion, wide bike lanes added, 2012. Green chip experiment at conflict zone.
  29. 29. Developing a Project Workplan Capital Project Program Identify the project (small area plans, bicycle or pedestrian master plans, elected officials) – October/Nov Basic scoping (PW staff) Staff prioritization, using criteria (pavement condition index, safety, community demand, etc.) Public Works administration consideration and revision Capital Long Range Improvement Committee consideration Sent to Mayor’s office for consideration Mayoral budget inclusion (~July) Council adoption (December)
  30. 30. Winter Maintenance - Successes Policy: Curb-to-curb clearance. Prioritization set by snow emergency policy Trails are plowed within 24 hours after the end of a snowfall using a standard pickup with a plow blade. Many are accessible before most streets. Plowed trail after a major snow Special service for the 1st Ave N protected lane. Width is adequate for a truck with a blade, but hand shoveling is required, as is snow removal (in the downtown district). Downtown Improvement District employees clearing curb ramps
  31. 31. Winter Maintenance - Challenges Annual Snowfall: ~51” Snow tends to stick around in MPLS. Adjacent to parking lanes, snow storage pushes parked vehicles into bike lanes. Curbside bike lanes frequently become impassable following plowing. Needs • Network prioritization • Maintenance vehicles and staff resources to do the job Some areas require hand shoveling. This is the primary snow plowing vehicle. It’s not great for precision, and impossible for narrow spaces.
  32. 32. University of Minnesota Brush vehicle for path clearance Antonio Rosell, Community Design Group Maintenance Goals 1) Provide safe access for students, staff and visitors 2) Employ cost-effective and fruitful methods 3) Keep environment as pollution-free as possible Brine solution for pre-treatment Antonio Rosell, Community Design Group
  33. 33. Funding the Bike Program General Fund Contributions Public Works • • • • • Traffic Division – Bicycle & Pedestrian Section Budget ($575,000) Traffic Division – Traffic Operations Signals, Signs, Painting Traffic Division – Bicycle Parking Fund ($50,000) Transportation Maintenance & Repair Division – Repaving, Seal Coating, Pothole Repair, Street Sweeping, Snow & Ice Control Transportation Planning & Engineering Division – Capital Project Planning and Management for Streets, Bridges and Pathways Communications Department • • Press releases and promo video content Press conferences Health & Family Support • Statewide Health Improvement Project, other grants Intergovernmental Relations • Conveys bike-related policy priorities to State and other lawmakers Community Planning & Economic Development • Sector/Small Area Planning, Zoning Enforcement Minneapolis Development Review • Reviews site plans for bicycle parking requirements Neighborhood & Community Relations • Community Participation Program Mayor’s Office • Budget setting and critical role as cheerleader Minneapolis 311 • Fields/answers public questions Sustainabilty Coordinator’s Office • Minneapolis Police Department • Bicycle Recovery Unit Minneapolis Sustainability Goals, Climate Action Plan, Greenprint
  34. 34. Funding the Bike Program Capital Project Funding • Generally try to have 1-2 bike projects per year in the CIP. • Examples of projects in the pipeline: – U of M Bike Trail – LRT Trail Lighting – Sidepath/protected bikeway projects on: 18th Ave NE, 26th Ave N, 26th St E, 28th St E • Capital projects are frequently paired with outside funding
  35. 35. Funding the Bike Program Outside Funding Federal Funding • Non-Motorized Transportation Pilot (NTP): $25 million since 2008 • Many Minneapolis projects were funded in part by federal programs such as Recreational Trails and Transportation Enhancements. • National Park Service – $480,000 bike sharing expansion; access to MRNRA Minnesota Department of Transportation • Responsible for implementing bikeways on their own streets within Minneapolis Minnesota Department of Health • Statewide Health Improvement Program Hennepin County • Responsible for implementing bikeways on their own streets within Minneapolis • Bikeway solicitation program started in 2013 University of Minnesota • Manages bike parking and the bikeway network on their campus. The Minneapolis Campus has the largest bicycle and pedestrian activity areas in the state Blue Cross Blue Shield of MN • Major sponsorship funding for Nice Ride MN bike share program • Sponsorship of Open Streets Minneapolis events
  36. 36. Bicycle Facilities Lessons Learned • Recreational trails are key to Minneapolis’ bicycling numbers • Get a bike plan in place (even if it’s just a facility map alone), and get it referenced in many different planning/policy documents • Look for easy opportunities: – 4-lane roads with low traffic volumes – streets that have received lots of complaints about traffic volume or speeds – widen bike lanes when possible, and add buffers whenever you can
  37. 37. BREAK
  38. 38. Minneapolis Policies & Plans The City has adopted numerous planning and transportation policies and implementation plans that seek to improve access and safety for pedestrians, bicyclists and transit riders. The overall City goals and Sustainability indicators also play a role. Access Minneapolis (2009) Minneapolis Comprehensive Plan (2008) Bicycle Master Plan (2011) Climate Action Plan (2013)
  39. 39. Project Coordination – Departmental Involvement PW-Traffic: Bicycle & Pedestrian Section home; drives most bicycle infrastructure and planning efforts. PW-Transportation Planning & Engineering: Capital projects and long-range planning PW-Street Maintenance & Repair: resurfacing and routine maintenance Other departments (CPED, Health) play an occasional role.
  40. 40. Project Coordination – Elected Official Involvement Mayor R.T. Rybak: 12 years of strong leadership. Sets the budget, makes special capital requests, acts as principal cheerleader City Council: Strong leadership; almost universal support.
  41. 41. Coordinating With Council Large-scale projects always involve layout approval. This goes to the Transportation & Public Works Committee, and then to full Council. 46th Street W reconstruction – Request for Council Action (RCA) Smaller-scale projects involve a To the Record Letter. This outlines the project briefly and includes the signature of the Council Member(s) and the Traffic Operations Engineer. Johnson St NE seal coat restriping – To the Record (TTR)
  42. 42. Project Coordination – Bicycle Advisory Committee The BAC functions as an advisory committee to the Mayor and City Council as well as the Park Board and serves as a liaison to bicyclists, businesses, neighborhoods, and other communities and agencies. The BAC consists of the main committee, and two subcommittees – 3Es (Education, Encouragement, Enforcement) and Engineering (Engineering, Equity, Evaluation). Membership 13 Ward Citizen Appointees 3 Park Board Citizen Appointees 5 Outside Agency Appointees 7 City Staff Appointees Committees meet monthly. Members are on main committee and one sub-committee. BAC members tour the SW Light Rail Project route, August 2013 Minneapolis Bicycle Coalition
  43. 43. Dealing with Problems Residents and visitors can all City services, report problems, check the status of issues, or get information. The Bicycle & Pedestrian Section answers queries for the Bicycle Transportation Queue. 311 issues can be logged using the City’s website or a mobile app for iPhone and Android devices. 311 operators are available from 7AM to 7PM
  44. 44. Who’s Pushing for Projects The Bicycle & Pedestrian Section is tasked with carrying out the Bicycle Master Plan. Implementing projects/strategies identified in the Master Plan is part of the work. Minneapolis has strong advocacy organizations, all of which push Council Members, Public Works and other departments.
  45. 45. What can PW do to build support? • Clear and unified communication (remove discrepancies between divisions or various PW agents) • Paid staff are key • Get a strong BAC established • Don’t be careless or dismissive. Do it right.
  46. 46. Complete Streets Policies • Minneapolis CS policy in the works • Commonplace for streets to receive extra scrutiny now (Bike & Ped Section and advocates make certain of this) – Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plans are key in this effort
  47. 47. Process Lessons Learned • Know elected supporters • Strong advocates can be useful, but people need to know when to use their sticks • Help advocates to understand how municipal processes work • A strong, well-organized Bicycle Advisory Committee can do big things
  48. 48. Questions? David Peterson Minneapolis Public Works Bicycle & Pedestrian Section 612-333-1378