Limited system based on traffic calming projects in the 70s and 80’s particularly strong in the inner eastside neighborhoods that have some of the highest bicycle mode splits in the country. Limited service area.
Current projects expand the network to serve neighborhoods in the north and east, which are two of the most ethnically diverse neighborhoods. I will talk in more detail about threet
Goal by 2015 is to have a system that serves the whole city, including more difficult areas to serve in the southwest and east
Bicycling is good for our scarce transportation resources. By way of example, for $60 million we can construct 300-miles of North America’s best urban bikeway network or we can construct approximately one mile of urban freeway.
This is small but critical element, most of the system already existing, we found that just put in signs made the streets much more usable. Used a stimulus grant to put in 2000 sharrows on current and planned routes, all of the sudden people could make sense of the system just follow the sharrrows.
The biggest obstacle to more biycycle use of neighborhood greenways is crossign busy streets, we have used a series of different mechanisms
NE Going 4.4 Miles, 250K
Start with What you have Marketing is important, (changed from Bicycle Boulevard to Neighborhood Greenway more about Neighborhood less about bikes How do the projects benefit the neighborhood, less traffic safer for kids Our experience is these are projects that people like but they need to be projects that connect destinations.
It needs to be part of a system, my daughters trip Neighborhood greeway by our house, to neighborhood greenway that crosses the freeway, to greenway that parralels major E-W street to street that was changed to three lanes to add bike lanes to bridge that was modifiied in the 90s with bikelanes and widened sidewalks.
Neighborhood Greenways Presented by: Dan Layden, Portland Bureau of Transportation
Portland and St. Louis• Portland, Oregon • St. Louis, Mo.• City: 583,766 • City: 318,069• MSA: 2,600,000 • MSA: 2,800,000• 2 Major Sports • 3 Major Sports Teams Franchises, (One (12 Championships) Championship) • 2008 Election:• 2008 Election: Obama 59.5% Obama 76.7%
Neighborhood Greenways• Repurpose existing streets to encourage through bicycle and pedestrian trips• Provide an efficient and comfortable environment for bicycling• Provide connections to key destinations.• Use Traffic calming and other techniques to discourage through car trips.
Local Service (residential) Traffic Streets 70% of Portland’s Road Network
$60 Million300 MILE bikeway network OR 1 MILE of urban freeway
Four Basic Goals• Keep auto traffic below 1000 vehicles per day • Low traffic comfortable for bikes • Comfortable for residents, cars don’t dominate the streets..• Speeds at or under 20 MPH • Liberal use of speed bumps• Help people across busy streets • Traffic Signals, ped. Islands and rapid flash beacons• Efficiently get people where they want to go • residential streets that parallel major
Four Basic tools• Signs• Crossings and through traffic barriers• Create through routes by turning stop signs and making connections.• Speed Bumps
Curb Extensions treat Stormwater and control traffic
Speed Bumps Control SpeedUse Speed Bumps to control speedChanged State Law to allow 20 MPHspeeds on NeighborhoodGreenwaysRecent Study From Britain • 42% decrease in all crash activity • Biggest decreases in pedestrian crash activity for ages 0-15 • 62% decrease in serious crashes for motor vehicle occupants Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis Cite: BMJ 2009;339:b4469
Neighborhood Greenway Process Working with Neighborhoods1) Identify Routes2) Notify Residents3) First Open House Existing Conditions Specific Concepts for Improvements Discussion with Neighbors4) Second Open House Updated Plan Based on Feedback & Data5) Approval by Transportation Director
Holman Pocket Park Before:• Holman Pocket Park • Providing safe, active transportation • Managing stormwater • Creating sustainable public spaces• Multi-jurisdiction and community partnership After: • City Agencies • Environmental Protection Agency Grant • Community members
Its Part of an overall effort• Sunday Parkways• Marketing• Neighborhood Coalitions• Make Bicycling Cool
Using Our Streets to Implement Multiple Community GoalsTransportationUrban ForestryParksStormwater-Green StreetsHealth / Health EquityClimate Action Plan
Early Implementation Strategies• Mark Routes• Provide strategic crossings• Work with a friendly neighborhood, most people like Neighborhood Greenways whether they use them on a bike or not.• Its Inexpensive, our total investment over the last few years is less than $10 Million• Not as hard as poliltically hard as bikelanes on busy streets