Land-Use and Transportation Policy to Shape the Future, Presentation 3


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Presentation by Jessica Mefford-Miller, Chief of Planning and System Development, Metro Transit Agency

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  • Transit and TOD- symbiotic relationship Ridership, though cautious TOD policy views TODs as a way to exploit existing benefits of transit systems that are already viable (or could be viable) without projected ridership increases from TOD. TOD policies might take decades to implement. TOD is a policy tool ; this is a departure from transportation planning that forecasts demands based on existing land use conditions. TOD can be prescriptive. That is, if land use changes advocated by TOD can TOD helps diversify transportation systems and land use patterns. Helps sustain transit by providing greater densities and higher riders Revitalizes urban cores/downtown Stabilizes and revitalizes inner-ring suburbs Creates more sensible design in suburban communities and offers a range of transportation options
  • Land-Use and Transportation Policy to Shape the Future, Presentation 3

    1. 1. In Pursuit of Transit-Oriented Development: Progress on the Horizon Livable St. Louis Conference June 3, 2011 Jessica Mefford-Miller Chief of Planning and System Development Metro
    2. 2. <ul><li>Context for TOD planning </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing TOD activities </li></ul><ul><li>What can we achieve? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges ahead </li></ul>
    3. 3. Opportunities for Planning & Implementing TOD <ul><li>Strong regional interest in linking transportation and land use and leveraging transit investments </li></ul><ul><li>Metro is playing an active role in regional economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Funding opportunities for TOD planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HUD Regional Plan for Sustainable Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad regional involvement in range of sustainable planning areas </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. WHAT IS TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT (TOD)? <ul><li>Compact development </li></ul><ul><li>Easy walking distance to transit stations </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed use </li></ul><ul><li>Increases “location efficiency” so people can walk, bike, and take transit </li></ul><ul><li>Boosts transit ridership and minimizes the impact of traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a rich mix of housing, jobs, shops, and recreational choices </li></ul><ul><li>Provides value for the public and private sectors, and residents </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a sense of community and place </li></ul>TOD Helps Create More Livable Communities
    5. 5. Metro’s Goals for TOD <ul><li>Land-use and transportation policies that will foster TOD </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships that will help enact policies and educate public and private interests about TOD </li></ul><ul><li>Value capture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable ridership base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of Metro property </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Policy Framework for Successful TOD <ul><ul><li>Implementation is incremental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TOD will be most successful if guided by regional, county, or city-level policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A TOD strategic planning will guide prioritization and planning of TOD implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set priorities for appropriating resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify implementation tools and policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure coordination among all parties </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Pursuing TOD in St. Louis
    8. 8. <ul><li>Produced a “Best Practices Guide,” sets stage for regional dialogue on TOD (draft complete) </li></ul><ul><li>Examining existing land use policies and zoning codes to identify specific barriers to growth and TOD (July 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Surveying MetroLink Station and MetroBus Transit Center demographics, development patterns, physical barriers, and connectivity issues (June 2011) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing database of excess Metro property (August 2011) </li></ul>TOD Planning Activities: Framework
    9. 9. Station Area Profiles <ul><li>Results of demographic data collection, zoning analysis and fieldwork will be combined to produce station area profiles for all 37 MetroLink stations (September 2011) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Market Analysis <ul><li>In-depth projections of likely market demand for different types of business and housing in each station area </li></ul><ul><li>Refine station area profiles, inform stakeholders, drive development of station area typologies </li></ul><ul><li>Will be executed mostly by consultant team (commence in early fall 2011) </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><ul><li>Typologies are “big picture” guidelines for ideal activities, densities, urban form around transit </li></ul></ul>Station Area Typologies
    12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Specific development plans for select stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement typologies through zoning and design controls. Usually managed by cities in partnership with transit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select plans to be created through RPSD process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of St. Louis, St. Louis County, EWGWCOG, Metro and others to oversee process, work completed by consultant team </li></ul></ul>Station Area Plans
    13. 13. What Can We Achieve? <ul><li>Redirect new development in the region to active transit corridors and station areas </li></ul><ul><li>Successful, sustainable TODs at a range of stations of different types throughout the region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban, suburban, industrial infill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A land use-transportation planning framework that can be expanded to future transit corridors </li></ul>
    14. 14. Moving From Planning to Implementation <ul><li>Must have broad regional support at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation is incremental </li></ul><ul><li>Guided by federal, regional, state and local policy </li></ul><ul><li>Executed largely by the private sector, with public sector involvement where feasible </li></ul><ul><li>Developments reflective of community preferences for each station area </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Needs to be driven by larger economic development plan </li></ul><ul><li>No comprehensive, regional land use policy or growth management tools </li></ul><ul><li>Low land values encourage outward growth </li></ul><ul><li>Land use and zoning in local hands, and most existing codes do not encourage TOD </li></ul>CAUTION: Implementation Barriers