Form-Based Codes            Atul Sharma - Torti Gallas and PartnersWashington, DC, USA | Silver Spring, Maryland, USA | Lo...
Outline:• Benefits of Form Based Codes• Applicability of Form BasedCodes• Structure of Form Based Codes• Examples of Form B...
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters
Why Form Matters                    Urbanism in the Age of                    Climate Change                    by Peter C...
It Is Not Complicated!
Tradition of Form Based Town           Planning
Developer as Town Founder
Illegal
Employment Retail Center           Center                 Multifamily    Single    Family   Detached
Mixed-Use        Citizen                       Compact      Participation                Building Design PredictableDevelo...
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                   Zoning
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                   ZoningA Clear Vision Based              Separated Uses as T...
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                   ZoningFocus on the Public          Placeless Sprawl      Re...
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                   Zoning Predictability of           Not Much Detail    Outco...
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                   ZoningEasy to Understand           Over-Technical    Guidel...
Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional                    ZoningA Balanced Approach to          Over Emphasis on    ...
Applicability of Form Based Codes

    New Communities             
          Walkable Streets
                  
        Vibrant Public Realm
             ...
Sprawl RepairCompact Development Patterns
Sprawl Repair Strategies       Sprawl                                   Repair Strategy    Characteristics1. Segregated La...
Commonly used names•    P      arallel Code•    S      mart Code•    D      eveloper Code•    O      verlay Zone•    D    ...
Structure of Form Based Codes
Design CodingUnderstanding the Context
Regulated AspectsA. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential DensityC. Block SizeD. Public FrontagesE. Civic Open S...
A. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential Density
Block Size
Public Frontages
Civic Open Space
Lot Occupation
Building Setback
Building Disposition
Private Frontages
Building Height
Building Function
The Pattern Book Format1. How To Use Book (Leed, Plan, Transect, Reg. Plan)2. Styles Set Up as Principle Based          Ti...
Principle Based
The Town Architect
Examples of Form Based Codes
Brookview
Design Coding   Vision
Design Coding
Design Coding
Design Coding
Design Coding
Design Coding
Design Coding  Authority  Land Use    Urban  StandardsThoroughfares Open Space Architecture Definitions
Village Centers
Town of Babylon
Miramar Town Center
Capitalize on a need for a newCity Hall and leverage its value
The City of Miramar had the foresight torecognize, and engage a representativeof, one of the key stakeholder groups that i...
Sequence of Open Spaces
www.newyorkcityfocus.com
Torti Gallas and Partners, Inc.               Atul Sharma                    SmartCode          Duany Plater-Zyberk & Comp...
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
Form based codes intro
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Form based codes intro

  1. 1. Form-Based Codes Atul Sharma - Torti Gallas and PartnersWashington, DC, USA | Silver Spring, Maryland, USA | Los Angeles, California, USA | Istanbul, Turkey
  2. 2. Outline:• Benefits of Form Based Codes• Applicability of Form BasedCodes• Structure of Form Based Codes• Examples of Form Based Codes
  3. 3. Why Form Matters
  4. 4. Why Form Matters
  5. 5. Why Form Matters
  6. 6. Why Form Matters
  7. 7. Why Form Matters
  8. 8. Why Form Matters
  9. 9. Why Form Matters Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change by Peter Calthorpe
  10. 10. It Is Not Complicated!
  11. 11. Tradition of Form Based Town Planning
  12. 12. Developer as Town Founder
  13. 13. Illegal
  14. 14. Employment Retail Center Center Multifamily Single Family Detached
  15. 15. Mixed-Use Citizen Compact Participation Building Design PredictableDevelopment Housing Decisions ChoicesTransportation Walkable Choices Regional Sense of Balance Place Open Space
  16. 16. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional Zoning
  17. 17. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningA Clear Vision Based Separated Uses as The on Consensus vs. Organizing Element Employment Retail Center Center Multifamily Single Family Detached
  18. 18. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningFocus on the Public Placeless Sprawl Realm vs. Patterns
  19. 19. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional Zoning Predictability of Not Much Detail Outcome vs.
  20. 20. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningEasy to Understand Over-Technical Guidelines vs. Standards
  21. 21. Benefits of Form Based Codes vs. Conventional ZoningA Balanced Approach to Over Emphasis on Implementation vs. Density / Use
  22. 22. Applicability of Form Based Codes
  23. 23. 
 New Communities 
 Walkable Streets
 
 Vibrant Public Realm
 
 Mix of Uses
 
 Civic Uses
 
Character Derived from Local Context
 
 Architecture Appropriate to Place
 
 

  24. 24. Sprawl RepairCompact Development Patterns
  25. 25. Sprawl Repair Strategies Sprawl Repair Strategy Characteristics1. Segregated Land Uses 1. Mixed-Use Zoning, Interconnected Streets2. Low Density 2. Increase Density, Smaller Setbacks & Yards3. Auto Dependancy 3. Mixed-Use, Walk-able Streets, + Density, Bike4. Lack of Connectivity 4. Require Street Connections5. Jobs Housing Mismatch 5. Mixed-Use Zoning, Create Centers6. Lack of Housing Choices 6. Permit Mix of House Types, Reduce Unit Sizes7. Loss of Rural or Ag. Lands 7. TDR, Growth Boundary, + Density8. Lack of Significant Centers 8. Create Mixed-Use Centers9. Visual Clutter/ Pkng. Dominates 9. Have Form Reqs., Pkng. to Rear of Bldgs,10. Pedestrian Hazardous Shared Pkng., Reduced Pkng. Req. 10. Street Connections, Sidewalks, Pkng. To Rear
  26. 26. Commonly used names•  P arallel Code•  S mart Code•  D eveloper Code•  O verlay Zone•  D esign Guidelines•  S ector Plan/Specific Plan
  27. 27. Structure of Form Based Codes
  28. 28. Design CodingUnderstanding the Context
  29. 29. Regulated AspectsA. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential DensityC. Block SizeD. Public FrontagesE. Civic Open SpaceF. Lot OccupationG. Building SetbackH. Building DispositionI. Private FrontagesJ. Building HeightK. Building Function
  30. 30. A. Allocation of Growth SectorsB. Base Residential Density
  31. 31. Block Size
  32. 32. Public Frontages
  33. 33. Civic Open Space
  34. 34. Lot Occupation
  35. 35. Building Setback
  36. 36. Building Disposition
  37. 37. Private Frontages
  38. 38. Building Height
  39. 39. Building Function
  40. 40. The Pattern Book Format1. How To Use Book (Leed, Plan, Transect, Reg. Plan)2. Styles Set Up as Principle Based Title Rule of Thumb Why? – We do this Because… * Plan Diagrams of T1-T6 Settings What Matters & What Doesn t Matter Photos: style variations3. Massing Principles by T-Zone4. Shelter from Parking – all configurations5. Details: Doors and Windows Chimneys Porch Principles Water Collection & Storage Piers Down Spouts Columns Dormers Capitals Roof Slopes Bases Fences Porch Beams Awnings Railings Fountains Roofs Lighting Eaves Signs*Need to couch in terms of health and wellness(ex. To promote good ventilation, to minimize sick building syndrome)
  41. 41. Principle Based
  42. 42. The Town Architect
  43. 43. Examples of Form Based Codes
  44. 44. Brookview
  45. 45. Design Coding Vision
  46. 46. Design Coding
  47. 47. Design Coding
  48. 48. Design Coding
  49. 49. Design Coding
  50. 50. Design Coding
  51. 51. Design Coding Authority Land Use Urban StandardsThoroughfares Open Space Architecture Definitions
  52. 52. Village Centers
  53. 53. Town of Babylon
  54. 54. Miramar Town Center
  55. 55. Capitalize on a need for a newCity Hall and leverage its value
  56. 56. The City of Miramar had the foresight torecognize, and engage a representativeof, one of the key stakeholder groups that it would take to make it happen – The Development Community
  57. 57. Sequence of Open Spaces
  58. 58. www.newyorkcityfocus.com
  59. 59. Torti Gallas and Partners, Inc. Atul Sharma SmartCode Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company Pattern Book Urban Design Associates All Other Projects & Graphics Torti Gallas and Partners Loudoun Metro: Torti Gallas and Partners

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