Effective Strategies for Shifting Behaviors, Presentation 2

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Presentation by Roger Geller, Bike Coordinator, Portland Bureau of Transportation

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Effective Strategies for Shifting Behaviors, Presentation 2

  1. 1. Effective Strategies for Shifting Behaviors: Portland Oregon’s experience Presented by Roger Geller Livable St. Louis Conference
  2. 2. 4 Types of Transportation Cyclists Strong & Fearless Enthused & Confident No way No How Interested but Concerned
  3. 3. Six key area to achieve minimum 25% bicycle mode split: <ul><li>Attract new riders </li></ul><ul><li>Form a denser bikeway network </li></ul><ul><li>Increase bicycle parking </li></ul><ul><li>Expand programs to support bicycling </li></ul><ul><li>Increase funding for bicycle facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen bicycle policies </li></ul>
  4. 4. What has Portland accomplished?
  5. 5. Increasing bicycle use as a part of daily life
  6. 6. City of Portland
  7. 7. City of Portland
  8. 8. City of Portland
  9. 9. City of Portland
  10. 10. City of Portland
  11. 11. City of Portland
  12. 12. City of Portland
  13. 13. Increasing Bicycle Use 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2,500 7,500 12,500 17,500 Cyclists per Day 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Bikeway Miles Bridge Bicycle Traffic Bikeway Miles Bridge Bicycle Traffic 2,850 3,555 3,885 3,830 3,207 4,520 5,225 5,690 5,910 6,015 7,686 8,250 8,562 8,875 10,192 12,046 14,563 16,711 15,749 17,576 Bikeway Miles 79 84.5 87 104 114 144 167 183 214 222.5 236 253 256 262 265.5 269 272 274 281 299 2010: 289 miles of bikeways 17,576 daily trips 1992: 83 miles of bikeways 2,850 daily trips 2004: Smarttrips program expands
  14. 14. % Change in Commuting Modes Compared to 1996
  15. 15. Crashes and Crash Rate 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2,500 7,500 12,500 17,500 Cyclists per Day 0 200 400 600 800 Crashes and Indexed Crash Rate Bridge Bicycle Traffic Reported Bicycle Crashes* Indexed Bicycle Crash Rate (Trend Line) Reported Crashes* 155 163 171 189 195 160 167 166 161 179 175 173 164 174 188 203 186 265 287 * Bicycle Fatalities 2 0 4 3 2 1 5 3 0 0 5 0 4 1 4 0 6 0 4 *
  16. 16. Urban Form: Bicyclists Everywhere
  17. 17. Urban Form: Bicyclists Everywhere
  18. 18. Bicycle signals Bicycle signal heads HAWK Scramble signal Exclusive bike phasing
  19. 20. Urban Form: Modal Integration
  20. 21. Urban Form: Modal Integration
  21. 22. Business owners embracing bicycling
  22. 25. Corral photos
  23. 26. Corral photos
  24. 27. Corral photos 66 installed 2 under construction 73 wait-listed / 75
  25. 28. Kids riding to school again
  26. 29. Expand programs to support bicycling
  27. 31. EVALUATION Portland data compared to the rest of the US 35% 31% 21% 8% 5% 50% 36% 1% 2% 11% Auto Walk School Bus Bicycle Other Portland National Drive less Walk and bike more
  28. 32. How have we done it?
  29. 33. Inexpensively
  30. 34. Regional expenditures
  31. 35. $60 Million
  32. 36. “ Cheap Date”
  33. 37. $60 Million 300 MILE bikeway network 1 MILE of urban freeway OR
  34. 38. 1. Political Support
  35. 39. from bikeportland.org “… give people choices and they’ll use less oil…:
  36. 40. What’s Been Important for Portland? <ul><li>Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Political Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Advocacy </li></ul>
  37. 41. 2. Built a network
  38. 42. Bikeways 650 Miles
  39. 43. Bikeways 650 Miles
  40. 44. Bikeways 650 Miles
  41. 45. Bikeways 650 Miles
  42. 46. Bikeways 650 Miles
  43. 47. Bikeways 650 Miles
  44. 48. Bikeways
  45. 49. 3. Made the network as good as possible
  46. 50. Follow the Dutch principles: <ul><li>comfort </li></ul><ul><li>safety </li></ul><ul><li>attractiveness </li></ul><ul><li>direct routes </li></ul><ul><li>connected system </li></ul>
  47. 51. Bikeways
  48. 52. Bikeways
  49. 53. Bikeways
  50. 54. Addressing design barriers A project of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) to catalog, promote and implement the world’s best bicycle transportation practices in American municipalities
  51. 55. 4. Encouragement
  52. 56. logos
  53. 57. Expand programs to support bicycling
  54. 58. Sunday Parkways Photo by Jonathan Maus/bikeportland.org
  55. 59. Expand programs to support bicycling
  56. 60. Expand programs to support bicycling
  57. 61. Expand programs to support bicycling
  58. 63. EQUITY NOW In over 90 schools throughout the City <ul><li>Materials in 6 languages </li></ul><ul><li>Trainings in Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic and economic diversity </li></ul>
  59. 64. ENCOURAGEMENT
  60. 65. Advancing best design practices
  61. 66. Addressing design barriers A project of the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) to catalog, promote and implement the world’s best bicycle transportation practices in American municipalities
  62. 67. Funding
  63. 68. 4. Funding
  64. 69. Regional expenditures
  65. 70. Regional expenditures
  66. 71. Regional expenditures
  67. 72. How have we benefitted?
  68. 73. Operational Benefits
  69. 74. Traffic on Portland’s Four Central City Bicycle-Friendly Bridges 1991-2008
  70. 75. Economic Benefits
  71. 76. Benefit to Portland Region’s Economy Due to Transportation System <ul><li>$1,200,000,000 </li></ul>Amount we don’t spend on transportation that we otherwise would $800,000,000 Amount that then circulates through local economy
  72. 77. Health Benefits
  73. 78. Health Benefits
  74. 79. $0.25-$1.00
  75. 80. Vehicle Exhaust & Health Evidence of a Causal Relationship Between Vehicle Exhaust and: <ul><li>Impaired lung function </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated hardening of the arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Exacerbated asthma in children </li></ul><ul><li>New cases of asthma in children </li></ul><ul><li>Other respiratory illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Heart problems resulting in deaths </li></ul>
  76. 81. Vehicle Exhaust and Health
  77. 82. Vehicle Exhaust and Health
  78. 83. “ Growing awareness…that transportation systems impact quality of life and health.” New CDC transportation policy
  79. 84. “ Expanding the availability of…health-enhancing choices into transportation policy has the potential to save lives by preventing chronic diseases, reducing motor-vehicle…injuries and deaths, improving environmental health, while stimulating economic development….” New CDC transportation policy
  80. 85. <ul><li>Improve air quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to active transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce vmt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promote active transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased investment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encourage healthy community design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense, mixed-use development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce vmt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce speeds </li></ul></ul>New CDC transportation policy
  81. 88. Corral photos
  82. 90. Bicycle signals
  83. 92. 5’ Bike Lanes!? Not enough capacity
  84. 93. Crossing treatment
  85. 95. Urban Form: Bicyclists Everywhere
  86. 96. 5’ Bike Lanes!? Not enough capacity
  87. 97. Naturally Installed: Commercial
  88. 98. Privately Installed: Multi-Modal
  89. 99. Privately Installed: Multi-Modal
  90. 100. facilities some ridership advocacy policies funding better facilities Ridership stronger advocacy stronger policies more funding FACILITIES RIDERSHIP POLITICAL MAINSTREAMING PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE STRONGER POLICIES FUNDING ...
  91. 102. Bicycles everywhere!
  92. 103. Urban Form: Bicyclists Everywhere
  93. 106. Privately Installed: Whimsical
  94. 107. Privately Installed: Whimsical
  95. 108. Privately Installed: Whimsical
  96. 109. Privately Installed: Whimsical
  97. 110. Publicly Installed: Whimsical
  98. 111. Publicly Installed: Whimsical
  99. 112. Bike “Oasis” Commercial District
  100. 113. Privately Installed: Residential
  101. 114. Gender Split 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Percentage of all Cyclists Men Women 4:1 3:1 2:1 1:1
  102. 115. Helmet Use 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Percentage of all Cyclists with helmets without helmets 45% 70% 82% 0%
  103. 116. Bikes on all buses
  104. 117. Bikes on all light rail vehicles
  105. 118. How do people get around?
  106. 119. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  107. 120. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  108. 121. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  109. 122. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  110. 123. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  111. 124. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  112. 125. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  113. 126. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  114. 127. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  115. 128. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  116. 129. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  117. 130. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  118. 131. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  119. 132. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  120. 133. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  121. 134. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  122. 135. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  123. 136. Data from 2010 bike counts
  124. 137. Data from 2010 bike counts
  125. 138. Data from 2010 bike counts
  126. 139. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  127. 140. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  128. 141. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  129. 142. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  130. 143. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison
  131. 144. Data from 2004-2009 census comparison

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