Effective Strategies for Shifting Behaviors


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Presentation by Leslie Meehan, Senior Planner, Nashville Area MPO

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Effective Strategies for Shifting Behaviors

  1. 1. Shifting Behaviors Transitioning trips to walking, bicycling and transit <ul><li>Leslie A. Meehan, AICP </li></ul><ul><li>Livable St. Louis </li></ul><ul><li>June 3, 2011 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Metropolitan Planning Organizations
  3. 3. Nashville Area MPO
  4. 4. Development Pattern, 1965-2035 Properties affected by development 1965 750,000 2000 1,450,000 2035 2,600,000 (In 2035, the Nashville region will be larger than the present-day Denver & Portland MSAs) Population
  5. 5. Resiliency in Urban Congestion Daily Recurring Congestion on Major Roadways. TODAY 2030 w/ Short-Term Improvements 2030 After Long-Term Improvements Congestion in Urban Areas Cannot Be Treated with Roadway Capacity Alone.
  6. 6. On average, Americans spend about 18% of their Household Income on Transportation- Related Expenses Source: Center for Neighborhood Technology Housing + Transportation Affordability Index ( http://www.htaindex.org/ )
  7. 7. Transportation and Obesity Sources: Centers for Disease Control – National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey/ U.S. DOT – Federal Highway Administration, Annual Vehicle Distance Traveled in Miles and Related Data  
  8. 8. Shifting Behaviors Players: Advocates Government Evolution: Events Policy Infrastructure
  9. 9. In the Beginning…1996 <ul><li>Traffic and Pedestrian Safety Taskforce </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot Neighborhood Traffic Calming Program </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle/Pedestrian Advisory Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Funding for sidewalks </li></ul><ul><li>Creation and funding of a bike/ped coordinator </li></ul>Nashville Scene group called TAPS “oddly powerful”
  10. 10. Creation of Advocacy Groups - 1998 An Initiative of the Metropolitan Nashville/Davidson County Public Health Dept. &quot;Promoting Wellness For All Ages Through Physical Activity&quot;   Mission: Build a More Walkable, Bikeable, Livable Nashville
  11. 11. Walk to School Day - 1999 Walk To School Day Wednesday, October 7, 1999
  12. 12. Walk to School Day - Today Walk Our Children to School Day 2002
  13. 13. Walk Nashville Week - 2000 <ul><li>Walk Nashville Week Kick Off event featuring the Nashville on the Move monthly walk. </li></ul><ul><li>American Heart Walk at Vanderbilt , and the Nashville Cares AIDS Walk at the Bicentennial Mall . </li></ul><ul><li>Walk to the Titans’ Game </li></ul><ul><li>Walk Your Neighborhood Day </li></ul><ul><li>Walk to Work Day </li></ul><ul><li>Walk to School Day </li></ul><ul><li>Walk for Active Aging </li></ul><ul><li>Walk at Lunch Day. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bike Month Events - 2002
  15. 15. Plans - 2003 Results: Bike lane/route: 164 miles Greenway: 47 miles Sidewalks: 30% all roadway miles Nashville Sidewalk and Bikeway Master Plan Greenways Master Plan
  16. 16. 2003 RWJ Active Living By Design Grant <ul><li>5 Year Grant: 2003-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Nashville Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Nashville Department of Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Walk/Bike Nashville </li></ul><ul><li>Nashville Community Health and Wellness Team </li></ul>
  17. 17. Tour de Nash - 2004 2011- 7 th Annual Event Free 1.5 and 15 mile rides 32/64 mile ride 600-1,200 participants
  18. 18. Music City Moves Kids - 2005
  19. 19. Support for Active Transportation
  20. 20. MPO Regional Bicycle/Pedestrian Study - 2009 Bikeways Sidewalks
  21. 21. What We Learned – Health Analysis <ul><ul><li>There is a strong link between the lack of physical activity and health (e.g. heart disease, obesity, and other chronic conditions). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research has also shown certain population groups have a higher disparity. These groups include: </li></ul>- Low Income <ul><li>Minority </li></ul><ul><li>Older Adults (over 65) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Regional Transportation Plan
  23. 23. Middle TN Public Opinions <ul><ul><li>1st choice : improve and expand mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transit options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2nd choice : make communities more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>walkable & bike-friendly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3rd choice : build new or widen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>existing roadways </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What Americans Want
  25. 25. What Americans Get
  26. 26. New Guiding Principles <ul><li>Livability - Work to enhance the quality of life in the region by supporting initiatives that increase opportunities for affordable housing, education, jobs, recreation, and civic involvement without increasing the burden on citizens to enjoy their community. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability – Strive to support growth and prosperity without sacrificing the health, environment, natural and socio-cultural resources, or financial stability of this or future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Prosperity – Contribute to the continued economic well-being of the greater Nashville area by investing in transportation solutions that increase access to education, jobs, and amenities, reduce the cost of living and doing business, and attract new investment to the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity – Recognize the multitude of needs and the variety of perspectives and backgrounds of the people that live and work in the greater Nashville area by promoting a range of transportation choices that are designed with sensitivity to the desired context. </li></ul>
  27. 27. #1 A Bold, New Vision for Mass Transit #2 Support for Active Transportation & Walkable Communities #3 Preservation & Enhancement of Strategic Roadways Adopted December 2010
  28. 28. <ul><li>A new emphasis on multi-modal accommodations with: </li></ul><ul><li>15% of Federal transportation dollars set-aside for active transportation (national average is 1%) </li></ul><ul><li>10% of dollars flexed to transit </li></ul><ul><li>Project Scoring Criteria – 60% criteria related to health </li></ul><ul><li>Resulting in: </li></ul><ul><li>70% of roadway projects with an included sidewalk, bicycle lane, or shared-use lane (up from 2%) </li></ul><ul><li>$2.5 million available for bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure and education in next couple years </li></ul>2035 Regional Transportation Plan
  29. 29. Roadway Project Candidates
  30. 30. Support for Active Transportation
  31. 31. Continuing Progress <ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul>
  32. 32. Local Level <ul><li>Nashville CPPW Grant </li></ul><ul><li>“Nash Vitality” </li></ul>
  33. 33. Metro Nashville 2010 - 2011 Transportation Funds <ul><li>Multimodal Funds </li></ul><ul><li>Sidewalks - $12million </li></ul><ul><li>Bikeways - $3million </li></ul><ul><li>Greenways - $3million </li></ul><ul><li>Transit - $11million </li></ul><ul><li>Total - $29 million </li></ul><ul><li>Street and Traffic Funds </li></ul><ul><li>Paving and Resurfacing - $12million </li></ul><ul><li>ITS (Wayfinding) - $1million </li></ul><ul><li>Bridges - $4million </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic Signals - $4million </li></ul><ul><li>Total - $21 million </li></ul>*Excludes funding for Complete Streets projects (KVB, 28 th Ave,), and Parks/Open Space projects.
  34. 34. Regional BPAC: Activities <ul><li>Evaluate projects for state and federal funding, as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a peer exchange for local BPACs, non-profit advocacy, and public-sector agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Co-host regional/statewide symposium or summit to advance issues related to the non-motorized modes of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide input on scoping regional planning studies of walking and bicycling infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in the coordination of information related to regional policies, plan, programs, and projects that improve walking & bicycling infrastructure </li></ul>
  35. 35. Safe Routes to Schools <ul><li>Safe Routes to Schools P.E. Teacher Training Program for all P.E. Teachers in MPO Region </li></ul><ul><li>SRTS multi-year Data Collection Effort with MTSU </li></ul><ul><li>Partner with SRTS State Network Project for Tennessee </li></ul>
  36. 36. Regional Symposiums - 2010 <ul><li>Complete Streets Symposium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-Day Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Experts from Complete Streets Coalition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keynote Luncheon – Mayor Floyd, Decatur, GA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School Siting Symposium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-Day Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Experts from EPA and UNC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Decision Makers and Private Firms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>January 2010 </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. State Agency Collaboration TN Strategic Highway Safety Plan – first bike/ped language Bicycle-friendly Rumble Strip Policy Bicycle/Ped Laws included in Drivers License Manual and Test Training law enforcement officers on bike/ped laws
  38. 38. Final Thoughts <ul><li>Education, Encouragement </li></ul><ul><li>Health and equity in all policies – utilize plan updates </li></ul><ul><li>Transit - backbone </li></ul><ul><li>Research and public opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Makers – their issues </li></ul><ul><li>Partners – broaden base </li></ul>
  39. 39. Leslie A. Meehan, AICP Senior Transportation Planner Nashville Area MPO [email_address] 615-862-7211