Bus Rapid Transit: Meeting international best practice

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  • Highest quality in the world
  • But don’t want to talk about high quality abstractly
  • Full picture with quick fact / statistic for maximum visual impact
  • Time spent waiting for people to enter the bus is time lost for everyone. Techniques to speed up boarding and alighting times include loading ramps such as those used in Curitiba and Quito, pre-paid fare collection, wider doorways, and an increased number of doorways. Again, clever design and attention to detail is the difference between Bus Rapid Transit and typical bus systems.
  • Fare and system map too
  • Determine impacts – mixed traffic lane can carry 2,000 veh/hr. Maybe BRT improves LOS, esp w/ prohibited LT’s, mode shift Communicate possible mitigations – dense street networks in US allow multiple re-routings
  • Determine impacts – mixed traffic lane can carry 2,000 veh/hr. Maybe BRT improves LOS, esp w/ prohibited LT’s, mode shift Communicate possible mitigations – dense street networks in US allow multiple re-routings
  • Bus Rapid Transit: Meeting international best practice

    1. 1. Bus Rapid Transit:Meeting internationalbest practiceOctober 26, 2012
    2. 2. Who We AreITDP is a non-profit thathas worked since 1985with cities worldwide toimplement sustainabletransport solutions thatcurb GHG emissions,reduce poverty, andimprove the quality ofurban life.
    3. 3. ITDP Experiencein BRT systemdevelopment• Argentina• Brazil• China• India• Indonesia• Mexico• South Africa• Tanzania• United States
    4. 4. What is BRT?
    5. 5. Curitiba, Brazil. The first Bus RapidTransit (BRT) System: 1974BRT is a high-quality bus-based transit system thatdelivers fast, comfortable, and cost-effective urbanmobility through the provision of segregated right-of-way infrastructure, rapid and frequent operations, andexcellence in marketing and customer service
    6. 6. Curitiba, Brazil. The first Bus RapidTransit (BRT) System: 1974
    7. 7. The BRT Standard
    8. 8. A gold-standard BRT corridor has all ofthe most important elements of BRT
    9. 9. Why we need a standardRapidRide: Seattle, WA Select Bus Service: Fordham Road, Bronx, NY
    10. 10. What are the goals that BRT sets out to accomplish?1. To save passengers time: Time savings is the most important factor in a traveler’s choice to take transit.2. To provide a higher service quality: A high quality of service can make a transit mode more attractive to riders who might otherwise drive.
    11. 11. Time-Savings Elementsof BRT
    12. 12. Median AlignmentBus lanesseparated fromtraffic with amedian alignment Eugene, Oregon
    13. 13. Prohibiting left turns across the busway Las Vegas, NV
    14. 14. : Ahmedabad, India
    15. 15. Off-board fare collectionNew York, LosAngeles, Eugene,Cleveland have offboard fare collection.All are ‘proof ofpayment’ systems
    16. 16. Off-board fare collectionCities around theworld use gate-controlled off-boardfare collection. Mexico City, Mexico
    17. 17. Platform-Level Boarding:Internationally, it is ubiquitousQuito, Ecuador Porto Alegre, Brazil
    18. 18. In the US, only Eugene and Cleveland Eugene, OregonCleveland, Ohio
    19. 19. High-frequency service at peak periods,off-peak, late night, and weekends Bogota, Colombia
    20. 20. Quality-of-ServiceElements of BRT
    21. 21. High-quality stations:Wide, weather protected, safe, well-lit attractive Johannesburg, South Africa
    22. 22. System brandingLas Vegas, Nevada
    23. 23. Passenger Information York, Ontario
    24. 24. Integration Elements ofBRT
    25. 25. Physical integration with transit networkMiami’s busway is closely integrated with the city’s elevated rail system
    26. 26. Bicycle Lanes in Corridor Bogota, Colombia
    27. 27. Secure bike parking at BRT stations Los Angeles Orange Line
    28. 28. Top U.S. BRT corridorsCleveland Los Angeles Las Vegas Eugene PittsburghBronze Bronze Bronze Bronze Bronze Top international BRT corridorsBogota, Guangzhou, Lima, Peru Johannesburg, Mexico City,Colombia China South Africa MexicoGold Gold Gold Silver Silver
    29. 29. Cleveland: the most full-featured BRT in the US
    30. 30. Lower capital costs of BRT allow for a broader network 426 kilometres of BRT 40 kilometres of LRT 14 kilometres of elevated rail 7 kilometres of subway
    31. 31. Development Potential
    32. 32. Development Potential Curitiba, Brazil
    33. 33. Necessary Ingredients1. The right corridor • Is there developable land? • Is the corridor in or near mixed-use areas or a downtown? • Does the corridor have any natural features?
    34. 34. Necessary Ingredientshe right corridor: Las Vegas choose an excellent corridor for Strip Downtown Express line Downtown, Las Vegas, Nevada
    35. 35. Necessary Ingredients2. Zoning • Is the corridor zoned for high-density, mixed-use development? • Does this kind of zoning apply citywide or is it constrained to a few corridors? • If it is not currently zoned for high-density development, is it possible to change the zoning?
    36. 36. Necessary IngredientsZoning: White Flint Sector Plan in North Bethesda, MDproposes zoning changes favorable to transit White Flint, North Bethesda, Maryland
    37. 37. Necessary Ingredients3. Incentives for development • Can the city offer tax incentives to developers? • Will the city improve the streetscape?
    38. 38. Necessary IngredientsIncentives for development : Cleveland offered tax incentivesfor redeveloping historic buildings on Euclid Ave and alsoinvested in a full streetscaping project Euclid Ave, Cleveland, Ohio
    39. 39. Necessary IngredientsWith these ingredients, a mass transit investment is likelyto have positive development impacts.But what kind of mass transit investment?
    40. 40. It’s the quality, not the modeCleveland’s HealthLine Seattle’s Light Rail
    41. 41. Cleveland’s HealthLine
    42. 42. The Challenges
    43. 43. Dedicating a lane: Parking
    44. 44. Dedicating a lane: Mixed Traffic
    45. 45. You need a political champion
    46. 46. Thank you!

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