Building a Better Metro: Possibilities for BRT


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Today I would like to introduce you to what will be our region’s Long-Range Transit Plan, Moving Transit Forward. First, I’d like to talk with you a little about where the Metro Transit System is today.
  • 14 of 20 projects in GAO study allow onboard fare validation
  • Swift runs through the cities of Everett, Lynnwood, Edmonds, Shoreline, and unincorporated Snohomish County as well as through the State DOT right of way. Partnership between Everett Transit and Community Transit was critical to our success Unique partnership Agreement with Everett Transit Everett – biggest city in the county – is not in our service area. Everett Transit runs only within Everett City limits and having a Partnership with ET was critical to our success Northern terminus - Everett Station - connections to other Community Transit routes, Everett Transit, Sound Transit, Island and Skagit Transit, Greyhound, Amtrak and Sounder Commuter rail. Southern terminus - Aurora village - connections can be made between Community Transit and King County metro. Stations are spaced approximately 1 mile apart Local service continues in the corridor (101, 7 & 9)
  • $31.3 million $3.4 million under budget. Variety of federal and state grants, partnership funds, and local revenue streams Federal funds limited to only in the vehicles. Successful in securing grants and partnerships to fund the operations through 2012.
  • Key dates Board Resolution 20-05 adopted on December 1, 2005 Everett Partnership Agreement signed on December 5, 2007 Service began on November 30, 2009 – only 4 short years from when it began. Swift proves that BRT is a mode that can be successfully implemented quickly and with a high level of quality.
  • Building a Better Metro: Possibilities for BRT

    1. 1.  Overview of BRT Options Peer Examples Opportunities for BRT in St. Louis How could BRT create a more livable St. Louis region?
    2. 2.  Can offer significant travel time savings Provides better service & attracts ridership Promotes economic development Capital cost is more affordable than fixed- guideway transit › Facilitates more even distribution of transit resources › Shorter implementation time Facilitates integration of modes and utilizes existing infrastructure
    3. 3.  Many different levels of application of BRT features Sensitive to context, available budget, political support Time savings features are critical › Signal prioritization › Dedicated running way › Dedicated lanes, ramps, etc.
    4. 4. Source: GAO
    5. 5.  Most projects operate in mixed traffic for 50% or more of project › Primarily arterial streets › Dedicated running ways in corridors with very heavy congestion (example: Cleveland Euclid Corridor, New York M15 corridor) › Significant travel time savings achieved without dedicated running ways with relatively light congestion (example: Kansas City Troost corridor) Source: GAO
    6. 6.  Help shape identity of BRT, portray premium service Amenities include (in descending order of popularity) › Route maps & schedules › Seating › Weather protection › Level boarding › Safety improvements › Greater curb width/raised curb › Next bus displays › Public art/landscaping › Bicycle parking › Physically separated passing lane › Station located in median › Park-ride
    7. 7.  Important choice for project › Impacts ridership capacity, environmental friendliness, passenger comfort, overall image All low-floor vehicles Almost always lower emission; most common propulsion source is hybrid diesel electric Doors often on both sides or three-door boarding Easy wheelchair boarding capabilities to reduce loading time Docking/narrow lane guidance systems › Mechanical, magnetic or optical Source: GAO
    8. 8.  Most projects allow onboard fare validation (same as typical bus service) (ex: Seattle, Kansas City, New York) Some projects offer off-board fare payment and proof-of-payment (ex: Salt Lake City, Cleveland, Eugene (OR), Reno) › May contribute to customers’ perception as high-quality service › Can generate travel time savings Source: GAO
    9. 9.  Technology used to achieve travel time savings and increase ridership through superior passenger information › Also improves operational efficiency, quality of service and safety Most common features: › Traffic signal priority  Extended greens  Queue jumping › Vehicle tracking systems (monitor spacing and ensure connections)
    10. 10.  All BRT systems include some branding & marketing to promote service › Strong branding important to shaping the identity of the line or system and attracting riders › Uniquely branded vehicles and stations › Many systems emphasize speed: “Max”; “Velociraptor”; “SWIFT”; “RAPID” › GCRTA sold naming rights for Health Line Source: GAO & UTA
    11. 11. Source: Parsons Brinkerhoff
    12. 12. Community Transit (Everett, WA) SWIFT SR 99 – Everett Station to Aurora Village Transit Center 16.7 miles 5 jurisdictions 28 stations 14 northbound 14 southbound
    13. 13. Swift Project Initial project cost – approximately $31.3 million for 16.7 miles • Approx cost per mile = $1.87 million • Almost half the cost is for the new vehicles • Project was $3.4 million under budget Project was fully funded by Federal & State grants; partnerships; and local revenues Also obtained multiple Grants and partnership funds for the 1st 3 years of Operating funds
    14. 14. Swift Timeline Only 4 years from Board Resolution to implementation!
    15. 15.  Bus and paratransit system › 7.7 million boardings in FY11 › $32M operating budget › Introduced BRT as a business strategy  Improve service  Increase productivity  Reduce operating cost (supplement with CMAQ) › BRT intended to make RTC more sustainable  Provide a “greener” travel option to more people  Promote economic development
    16. 16. Develop express and short haul feeder serviceOperate a higher level of service10-minute headways between 5:30 AM and 8:00 PM.New 30-minute local service, CONNECTFeed RAPID expressProvide 24-hour serviceSave $5.0M annually in local sales tax funds to offset remaining
    17. 17. City of Reno Master PlanElements Transit OrientedDevelopments / Regional Centers UNR Regional Center Plan South Virginia Street TOD Downtown Reno Regional Center Plan Convention Center/Meadowood Regional Center Plan Reno City Limits Virginia Street
    18. 18.  Operational challenges overcome  Productivity and ridership increased Stations reinforce supportive land uses and compliment TOD efforts of the City of Reno Cost cutting measures have helped but revenue is still going down CMAQ funding helped bridge the deepest part of the Great Recession; yet funding challenges still exist
    19. 19.  Why highway corridors? › Location and trip patterns of people and jobs › Existing service not competitive › Inter-agency and inter-modal collaboration opportunities  Highway corridor constraints › Economic development is limited along entire corridor; node-based focus › Long routes make dedicated right of way cost prohibitive › Connections to bus and bike/ped modes difficult › Connectivity to local transit is key, may require transfer
    20. 20.  Alternatives Analysis study initiated September 2012 › Metro; EWGWCOG; MoDOT; St. Louis County; City of St. Louis  12-month study will identify two most competitive corridors  Complete AA for two corridors, focusing on cost-effective modes  Conclude with locally preferred alternative for two projects
    21. 21.  Grand Avenue is a densely developed corridor and supports Metro’s busiest bus route Service problems include low travel speed and too little capacity Existing land use, ongoing development and recent investments › Enhanced transit service would leverage those investments
    22. 22.  Short-term solution to capacity issues will likely be larger vehicles Pursuing feasibility study that would define a BRT project on Grand › Technology, service plan, running way, stations, etc.  Strong leadership, regional consensus and federal funding are a must
    23. 23.  Regional consensus about project priorities Transit-supportive land use Public buy-in Cost-effective projects Federal funding Leadership › Projects must have champions to succeed!
    24. 24.  Plan for implementing a system of enhanced service Regional consensus & public support Detailed project definition › Will include Downtown St. Louis component  Transit-supportive zoning & land use  Federal funding  An effective, sustainable multi-modal transportation system