Haiti earthquake yr7


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Haiti earthquake yr7

  1. 1. Haiti Earthquake - January 2010Why did so many people die?<br />http://www.dec.org.uk/cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=412<br />
  2. 2. TASK 1. Shade in and name Haiti & The Dominican Republic 2. Highlight the conservative plate boundary 3. Add a title <br />
  3. 3. Haiti Earthquake January 2010 Haiti – background <br />Haiti is in the Caribbean and is the western third of the island of Hispaniola – joined by the Dominican Republic <br />Has a population of 9 million people<br />Port-au-Prince is the capital with a population of 3.5 million <br />It is the poorest country in the western world – more than half the population live on less than $1 a day<br />
  4. 4. Why did it happen?Causes:<br />Haiti is situated along the boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates <br />These two plates move at about 20 mm a year, with the Caribbean plate moving eastward while the North American plate moving west. <br /> It is a conservative plate boundary. <br />This movement is not smooth and there is friction between the North American Plate and the Caribbean Plate. <br />Pressure builds between the two plates until it is released as an earthquake. <br />
  5. 5. What happened – the facts <br />On Tuesday, Jan 12th 2010 at 4:53p.m local time a magnitude 7 earthquake hit Haiti. <br />The epicentre was 25km SW of Port au Prince, Haiti’s capital. <br />The focus was very shallow only 13 km deep.<br />By 24 January there had been at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater on the Richter scale <br />
  6. 6. THE FACTS<br />300,000 had <br />been injured<br />1.5 million <br />made homeless<br />200,000 homes<br /> destroyed<br />220,000 people died<br />500 schools destroyed<br />
  7. 7. Important buildings were damaged or destroyed including the :-<br /> National Assembly building<br /> Port au Prince cathedral <br /> Main jail.<br />The UN headquaters <br /> President’s Palace<br /> Important people also died :-<br /><ul><li>Archbishop of Port au Prince
  8. 8. Politicians </li></ul>- The chief commissioner of the UN<br />
  9. 9. Situation made worse by the fact that :-<br />- Three million people live in slum conditions in Port au Prince - Haiti had a series of damaging storms the previous year- The unstable and corrupt government<br /><ul><li> Poor infra structure and urban planning non existent – hampering</li></ul> rescue attempts- Haiti airport only has one runway, the control tower was badly<br /> damaged- The port was also damaged so relief workers and supplies held up<br /> – took 48hrs initially<br /><ul><li> Main roads out of Port au </li></ul> Prince were still blocked 10 days <br /> after the earthquake - Public telephone, mobiles and <br /> internets down<br />
  10. 10. Severe shortage of Drs many died of broken limbs<br />Sewage released from 400 makeshift camps a major health hazard <br />