Writing Seminar Surface


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Writing Seminar Surface

  1. 1. Writing Seminar<br />Heather Surface<br />Traci Welch Moritz<br />Public Services Librarian<br />Assistant Professor<br />Heterick Memorial Library<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Welcome <br />Traci Welch Moritz, t-moritz@onu.edu<br />Feel free to visit or email<br />Librarians on duty 8-4:30, 6-9 Mon – Thurs, 8-4 Friday and 10-3:30 on Sundays<br />IM and Chat Reference available certain times<br />
  3. 3. How am I suppose to remember all this stuff?<br />
  4. 4. Libraries at ONU<br />Heterick Memorial Library<br />Undergraduate Library, accessible to all<br /><ul><li>Taggert Law Library
  5. 5. Library for Law school, accessible to all</li></li></ul><li>ONU card = Library ID<br />
  6. 6. What we’ll do today<br />How to do research<br />How to use library resources to do research<br />What resources to use when doing research<br />
  7. 7. How to do research<br />STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC<br />STEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION<br />STEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES<br />*STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES <br />STEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND<br />STEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHER<br />STEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND<br />Seven Steps of the Research Process<br />Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University<br />
  8. 8. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC<br /><ul><li>State your topic as a question
  9. 9. Identify main concepts or keywords
  10. 10. Test the topic -- Look for keywords and synonyms and related terms for the information sought</li></ul> Subject headings in catalogs<br /> Built-in thesauri in many databases<br /> Reference sources<br /> Textbooks, lecture notes, readings<br /> Internet<br /> Librarians, Instructors<br />STEP 1<br />
  12. 12. Research Tools - Catalogs<br /><ul><li>Highly structured information environment</li></ul>Way individual records are arranged<br />Subject headings<br />Catalog software optimized for above<br />Deal with material in many formats<br /><ul><li>Implies heavy human involvement
  13. 13. Preparation relatively labor-intensive</li></ul>Emphasis on precision<br /><ul><li>Implies a learning curve to use successfully</li></li></ul><li>FIND A BOOK POLAR<br />Click on Library Catalog box at the home page of the library<br />
  14. 14. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents)
  16. 16. Does not require an exact match
  17. 17. Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise)
  18. 18. Good if you are not familiar with terminology</li></ul>FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br />KEYWORD <br />
  19. 19. FIND A BOOK∞POLAR<br />KEYWORD <br />
  20. 20. Research Tools∞OhioLink<br />Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries<br />Ca. 10 million items<br />Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page<br />Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days<br />No charge <br />Limited to 100 items at a time<br />MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES<br />
  21. 21. Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries<br />Ca. 10 million items<br />Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page<br />Most requests arrive in 3-5 working days<br />No charge <br />Limited to 100 items at a time<br />May keep up to 84 days<br />Research Tools∞OhioLink<br />
  22. 22. INTERNET TOOLS<br />Does the information located satisfy the research need?<br />Is the information factual and unbiased?<br />See handout “Critically Analyzing Information Sources” the Writing Seminar Research Guide<br />STEP 3<br />
  23. 23. Internet Tools<br />Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.<br />
  24. 24. Internet Tools<br />Google Scholar<br />Note: If working off<br />campus please see the “google scholar” tab at the Research Guide for Writing Seminar<br />ONU buys<br />Full-text<br />database<br />Google asks<br />to link to<br />content<br />OhioLINK<br />Permits<br />Google to<br />link to full-text<br />Run Google Scholar<br />Search<br />ONU user sees <br />licensed full-text<br />articles<br />
  25. 25. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND<br />How to interpret the basics<br /> 1. Accuracy of Web Documents <br /> 2. Authority of Web Documents <br /> 3. Objectivity of Web Documents <br /> 4. Currency of Web Documents <br /> 5. Coverage of the Web Documents<br />STEP 5<br />Kapoun, Jim. "Teaching undergrads WEB evaluation: A guide for library instruction." C&RL News (July/August 1998): 522-523.<br />
  26. 26. Critically analyzing web sources<br />What? is the page/site about<br />Who? created and maintains this site<br />Where? Is the information coming from <br />Why? Is the information presented on the web <br />When? Was the page created or last updated<br />How? Accurate or credible is the page<br />From the University of Wisconsin Library, worksheet for evaluating web sites<br />
  27. 27. Research Tools∞Databases<br />Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles<br />Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary<br />Many give access to full text of articles<br />Heterick has 240+<br />STEP 4<br />
  28. 28. Research Tools∞Databases<br />Academic Search Premier<br />Lexis-Nexis<br />JSTOR : the Scholarly Journal Archive<br />Search by Subject/Discipline for subject specific databases<br />
  29. 29. Find an Article<br />Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full text<br />Divided by subject area offered at ONU<br />Begin with a general database, Academic Search Premier<br />
  30. 30. Find an Article<br />Periodical means the same as Magazine<br />Usually magazines are more “popular” <br />Journals<br />Scholarly or Professional<br />Peer reviewed<br />
  31. 31. Find an Article<br />
  32. 32. Find an Article<br />
  33. 33. Find an Article <br />
  34. 34. Find an Article<br />
  35. 35. Find an Article<br />
  36. 36. Find an Article<br />Keyword<br />Subject<br />
  37. 37. Find an Article<br />What if it’s not available PDF or HTML?<br />Always hit the “find it” icon and see what happens next.<br />
  38. 38. Find an Article<br />Could be available in EJC, the OhioLINK electronic database.<br />
  39. 39. Find an Article<br />And could be available in print<br />
  40. 40. Find an Article<br />
  41. 41. Find an Article<br />Reserve means the periodical/journal is held at the front desk.<br />Current means the issue is new and is available on the open shelves beside the computer lab.<br />All others are upstairs and arranged alphabetically by title.<br />Bound means it’s out of the building<br />Arrived means it’s on the open shelves<br />Expected means it’s not here yet<br />
  42. 42. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />Pulling it all together<br />Accuracy.If your page lists the author and institution that published the page and provides a way of contacting him/her and…<br />Authority.If your page lists the author credentials and its domain is preferred (.edu, .gov, .org, or .net), and, …<br />Objectivity.If your page provides accurate information with limited advertising and it is objective in presenting the information, and… <br />STEP 6<br />
  43. 43. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />Pulling it all together cont…<br />Currency.If your page is current and updated regularly (as stated on the page) and the links (if any) are also up-to-date, and…<br />Coverage.If you can view the information properly--not limited to fees, browser technology, or software requirement, then…<br />You may have a Web page that could be of value to your research!<br />STEP 6<br />
  44. 44. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />Cite what you find using standard formats<br />There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent used at ONU. They are:<br /><ul><li>MLA (Modern Language Association)
  45. 45. APA (American Psychological Association)
  46. 46. CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)</li></ul>STEP 7<br />
  47. 47. Research Ethics<br /> ACADEMIC INTEGRITY <br />
  48. 48. Research Ethics<br />Copyright- intended to promote the arts and the sciences. It does this by providing authors of original literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works the ability to control how their work is used by others.<br />
  49. 49. Research Ethics<br />Plagiarism - “...the wrongful appropriation or purloining, and publication as one’s own, the ideas or the expression of the ideas (literary, artistic, musical, mechanical, etc.) of an other.” – see Heterick Help Page and Student Code of Conduct<br />
  50. 50. Research Ethics<br />In other words, to plagiarize is to copy someone else’s work without giving him/her credit.<br />Plagiarism is not always intentional. You can do it by accident, but it is still against the law. If you ever have a question about whether something is plagiarized, please ask!<br />1<br />1. How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand<br />
  51. 51. Research Ethics<br />2<br />How may I avoid plagiarizing?<br />Identify any information that would not be considered common knowledge<br />Unless in direct quotes, make sure you paraphrase what the original author said<br />Use a quote if you can’t think of a way to paraphrase the information<br />always, Always, ALWAYS cite the source of any information in your paper which is not considered common knowledge. If you are unsure if something is common knowledge, cite it! <br />2 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand<br />
  52. 52. HELP<br />Traci Welch Moritz, MLS<br />Public Services Librarian<br />Assistant Professor<br />Heterick Memorial Library<br />t-moritz@onu.edu<br />419-772-2473<br />419-772-2185<br />Reference Librarians on duty<br />8a-4:30p Mon-Fri<br />6p-9p Mon-Thur<br />10a-3:30p Sundays<br />