ENGL 1231 Babbitt Traci Welch Moritz Public Services Librarian Assistant ProfessorHeterick Memorial Library
Introduction WelcomeProfessor Moritz, email@example.comFeel free to visit or emailLibrarians on duty 8-4:30, 6-9 Mon – Thurs, 8-4:30 Friday and 10-3:30 on SundaysIM and Chat Reference available certain times
Libraries at ONU •Taggert Law HeterickLibrary Memorial Library•Library for Lawschool, Undergraduateaccessible to all Library, accessible to all
ONU card = Library ID Remember to always use all 11 digits!
What we’ll do today How to do researchHow to use library resources to do researchWhat resources to use when doing research
How to do Research Seven Steps of the Research Process Amended with permission by the Librarians at the Olin and Uris Libraries of Cornell University STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPICSTEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATIONSTEP 3: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES*STEP 4: USE DATABASES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLESSTEP 5: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FINDSTEP 6: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHERSTEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND
Start at the beginning IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC •State your topic as a question •Identify main concepts or keywords •Test the topic -- Look for keywords and synonyms and related terms for the information sought Subject headings in catalogs Built-in thesauri in many databases Reference sources Textbooks, lecture notes, readingsSTEP Internet Librarians, Instructors 1
Researching FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION STEP 2
•Highly structured information environment Way individual records are arranged Subject headings Catalog software optimized for above Deal with material in many formats•Implies heavy human involvement•Emphasis on precision•Preparation relatively labor-intensive•Implies a learning curve to use successfully
Background Research -- Books Click on Library Catalog box at the home page of the library
Find a Book -- POLAR •Looks in several locations (usually subject, article title, abstracts or contents) •Does not require an exact match •Generates comparatively large number of hits (not precise) •Good if you are not familiar with terminology
Find a Book -- OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public libraries Ca. 10 million items Link from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home page Most requests arrive in 2-3 working days No charge Limited to 100 items at a time MAY RENEW UP TO 4 TIMES
Find a Book -- OhioLINK Materials owned by all Ohio colleges, universities, several public librariesCa. 10 million itemsLink from POLAR permits you to submit requests. Available from Heterick home pageMost requests arrive in 3-5 working daysNo chargeLimited to 100 items at a timeMay keep up to 84 days
What about Google? Does the information located satisfy the research need? Is the information factual and unbiased? See handout “Critically Analyzing Information Sources” the WritingSTEP Seminar Research Guide 3
What about Google? Google and Wikipedia aren’t intrinsically evil, just use them for the correct purpose in your research.
Google Scholar Google ScholarNote: Ifworking ONU buysoff Full-text database Google askscampus to link toplease see contentthe OhioLINK Permits“google Google to Run Googlescholar” link to full-text Scholartab at the SearchResearchGuide for ONU user sees licensed full-textWriting articlesSeminar
CRAAP test Timeliness of theCurrency information. Depth and importance of theRelevance/Coverage information. Source of the information.Authority Reliability of the informationAccuracy Possible bias present in thePurpose/Objectivity information.
Databases Often tools for locating journal and newspaper articles Most are subject-specific – some multi-disciplinary Many give access to full text ofSTEP articles 4 Heterick has 250+
Academic Search CompleteLexis-NexisJSTOR : the Scholarly Journal ArchiveSearch by Subject/Discipline for subject specific databases
Over 20,000 journals indexed, most are full textDivided by subject area offered at ONUBegin with a general database, Academic Search Premier
Periodical means the same as MagazineUsually magazines are more “popular”Journals Scholarly or Professional Peer reviewed
Reserve means the periodical/journal is held at the front desk.Current means the issue is new and is available on the open shelves beside the computer lab.All others are upstairs and arranged alphabetically by title.Bound means it’s out of the buildingArrived means it’s on the open shelvesExpected means it’s not here yet
Evaluating resources Annotated Bibliography to see what is Allows you out there Helps you narrow your topic and discard any irrelevant materials Aids in developing the thesisSTEP Makes you a better scholar 5
Pulling it all together Managing the resources found: Printing Saving ExportingSTEP 6
Pulling it all together Accuracy. If your page lists the author and institution that published the page and provides a way of contacting him/her and… Authority. If your page lists the author credentials and its domain is preferred (.edu, .gov, .org, or .net), and, … Objectivity. If your page provides accurate information with limited advertising and it is objective in presentingSTEP the information, and… 6
Pulling it all together page is current and Currency. If your updated regularly (as stated on the page) and the links (if any) are also up-to-date, and… Coverage. If you can view the information properly--not limited to fees, browser technology, or software requirement, then… You may have a Web page that could be of value to yourSTEP research! 6
Cite what you find using standard formats There are 3 citation styles that are in frequent used at ONU. They are: •MLA (Modern Language Association) •APA (American Psychological Association) •CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)STEP 7
Research Ethics Copyright - intended to promote the arts and the sciences. It does this by providing authors of original literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works the ability to control how their work is used by others.
Research Ethics Plagiarism - “...the wrongful appropriation or purloining, and publication as one’s own, the ideas or the expression of the ideas (literary, artistic, musical, mechanical, etc.) of an other.” – see Heterick Help Page and Student Code of Conduct
Research Ethics In other words, to plagiarize is to copy someone else’s work without giving him/her credit.Plagiarism is not always intentional. You can do 1 it by accident, but it is still against the law. If you ever have a question about whether something is plagiarized, please ask! 1. How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
Research Ethics 2 How may I avoid plagiarizing? Identify any information that would not be considered common knowledge Unless in direct quotes, make sure you paraphrase what the original author said Use a quote if you can’t think of a way to paraphrase the information always, Always, ALWAYS cite the source of any information in your paper which is not considered common knowledge. If you are unsure if something is common knowledge, cite it! 2 How not to plagiarize your report -- Shannon Hosier Mersand
HELP Traci Welch Moritz, MLS Public Services Librarian Assistant ProfessorReference Heterick Memorial LibraryLibrarians on firstname.lastname@example.org 419-772-24738a-4:30p Mon-Fri 419-772-21856p-9p Mon-Thur10a-3:30pSundays