OpenData & Public Research


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Researchers use OpenData to inform their work, and are also producers of data and software that can be re-shared to the public. In Canada, much university research is supported by public funds and an argument can be made that the results of that research should be made accessible to the public. The research at the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre will be featured as will community based social policy research in Ottawa. In Canada some data are accessible, but mostly data are not, and if they are, cost recovery policies and regressive licensing impede their use. The talk will feature examples where data are open and where opportunities for evidence based decision making are restricted.

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  • In March 2007 participation in Global Map covered over 95% of the world's land surface, including Antarctica. Data for over 30 countries have now been released and data for a further 40 countries are currently being verified. The targeted completion data for the first full version is December 2007.
    172 heads of the world’s national mapping agencies and regional bodies
    Q. Can anybody use the data? For non-commercial use, please feel free to use the data.
    Q. Can I use the data for commercial purposes? For commercial purposes, it’s up to each country. Please see the data policy on download page. If the country approves commercial use, you can use it for the purpose.If the country doesn’t show about the commercial use, you should contact to the country directory. If you are permitted, you can use it for commercial purposes.
    Q. Do I have to get permission for placing a GM product in website or papers?If this is for noncommercial use, you don’t need to get permission. However, please acknowledge the source of the data. And please let us know if you are used Global Map via e-mail.
    In 2003 D.R. F. Taylor was elected as Chair of the International Steering Committee for Global Map. In 2006 he was re-elected Chair for a further three-year term during the ISCGM meeting in Santiago, Chile.
  • The Community Information and Mapping System (CIMS) is an infrastructure to support voluntary sector groups and community members in Ontario to do local community based research to understand and improve population health. It is a unique model in multi-agency co-operative research development, web mapping and information sharing. The cornerstone is a website featuring an on-line mapping and data portal supported by coordinated training and information sharing. The CIMS is a membership-based collaborative, where members both receive services from and contribute to the infrastructure, on research questions which they define. It is designed for urban and rural groups with limited resources, to be able to undertake research, evaluation and planning on the population health issues that matter to them. The infrastructure integrates maximum leverage of the Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure and other data and technology democratization supports. CIMS provides a range of supports to members including:
  • Data are collected via participant observations, interviews, and recording by local experts to illustrate: i) seasonal sea ice characteristics; ii) the extent and areas of use by local people; iii) sea ice hazards; iv) key harvesting areas; v) traditional and current ice routes; vi) place names associated with ice features; vii) shifts in patterns of ice use due to social and/or environmental change; viii) recent and historical changes in subsistence and other societal strategies, due to environmental and socio-economic dynamics.
    Maps and participatory mapping comprise and important basis for documenting sea ice knowledge, use, and change.
    In addition to participatory mapping, sea ice use, conditions, and travel routes can be accurately mapped during sea ice travel using the track function on a Global Positioning System.
    This is one example of the compiled results of participatory mapping, as part of Laidler's previous research. The purple represents the expected variability and location of the floe edge around the 1960s. The fushia lines show anomalous ice extents of the early 1980s. And the turquoise lines show the recent floe edge proximity, much closer to the community than ever before, and impeding access to the SW side of Cumberland Sound.
    Another example of map compilation comes from placenames research undertaken by Claudio Aporta in Igloolik. This maps shows a combination of Inuktitut placenames, seasonal feature names, and common travel routes as tracked with a GPS
  • OpenData & Public Research

    1. 1. OpenData & Public Research Tracey P. Lauriault Open Access Week: Ottawa University Desmarais Hall, room 4101 Thursday, Oct. 21 from 17:00-19:00 (With information contributed by D. R. Fraser Taylor & Amos Hayes from the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre, Carleton University (
    2. 2. Global Sharing
    3. 3. Global Map ISCGM: Data Use Agreement: GCRC & Global Map:
    4. 4. GEOSS GEOSS:
    5. 5. Open Data Inspires Research
    6. 6. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
    7. 7. Example of funding in a research centre
    8. 8. GRCR Research Centre Funding • SSHRC • Initiative on the New Economy (INE) Major Collaborative Initiative Grant • Image, Text, Sound and Technology (ITST) Strategic Grant • INE Outreach Grant & Standard Research Grants • International Polar Year Canada • NSERC • Indian & Northern Affairs • Canadian International Polar Year Secretariat Office • Government of Nunavut • Inuit Heritage Trust • Kitikmeot Heritage Society (NPO) • Government of Canada  HRSDC - Data Development Projects on Homelessness Program  Heritage Canada - Gateway Fund  Statistics Canada, Geography Division  Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Grant  Natural Resources Canada • Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research • Inukshuk Wireless c
    9. 9. Degrees of openness - access
    10. 10. Data - Various Access Cybercartographic atlases are created with: • Data from partners & funders: • Cities of Calgary & Toronto, Communauté Métropolitaine de Montréal • Federation of Canadian Municipalities Quality of Life Reporting System • Kitikmeot Heritage Society  Social Planning Council of Ottawa  Community Information and Mapping System (CIMS) c
    11. 11. Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework ( BSD) - Data Liberation Intiative (DLI) Statistics Canada (Restricted use) - FCM QoLRS (Viewing only) - City Neighbourhood framework data files (Viewing only) - Toronto Community Housing (Viewing only) c Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness
    12. 12. Community Information and Mapping System (CIMS) Data & Software - CIMS Infrastructure (Open Source) - Health Districts(Viewing only) - Community Social Data Strategy Data (Viewing only) - Geogratis Data (unrestricted use) - Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (Viewing only) - Community created data sets (Viewing only) - City of Ottawa Ward Boundaries (OpenData) Social Planning Council of Ottawa Using Population Health Data to Profile the Health and Well-Being of Children and Youth in Eastern Ontario
    13. 13. Community Created Data  Data produced by researchers collected/created/assembled • by the researcher • In collaboration with communities (Aboriginal hunters, northern community elders, etc.) • when the subject is also a data contributor
    14. 14. ISIUOP - Data Collection Data & Software - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (BSD) - Geogratis Framework & Topographic Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Flow lines collected by different hunters (Shared rights) - More sensitive data – e.g. Bear Dens, sacred sites, environmentally sensitive data are for viewing & use by the community only - Data will become part of IPY Canada c
    15. 15. IPY – Research funding and data management
    16. 16. Data – Uncertain & Restrictive Cybercartographic atlases are created with: • Restricted Data  Library and Archives Canada – Maps & Photographs  Statistics Canada, expensive due to Cost Recovery Policies also limiting licence • Uncertain Data Access • Film Canada Year Book • Alliance atlantis • Cinemaclock c
    17. 17. Data - Open and Semi Open Cybercartographic atlases are created with: • Data accessed from open access sources • GeoGratis (NRCan) - Landsat Mosaic - Unrestricted User License • GeoBase (NRCan) - Framework Data - Unrestricted User License • Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) - Antarctic Treaty System • Data from semi open access sources • Data Liberation Initiative, CU Library - Restricted to University • Google Maps - Open APIs, useable but under terms c
    18. 18. Atlases Atlas of Arctic Bay - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (New BSD) - Google API (Semi Open) Atlas of Arctic Bay - Nunaliit Cybercartographic Atlas Framework (New BSD) - Geogratis Framework Data (Unrestricted terms of use) - Statistics Canada Trade Division Data (Restricted use and $$$ $$)
    19. 19. NRCan
    20. 20. GCRC – Guiding Principles • Products produced w/public funds belong to the public  Whenever possible open access comes first  BSD License  Use data from open access sources  Creative Commons 0  Share as much as possible  Publish in Open Access Journals  Create and use open source software, tools, widgets, etc.  Design for open source browsers  Participate in open access, open data, open source fora  Encourage these principles in public consultations  Education & Capacity building  Adhere to interoperability standards and specifications c
    21. 21. Openness The more open, accessible, interoperable, 0 cost and discoverable public data are the more innovation we will see, the more stories we can tell about Canada from multiple points of view. Public policy can also become more intelligent as citizens, researchers, NGOs, business and other levels of government when they too have access to the data they need to inform it. These are the public's data after all!