Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
S06011A, Research methods advanced seminar.
NIRSA Seminar Room Iontas Building
May 8, 2015
Tracey P. Lauriault
Programmabl...
Introduction
The Programmable City
• A European Research Council (ERC) and
Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI) funding
• SH3: Environme...
MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014
Aim of the ERC
project is to build
off and extend a
decade of work that
culminated in
Code/Space ...
Objectives
How is the city translated into software and data?
How do software and data reshape the city?
Translation:
City...
Producing
knowledge
Counting things makes them visible
2006
http://www.cso.ie/en/census/index.html
http://www.dublindashboard.ie/pages/DublinEnvironment
Quantifying things provides information
http://www.epa.ie/air/qualit...
http://euclid.psych.yorku.ca/SCS/Gallery/imag
es/dan/quetelet-binomial.jpg
https://archive.org/stream/lathoriedelhom0
0hal...
http://www.calculator.net/bmi-calculator.html
Correlating things shows relationships
When things are known actions are taken
Homosexuals were deviants and
genetics demonstrated a biological predisposition
Po...
http://www.oireachtas.ie/documents/bills28/bills/2015/515/b515d.pdf
Bureaucracy acts upon known things
http://www.refcom.i...
Classification and counting is resisted
https://www.a
sthma.ie/news
/were-calling-
for-clean-air-
for-all
http://www.irish...
Data
Based
Deliberations
Femicide
http://kareningalasmith.com/counting-dead-women/
Counting Dead Women
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/crime-stats/crime-statistics/focus-on-violent-crime-and-sexual-offences--2013-14/rpt-
chapte...
http://www.womensaid.org.uk/page.asp?section=00010001001400130010&sectionTitle=Femicide+
Census#femcensus
Femicide Census
http://www.womensaid
.org.uk/domestic-
violence-
events.asp?itemid=335
1&itemTitle=Femicide
+Census%3A+Profile
s+of+Women+...
Why the Femicide Census?
• Provide a clearer picture of domestic homicides in the UK by
age/ethnic origin/ relationship/ p...
Data
Based
Actions
Charities
http://openknowledge.ie/about/#whoweare
http://openknowledge.ie/first-irish-charity-data-hackday/
Charity Hack Day
http://...
Evidence
Informed
Actions
Homelessness
http://www.homelessdublin.ie/pass
http://www.dublincity.ie/official-street-count-figures-rough-
sleeping-winter-2014-acros...
http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/
http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousi...
• Dublin Region Homeless
Executive (DRHE) -
Research and Data
Advisory Committee
(RDAC)
• Housing Agency
• DRHE
• Public H...
“https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homelessness
Atlas of the Risk of Homeless...
Aging Social Housing Stock in Toronto
Data
Based
Actions
Transit
Transit & Demographic Data
Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast
https://irelan...
Public Transit Conversation
Privatizing public transport from the periphery to the centre?
• Data Sources
• Dublin Bus rou...
Data
Based
Campaigns
http://www.npr.org/2015/02/10/384129985/advocates
-join-fight-to-eliminate-detroit-s-rape-kit-backlog
http://www.endthebac...
http://ajah.ca
http://poweredbydata.org
Charitable Sector Data
Municipal Data Collection Tool
Data
Based
Deliberations
Save the Census Campaign
http://datalibre.ca/census-watch/
488 Against
Evidence
Informed
Activism
Evidence for Democracy
https://evidencefordemocracy.ca
Scholar
Activist
Research
Co-Production of knowledge with and/or for
community based groups, charitable
organizations & issue driven activists
1. Sc...
What is
open?
Open Policy
Open Licences
Open Source/Formats/Specs
Open Infrastructure
Openness
Open Data Definitions (sample)
• 1959 Antarctic Treaty
• 1992 - UNCED – Agenda 21 Chapter 40,
Information for Decision Mak...
Data Sharing
ARTICLE III
1. In order to promote international cooperation in
scientific investigation in Antarctica, as pr...
Earth Summit 1992, 2002
Agenda 21 – Chapter 40
INFORMATION FOR DECISION-MAKING
40.1. In sustainable development, everyone ...
GEOSS
https://www.earthobservations.org/geoss_dsp.shtml
Most Popular Open Data Defs.
1. Access
2. Redistribution
3. Reuse
4. Absence of Technological
Restriction
5. Attribution
6...
Open Data Census
G8 Open Data Charter
Companies Company/business register
Crime and Justice Crime statistics, safety
Earth observation Mete...
Open Data / Gov Ireland
Epistemic groups
Research Data
GovData
GeoData
Physical
Sciences
AdminData
Public Sector Data
Access to Data Open Data
Soc...
Within institutions
Outcomes
•Economic
•Environmental
•Societal
Decision Making
Analyzed/visualize
Integrated
Discovered/A...
Government
Data
Government Institutions
1. Agriculture, Food and the Marine
2. Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
3. Children and Youth Affa...
Data Collection
• Meet constitutional commitments & ensure
adherence to regulation, treaties, directives
• Administer gove...
Socio-Technological Systems
PuneetKishor,http://punkish.org/Taxonomy-of-Sensors
Data
Assemblage
Kitchin’s Data Assemblage
Attributes Elements
Systems of
thought
Modes of thinking, philosophies, theories, models,
ideolo...
Q & A
Tracey P. Lauriault
Programmable City Project
http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity/
Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie
@T...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Data: Activism, Access, Open

605 views

Published on

S06011A, Research methods advanced seminar. NIRSA Seminar Room Iontas Building May 8, 2015

Tracey P. Lauriault
Programmable City Project
Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie
@TraceyLauriault

Published in: Data & Analytics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Data: Activism, Access, Open

  1. 1. S06011A, Research methods advanced seminar. NIRSA Seminar Room Iontas Building May 8, 2015 Tracey P. Lauriault Programmable City Project Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie @TraceyLauriault Data: Activism, Access, Open
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. The Programmable City • A European Research Council (ERC) and Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI) funding • SH3: Environment and Society • Led by Dr Rob Kitchin, the Primary Investigator • Based at the National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA) • At the National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUIM)
  4. 4. MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014 Aim of the ERC project is to build off and extend a decade of work that culminated in Code/Space book (MIT Press) with a set of detailed empirical studies Aim
  5. 5. Objectives How is the city translated into software and data? How do software and data reshape the city? Translation: City into Code Transduction: Code Reshapes City THE CITYSOFTWARE Discourses, Practices, Knowledge, Models Mediation, Augmentation, Facilitation, Regulation
  6. 6. Producing knowledge
  7. 7. Counting things makes them visible 2006 http://www.cso.ie/en/census/index.html
  8. 8. http://www.dublindashboard.ie/pages/DublinEnvironment Quantifying things provides information http://www.epa.ie/air/quality/#.VPX7KCxi_nM
  9. 9. http://euclid.psych.yorku.ca/SCS/Gallery/imag es/dan/quetelet-binomial.jpg https://archive.org/stream/lathoriedelhom0 0halbuoft#page/n5/mode/2up Counting and quantifying reveals what is normal
  10. 10. http://www.calculator.net/bmi-calculator.html Correlating things shows relationships
  11. 11. When things are known actions are taken Homosexuals were deviants and genetics demonstrated a biological predisposition Poor air quality is associated w/traffic congestion, transit and car pooling are remedial planning actions Obesity was considered a moral defect, biology and the political economy have been shown as factors, it has become a social issue
  12. 12. http://www.oireachtas.ie/documents/bills28/bills/2015/515/b515d.pdf Bureaucracy acts upon known things http://www.refcom.ie/en/ http://www.rte.ie/archives/exhibitions/1980-smoking/ http://www.ices.on.ca/flip- publication/neighbourhood- environment-and- resources/index.html
  13. 13. Classification and counting is resisted https://www.a sthma.ie/news /were-calling- for-clean-air- for-all http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and- style/people/being-plus-size-does-not-mean-you-re- unhealthy-1.1834306 https://www.change.org/p/seventeen-magazine- correct-their-bmi-calculator-s-definition-of-healthy- range?utm_campaign=action_box&utm_mediu m=twitter&utm_source=share_petition
  14. 14. Data Based Deliberations Femicide
  15. 15. http://kareningalasmith.com/counting-dead-women/ Counting Dead Women
  16. 16. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/crime-stats/crime-statistics/focus-on-violent-crime-and-sexual-offences--2013-14/rpt- chapter-2.html Official Statistics • The Home Office now records and publishes data on homicide victims and the relationship of the victim to the principal suspect and sex the of the victim. • But it does not have the sex of the killer or connect different forms of male violence against women.
  17. 17. http://www.womensaid.org.uk/page.asp?section=00010001001400130010&sectionTitle=Femicide+ Census#femcensus Femicide Census
  18. 18. http://www.womensaid .org.uk/domestic- violence- events.asp?itemid=335 1&itemTitle=Femicide +Census%3A+Profile s+of+Women+Killed +by+Men&section=0 00100010017&sectio nTitle=Events+calend ar
  19. 19. Why the Femicide Census? • Provide a clearer picture of domestic homicides in the UK by age/ethnic origin/ relationship/ profession/region/outcome; • Provide a clearer picture of men’s fatal violence against women that is not committed by a partner or ex-partner; • Information to create advocacy tools to provide concrete data on domestic violence homicides; • Provide data when NGOs working to end domestic violence against women is providing expert evidence on domestic homicides in civil cases or before the Coroners court; • Provide comparisons and parallels between cases to identify where there is the potential for a systemic argument against the State for failing to protect the Right to Life; and • Provide a resource for academics researching femicides
  20. 20. Data Based Actions Charities
  21. 21. http://openknowledge.ie/about/#whoweare http://openknowledge.ie/first-irish-charity-data-hackday/ Charity Hack Day http://tcubedublin.com/ https://ti.to/ http://www.slideshare.net/AdrianOFlynn/solving-irish-charities-transparency-problemhttp://www.focusireland.ie/reports/2012/annual-report/accounts.html https://docs.google.com/file/d/0BwvqlbZTmJr6TFQyYVVVYXB0eWc/edit http://dochas.ie/publications/accounting-and-reporting-charities-statement-recommended-practice-charity-commissionhttps://www.cafonline.org/publications/2014-publications/world-giving-index-2014.aspx
  22. 22. Evidence Informed Actions Homelessness
  23. 23. http://www.homelessdublin.ie/pass http://www.dublincity.ie/official-street-count-figures-rough- sleeping-winter-2014-across-dublin-region http://www.cso.ie/en/census/census2011reports/ho melesspersonsinirelandaspecialcensus2011report/ Homelessness Data collection
  24. 24. http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/ http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/ Homelessness Data Dissemination
  25. 25. • Dublin Region Homeless Executive (DRHE) - Research and Data Advisory Committee (RDAC) • Housing Agency • DRHE • Public Health • Focus Ireland • School of Social work and Social Policy TCD • Programmable City, NUIM • School of Business, TCD • HSE Network of Decision makers • Homelessness Oversight Committee • National Homeless Consultative Committee • Dublin Joint Homelessness Consultative Forum • 2016 Census Advisory Committee • Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government • Local Authorities/HSE • Charitable organizations • Housing and service providers ...more Homelessness Data Actors
  26. 26. “https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homelessness Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness
  27. 27. Aging Social Housing Stock in Toronto
  28. 28. Data Based Actions Transit
  29. 29. Transit & Demographic Data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/
  30. 30. Public Transit Conversation Privatizing public transport from the periphery to the centre? • Data Sources • Dublin Bus routes considered for privatisation - 23 Dublin Bus & 5 Bus Éireann routes • CSO/AIRO maps at small area & electoral division to examine what public is served by public transport • Data Sets: • Population by social class – professional workers, skilled manual labour • Private Car Ownership • Deprivation Index • Analysis • Core – periphery analysis of bus route privatization • Examine demographics of ‘orbital’ areas served by proposed privatised bus routes • Effects of frequency of service delivery to different populations • Limitations • Absence of route-specific passenger load data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/
  31. 31. Data Based Campaigns
  32. 32. http://www.npr.org/2015/02/10/384129985/advocates -join-fight-to-eliminate-detroit-s-rape-kit-backlog http://www.endthebacklog.org/about-us/about-endthebacklog Rape Kits Campaigns http://www.joyfulheartfoundation.org/
  33. 33. http://ajah.ca http://poweredbydata.org Charitable Sector Data
  34. 34. Municipal Data Collection Tool
  35. 35. Data Based Deliberations
  36. 36. Save the Census Campaign http://datalibre.ca/census-watch/ 488 Against
  37. 37. Evidence Informed Activism
  38. 38. Evidence for Democracy https://evidencefordemocracy.ca
  39. 39. Scholar Activist Research
  40. 40. Co-Production of knowledge with and/or for community based groups, charitable organizations & issue driven activists 1. Scholar activists commit to channel their resources and the privileges afforded to academics 2. Resource in the form of research design 3. Research that explores the barriers to sustained and active participation in activism Scholar-Activist Research Kate Driscoll Dericksona & Paul Routledgeb (2014) Resourcing Scholar-Activism: Collaboration, Transformation, and the Production of Knowledge. The Professional Geographer 67(1), DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2014.883958
  41. 41. What is open?
  42. 42. Open Policy
  43. 43. Open Licences
  44. 44. Open Source/Formats/Specs
  45. 45. Open Infrastructure
  46. 46. Openness
  47. 47. Open Data Definitions (sample) • 1959 Antarctic Treaty • 1992 - UNCED – Agenda 21 Chapter 40, Information for Decision Making • 1996 Global Map • 2002 – UNCED – Ageday 21 + 10 Down To Earth • 2005 - Open Knowledge Foundation (OKNF) - 11 Principles (Licence specific) • 2007 GEOSS - Data Sharing Principles for the Global Earth Observing System of Systems • 2007 - US Open Government Working Group - 8 principles of Open Government Data • 2007 Science Commons Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data • 2007 Sunlight Foundation - 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Informatio • 2007 OECD, Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding • 2008 OECD, Recommendations on Public Sector Information • 2009 W3C - Publishing Open Government Data • 2010 Tim Berners-Lee 5 Star of Open Data • 2010 Panton Principles for Open Data in Science • 2010 Ontario Information Privacy Commissioner - 7 Principles • 2013 Open Economics Principles • US Association of Computing Machinery (USACM) – Recommendations on Open Government • American Library Association (ALA) – Access to Government Information Principles
  48. 48. Data Sharing ARTICLE III 1. In order to promote international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica, as provided for in Article II of the present Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable: (a) information regarding plans for scientific programs in Antarctica shall be exchanged to permit maximum economy and efficiency of operations; (b) scientific personnel shall be exchanged in Antarctica between expeditions and stations; (c) scientific observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available
  49. 49. Earth Summit 1992, 2002 Agenda 21 – Chapter 40 INFORMATION FOR DECISION-MAKING 40.1. In sustainable development, everyone is a user and provider of information considered in the broad sense. That includes data, information, appropriately packaged experience and knowledge. The need for information arises at all levels, from that of senior decision makers at the national and international levels to the grass-roots and individual levels. The following two programme areas need to be implemented to ensure that decisions are based increasingly on sound information: a. Bridging the data gap; b. Improving information availability. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/10455/down-to-earth- geographical-information-for-sustainable-development-in-africa http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Ag enda21.pdf
  50. 50. GEOSS https://www.earthobservations.org/geoss_dsp.shtml
  51. 51. Most Popular Open Data Defs. 1. Access 2. Redistribution 3. Reuse 4. Absence of Technological Restriction 5. Attribution 6. Integrity 7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 9. Distribution of License 10. License Must Not Be Specific to a Package 11. License Must Not Restrict the Distribution of Other Works ★ make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ★★ make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) ★★★ use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) ★★★★ use URIs to denote things, so that people can point at your stuff ★★★★★ link your data to other data to provide context Tim Berners-Lee, 5 star deployment scheme for Open Data Interoperability Georeference Aggregation Data Quality Archiving
  52. 52. Open Data Census
  53. 53. G8 Open Data Charter Companies Company/business register Crime and Justice Crime statistics, safety Earth observation Meteorological/weather, agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting Education List of schools; performance of schools, digital skills Energy and Environment Pollution levels, energy consumption Finance and contracts Transaction spend, contracts let, call for tender, future tenders, local budget, national budget (planned and spent) Geospatial Topography, postcodes, national maps, local maps Global Development Aid, food security, extractives, land Government Accountability and Democracy Government contact points, election results, legislation and statutes, salaries (pay scales), hospitality/gifts Health Prescription data, performance data Science and Research Genome data, research and educational activity, experiment results Statistics National Statistics, Census, infrastructure, wealth, skills Social mobility and welfare Housing, health insurance and unemployment benefits Transport and Infrastructure Public transport timetables, access points broadband penetration
  54. 54. Open Data / Gov Ireland
  55. 55. Epistemic groups Research Data GovData GeoData Physical Sciences AdminData Public Sector Data Access to Data Open Data Social Sciences 2005 VGI Crowdsource Citizen Science Scientists, Cultural Institutions E-Government, CTOs
  56. 56. Within institutions Outcomes •Economic •Environmental •Societal Decision Making Analyzed/visualize Integrated Discovered/Accessed
  57. 57. Government Data
  58. 58. Government Institutions 1. Agriculture, Food and the Marine 2. Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht 3. Children and Youth Affairs 4. Communications, Energy and Natural Resources 5. Defence 6. Education and Skills 7. Environment, Community and Local Government 8. Finance 9. Foreign Affairs and Trade 10.Health 11.Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation 12.Justice and Equality 13.Public Expenditure and Reform 14.Social Protection 15.Taoiseach 16. Transport, Tourism and Sport • 130 Non Commercial State Sponsored Bodies (EPA, Marine Institute, SFI, RIA, Rail, OSI, Universities, Roads, etc.) • 100+ State-sponsored bodies (Utilities, Irish Rail, IDA, Petroleum Corporation) • 31 local authorities (3 are Dublin, 2 are City and Council) • CSO, Archives, etc. • Data Protection Commissioner, Ombunds person, Information Commissioner,
  59. 59. Data Collection • Meet constitutional commitments & ensure adherence to regulation, treaties, directives • Administer government institutions (budgets, performance indicators, audits, taxes, procurement) • Output of program & service delivery (licences, PPS, registration, fees, ) • Census, maps, surveys, inventories, • Investigation, research, development
  60. 60. Socio-Technological Systems PuneetKishor,http://punkish.org/Taxonomy-of-Sensors
  61. 61. Data Assemblage
  62. 62. Kitchin’s Data Assemblage Attributes Elements Systems of thought Modes of thinking, philosophies, theories, models, ideologies, rationalities, etc. Forms of knowledge Research texts, manuals, magazines, websites, experience, word of mouth, chat forums, etc. Finance Business models, investment, venture capital, grants, philanthropy, profit, etc. Political economy Policy, tax regimes, public and political opinion, ethical considerations, etc. Govern- mentalities / Legalities Data standards, file formats, system requirements, protocols, regulations, laws, licensing, intellectual property regimes, etc. Materialities & infrastructures Paper/pens, computers, digital devices, sensors, scanners, databases, networks, servers, etc. Practices Techniques, ways of doing, learned behaviours, scientific conventions, etc. Organisations & institutions Archives, corporations, consultants, manufacturers, retailers, government agencies, universities, conferences, clubs and societies, committees and boards, communities of practice, etc. Subjectivities & communities Of data producers, curators, managers, analysts, scientists, politicians, users, citizens, etc. Places Labs, offices, field sites, data centres, server farms, business parks, etc, and their agglomerations Marketplace For data, its derivatives (e.g., text, tables, graphs, maps), analysts, analytic software, interpretations, etc. Systemsofthought
  63. 63. Q & A Tracey P. Lauriault Programmable City Project http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity/ Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie @TraceyLauriault

×