Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Study on how older people
are impacted by natural
disasters
HelpAge International – Jamaica
Disaster Risk Reduction of Vul...
Background to the study
´ Outcome of the HelpAge International/USAID Funded Disaster Risk
Reduction of Vulnerable Populati...
Methodology
´ Random Sampling (10%) of the total population of older people, where the
sample size fell below the expected...
Sample distribution by parish
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
Portland St Elizabeth Total
Sample distribution by parish
p...
Sample distribution of study site by age
87
77
71
50
28
25
19 31
Frequency Distribution of sample by age
60-64
65-69
70-74...
Findings of the Study: Ownership of
assetsGender association Frequency distribution
Findings of the study: Housing
Conditions
Frequency distribution -
Housing condition
Housing condition based
on home owner...
Findings: Frequency distribution on health
status of older people
Findings: Health Status and mobility
Age association with
general health and
mobility
Frequency distribution on
general he...
Findings: Social/family association
Gender distribution Age distribution
Findings: Frequency distribution of
economic source by gender and age
Gender distribution Age distribution
Findings: Livelihood source and
distribution by geography
Main livelihood sources
Livelihood source by
community
Findings: Monthly income distribution
by gender and age
Gender distribution Age distribution
Findings: Group association, distributed
by gender and age
Gender distribution Age distribution
Vulnerability: Level of
preparedness
Findings: Access to Key services by
Community
Access to postal
services/pension
Water resource
distribution by community
Findings: Access to pension services
distributed by parish and community
Degree of access to health
by community
Degree of...
Findings: Vulnerability based on
exposure
Relationship between
exposure to hazard and
gender
Degree of exposure to
select ...
Findings: Hazard with the highest
degree of threat based on readiness
Hazard with highest level of
threat by gender
Hazard...
Natural Hazard Impact on
Vulnerable Older People
Frequency distribution and cross tab analysis based on Chi
Findings: Distribution of hazard impact
by gender and geography
Hazard impact by
gender
Hazard impact by
community
Findings: Distribution of post disaster
economic trends
Disaster as economic driver
indicated by gender
Disaster as econom...
Findings: Post disaster-impact on health
Disaster impact on health
as indicated by gender
Disaster impact on health
as ind...
Findings: Post disaster impact trends on
socialization
Gender association post
disaster
Association by age post
disaster
Post Disaster Impact on
older people
Findings: Long term effects on recovery
based on impact
Gender distribution Age distribution
Findings: Mental wellbeing and
recovery post disaster
Disaster impact on recovery and
mental health by Gender
Disaster imp...
Findings: Recommendation for intervention
response distribution by gender
Summary of Key Findings
Summary of key findings: Health
Health findings Health findings
q 72% of older persons surveyed suffer from
some form of i...
Summary of key findings: Livelihoods
Livelihood findings Livelihood findings
q 33.9% of respondents are
engaged in some fo...
Summary of key findings: living alone
Findings: living alone Findings: Living alone
q 21.4% of older persons
surveyed in S...
Summary of Key findings: Housing Condition
Findings: housing conditions Findings: housing conditions
q Housing Condition w...
Contributors to the study
Study
conducted by
Kerry-Ann Thompson Tracey Edwards
Quantitative
data collection
conducted by
P...
Thank you
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

final ppt_study on how older people are impacted by disasters

62 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

final ppt_study on how older people are impacted by disasters

  1. 1. Study on how older people are impacted by natural disasters HelpAge International – Jamaica Disaster Risk Reduction of Vulnerable Populations Presentation of findings Prepared by: Tracey Edwards, Kerry-Ann Thompson (Research consultants)
  2. 2. Background to the study ´ Outcome of the HelpAge International/USAID Funded Disaster Risk Reduction of Vulnerable Populations in Jamaica ´ Study was conducted over a two month period, August to September 2015 ´ Report is sill be developed ´ Study conducted by independent consultants contracted to HAI Jamaica for the period Parish Portland Frequency St. Elizabeth Frequency Communities Spring Hill Fruitful Vale Bangor Ridge 53 (14.2%) 69 (18.5%) 40 (10.8%) Holland Bigwoods Southfield 60 (16.1%) 30 (8.1%) 120 (32.3%) Aim of the study: To document the experiences and perspectives of older people affected by natural disasters, in order to understand the vulnerabilities and capacities of this age group at different stages of the disaster cycle. Information gathered from the study will be used as an advocacy tool in promoting changes in those critical systems that are of importance to the well-being of this group
  3. 3. Methodology ´ Random Sampling (10%) of the total population of older people, where the sample size fell below the expected sample 100 percent of the population of older people in the community was sampled Data collection Expected Actual Direct interviews with beneficiaries 400 372 Interviews with key informants 12 11 Focus group interviews 3 3 Analysis was carried out using Frequency distribution and Chi (☓2) for quantitative analysis (structured questionnaire) NVIVO was used for analysis and coding of qualitative data (key informants and focus group interviews)
  4. 4. Sample distribution by parish 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 Portland St Elizabeth Total Sample distribution by parish percent frequency
  5. 5. Sample distribution of study site by age 87 77 71 50 28 25 19 31 Frequency Distribution of sample by age 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 >/=100
  6. 6. Findings of the Study: Ownership of assetsGender association Frequency distribution
  7. 7. Findings of the study: Housing Conditions Frequency distribution - Housing condition Housing condition based on home ownership
  8. 8. Findings: Frequency distribution on health status of older people
  9. 9. Findings: Health Status and mobility Age association with general health and mobility Frequency distribution on general health of older people
  10. 10. Findings: Social/family association Gender distribution Age distribution
  11. 11. Findings: Frequency distribution of economic source by gender and age Gender distribution Age distribution
  12. 12. Findings: Livelihood source and distribution by geography Main livelihood sources Livelihood source by community
  13. 13. Findings: Monthly income distribution by gender and age Gender distribution Age distribution
  14. 14. Findings: Group association, distributed by gender and age Gender distribution Age distribution
  15. 15. Vulnerability: Level of preparedness
  16. 16. Findings: Access to Key services by Community Access to postal services/pension Water resource distribution by community
  17. 17. Findings: Access to pension services distributed by parish and community Degree of access to health by community Degree of access to pension by community
  18. 18. Findings: Vulnerability based on exposure Relationship between exposure to hazard and gender Degree of exposure to select hazard by location
  19. 19. Findings: Hazard with the highest degree of threat based on readiness Hazard with highest level of threat by gender Hazard with highest threat by parish
  20. 20. Natural Hazard Impact on Vulnerable Older People Frequency distribution and cross tab analysis based on Chi
  21. 21. Findings: Distribution of hazard impact by gender and geography Hazard impact by gender Hazard impact by community
  22. 22. Findings: Distribution of post disaster economic trends Disaster as economic driver indicated by gender Disaster as economic driver- indicated by age
  23. 23. Findings: Post disaster-impact on health Disaster impact on health as indicated by gender Disaster impact on health as indicated by age
  24. 24. Findings: Post disaster impact trends on socialization Gender association post disaster Association by age post disaster
  25. 25. Post Disaster Impact on older people
  26. 26. Findings: Long term effects on recovery based on impact Gender distribution Age distribution
  27. 27. Findings: Mental wellbeing and recovery post disaster Disaster impact on recovery and mental health by Gender Disaster impact on recovery and mental health by age
  28. 28. Findings: Recommendation for intervention response distribution by gender
  29. 29. Summary of Key Findings
  30. 30. Summary of key findings: Health Health findings Health findings q 72% of older persons surveyed suffer from some form of illness• High blood pressure, vision, breathing and hearing problems, arthritis, and headaches were most frequently reported q A high percentage of respondents from Bangor Ridge and Spring Hill in Portland and Big Woods and Holland in St. Elizabeth find health services difficult to access q Post-disaster health impacts most frequently reported include new or worsened physical conditions: diarrhoea, high blood pressure, vision problems, headaches and arthritis; and mental conditions: feelings of depression and anxiety, worry and hopelessness q Health issues significantly affects respondents’ ability to prepare for disaster q Access to health care services decline significantly after a disaster, with over 40% of respondents reporting that they take more than a month to resume q Mobility issues are most strongly reported amongst the 80-89 age group. • Amongst the moderately to severely frail, more than 75% of respondents are over 70 years of age
  31. 31. Summary of key findings: Livelihoods Livelihood findings Livelihood findings q 33.9% of respondents are engaged in some form of farming q Farming forms the highest source of income, and is the only substantial “earned livelihood” q A higher percentage of farmers earn the lowest two income brackets compared to non-farmers, a higher percentage of whom earned higher than JMD 15000 per month (25.3% of non-farmers versus 12.5% of farmers). q 51.65% of farmers are male, and 48.35% are female q In Portland, farmers were the only ones to cite fire as another major hazard, and 48% percent of those citing landslides as a major hazard were farmers q 23.23% of farmers live in poor or worse housing q The drought conditions of 2014 and 2015 have been particularly hard on farmers. The drought conditions have brought reduced rainfall, and water lock-offs, which has resulting the dying-off of crops. q . Farmers generally report better mobility and lower frailty than non-farmers q Farmers generally indicate that they can move very well without obstacles; only 7.07% of farmer reported needing assistance to get around, compared to 17.55% of non-farmers. 12.77% of farmers indicate that they are apparently vulnerable to severely frail, compared to 22.98% of non-farmers
  32. 32. Summary of key findings: living alone Findings: living alone Findings: Living alone q 21.4% of older persons surveyed in St. Elizabeth live alone while 29% of persons in Portland live alone q Among those who live alone cited inability to prepare on their own (30%), requiring assistance to protect their home (17.5%), and financial need (17.5%) as reasons for requiring assistance for preparation for hazards. q A higher proportion of females than males lived within someone else in both St. Elizabeth and Portland, whereas a higher proportion of males than females lived alone q Persons who lived with someone were less likely to have feelings of loneliness (Table E.4) than those who lived alone q A higher percentage of of persons who live alone have reported health conditions (Table E.2) and mobility issues q In St. Elizabeth, more than half (50.7%) of those who live with someone else indicated that they felt lonely at times: In Portland, 32% of those who live with someone and feel lonely at times is also notable (32%).
  33. 33. Summary of Key findings: Housing Condition Findings: housing conditions Findings: housing conditions q Housing Condition was most frequently cited as a vulnerability factor of older persons amongst stakeholders interviewed (Council for the Elderly; Health; SDC St. Elizabeth; ODPEM; Parish Council) q Income is a significant determinant of housing condition in St. Elizabeth, but not Portland q Poor to very Poor housing is associated with 24.2% of persons surveyed living in Portland, versus 10.4% of persons of persons surveyed in St Elizabeth q Southfield, St Elizabeth had by far the highest percentage of housing stock in good or very good condition (69.3%) q The majority of the St Elizabeth persons living in very poor housing were earning the less than JMD 5000.00 per month range (63.6%) q Bangor Ridge had the highest percentage of Poor to Very Poor housing (28.8%) q St. Elizabeth has much higher percentage of homes made of concrete (72.9%) than Portland (46.3%) q In Portland, 80% of older people surveyed live in some form of exposed area, whereas in St. Elizabeth, 63.3% of persons lived in some form of exposed area
  34. 34. Contributors to the study Study conducted by Kerry-Ann Thompson Tracey Edwards Quantitative data collection conducted by Portland Community volunteers St. Elizabeth Community volunteers Key informants Portland 1. Parish Council 2. Parish Disaster Coordinator (ODPEM) 3. Port Antonio Health Centre Kingston: 4. Mona Ageing and Wellness Centre 5. National Council for Senior Citizens 6. Planning Institute of Jamaica 7. Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management St. Elizabeth 8. Social Development Commission (Santa Cruz) 9. Poor Relief Kingston: 10. Ministry of Labour and Social Security (MLSS) 11. Ministry of Local Government and Community Development (Board of Supervision Focus group interviews Farmers group (Fruitful Vale) Older males (Bangor Ridge) Older Females (Bigwoods)
  35. 35. Thank you

×