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RFID technology fundamentals. How to choose an RFID tag?

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The basic fundamentals to understand RFID technology, its applications, most common RFID tags and special RFID solutions.

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RFID technology fundamentals. How to choose an RFID tag?

  1. 1. RFID TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT RFID TAG? www.trace-id.com | info@trace-id.com
  2. 2. RFID TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT RFID TAG? BASIC FUNDAMENTALS
  3. 3. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals The radio frequency identification –RFID– is used to obtain and compile the traceability of objects, humans and animals, since every RFID tag provides one unique ID number. Vectors by several authors from www.freepik.com partially modified. 3 www.trace-id.com
  4. 4. Basically, an RFID system is made of: the RFID tags that have the data stored in a chip, the reader’s antenna that broadcasts the call signal, and afterwards receives the answers from the tags, the reader where the data is managed, the server where is stored and managed the database. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals Vectors by several authors from www.freepik.com partially modified. 4 www.trace-id.com
  5. 5. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals Antenna Chip Substrate RFID tags can receive and return energy and data because: They have an antenna with a chip inside. The chip broadcasts the information that contains through the antenna and from it to the air spreading as electromagnetic waves. 5 www.trace-id.com
  6. 6. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals The RFID system working process is divided into the following steps: 1.- The RFID transmitting antenna broadcasts the energy and data as electromagnetic waves. This antenna is connected to an RFID reader (data manager). 2.- This broadcast is received by the RFID tag antenna which is within the electromagnetic range. 3.- The energy stimulates the chip that answers with its stored data in the form of energy. 4.- The antenna modulates the energy that transports the data and broadcasts it back as an answer. 5.- The RFID transmitting antenna receives the data and broadcasts it to the reader. 6.- The reader can manage these data thanks to specific software. 6 www.trace-id.com
  7. 7. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals The energy that makes the operation of an RFID system possible, is the electromagnetic energy, specifically the radio frequency. This spectrum covers from 125 kHz to 3 GHz frequency. This energy spreads by waves. The frequency is the number of repeats of a complete wave in one second. 1 Hz is equal to a complete wave in a second, 1KHz to thousand waves per second, and 1MHz to a million per second. LF: Low frequency, of 125 KHz and 134 KHz. HF: High frequency, 13,56 MHz. Short range ± 10 cm UHF: Ultra high frequency, from 860MHz to 960MHz. Long range ± 12 m Protocols of RFID spectrum 7 www.trace-id.com
  8. 8. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals A B C D F E RFID tags are defined in technical sheets that summarizes the operating characteristics of the chip and the materials that make up the tag. DIMENSIONS DESCRIPTION A BOBBIN WIDTH BxC TAG DIMENSIONS (WET/WHITE WET) D PITCH ExF ANTENNA DIMENSIONS PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS CHIP SPECIFICATIONS Protocol: set of rules that governs the communication system. Air protocol: set of rules that governs the communications between tags and readers. TID memory: unique and unrepeatable number that identifies the chip. EPC memory: is the storage space to save data, normally it uses 96 bits. User memory: is the storage space for extra and optional data. 8 www.trace-id.com
  9. 9. An RFID tag is manufactured through the following phases: A dry inlay: the antenna with a chip on a PET substrate. The wet: a dry inlay is converted to a wet when an auto-adhesive transparent material is applied as a base and is die-cut. A wet is like a “sticker”. Afterwards, if a wet is covered with a frontal face, then it is called white-wet and it is printable. If the wet is put inside a label, it´s called RFID label. This label can be built of different materials: paper, polypropylene, polyester, etc. The RFID label is printable depending on its materials. Sometimes, the wets can be encapsulated as a sandwich between two materials, depending on the needs of the RFID implementation and/or the client. The RFID tags are die-cut with the shape and size that the client needs. RFID technology applications | Basic fundamentals 9 www.trace-id.com
  10. 10. RFID TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT RFID TAG? TAG TYPES ACCORDING TO THEIR APPLICATION
  11. 11. How to choose the right RFID tag? To choose the appropriate tag for our need we have to consider: Characteristics of the product we want to tag: size, materials, shape. Characteristics of the environment or environments where we want to implement the RFID system: humidity, temperature, the presence of metal, grease, liquids, etc. What use you want to give the system: for example, distance, speed and reading simultaneity in order to the system collects the data in a useful way for our purpose. Aesthetic considerations: should the tags follow a corporate image? Should they pass unnoticed by shopping customers? Etc. Price: it’s important to consider issues like production quantity, it’s not the same to program 10 thousand tags than 500 thousand, among other issues that affect the price. 11 www.trace-id.com
  12. 12. THE MOST COMMON RFID TAGS
  13. 13. Wet width 17 mm Heigh 10mm Antenna width 15 mm Heigh 8mm Wet width 26,3 mm Heigh 13,8mm Antenna width 24,3 mm Heigh 11,8mm The RFID tags for jewelry must be small and designed in a way that they don’t stick on the item but they hang on just tying it. The appropriate frequency is UHF but the reading range doesn’t to be long since a shorter range is ideal for reading the items on the desk. Our RFID tags for jewelry are designed with the inlays TJ24 BLADETRACE or TB36 Ringtrace. RFID tag types | RFID for jewelry 13 www.trace-id.com
  14. 14. RFID tag types | RFID for apparel Wet width 46 mm Heigh32mm Heigh30mm Antenna width 43,8 mm Wet width 72 mm Heigh 17mm Antenna width 70 mm Heigh 14mm Wet width 42 mm Heigh 17mm Antenna width 40 mmHeigh 15mm Heigh 32mm Wet width 50 mm Heigh30mm Antenna width 46 mm The RFID tags for apparel must have the traditional sizes in this industry. These sizes use to have long reading ranges to be read in apparel logistics operation in warehouses, and it’s necessary that several tags were read simultaneously. Our RFID tags for apparel are designed with the inlays TH-Wing, TAR16 Clown, TH41 Cabis or TE26 Apparel. 14 www.trace-id.com
  15. 15. RFID tag types | RFID for logistics Wet width 96 mm Heigh 12mm Heigh 8mm Antenna width 95 mm Wet width 97 mm Heigh 12mm Heigh 8mm Antenna width 94 mm The RFID tags for supply chain must have a long reading range in order to the items will be readable inside the palletized boxes when they pass through the arch or the fixed points where the readers are set. Our RFID tags for supply chain are designed with the inlays TER16 Thinpropeller or TE14 Thinpropeller. 15 www.trace-id.com
  16. 16. RFID tag types | RFID for libraries and documents Heigh 32mm Wet width 102 mm Heigh 3mm Antenna width 99 mm The RFID tags for libraries must be thin to be hide inside the spine of the book, and the reading range must be medium. Other RFID tags are used for being stick on files or inside the book cover, so these ones can be larger. Our RFID tags for libraries are designed with the inlay BookTrace 7. Stadtbibliothek, Stuttgart, Deutschland. Photo by Tobias Fischer on Unsplash. 16 www.trace-id.com
  17. 17. RFID tag types | RFID for pharmaceutical and healthcare Wet width 46 mm Heigh 46mm Antenna width 44 mm Heigh 44mm Wet width 26,3 mm Heigh 13,8mm Antenna width 24,3 mm Heigh 11,8mm Wet width 25 mm Heigh 10mm Heigh 16mm Antenna width 22 mm The RFID tags for pharmaceutical and healthcare must be small to fit with every kind of product, and sometimes they must be encapsulated to avoid contact with humidity or with the product. Our RFID tags for pharmaceutical and healthcare are designed with the inlays TB24 Ringtrace, TB36 Ringtrace or TH44 Omni. 17 www.trace-id.com
  18. 18. RFID tag types | RFID for aviation baggage Wet width 102 mm Heigh27mm Heigh 24mm Antenna width 99 mm The RFID tags for aviation baggage control must have a long reading range to run in very varied environments, and be inserted in the approved format of airport labels. Our RFID tags for aviation baggage are designed with the inlay ThunderTrace. 18 www.trace-id.com
  19. 19. SOME RFID SOLUTIONS FOR SPECIFIC CASES METAL, WATER OR GREASE CAN INTERFERE WITH THE RIGHT PERFORMANCE OF RFID. TO AVOID IT, SPECIFIC RFID SOLUTIONS ARE IMPLEMENTED.
  20. 20. RFID tag types | High density of metal Metal interferes with the right performance of RFID, so one solution to tag metal objects is avoiding contact between the tag and metal thanks to a dielectric material. 20 www.trace-id.com
  21. 21. RFID tag types | RFID for sports timing Liquids (body is mostly composed of water) also can interfere with the right RFID performance. This is why the sports timing tags, which are set close the torso, are separated from it with a dielectric material. 21 www.trace-id.com
  22. 22. RFID tag types | Food When the environment has a high presence of grease or humidity and also food is manipulated, for example in the ham industry, the tag is isolated with approved materials for food contact. 22 www.trace-id.com
  23. 23. RFID tag types | RFID for laundry When the tag has to resist a lot of washes, the RFID solution is a very hard protection with special characteristics and it’s made with textiles. 23 www.trace-id.com
  24. 24. LATEST NEWS ABOUT RFID TAGS
  25. 25. R3741L Colours: Blue, Yellow. Sizes: L, M, S. Price: 28€ NOW!!! 14€ R3741L Dual Tag MAKES THE DIFFERENCE User experience: by their smartphone, customers can scan data about the product they are interested in, like available sizes, colours and price. Immediately updated data: the available data obtained through the RFID tag is always updated. For example, the task of re-price the products on sale is faster and more effective! Marketing and customer loyalty actions: clients can access to raffles, quizes, coupons, and other engagement actions scanning the RFID tag. R3741L RFID dual tag for logistics and retail in apparel industry Improve the shopping experience and customer loyalty with the same RFID tag to manage logistics 34,34mm 44 mm R3741L The R3741L Dual Tag is composed by one UHF antenna and one HF antenna sharing a chip. UHF long range communications and RAIN RFID technology for supply chain and logistics management. HF short range communications and NFC technology to amplify the customer experience for a better shopping experience. 25 www.trace-id.com
  26. 26. Get the advice of best professionals Trace ID is an RFID tags manufacturer, and also a distributor of RFID hardware from 2007. An RFID industry pioneer in Europe and the only manufacturer in Spain. We are settled in Barcelona, with clients and operations worldwide. We will be glad to help you, get in touch with us: info@trace-id 26 www.trace-id.com
  27. 27. RFID TAGS MANUFACTURER WITH WORLDWIDE OPERATION www.trace-id.com | info@trace-id.com

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