Slide 4 Be healthyHealth and beauty Several studies have shown that people who adopt a vegetarian diet have higher levels of immunity. It is known that meat and fish contain toxins, chemicals (pesticides, hormones, mercury) in quantities harmful to the human body. Eggs contain high amounts of cholesterol, and may contain salmonella.
Slide 5 Be healthyHealth and beauty Vegetarianism is considered a healthy diet that meets nutritional needs for all stages of life, and provides health benefits in terms of prevention and treatment of certain diseases. This is the position of the association of the American Dietetic Association. Vegetarianism is also recommended by many other medical institutions around the world. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism http://www.eatright.org/
Slide 6 Be healthyHealth and beauty Several studies have shown that consumption of animal meat increases the risk of cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, heart disease, and many other diseases. Seeds, beans, vegetables, fruits and vegetables, contain no cholesterol and are low in fat, especially saturated fats. They have fibre and other nutrients important to the human body. There are several sources of vegetable protein such as beans, peanuts, seeds, tofu, peas, chickpeas, lentils, and others. http://www.vegetarian-nutrition.info/updates/vegetarian_diets_health_benefits.php http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veganism
Slide 7 Be healthyHealth and beautyVegetarian diet helps control weight, providesthe body of nutrients and energy, and brings amoral satisfaction to those who follow it.Many athletes prefer a vegetarian diet becausethey feel that it helps with their physical andmental performance. This is or was the casewith Carl Lewis (considered athlete of thetwentieth century), Martina Navratilova (tennisstar with the record for most titles andconsidered the best tennis player of alltime), Robert Parish (NBA basketballplayer), and many others . http://www.earthsave.org/lifestyle/carllewis.htm
Slide 8 … and beautifulHealth and beautyVegetarian diet helps control body weight, its goodfor the skin, and generally makes people happier.Thus a vegetarian diet contributes to the inner andouter beauty of people. Some vegetarian celebrities: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_vegetarians http://al.godsdirectcontact.org.tw/vg-vip http://www.ivu.org/people/ And many more…
Slide 10 Be greenEnvironment – global warmingThe meat processing industry is a major cause of globalwarming. A United Nations report of 2006 gives the meatprocessing industry 18% of greenhouse gas emissions (morethan the 13.5% contributed by the transport industry).However, a more recent study published in the journal WorldWatch of November 2009, points to 51% of global annualemissions of greenhouse gases! The authors are Dr.Robert Goodland, former environmental adviser to the WorldBank, and Mr. Jeffery Anhang, World Bank researcher. Seelinks below for more information. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a0701e/a0701e00.pdf http://www.worldwatch.org/node/6294 http://51percent.org/ http://www.earthsave.org/globalwarming.htm
Slide 11 Be greenEnvironment – global warmingGlobal warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earths near-surface airand oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation.As the greenhouse gas emissions increaseand the glaciers and polar caps melt, therate of global warming increases at analarming rate.Some scientists believe that if we do notreduce the green house gas emissions byas early as 2012, global warming will beabrupt and irreversible, with catastrophiceffects on the planet.http://www.ipcc.ch/index.htmhttp://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?newsID=20772&CR1=warning
Slide 12 Be greenEnvironment – global warmingGlobal Warming will have serious consequences to the whole planet, including plants, animals andhumans. The heat retention at the earth’s surface strongly influences the weather paterns, bringingfloods and draughts in various areas of the planet, affecting forests and plantations.Some of the consequences of Global Warming:• Sea level rise – entire coastal countries disapearing• Hundreds of millions of people displaced (crouding on their neighbours)• Massive droughts alternating with catastrophic floods• Scarce resources and food shortages• Widespread warfare• Catastrophic famines and malnutrition• Terrible disease epidemics• Wild fires and hurricanes• Economic colapse (global economy hit by crisis after crisis)• Species extintion (animals and plants)• Desertification• And many other unforeseen effects, that could lead to the extintion of life in our planet.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warminghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_global_warming
Slide 13 Be greenEnvironment It takes: – 100 litres of water to produce 1kg of potatoes. – 4,000 litres of water to produce 1kg of rice. – 13,000 litres of water to produce 1kg of meat!
Slide 14 Be greenEnvironment Meat production is responsible for the use of 70% of all arable land on the planet. Also 70% of all grain grown are used to feed animals on feedlots. The expansion of meat production is the main cause of deforestation. The forest in the Amazon (the worlds largest lung) is being replaced by plantations of soybeans, 90% of which is destined to feed cattle. Much of the arable land on the planet are and continue to be degraded by the excessive grazing and soil compaction and erosion caused by livestock. Meat production is one of the most water polluting sectors through the droppings of animals, antibiotics, hormones, fertilizers, pesticides, and sediments from pasture erosion. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a0701e/a0701e00.pdf http://www.globalissues.org/article/240/beef http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture
Slide 15 Be greenMeat production is the main cause of environment degradation, contributing tomassive pollution of air, water, land degradation, climate change and biodiversity loss.“A world change to a pure vegetarian diet is vital to save the world from hungerand poverty, and the worst impacts of climate change," says a UN reportpublished in June 2010. "Tastes for Western diets rich in meat and dairyproducts are unsustainable," says the report.The production and consumption of meat is now considered environmentallyirresponsible, as it violates the principles of ethics and sustainability needed to sustainlife and the ecosystem on our planet.ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a0701e/a0701e00.pdfhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet
Slide 16 Be greenEnvironmentEarth Overshoot Day, the global footprint.On August 21, 2010, the inhabitants of Earth The day we start living beyond our ecological means (usinghave exhausted all the resources that the next year’s credits), is happening earlier every year as the human consumption increases.planet offers them in one year, and beganliving of next year’s credits, according tocalculations made by the NGO Global 1987 Dec 19Footprint Network (GFN). In 2009, the earth 1995 Nov 21overshoot day was on September 25. 2000 Nov 1 2005 Oct 20How does the GNF calculates these values? 2008 Sep 23Based on an equation that includes three 2010 ----------------- Annual resources--------------- Aug 21 --------- Ecologic debt----------factors: 1) resources and services provided Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Decby nature 2) human consumption 3) pollutionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_Debt_Dayhttp://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/page/earth_overshoot_day/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/earthnews/7946613/Mankind-is-using-up-global-resources-faster-than-ever.html
Slide 17 Be greenEnvironment In May 2009, Ghent (Belgium) became the first city in the world to adopt a vegetarian diet once a week, for environmental reasons. The local authorities decided to implement "the day of the week without meat“. Public employees, schools, and the general public joined this initiative. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/05/12/ghent-belgian-city-offici_n_202599.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghent
Slide 19 Be nobleEthics – animal cruelty Killing an animal is like killing a human being. Animals have emotions and feel pain, like human beings. Meat consumption for its taste or convenience is not a valid justification to kill an animal. Many people think they have no choice, but to eat meat and other animal products. Today, this is no longer an acceptable excuse, as there is information on the Internet, books, movies, and through the many vegetarians around the world.
Slide 20 Be nobleEthics – animal cruelty Most humans consume meat and other animal products as a matter of habit, which comes from their parents, grandparents, etc.. They are not aware of the suffering inflicted on animals, environmental impact, economic impact, or even the impact on their physical, mental and spiritual health. http://www.all-creatures.org/anex/index.html
Slide 21 Be nobleEthics – life preservation Eating meat is bad for your health and the health of your children, is bad for animals, and is bad for the environment. We must respect the ethical and nature’s most basic principles, which are the preservation of life.
Slide 23 Be lovedLove The love for animals, nature and environment, translated into concrete actions to protect them is essential to the preservation of life on our planet. This love spreads out and is reflected in more happiness, health, peace and more love. Meat consumption promotes the suffering and killing of animals, destruction of the environment, and therefore destroys life on our planet. This in turn is reflected in unhappiness, illness, stress, depression, poverty, war, etc..
Slide 25 Be boldCourage and principles Being vegetarian is a matter of courage. Many people are aware of the evils of meat consumption, and the benefits of a vegetarian diet, but do not have the courage to change. They have no courage to defend their principles with their family and friends. They have no courage to change their life, even if it is for the better. Have courage and become a vegetarian now!
Slide 27 Be smartIntelligence Being vegetarian is a matter of intelligence. There are several studies that compare the health, intelligence, and psychological state among vegetarians and non vegetarians. One of the most recent studies published in the British Medical Journal in 2007, found that the higher intelligence quotient (IQ) levels in children are associated with a greater likelihood of these children becoming vegetarians as adults. Other studies have shown that vegetarians have an IQ higher than those who eat meat by about 5 points. See links below. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6180753.stm http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23378331-vegetarians-are-more-intelligent-says-study.do
Slide 28 Be smartIntelligence Some famous scientists and philosophers who were vegetarians: "Nothing will benefit human health and increase chances for survival of life on our planet, as the evolution of a vegetarian diet." ALBERT EINSTEIN (1879-1955) American physicist (born in Germany) - 1921 Nobel Prize "The time will come when humans will look at the death of animals, as they look at the death of men." LEONARDO DA VINCI (1425-1519) Sculptor, artist and Italian inventor "The gods created certain beings to fuel our bodies ... They are the trees, plants and seeds. " PLATO (circa 428-347 B.C.) Greek philosopher
Slide 29 Be smartIntelligence More famous scientists and philosophers who were vegetarians: "Its a very significant fact that some of the most intelligent and educated men, are followers of a pure vegetarian diet." MAHATMA GANDHI (1869 - 1948) - Hindu pacifist and spiritual leader "As long as men massacre animals, they will kill each other. It is true that one who plants the seed of death and suffering can not reap the joy of love. " Pythagoras (ca. 582-507 BC) - Greek philosopher and mathematician. "Father of Vegetarianism" "Non-violence leads to higher levels of ethics, which is the goal of evolution. Until we stop harming all other living beings, we will continue to be wild." THOMAS EDISON (1847 - 1931) - American inventor and entrepreneur "If a man seeks an honest and virtuous life, his first act should be abstinence from animal food." COUNT Leo Tolstoy (1828 - 1910) - Russian novelist and philosopher
Slide 30 Be smartIntelligence More famous scientists and philosophers who were vegetarians: "My refusal to eat flesh caused an inconvenience, and I have often been reprimanded for my singularity. But my light repast allows for greater progress, greater clarity of ideas, and a quicker understanding. " BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706 - 1790) American statesman, inventor and author "The higher realm of ideas and thoughts is impossible to achieve without first reaching an understanding of compassion." Socrates (469-399 B.C.) Greek philosopher and teacher "The love for all living creatures is the most remarkable attribute of man." CHARLES DARWIN (1809 - 1882) English biologist and naturalist And many others…
Slide 32 Be vegetarianHow to become a vegetarian? 1. It is easier and faster to prepare vegetarian food, than non-vegetarian food. Simply replace the meat or fish, with a vegetarian substitute (e.g., tofu, beans, lentils, peas, beans, etc.) in any dish you wish to prepare. Most non-vegetarian dishes, can be converted into vegetarian dishes this way. 2. Buy a vegetarian cookbook. It will give you some ideas. 3. Ask for help from a vegetarian you know. 4. Vegetarians do not eat only salads. They also eat rice, potatoes, pasta, beans, lentils, soya, peas, etc. 5. Exclude from your diet all animal sourced food
Slide 33 Be vegetarianWhat difference could I make?More than you might think. The average meat eater, throughout his/her life, eats 4cattle, 1150 chickens, 18 pigs, 23 sheep and lambs, 49 turkeys, 25 ducks, 2 rabbits, 4goose and 2800 fish. You can save a lot of lives by going vegetarian, and contribute to: • Reduce global warming • Improve your own health • Reduce animal cruelty and suffering • Reduce poverty and world hunger • Reduce other negative health and environmental impacts from the meat industry (rising food prices, conflict, etc.).The only question you should really be asking yourself is:‘why not go veggie!’You will most likely feel better and look better!Spread the word. Share this presentation with you family andfriends. It will help you, help them, and help save our planet!
Slide 34 Be vegetarianVegetarian Food Tofu Lagareiro Lentil SoupWith a bit of imagination you cantransform any traditional meat dish in avegetarian dish. Vegetarian calulu and Vegetarian Lasanha Vegetarian beans palm oil beans Vegetarian risottoThere are thousands of vegetarian recipes on the Internet,as well as other information that can be very useful.http://www.vegetariantimes.com/recipes/http://vegweb.com/http://fatfreevegan.com/http://www.ivu.org/recipes/
Slide 35 Be vegetarianSome examples of vegetarian protein Beans Broad beans Peas Chickpeas Lentils Almonds Hazelnuts Chestnuts Granulated soya Flaxseed Quinoa Tofu
Slide 36 Be vegetarianIf you miss eating a sausage or a burger, or want to do something fast, you canalways opt for pre-cooked vegetarian food. See examples below.
Slide 38 Because…Food and energy are essential necessities that profoundly shape our present and future. Consider the current scenario:
Slide 39 Save our planet World’s arable land Global challenges The current global economic model Human development did not follow the 70% of all grains Livestock is responsible for creates competition, fast technology fast technology development, andgrown are used to feed over 18% of the worlds development, unsustainable growth, animals on feedlots greenhouse gas emissions therefore humanity is not prepared to consumerism, and eventually leads to face the current challenges. depletion of natural resources In the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures Global warming Rising oil Growing world Growing and the remainder used for feedcrops and increasing Conflict price population unemployment natural disasters 70% of all arable land is used for livestock production (30% of all iceless land surface of the earth) People (~6.9 Billion) Over 1 Billion It is estimated that up to 40% of the Increasing at a rate of people worldwide worlds agricultural land is seriously ~1.2% a year (an increase suffer from hunger degraded, mostly due to of ~83 million every year) Rising food prices and malnutrition livestock, overgrazing and deforestation. (food crisis) (likely to increase in Biofuels (currently uses the next few years,30% of all arable land is used for agriculture 1.5% of world’s arable land, unless swift action to produce edible crops for human is taken) but increasing due to high oil consumption price and fuel security) Famine and malnutrition, scarce resources, catastrophic Terrible disease The above environmental impact (soil erosion, deforestation, water epidemics, widespread and soil pollution, species extinction), massive natural warfare, suffering and results in: disasters, global economic collapse, and social instability death
Slide 40 Save our planet As you can see, the future of our planet,including humanity and all living species, is in danger…
Slide 41 Save our planetWhy is this all happening? Here are just some of the reasons: • Overpopulation – exponential growth (we are currently ~ 7.0 billion, growing at 1.2% per year) • Global socioeconomic system – promotes unsustainable growth and consumerism • Human behaviour – unconsciousness, inconsideration, greed, egocentric, corruption, etc. • Oil dependency – dependence on oil for energy, plastics, chemicals, etc. • Peak oil – maximum rate of global petroleum extraction has already been reached WORLD POPULATION http://www.oilposter.org/posterlarge.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overpopulation
Slide 42 Save our planetWhat can we do? • Become a vegetarian!!! – This is the greatest contribution you can give to save our planet • Protect nature – help and protect all animals and plants, recycle, save energy and water • Help others to gain consciousness and do the same – help save our planet
Slide 43 … now!The information in this presentation is available in various studies,reports, books, and websites. References have been provided in theform of URLs in each slide and at the end of the presentation.All the facts, scientific evidence and analysis, are linked to provide acomplete picture of what is happening to our planet and what you cando to help.You may choose take the blue pill and stay in the blissful ignorance ofilusion, or take the red pill and face the painful truth of reality.We hope you have the courage to face the truth, and align your actionswith your values and ideals. This will make you feel better, and will helpsave the whole planet from suffering and destrution.
Slide 44 For more information…Links and references (1)General References:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veganism Englishhttp://suprememastertv.com Englishhttp://www.godsdirectcontact.org/ Englishhttp://www.flex.com/~jai/articles/101.html EnglishIntelligence Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetarianism#Childhood_IQ_and_diet_choice Englishhttp://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23378331-vegetarians-are-more-intelligent-says-study.doFamous Vegetarians Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_vegetarians Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_RQRGciOqQ Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5FoVO43U8wQ Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TugeQEUrjuk
Slide 45 For more information…Links and references (2)Environment and global warminghttp://www.goveg.com/environment.asp Englishhttp://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article6891362.ece Englishhttp://www.earthsave.org/globalwarming.htm Englishhttp://www.breathingearth.net/ Englishhttp://www.home-2009.com/us/index.html Englishhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_effects_of_meat_production Englishftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a0701e/a0701e00.pdf Englishhttp://51percent.org/portugues/ Englishhttp://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet Englishhttp://www.paulchefurka.ca/Population.html Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture Englishhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change_and_agriculture EngilshEthics and animal cruelty Englishhttp://www.all-creatures.org/anex/index.htmlNutrition, health and incomehttp://www.eatright.org/ Englishhttp://fatfreevegan.com/ Englishhttp://www.ivu.org/recipes/ Englishhttp://www.vegetarian-nutrition.info/updates/vegetarian_diets_health_benefits.php English
Slide 46 Thank you We are vegetarians who promote vegetarianism, advocate animalwelfare/rights and environmental conservation. We oppose meat consumptionand the use of animal products. We are against animal cruelty as well as actsthat endanger the environment. If you are like-minded, you are welcome to join our effort and share this presentation with your family and friends. It will help you, help them and help our planet. You can send your comments, questions or feedback to: email@example.com www.ecoangola.com