Presentation given at the Open Repositories 2018 conference in Bozeman, Montana, 6th June 2018. Starting with an assessment of the UK open access repository environment, this presentation asks broader questions about the state of the open repository landscape globally. In response to a report to the UK government on open access, Universities UK have set up a repositories working group to identify issues where common benefit can be delivered and actions that can be taken. In this talk I will combine my own assessment of the repository landscape with a summary of the work of the working group and its recommendations. The presentation will also introduce work underway at the British Library to address some of the issues the working group has identified, including an assessment of a national OA preservation solution and a shared-services repository infrastructure. I will make the case that to realise the benefits of open repositories we need to move away from the model of locally hosted repositories.