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Ch 14


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Ch 14

  1. 2. Defense mechanisms <ul><li>Regression </li></ul><ul><li>An individual retreats to an earlier, more infantile psychosexual stage of development because of anxiety.
  2. 3. EX: A child sucks her thumb on the first day of school </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction formation </li></ul><ul><li>Ego makes unconscious switch from one’s true feeling to an opposite feeling.
  3. 4. -EX: Timidity or shyness becomes daring. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Defense Mechanism <ul><li>Projection </li></ul><ul><li>Hiding one’s own threatening impulses by pointing towards others.
  5. 6. EX: “The thief thinks everyone else is thief.” </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalization </li></ul><ul><li>Self-justifying explanations to one’s self to hide the real reasons for one’s actions.
  6. 7. EX: I don’t study because I have a life. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Defense Mechanism <ul><li>Displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Redirects one’s sexual or hostile feelings toward another, safer, subject.
  8. 9. EX: A child is mad at his parents, but kicks the family pet instead. </li></ul><ul><li>Sublimation </li></ul><ul><li>A psychoanalytic theory states that people alter their unacceptable impulses into a more socially valued and accepted activity.
  9. 10. EX: Da Vinci paints Madonna paintings because his mom left him at an early age. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Tests <ul><li>Projective test </li></ul><ul><li>Personality test that provides unclear stimuli that reveals one’s inner dynamics
  11. 12. EX: Rorschach or TAT </li></ul><ul><li>Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) </li></ul><ul><li>People view ambiguous pictures then make up stories about those pictures. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Tests <ul><li>Rorschach inkblot test </li></ul><ul><li>Widely used; 10 dots that people analyze people’s thoughts and feelings. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Collective unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Jung’s idea of inherited experiences.
  14. 15. EX: Mother is a symbol of nurture. </li></ul><ul><li>Trait </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic or behavior. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Tests <ul><li>Personality inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Survey that covers many different feelings used to assess selected personality traits. </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) </li></ul><ul><li>The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests, used to identify emotional disorders </li></ul>
  16. 17. Test <ul><li>Empirically derived test </li></ul><ul><li>Tests a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups
  17. 18. EX: the MMPI </li></ul>