The Field• 100 yards long (91.44 meters) between the goal lines• 160 feet wide (48.76800 meters)• Both sides have a 10 yard area after the goal lines called the end zone.• Divided into 20-5 yard sections
Length Of The Game• Total 60 minutes • Short break after• 4 Quarters each quarter –15 minutes –5 minutes• 3 timeouts • Halftime- between 2nd and 3rd quarters – 15 min.
Start of the Game• Coin toss – Decides who gets the ball first • Winner chooses to get the ball at the start of the 1st half of the 2nd half• Each half starts with Kickoff
Objective• The objective of the game is to score more points than the opponent during the allotted time• The offense tries to move forward the ball down the field-by running with the ball or throwing it – Scoring points by crossing the goal line and getting into an area called the end zone.• Defense tries to stop the offensive team and make it give up control of the ball. – If the team with the ball does score or is forced to give up control, the offensive and defensive teams switch roles• And so on, back and forth, until all four quarters of the game have been played.
Scoring• TOUCHDOWN = 6 POINTS – To score a touchdown, the ball must be carried across the goal line into the end zone, caught in the end zone, or a fumble recovered in the end zone• EXTRA POINT and TWO-POINT CONVERSION = 1 or 2 POINTS – Immediately following a touchdown, the ball is placed at the opponents two-yard line, where the offense has two options• FIELD GOAL = 3 POINTS – For a field goal to be "good", the kicker must kick the ball through the goal-post uprights and over the crossbar. The defense tries to block the kick and stop the ball from reaching the goal post.SAFETY = 2 POINTS – A safety occurs when the offensive ball carrier is tackled behind his own goal line.
Turnovers• While trying to advance the football to the end zone, the offense may accidentally turn the ball over to the defense in one of two ways: Interception •An aggressive defense can regain possession of the ball by catching (intercepting) passes meant for players on the other team. Fumble •When the ball carrier or passer drops the ball •Any player on the field can recover the ball by diving on it or he can run with it. •The team that recovers a fumble either gets-or retains-possession of the ball Both fumble recoveries and interceptions can be run back into the end zone for touchdowns
Players S S LB LB LBCB CB DL DL DL DL 50 50WR TE OL OL OL OL OL WR QB FB RB
Offense• Quarterback(1)-Throw • Wide Receives(2)-Catch• Offensive Linemen (5)-Block • Tight End (1)–Catch/Block• Running back (1)-Run• Fullback(1)-Block/Run
Defense• Defensive lineman (4) • Cornerback (2) – Stop the RB when he has the ball – Stop the RB when he has the ball – Tackle the QB before he can throw (sack) – Tackle the QB before he can throw (sack) – Cover RB/TE?WR when QB is passing• Linebackers (3) – Catch the ball while covering (interception) – Stop the RB when he has the ball – Tackle the QB before he can throw (sack) • Safety(2) – Cover RB/TE?WR when QB is passing – Last line of defense – Does all the things above
Special Teams• Kicker (1)-Kicks field goals• Holder (1)- Holds the ball for the Kicker• Punter-Punts(kicks) the ball• Punt/Kickoff returner- catches the ball and runs to advance the ball as far as he can