Experiencing the Teaching- Learning ProcessEpisode 1: Looking Through the Meaningful Learning ExperiencesName of FS Student: Ma. Cristina D. PanganoranCourse & Year: BSE-2 EnglishResource Teacher: Mrs. April Joy Mallari ___________________Instructor: Mrs. Gloria A. SilvaCooperating School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Date of Submission: March 07, 2011Date Submitted: March 07, 2011
Observation SheetName of School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Address: Sta. Lucia, Sta. Ana, Pampanga Year & Date of Visit Teacher Subject Section 1-4 February 28, 2011 Mrs. April Joy Mallari English 2-1 March 03, 2011 Mr. Jesus P. San Juan MAPEH 2-2 March 03, 2011 Mrs. Maria Teresa Edejer Science Observation Report This episode is by far the most difficult one for me in terms of observationschedule because most of the teachers were no longer available. Fortunately, Iwas able to find available teachers in the nick of time. I was given theopportunity to observe 3 teachers namely, Mrs. Mallari, Mr. San Juan and Mrs.Edejer. Mrs. Mallari is an English teacher, adviser of 1-4 class and believes that“Patience is a Virtue”. She also puts these words into practice in her lifeespecially when it comes to her teaching profession. This teacher does not easilyget upset and keep her composure even if the students are in lower section; she isstill enthusiastic in their projects. I admire her creativity and conventionalitywhen it comes to the activities that she designs for her class. Next is Mr. San Juan, a MAPEH teacher who is very friendly andapproachable. When it comes to his instructional materials, he can turn any itemin class an interesting topic that has relation to their lesson at hand. Hisresourcefulness and motivational techniques puts me in awe. He is also one of theconsiderate and inspiring teachers of Holy Cross College. He believes thatstudents must also use their imagination, I agree to this because as JamiePaolinetti said, “Limitations live only in our minds. But if we use ourimaginations, our possibilities become limitless.” Last but not the least is Mrs. Edejer. She is a science teacher who is veryaccommodating and knowledgeable especially when it comes to her teachingmethods. She usually uses the instructional technique known as K-W-L chartbecause soliciting prior knowledge is very important to her as well as knowingwhat the students want to learn and what they have learned after the lesson. Shealso believes that, “Values are not taught, they are caught.” On the part of the Learning Principles, I usually observed that teachers wantthe students to participate because in learning cooperation and interaction is veryimportant. One of the learning principles here is, “Learning is a cooperative andcollaborative process.” Since learning is interactive, the teaching should belearner-centered. Most of the teachers I observed used the learner-centeredapproach in their class activities. The classes I observed the teachers assumed therole of a facilitator or moderator not a dictator. The teacher-talking-time did nottake up most of the period because the teachers let the students say what’s ontheir mind.
The cognitive processes that took place are comprehension, knowledge orrecall and mostly application since the students are mostly reviewing for theRegional Achievement Test at that time. In the English class metacognition suchas thinking aloud was observed because the students were grouped to practicetheir puppet show. Instructional materials are books, reviewers, puppets and replicas. Later on,in my analysis portion, I shall identify which teacher used these materials andprinciples as well as how it affected the lesson and the students.Analysis:1. What principles of teaching and learning were commonly applied? In the 1-4 class of Mrs. Mallari, the learning environment is supportive andproductive because she was able to make the students follow instructions witheagerness plus they were able to work in groups while formulating dialogues orsentences in English for their puppet show. As we all know, learning is an activeprocess which involves not only the teacher talking but also the students learningby doing and learning how to cooperate with other people. The teacher always letthe students recall the standards in doing the activity before proceeding with theirpractice. She also emphasizes the each member of the group must have a part toplay in the puppet show. The good thing about this activity is letting the studentsengage in the 4 language arts especially in speaking and writing. The flow of theactivity was smooth and well-organized. Mr. San Juan meets the students’ learning needs, social backgrounds andinterests because his motivational techniques are reflected in the lesson. LikeMrs. Mallari, he also likes to use the connection of real life to the lesson as aspring board so the students can easily understand what is being conveyed tothem. He also believes that assessment practices are an integral part of teachingand learning because this will measure how much of his objectives for the classhas been met and he can also test out if his teaching methods are effective or not. The class of Mrs. Edejer is a challenging but non-threatening learningenvironment that develops deep levels of thinking and application. A non-threatening condition in class will make students feel comfortable in respondingto the teacher during discussion or in any activity they tackle. Mrs. Edejermentioned that the old method of teaching in science used to be the discoverymethod now it is the backward design where the student knows what the topic isand already knows the objective beforehand. This is where innovation comes in to connect between current practices andnew practices. In order to make a path for new ways of doing things, teachersmust come up with new ideas and approaches to create opportunities for students.In the modernization and evolution of education opportunities must give studentsnew ways to meet their individual needs thru learning. Schools are preparingthese learners to face an exciting but uncertain future so they need all theknowledge they can absorb.
2. What instructional materials were used in teaching? In Mrs. Mallari’s class, they used puppets during practice so the students can get used to moving the hands in coordinated motion with the words they speak out. This is good for the psychomotor skills to develop. The props they will create will also make use of their creative side. She also mentioned that lessons integrated with real life situations give a more meaningful learning experience. Mr. San Juan made use of instructional materials such as books and reviewers since the class was going to take their R.A.T or the Regional Achievement Test. He also made examples out of the furniture in their class to relate it to their current lesson in Health. An example is when he said, if the lifeless furniture are not arranged properly it would be hard to move around what more if the body parts are disoriented then it would be harder for humans to function properly. He also mentioned that it depends on the lesson since MAPEH tackles different areas such as, Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health. In each area, a different approach that is appropriate should be in use. Mrs. Edejer used posters and replicas because she believes that 75 percent of what students learn is acquired thru vision. She uses the K-W-L strategy to verify the students’ knowledge and then fill in what’s missing during the class activities. She said that soliciting prior knowledge is a very good way to start the class. She also believes that sometimes the questions asked are more important than the answers. People learn in different ways. Some people are auditory learners and some are visual learners. Others absorb and retain a great deal of information that theyve read while others need visual stimulants to make learning easier. Repetition works for a lot of people as well. Most people require a combination of these methods and this is where instructional materials come in. Instructional materials are an excellent aid for students to have the best possible way of getting information. With the help of instructional materials, getting the attention of the students would be easier, the class would be more realistic, and it gives an opinion on the topic. When the instructional materials are well prepared and organized, a successful teaching–learning can be achieved. 3. Which of the principles facilitate the cognitive, metacognitive and positive motivational processes of learning? When we took up Theory 2 we gained knowledge about the nature of thelearning process is one of the cognitive and metacognitive factors that affecteducation. The learning of complex subject matter is most effective when it is adeliberate or intentional process of constructing meaning from information andexperience. As most teachers say, the relation of the lesson to the students’ dailylife has a great impact in a students’ learning. When the students are given a chance to say what’s on their mind, thenmetacognition happens because they organize their thoughts and think about theway they think and how they would deliver the words or idea they want to conveyin class. As information grow rapidly, rote learning method becomes even moreinappropriate. That’s why the educational task in the future will be to develop the
ability to acquire, synthesize and apply knowledge properly as problems andpossibilities are met in life. The new methods that are always changing must beaccepted to present new structures and guides out of any material. This ability inother words is to be creative and resourceful. Change must not be feared it must beembraced especially if it brings about the betterment of education. “What and how much is learned is influenced by the learners motivation.Motivation to learn, in turn, is influenced by the individuals emotional states,beliefs, interests and goals, and habits of thinking.” Motivating the students is oneof the major objectives at the start of any lesson. If a teacher is successful inmotivating the students then the teacher is also successful in engaging the class tolearn. The very core of learning is when the students are interested in what theteacher has to offer them. When this is met the flow of the lesson is smooth andproductive in a way where both the teacher and the students benefit and learn fromeach other. As we have all learned before the teacher must not be satisfied with theextrinsic motivation but also needs to instill to all their students’ minds the intrinsicmotivation to learn which will help make a successful learner thrive at his fullpotential.Reflection:1. What insights have you gained from your observation experience? One of the most important things I have learned during my observation isthat even if the lesson is only a review, teaching-learning principles can still beseen during class. As long as the class is going on a lot of the significant events ineducation happen in the 4 corners of the classroom. I learned that being patient isvery important and that motivation and instructional materials are important toolsfor a successful teacher. There are many rewards in teaching except for material things but it is mypassion. A lot of people discourage and give me advice about taking a differentcourse so I can earn big money when I work. I didn’t listen to them because I loveteaching. I sincerely feel happy and I get the sense that I fulfilled something goodand that I helped this child improve and this child was happy to tell me that she gota high grade because I made learning easier and fun for her. I learned that it takes a lot of determination and hard work to get to where Iam right now and I have to prepare myself for more hard work and I have put moreeffort in my studies because in teaching we should never stop learning. Teaching isnot just a job, it is a mission. This experience makes me want to make a differencein the lives of other children as my teachers have done for me.