The Learner‟s Development & EnvironmentEpisode 5: The Home-School LinkName of FS Student: Ma. Cristina D. PanganoranCourse & Year: BSE-2 EnglishResource Teacher: Mrs. April Joy Mallari ___________________Instructor: Mrs. Gloria A. SilvaCooperating School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Date of Submission: February 23, 2011Date Submitted: February 23, 2011
Name of Learner: Arwin A. Mallari Age: 13 yrs. oldDate of Birth: November 10, 1997 Gender: Male stYear Level: 1 year high schoolDate of Home Visit: February 21, 2011School: Holy Cross College (High School Department)Mallari Family Profile: Number of Siblings: 4 Birth Order: 3rd eldest Mother‟s Name: Mrs. Winnie Maria M. Mallari Age: 43 years old Educational Attainment: College Degree (BEED Course) Occupation: Teacher Father‟s Name: Mr. Ariel M. Mallari Age: 44 years old Educational Attainment: College Undergraduate Occupation: None Narrative Report Arwin‟s house is located in Sta. Maria, Sta. Ana, Pampanga. I visited their lovely homeMonday afternoon and I was so glad that Arwin‟s family was very accommodating. Their houseis simple but beautiful. It is cozy and organized. They have 2 bathrooms and share 1 bedroom, akitchen and dining area is available, the living room is also used as their study area, theysometimes use the terrace to do other study activities. Their study area is well ventilated and hasadequate lighting and space. In their house the parents always require a condition before their children can do thingsfor pleasure. For example, the children should have their homework done before they can playor watch television and they should also finish their assigned chores before going out withfriends or going over their friends‟ place. The children have a curfew to follow in the house.They have to be home in time for dinner but there are also special cases when they are allowedto stay out late if there is adult supervision. Arwin‟s parents say that he is helpful especially in cleaning around the house because hisfriends come over their place quite often. I‟ve learned that even though he is scolded he nevertalks back to his parents. I‟ve learned that he needs to be constantly reminded to do hishomework. Arwin‟s teacher claims that he is quiet and is not very good in expressing his thoughts orideas. Though he does not make a lot of absences, having a good attendance record is only apart of the over-all performance. According to the teacher he does not fail any subjects but cando much better to improve his grades. The teacher can only give him options and tips so the restlies in the student if he will take the opportunity to show progress or not. Arwin is turning 14 this coming November 10, 2011. He is healthy and is very interestedin sports. He has a lot of friends and respects his classmates and teachers. He is not really thetype of person to be expressive when it comes to how he feels. He is one of the slow learners inclass and is weak in English but strong in Physical Education. Arwin‟s physical, social andemotional development is normal for his age but his cognitive development needs to improvemore by increasing his study hours and self-discipline.
Analysis:1. From your home visit and interview, what do you think is the style of parentingexperienced by the learner? Explain your answer. The parents do not claim to be strict all the time but only sometimes. I found out that theyonly have a few rules when it comes to studying, one rule I noted down was, “Do yourhomework or project before anything else.” The parents are involved in their child‟s school lifebecause children need lots of people to be concerned about their future. Arwin‟s father said they do not want to be too strict because Arwin might rebel if they doso. The main difficulty they have is that Arwin is a quiet boy. He does not speak out even if theparents try to talk to him. It‟s good not to talk back to parents but Arwin is just too quiet, it ishard to know how he feels and what he is thinking unless his parents really try to get through tohim. I can totally relate to what his father is trying to say because when my brother was in highschool he is also too quiet until he learned to open up to us. I agree in the kind of parenting that is in balanced condition between strict and lenientbecause the thinking of the youth nowadays is very different from the past. Most of our youthhave become unruly and liberated which is very disturbing. To achieve change, his parents mustfind time to participate in Arwin‟s education while the school must provide the supportnecessary for the parents to be involved but Arwin needs to do extra effort too. In Arwin‟s agehe is not yet serious in his studies as most students are. All we can do is hope that he realizesthat he should be serious when it comes to his studies. The learner experienced being scolded but at the same time his parents do not overdo it toavoid the child from being emotionally stressed. Due to recent events, the parents help himstudy now, unlike before when they were just reminding him to do his homework. They canalso be involved with Arwin‟s learning experience by encouraging him to read and alsoexplaining the importance of developing his academic values.2. Relating your data with what you learned in child development, what family factors doyou think contribute to the development and over-all adjustment of the learner in school? Last semester we studied about Erikson‟s “Psychosocial Theory of Development. Thisincludes “Stage 5: Ego Identity versus Role Confusion”. In this stage, family closeness is verycrucial to the development of the learner‟s psychosocial development. Presently Arwin is in aperiod of puberty which falls under this stage. It is the time of confusion and rebellion. This may be the instance when most studentshave a hard time adjusting with what is going on with the physical changes happening in theirbody plus adjusting with the transition from elementary to high school setting. The parents andteachers have the responsibility to explain such events in a learner‟s life and that high schoollife is different from elementary and that change in the body during their age is natural. Aside from family closeness, proper nutrition is also important to maintain the health ofthe child. Healthy food equals a healthy body and a healthy body must have a healthy mind too.Parents that provide moral support and shows approachable impression to their children willalso help a lot in the child‟s adjustment period. I mentioned moral support because it has impactto the very first stage in Erikson‟s theory which is called “Trust versus Mistrust” since thesestages unfold what a person becomes later in his life. All these stages play a great role inArwin‟s personality at the moment. How he was handled when he was younger has an effect inhow he adjusts in his school setting today.
3. Does the communication between the home and the school have an effect on thelearner? If yes, what are these effects? It is very true that communication between the home and the school has great effect notjust on the learner but the school and parents also benefit from this. Student benefits, first of alleffective communication in Home-School link will result to higher grades and test scores. Sincethe parents are always aware and updated they can monitor their child and better attendance andmore homework done we‟ll definitely be observed. Fewer placements in special educationbecause teachers and parents are not sitting down but are actively involved with the child‟sschooling. These close monitoring will result to more positive attitudes and behavior. Next is the benefit that schools will get. Schools that work well with families have improved teacher morale, higher ratings of teachers by parents and more support from families because parents feel that their child is important in that school and that the institution they chose for their students is the right one. Parents only want the best for their child that‟s why home-school link is very important. This way, the school also gets recognized and gain better reputations in the community. When parents are active in communicating with the school, they develop more confidence in that particular institution. Parents that interact and work with the teachers are perceived as people with great parenting skills and concern this will get the teachers to have higher expectations of their children too. As a result, parents develop more confidence not only about helping their children learn at home, but about themselves as parents. Furthermore, when parents become involved in their childrens education, they often become closer with their children and they make their child feel extra special.Reflections:1. Reflect on your own development as a child. What kind of parenting did youexperience? How did it affect you? Back when I was a child, my parents were not strict. They just let me play all I want. Myauntie was the strict one, she made me take naps in the afternoon because she told me thatsleeping in the afternoon makes a child tall but it turned out to be a lie. My parents and auntwere really loving and caring and I loved all the attention. I honestly don‟t remember instancesduring my elementary years if I reviewed for any quiz or major exams. I only remember theinter-school quizzes and how my teachers help me review. The point is I must be having so much fun in school because I don‟t remember it beingstressful. I don‟t remember having a hard time with any of my lessons. Maybe it‟s due to thefact that I‟m just a child without a care in the world who managed to graduate as thevaledictorian in San Lorenzo Elementary School. When I reached high school my mother had high expectations of me because I topped theentrance exam in St. Joseph‟s Academy, too high that I even got jealous when I see her sohappy to see my brother‟s 75 mark and when it comes to my 85 mark she seemed disappointed.I started to get new friends and got involved with other extracurricular activities that I took mygrades for granted. I used to be in section „A‟ then got demoted to section „B‟ during mysecond year high school. What I‟m trying to say is that every child is different, some work great under pressureand some don‟t. Maybe I was not being forced to study when I was still in Elementary andwhen I reached high school, I had a hard time to adjust to the new setting or maybe I gotexhausted of high expectations and needed encouragement from my parents which I did notget. As I‟ve said in my previous write-ups, too much of something is bad. Everything, evenseriousness has to be moderate. Not too much and not too little. I‟m not saying my parents didn‟t do a good job; some of the blame was on me too.Parenting not only affects a person‟s personality it also affects a person‟s way of thinking and
learning. My parents are great because they let me grow up to be a good person and made merealize that education is important that is why they expected more of me because they knowmy capacity from my brother‟s ability and it was my fault to compare. Some students may misunderstand the strictness of their parents but they just have tounderstand that parents only want the best for their child. It‟s a good thing that I have gainedmore knowledge to understand my mother‟s actions before. And now that I know, I love themeven more.2. As a future teacher, how will you establish good school-home collaboration? How canyou work well with the parents? How can you help them? How can they help you? I will offer the parents a welcoming atmosphere, conversation, and school information.The ongoing and cooperative physical presence of family members in schools reallycontributes a lot in the learner‟s development. If I could, I would propose a room that can beready and equipped with a variety of materials to help parents such as, adult-sized table andchairs, a telephone, coffee pot, hot plate, and occasional snacks. It‟s like a parent center wherevolunteer parents can help the school and other parents convey any information regardingschool activities. I will also try to do a “Home Visitor Program”. This program is to visit homes to helpfamilies understand what they can do to maintain their childrens success in school. As a homevisitor, I can also provide information about reading programs, school activities, curriculum,expectations, child rearing, and summer classes to those students who are behind. I can alsoserve as a contact to get across parent concerns back to the school. This would work greatwhen the student is having problems. I would propose a team of faculty members who can study ways to develop their ownmethods of involving parents. These teachers can decide to meet at least monthly to dobackground reading in parent participation, have seminars or training about parenting issuesand how it affects our jobs as teachers. These dedicated teachers can also carry out interviewswith other faculty members about attitudes toward parent involvement, discuss the success ofpast efforts to involve parents, and design projects to increase teacher-parent collaboration.Teachers do not only communicate with parents when the child is not doing well or got introuble but also about the student‟s progress or improvement in performance. These projects can involve conducting effective conferences. These conferences can havetopics about helping parents understand class goals, strategies, and methods of assessment.It is extremely important for educators to know how to involve parents in the curriculum. In aMathematics class, for example, the teacher might ask students to learn more about how theirfamily decided on the most important purchases at home, also known as budgeting. Parents candiscuss such assignments with their children, making the discussion much richer and theacademic material more relevant to the students because it involves real life situations. Parents can greatly help me with knowing the child‟s likes and dislikes. They can giveme tips about their child‟s behavior to avoid uncomfortable situations. Parents are a great helpin extended practice. Homework and projects are easily monitored when the parents are activein helping their child do them. Parents who are greatly involved can encourage the child tokeep a good record of attendance in school. The collaboration between parents and teacherswill boost the student‟s achievement and encourage enhanced support between home andschool. Together these efforts will result to a home-school link that helps children becomesuccessful in school and in their future.