Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Gess 2018 presentation


Published on

Powerpoint slides on the presentation on innovations in the teaching of Simple Present Tense and Simple Past Tense combined at GESS Indonesia Expo and Conference 2018 Jakarta

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

Gess 2018 presentation

  1. 1. Simple Present Tense and Simple Past Tense Combined GESS Indonesia 2018/JCC/Sept. 2018/Ferry Antoni
  2. 2. - Simple Present Tense (Present) - Simple Past Tense (Past) - Results observed so far E.g. T: Why late? S: Sorry Sir, I have to take my mother to the hospital (Antoni 2010).
  3. 3.  Usually, what’s not Present is Past; what’s not Past is Present  List of the most frequently used irregular and regular verbs  S P; no need of O/C if not deemed necessary to supply, e.g., Humans breathe; they live; they eat; they drink; they move. Dinosaurs vanished; they went extinct (‘violating’ the Grice’s (1975) Quantity Maxim; ‘Gap Maxim’  the supply of ideas so as to create an information gap that would cause the hearer to ask more and thus keep the conversation going): E.g. A: Humans breathe. B: What do they breathe? A: Air; they breathe air. B: Why do they need to breathe air? A: They breathe air to live.
  4. 4. - Adverbs of time and frequency should be avoided; may be misleading: everyday, twice a week, 3 times a month, often, always, never, etc. E.g. I go to school everyday. I went to the beach everyday. I always swim in the pool. I always visited my grandma.
  5. 5.  If sth. is considered a routine, it’s Present; if a non- routine, it’s Past. Whether that sth. is a routine or a non-routine and, therefore, Present or Past, students decide it by themselves informedly.  Some examples: items-2 (Possible answers and more examples cont. on the next slide)
  6. 6.  items
  7. 7.  The teaching of Present and Past should be combined.