Simple Present Tense and Simple
Past Tense Combined
GESS Indonesia 2018/JCC/Sept. 2018/Ferry Antoni
- Simple Present Tense (Present)
- Simple Past Tense (Past)
- Results observed so far
T: Why late?
S: Sorry Sir, I have to take my mother to the
hospital (Antoni 2010).
Usually, what’s not Present is Past; what’s not Past is Present
List of the most frequently used irregular and regular verbs
S P; no need of O/C if not deemed necessary to supply, e.g.,
Humans breathe; they live; they eat; they drink; they move.
Dinosaurs vanished; they went extinct (‘violating’ the Grice’s
(1975) Quantity Maxim; ‘Gap Maxim’ the supply of ideas
so as to create an information gap that would cause the hearer
to ask more and thus keep the conversation going):
A: Humans breathe.
B: What do they breathe?
A: Air; they breathe air.
B: Why do they need to breathe air?
A: They breathe air to live.
- Adverbs of time and frequency should be avoided; may
be misleading: everyday, twice a week, 3 times a
month, often, always, never, etc.
I go to school everyday.
I went to the beach everyday.
I always swim in the pool.
I always visited my grandma.
If sth. is considered a routine, it’s Present; if a non-
routine, it’s Past. Whether that sth. is a routine or a
non-routine and, therefore, Present or Past, students
decide it by themselves informedly.
(Possible answers and more examples cont. on the