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  1. 1. Art stones in Naples A. Cavociello - A. Gargiulo- class IIA LS
  2. 2. The National Archaeological Museum in Naples The museum was founded by Charles III of Spain in 1750s. The museum hosts a big collections of Greek and Roman antiquities, including mosaics and paintings from Pompeii, Stabiae, Herculaneum. It also hosts a big part of the Farnese collection.
  3. 3. The Farnese collection includes some of the most influential classical works that inspired artists of Renaissance such as Michelangelo and Raffaello .These sculptures were all made around the 5th century BC.
  4. 4. The Farnese bull is the most famous and massive sculpture in the collection. The colossal marble represents the myth of Dirce,the first wife of Lykus. She was tied to a wild bull by the sons of Antiope who wanted to punish her. The sculpture was dated 220 A.D. The Farnese bull
  5. 5. The Doryphoros The statue is the best copy of Doryphoros of Polyclitus ,that originally was made of bronze. It was carved around 440 AD. It follows the "contrapposto" a Greek rule of carving which lets the artist to create a sense of realism.
  6. 6. All these mosaics come from Pompeii.
  7. 7. This mosaic represents the battle between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia at Issus. Originally mosaics, like these, were usually used as floors. The spears in the background are smaller than the ones in the foreground, this expedient creates a sense of depth. The mosaic is a copy of a Greek painting and it might represent the real face of Alexander The Great. This picture on the right is a recreation of the mosaic The Alexander Mosaic
  8. 8. The painting in Pompeii
  9. 9. The paintings hosted in the museum belong to four different styles of Roman painting The first style was called “structural”, it was most popular from 200 BC until 80 BC, it is characterized by the simulation of marble and the use of vivid colors , both being a sign of wealth. The second style was called “illusionism” because walls were decorated with architectural features and trompe l’oeil compositions. It gave the illusion that the rooms were bigger and only pastel colours were used.
  10. 10. The third style was called “ornate style” The rooms show more figurative and colorfull decorations. The paintings represent anything the artist wanted. This style is really elegant. The picture on the left is the original taken from Villa Arianna which is not far from our school in Gragnano. The fouth style was generally more complex than the second one;it was also the most expensive and for this reason it was used to adorne the richest people’s “domus”.