Immigration and refugeesCountry Refugees Asylum Stateless Total Population GDP Refugees seekers persons of country per 1 USD GDP (PPP) per capitaAustralia 22,548 2,350 24,898 21,874,900 $924.84 0.6 BillionAustria 38,906 32,146 523 71,575 8,364,095 $381.08 1 Billion
Immigration vs humanitarian program• Australian immigration 2009-2010: 108,100 - migration / skilled workers 50,000 visa overstayers (illegal immigrants)• Refugees 2009-2010 13,750 – granted visas for 2009-2010 humanitarian program 4,500 – asylum seekers have arrived by boat• 41% - are children under the age of 18 years of age.• 90% - of those who arrive by boat ‘illegally’ are then found to be bona fide refugees according to the UN Convention• 2004‐09 - a total of 2755 youth (12-25) arrived from 49 countries to Western Australia, in total 97 language groups
Government Education• Minimum of 6 months intensive English language tuition for newly arrived migrant school students and 12 months for refugee school students.• Intensive English language tuition is provided in Intensive English Centres in metropolitan areas or within schools.• Where tuition is provided in schools, students are expected to receive a minimum of 10 hours of ESL assistance per week.
Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL)
Settlement and trauma Ongoing danger in country of origin Anxiety New unfamiliar environment Feelings of Fear about the future helplessness Discriminatory social policies Loss of control Continuing separation from family Relationships changed members GriefLoss of belonging in new dominant culture Depression Devaluing of person in new culture Shattering of previously held Injustices assumptions: Exposure to ignorance and lack of Loss of trust understanding Meaning, identity & future Racial Prejudice Guilt New humiliations Shame
Courage, resilience and self-worthResilience Research The Circle of Courage Self-Worth ResearchAttachment Belonging SignificanceMotivation to affiliate and Opportunity to establish trusting The individual believes form social bonds connections “I am appreciated.”Achievement Mastery CompetenceMotivation to work hard and Opportunity to solve problems and The individual believes attain excellence meet goals “I can solve problems.”Autonomy Independence PowerMotivation to manage self and Opportunity to build self control The individual believes exert influence and responsibility “I set my life pathway.”Altruism Generosity VirtueMotivation to help and be of Opportunity to show respect and The individual believes service to others concern “My life has purpose.”
Education and activism• Human rights & Indigenous rights issues Curriculum materials and lesson plans for primary and above• Demand Dignity: Poverty is a human rights issue: resources to explore human rights and the causes and solutions to poverty.• Professional development Professional learning resources on teaching about human rights.• Teacher education Resources for teacher educators and student teachers.• Speakers Network Activists go into schools & community centres and give talks and run workshops on Amnesty campaigns and human rights issues.