Alabama Immigration Law Top 10 Do’S And Don’T 8.15.11

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10 Does and Don\'t under new Alabama Immigration Law

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Alabama Immigration Law Top 10 Do’S And Don’T 8.15.11

  1. 1. 1<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Top 10 DO’s and DON’T for Employers under the Alabama Immigration Act<br />Thomas M. Eden, III<br />Attorney<br />Capell & Howard, P.C.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Don’t knowingly employ, hire for employment, or continue to employ an unauthorized alien to perform work within the State of Alabama<br />2<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’Tknowingly employ, hire for employment, or continue to employ an unauthorized alien to perform work within the State of Alabama<br />You must verify the status of every new employee through the federal E-Verify procedures and fire unauthorized aliens.<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />4<br />DO enroll in E-Verify<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />5<br />DO enroll in E-Verify<br />Do schedule Form I-9 Supervisor Training because the E-Verify system is only as good as the information collected.<br /><ul><li>E-Verify is an employer’s only get out of jail card with Immigration Compliance and Enforcement (ICE) and the only safe harbor under the Alabama Immigration Act.
  6. 6. 17 states currently mandate E-Verify use, recently adding Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia </li></li></ul><li>6<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DO Count the Cost <br />State Contracting Obligations: Article 9 states, “as a condition for the award of any contract, grant or incentive by the state, any political subdivision thereof, or any state-funded entity to an employer that employs on or more employees, the employer shall not knowingly employ an illegal alien and shall attest to such, by sworn affidavit signed before a notary.”<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />State Contracting Obligations (cont.)<br />Must provide documentation establishing E-Verify enrollment<br />Must continue to use E-Verify throughout contract<br />E-Verify every newly hired employee in accordance with federal rules and regulations<br />It only takes one employee to require compliance<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />State Contracting Obligations (cont.)<br />Sub-contractors same as for contractors except:<br /><ul><li>Must attach to the sworn affidavit documentation establishing that the sub-contractor is enrolled in the E-Verify program
  9. 9. Applies to any tier contractor
  10. 10. No liability for contractor if sub-contractors sworn affidavit in good faith shows compliance
  11. 11. Direct knowledge of violation creates contractor liability in spite of affidavits </li></li></ul><li>9<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />State Contracting Penalties<br />First Violation:<br /><ul><li>Contract voided and business license suspended for 60 days
  12. 12. Notice provided and opportunity to be heard
  13. 13. Attorney General may bring an action to suspend the business license and permits
  14. 14. Court shall order business entity to file signed sworn affidavit with the local District Attorney within 3 days</li></li></ul><li>10<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />State Contracting Penalties (cont.)<br /><ul><li>Affidavit must state that the employer has terminated every unauthorized alien and that the business will not knowingly or intentionally employ an unauthorized alien in the state
  15. 15. Sworn affidavit must state E-Verify enrollment and must provide copy of Memorandum of Understanding</li></li></ul><li>11<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />State Contracting Penalties (cont.)<br />Second Violation:<br /><ul><li>Contract to be terminated after providing notice and opportunity to be heard
  16. 16. Attorney General to bring action to permanently revoke business licenses and permits of the employer
  17. 17. Same penalty and disqualification procedures apply to sub-contractors
  18. 18. Contractor enrolled in E-Verify shall be found not guilty of violation
  19. 19. Secretary of State shall reflect suspension of business license and permits to do business in Alabama</li></li></ul><li>ICE Penalties<br />I-9 Penalties for Knowing Hire/Continuing to Employ Violations<br />Three Tiers of Violators - Penalty Amounts:<br />
  20. 20. ICE Penalties <br />I-9 Penalties for Substantive and Uncorrected Technical Violations for each I-9 Form:<br />
  21. 21. 14<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DO terminate any employee if you become aware of their illegal status<br />
  22. 22. 15<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />The employer could face severe penalties involving probation and suspension of business license.<br />DO terminate any employee if you become aware of their illegal status<br />
  23. 23. 16<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Article 15 – Any Employer Penalties<br />Any Alabama employer who is found to have knowingly employed an illegal alien or continued to employ after April 1, 2012<br />Mandated that E-Verify be used<br />First Violation:<br /><ul><li>By a court of competent jurisdiction
  24. 24. Order the termination of the unauthorized alien
  25. 25. Three year probation period for the business
  26. 26. File quarterly reports with the local District Attorney for each newly hired employee</li></li></ul><li>17<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Article 15 – Any Employer Penalties (cont)<br /><ul><li>Must file signed, sworn affidavit with local District Attorney within 3 days that employer has terminated every unauthorized illegal alien and will not knowingly hire in the future
  27. 27. Direct the state, county or city to suspend the business license and permits for a period not to exceed 10 days at the location where the unauthorized alien performed work
  28. 28. Before business license reinstated, employer shall submit to the court a signed, sworn affidavit that in compliance with E-Verify Memorandum of Understanding
  29. 29. Business license reinstated 1 day after above is completed</li></li></ul><li>18<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Article 15 – Any Employer Penalties (cont)<br />Second Violation: <br /><ul><li>Court shall direct the state, county or city to permanently revoke all business licenses and permits where the illegal unauthorized alien worked</li></ul>Subsequent violations:<br /><ul><li>Court shall direct the governing bodies to forever suspend the business licenses and permits throughout the State of Alabama
  30. 30. Throughout the proceedings good faith compliance with E-Verify is a defense</li></li></ul><li>19<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T deduct from state income or business taxes any wages, compensation or remuneration of any kind, whether monetary or otherwise, for services paid to an unauthorized alien<br />
  31. 31. 20<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T deduct<br />A business entity or employer who knowingly fails to comply will be liable for a penalty equal to 10 times the business expense deduction claimed.<br />
  32. 32. 21<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T discriminate<br />
  33. 33. 22<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T discriminate<br />An employer may be liable for failure to hire a job applicant who is a United States citizen, or who is an alien authorized to work in the United States, while retaining any employee who the employer knows, or reasonably should have known, is an unauthorized alien.<br />The employer can be sued by the unsuccessful applicant in an Alabama civil action for discrimination under Section 17 and awarded compensatory relief, court costs and reasonable attorney’s fees.<br />
  34. 34. 23<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T enter into contracts with illegal aliens<br />
  35. 35. 24<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T enter into contracts with illegal aliens<br />The Act provides that no court shall enforce the terms of, or otherwise regard as valid, any contract between a party and an alien unlawfully present in the United States.<br />
  36. 36. 25<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T pick up day labor in your vehicle<br />
  37. 37. 26<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T pick up day labor in your vehicle<br />The Act makes it illegal to stop a vehicle on a street, roadway or highway “to attempt to hire or hire and pick up passengers for work at a different location if the motor vehicle blocks or impedes the normal movement of traffic.” <br />This applies regardless of citizenship or alien status.<br />
  38. 38. 27<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T house an illegal alien<br />
  39. 39. 28<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T house an illegal alien<br />It is illegal to “conceal, harbor, or shield” an alien from detection in any place, including any building or vehicles, if the person knows or recklessly disregards that the alien is illegal in the United States. <br />Similarly, it is illegal to induce an alien to come to or reside in Alabama if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien will be in violation of federal law.<br />
  40. 40. 29<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T transport an illegal alien<br />
  41. 41. 30<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T transport an illegal alien<br />It will be illegal to transport an alien “in furtherance of the unlawful presence of the alien in the United State, knowingly or in reckless disregard to the fact that the alien has com to, entered, or remained in the United States in violation of federal law.”<br />
  42. 42. 31<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T rent to an illegal alien<br />
  43. 43. 32<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />DON’T rent to an illegal alien<br />It is illegal to harbor an unlawful alien by entering into a rental agreement with the alien, if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien is in the United States illegally.<br />
  44. 44. 33<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Benefits of Immigration Compliance<br />
  45. 45. <ul><li>Enroll in E-Verify at: </li></ul>https://e-verify.uscis.gov/enroll/StartPage.aspx?JS=YES<br /><ul><li>Schedule I-9 Supervisor Training because the E-Verify system is only as good as the information collected on your I-9 forms – must be retained as before;
  46. 46. Put an E-Verify policy in your employee handbook;
  47. 47. Conduct I-9 Audit for all past hires - with professional signoff that you are currently in compliance;
  48. 48. Build a paper trail with all SSA no match employees or “unable to determine work eligibility” from I-9 Audit; and
  49. 49. Stay informed Judge Blackburn Hearing August 24 9:00am. </li></ul>34<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />Immigration To Do List for Employers<br />
  50. 50. 35<br />Capell & Howard, P.C. 2011<br />How to Contact Speaker:<br />Tommy Eden<br />Attorney at Law<br />TEL: (334) 241-8030<br />FAX: (334) 501-4512<br />E-Mail: tme@chlaw.com<br />Blog: www.alabamahrlaw.blogspot.com<br />Website: www.capellhoward.com<br />Capell & Howard, P.C.<br />3120-B Frederick Road<br />Opelika, AL 36801<br />Capell & Howard, P.C.<br />150 South Perry Street<br />Montgomery, AL 36104<br />

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