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  1. 1. Data Mining By Andrie Suherman
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Major Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Steps/ Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Tools used for data mining </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and Disadvantages </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Data Mining? <ul><li>Data Mining, also known as Knowledge-Discovery in Databases (KDD), is the process of automatically searching large volumes of data for patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>Data Mining applies many older computational techniques from statistics, machine learning and pattern recognition </li></ul>
  4. 4. Data mining consists of five major elements: <ul><li>Extract, transform, and load transaction data onto the data warehouse system. </li></ul><ul><li>Store and manage the data in a multidimensional database system. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide data access to business analysts and information technology professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the data by application software. </li></ul><ul><li>Present the data in a useful format, such as a graph or table. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Data Mining Goal <ul><li>The ultimate goal of data mining is prediction - and predictive data mining is the most common type of data mining and one that has the most direct business applications. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3 Steps Data Mining Process <ul><li>Stage 1: Exploration. This stage usually starts with data preparation which may involve cleaning data, data transformations, selecting subsets of records </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Model building and validation. This stage involves considering various models and choosing the best one based on their predictive performance </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Deployment. That final stage involves using the model selected as best in the previous stage and applying it to new data in order to generate predictions or estimates of the expected outcome </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some of the tools used for data mining are: <ul><li>Artificial neural networks - Non-linear predictive models that learn through training and resemble biological neural networks in structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision trees - Tree-shaped structures that represent sets of decisions. These decisions generate rules for the classification of a dataset. </li></ul><ul><li>Rule induction - The extraction of useful if-then rules from data based on statistical significance. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic algorithms - Optimization techniques based on the concepts of genetic combination, mutation, and natural selection. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearest neighbor - A classification technique that classifies each record based on the records most similar to it in an historical database. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for the growing popularity of Data Mining <ul><li>Growing Data Volume </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations of Human Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost of Machine Learning </li></ul>
  9. 9. ADVANTAGES OF DATA MINING <ul><li>Marking/Retailing : Data mining can aid direct marketers by providing them with useful and accurate trends about their customers’ purchasing behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Banking/Crediting: Data mining can assist financial institutions in areas such as credit reporting and loan information.     </li></ul>
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES OF DATA MINING Cont… <ul><li>Law enforcement : Data mining can aid law enforcers in identifying criminal suspects as well as apprehending these criminals by examining trends in location, crime type, habit, and other patterns of behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers: Data mining can assist researchers by speeding up their data analyzing process; thus, allowing them more time to work on other projects.    </li></ul>
  11. 11. DISADVANTAGES OF DATA MINING <ul><li>Privacy Issues : For example, according to Washing Post, in 1998, CVS had sold their patient’s prescription purchases to a different company </li></ul><ul><li>American Express also sold their customers’ credit card purchases to another company. </li></ul>
  12. 12. DISADVANTAGES OF DATA MINING Cont… <ul><li>Security issues : Although companies have a lot of personal information about us available online, they do not have sufficient security systems in place to protect that information.  </li></ul><ul><li>Misuse of information : Some of the company will answer your phone based on your purchase history. If you have spent a lot of money or buying a lot of product from one company, your call will be answered really soon. So you should not think that your call is really being answer in the order in which it was receive. </li></ul>
  13. 13. References: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>